1951 USAF resolution test chart
The 1951 USAF resolution test chart is a resolution test pattern conforming to MIL-STD-150A standard, set by US Air Force in 1951. It is still widely accepted to test the resolution of optical imaging systems such as microscopes, cameras and image scanners, although MIL-STD-150A was cancelled on October 16, 2006. The pattern consists of groups of three bars (small Ronchi rulings) with dimensions from big to small. The largest bar the imager cannot discern is the limitation of its resolving power.
The common MIL-STD-150A format consists of six "groups" in three layers of patterns. The largest two groups, forming the first layer, are located on the outer sides. The smaller layers consist of repeating progressively smaller pairs toward the center. Each group consists of six elements, numbered from 1 to 6. Within the same layer, the odd-numbered groups appear contiguously from 1 through 6 from the upper right corner. The first element of the even-numbered groups is at the lower right of the layer, with the remaining 2 through 6, at the left. The scales and dimensions of the bars are given by the expression
although usually the following lookup table will be used. The line pair (lp) means a black and a white line.
- MIL-STD-150A, its Change Notices and the Cancellation Notice are available from http://assist.daps.dla.mil
- efg's Tech Note: USAF 1951 and Microcopy Resolution Test Charts.
- A USAF 1951 resolution chart in PDF format is provided by Yoshihiko Takinami. This chart should be printed such that the side of the square of the 1st element of the group -2 should be 10 mm long.
- USAF 1951 Resolution Target Further explanations and examples
- Koren 2003: Norman Koren's updated resolution chart better suited for computer analysis