1950 in Israel
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|See also:||Other events of 1950
List of years in Israel
Timeline of the region of Palestine
Timeline of Israeli history
Events in the year 1950 in Israel.
- Prime Minister of Israel – David Ben-Gurion (Mapai)
- President of Israel – Chaim Weizmann
- Chief of General Staff - Yigal Yadin
- Government of Israel - 1st Government of Israel until 30 October, 2nd Government of Israel
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2010)|
- 23 January – The Knesset passes a resolution confirming Jerusalem as Israel's capital, that proclaims that "Jerusalem is, and has always been, the capital of Israel".
- 17 February – King Abdullah I of Jordan and Mossad Director Reuven Shiloah of Israel met at the King's winter palace at El Shuneh, where the King presented a seven-point treaty proposal.
- 22 February – Egypt and Israel signed a General Armistice Agreement at Auja al-Hafir, a town on the border between the two nations. The Agreement defined the boundaries of the Gaza Strip as a neutral zone between the Muslim and Jewish countries, which had fought a war less than two years earlier.
- 24 February – Representatives of Israel and Jordan initialed a five-year peace treaty that provided for joint control of Jerusalem and commerce between the two nations, but the pact was not approved by either side.
- 6 March – Iran extended diplomatic recognition to Israel.
- 26 March – The remains of the Hannah Szenes, a Jewish paratrooper who had fought in the British Army during World War II and was captured, tortured and executed in Hungary, are brought to Israel and buried in the cemetery on Mount Herzl, Jerusalem.
- 4 April – The United Nations Trusteeship Council formally approved the Statute for the City of Jerusalem, declaring that Jerusalem should be considered international territory and a demilitarized zone.
- 27 April – The United Kingdom formally recognized Israel, with de jure recognition following the de facto recognition that had been made since 29 January 1949.
- 17 May - A Royal Air Force Short Sunderland is confronted by Israeli Air Force Spitfires and is forced to land at Lod Airport after it inadvertently crosses into Israeli airspace and overflies Ramat David Airbase. The Sunderland's crew had been issued maps that did not depict Israel, as Britain had only recently recognized the country.
- 13 June – The Harari Decision, a landmark in Israeli constitutional law, initiated by Yizhar Harari of the Progressive Party is approved by the Knesset. The Decision stated that the First Knesset would postpone the work on creating a full Israeli constitution immediately, and instead the constitution be written in chapters, called "Basic Laws", and when all had been written they would be compiled into a complete constitution.
- July – The 1950 Maccabiah Games are held.
- 5 July – The Knesset passed the Law of Return, which gives Jews, those of Jewish ancestry, and their spouses the right to migrate to and settle in Israel and obtain citizenship.
- 1 November – David Ben-Gurion presents his cabinet for a Knesset "Vote of Confidence". The 2nd Government is approved that day and the members were sworn in.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2011)|
Main articles: Palestinian political violence § Partition of Palestine to establishment of PLO (1947–1964), and List of attacks against Israeli civilians before 1967
The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1950 include:
- 14 March – Israel's Knesset passed the "Absentees' Property Law", which provided for the confiscation of the property owned by any of the 725,000 Arab-Palestinian residents who had fled from Israel and were "not physically within the state's borders".
- 17 March - An Israeli shepherd is killed and his flock stolen by Palestinian fedayeen.
- 28 March - Bodies of three children from 'Abasan found in Israel. They had been murdered by members of the IDF on 16 March.
- 31 March - Three Israeli soldiers and two Israeli civilians killed in a Negev ambush.
- 31 May - 120 prisoners from a detention centre near Rehovot expelled into the Jordanian desert at 'Arava.
- Summer/autumn - 2,000-2,500 residents transferred from Majdal to Gaza Strip.
- 23 August - An Israeli woman is killed and her boyfriend wounded by fedayeen gunfire in a Yarkona orange grove.
- 2 November - Two Arab children shot dead near Deir Ayyub.
- 25 June – Dudu Geva, Israeli cartoonist (died 2005).
- 25 June – Nitza Saul, Israeli actress.
- 4 August – Gidi Gov, Israeli singer, actor, entertainer and TV host.
- 11 October – Amos Gitai, Israeli film director.
- 25 December – Yehuda Poliker, Israeli singer, songwriter, musician and painter.
- 29 May – Avraham Ben-Yitzhak (born 1883), Austro-Hungarian (Galicia)-born Israeli poet.
- 18 September – Fania Bergstein (born 1908), Russian (Polish)-born Israeli author and poet.
- 7 December – Shlomo Kaplansky (born 1884), Russian (Polish)-born Labour Zionist politician and the director of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.
- Full date unknown – Gedaliah Alon (born 1901) Russian (Polish)-born Israeli historian.
Major public holidays
|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (August 2010)|
- Martin Gilbert, Jerusalem in the Twentieth Century (New York, 1996), pp. 243-244.
- Sharon, Gilad: Sharon: The Life of a Leader (2011)
- Morris, Benny (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949 - 1956. Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-827850-0. Page 168. According to Morris the event is recorded in Ben Gurion's diary. The girls had been raped. The soldiers came from Battalion 22.
- Morris. Page 168.
- Morris. Pages 157-163.
- Morris. Page 139.
- Morris. Page 169.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1950 in Israel.|