1950 Yugoslavian parliamentary election

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1950 Yugoslavian parliamentary election

← 1945 26 March 1950 1953 →

All seats in the Federal Council
All seats in the Council of Peoples
  First party
  Josip Broz Tito 1949.jpg
Leader Josip Broz Tito
Party KPJ
Alliance People's Front
Percentage 94.2%

Prime Minister before election

Josip Broz Tito
KPJ

Elected Prime
Minister

Josip Broz Tito
KPJ

Parliamentary elections were held in Yugoslavia on 26 March 1950.[1] They were the first held under communist rule; the Communist Party of Yugoslavia had seized full power soon after the 1945 elections, when it abolished the monarchy and declared Yugoslavia a republic.

The People's Front, dominated by the Communist Party, was the only organisation to contest the election,[2] receiving 94.2% of the vote.[3]

Background[edit]

A new electoral law was passed in January 1950.[1] Imro Filacović of the Croatian Peasant Party was the only MP to vote against the law, complaining that it did not allow opposition parties to oversee the vote counting process. As a result, he was jeered in the National Assembly.

The new law allowed individual candidacies in elections to the National Assembly, replacing the previous closed list system, although the closed list system remained in place for the Council of Nationalities.[1] Candidates required the signatures of 100 registered voters in order to be able to run for office.[1] However, by this time, the ruling People's Front did not tolerate opposition parties.[1] As a result, no opposition candidates were allowed to stand, with only a single People's Front candidate standing in each constituency.[4] Prime Minister Josip Broz Tito claimed that any alternative programme would be hostile to socialism, and "this, naturally, we cannot allow".[4]

As there were no opposition candidates, voters had the choice of voting for the People's Front or casting a negative vote.[4] Voting was carried out using rubber balls, with voters having to place their hands in both ballot boxes to ensure secrecy.[2]

Following "successful re-education", 67,000 voters had their rights to vote restored after being disenfranchised for "anti-people's activities", although 56,000 people remained disenfranchised for that reason.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Election Law In Yugoslavia", The Times, 24 January 1950
  2. ^ a b "Polling Day In Yugoslavia", The Times, 27 March 1950
  3. ^ On the Class Nature of the “People’s Democracies” Marxists.org
  4. ^ a b c "Yugoslav Elections", The Times, 25 March 1950