1951–52 elections in India

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Presidential election[edit]

The Election Commission of India held the first presidential elections of India on May 2, 1952. Dr. Rajendra Prasad won his first election with 507,400 votes over his nearest rival K.T. Shah who got 92,827 votes.

General election[edit]

General elections to the first Lok Sabha since independence were held in India between 25 October 1951 and 21 February 1952. The Indian National Congress (INC) stormed into power, winning 364 of the 489 seats. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the country.[1]

Legislative Assembly elections[edit]

Ajmer*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Ajmer Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [2]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 30 20 66.67 1,04,411 44.47
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 15 3 10.00 28,057 11.95
Pursharathi Panchayat 6 3 10.00 15,781 7.72
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 2 0 3,494 1.49
Socialist Party (India) 2 0 1,055 0.45
Independent 79 4 13.33 81,990 34.92
Total Seats 30 Voters 4,62,810 Turnout 2,34,788 (50.73 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, Ajmer State was merged into Rajasthan under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

Assam[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Assam Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [4]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 92 76 72.38 10,64,850 43.48
Socialist Party 61 4 3.81 3,25,690 13.30
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 40 1 0.95 1,46,792 5.99
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 18 1 0.95 69,431 2.84
Garo National Council 4 3 2.86 14,577 0.60
Khasi-Jaintia Durbar 4 1 0.95 24,248 0.99
All People's Party (Assam) 3 1 0.95 14,930 0.61
Mizo Union 3 3 2.86 29,104 1.19
Khasi Jaintia National Federation State Conference 1 1 0.95 9,441 0.39
Independent 213 14 13.33 6,93,908 28.34
Total Seats 105 Voters 49,55,390 Turnout 24,48,890 (49.42 %)

Bhopal*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Bhopal Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [5]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 28 25 83.33 1,17,656 52.01
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 9 1 3.33 31,684 14.01
Independent 32 4 13.33 51,736 22.87
Total Seats 30 Voters 6,10,182 Turnout 2,26,210 (37.07 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, Bhopal State was merged into Madhya Pradesh under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

Bihar*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [6]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 322 239 72.42 39,51,145 41.38
Socialist Party 266 23 6.97 17,29,750 18.11
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 98 1 0.30 2,68,416 2.81
Jharkhand Party 53 32 9.70 7,65,272 8.01
Chota Nagpur & Santhal Parganas Janta Party 38 11 3.33 3,01,691 3.16
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 34 1 0.30 1,07,386 1.12
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 29 1 0.30 60,360 0.63
Lok Sewak Sangh 12 7 2.12 1,48,921 1.56
All India Ganatantra Parishad 1 1 0.30 14,237 0.15
Independent 638 14 4.24 18,77,236 19.66
Total seats 330 Voters 2,41,65,389 Turnout 95,48,835 (39.51 %)

* : Bihar was reduced slightly by the transfer of minor territories to West Bengal in 1956 under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

Bombay*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Bombay Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [7]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 313 269 85.40 55,56,334 49.95
Socialist Party 182 9 2.86 13,30,246 11.96
Peasants and Workers Party of India 87 14 4.44 7,17,963 6.45
Scheduled Caste Federation 37 1 0.32 3,44,718 3.10
Kamgar Kisan Paksha 33 2 0.63 2,48,130 2.23
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 25 1 0.32 1,59,994 1.44
Krishikar Lok Party 16 1 0.32 1,07,408 0.97
Independent 427 18 5.71 19,17,574 17.24
Total seats 315 Voters 2,19,04,595 Turnout 1,11,23,242 (50.78 %)

*: On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Bombay state was re-organized by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh, and Marathwada region of Hyderabad. The state's southernmost districts of Bombay were transferred to Mysore State while Abu Road taluk of the Banaskantha district was transferred to Rajasthan.[3]

Coorg*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Coorg Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [8]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 24 15 62.50 48,845 55.54
Independent 34 9 37.50 37,716 42.88
Total seats 24 Voters 1,38,440 Turnout 87,947 (63.53 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, Coorg State was merged into Mysore State as per the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

Delhi*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Delhi Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [9]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 47 39 81.25 2,71,812 52.09
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 31 5 10.42 1,14,207 21.89
Socialist Party 6 2 4.17 12,396 2.38
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 5 1 2.08 6,891 1.32
Independent 78 1 2.08 82,972 15.90
Total Seats 48 Voters 7,44,668 Turnout 5,21,766 (58.52 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Delhi was made a Union Territory under the direct administration of the President of India and the Delhi Legislative Assembly was abolished simultaneously.[3] Next legislative assembly elections in Delhi were held in 1993, when Union Territory of Delhi was formally declared as National Capital Territory of Delhi by the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Indian constitution.[10]

Himachal Pradesh*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [11]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 35 24 66.67 84,819 47.25
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 22 3 8.33 26,371 14.69
Scheduled Caste Federation 9 1 2.78 10,352 5.77
Independent 36 8 22.22 47,746 26.6
Total seats 36 Voters 7,13,554 Turnout 1,79,515 (25.16 %)

* : Under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956, under the direct administration of the President of India and the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly was abolished simultaneously.[3] Under Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966, it became a state and the next legislative elections were held in 1967.

Hyderabad*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Hyderabad Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [12]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 173 93 53.14 21,77,716 41.86
Socialist Party 97 11 6.29 5,90,209 11.35
People's Democratic Front 77 42 24.00 10,80,092 20.76
Scheduled Castes Federation 24 5 2.86 2,66,482 5.12
Peasants and Workers Party of India 21 10 5.71 2,15,992 4.15
Independent 136 14 8.00 7,58,318 14.58
Total seats 175 Voters 1,21,14,635 Turnout 52,02,214 (42.94 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, Hyderabad State, except the districts of Raichur, Gulbarga and Marathwada, was merged into Andhra State to form a single state, Andhra Pradesh, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The districts of Raichur and Gulbarga were transferred to the Bombay State, while the Marathwada district was merged with the Mysore State.[3]

Madhya Bharat*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Madhya Bharat Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [13]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 99 75 75.76 9,38,918 47.24
Socialist Party 59 4 4.04 1,45,845 7.34
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 42 4 4.04 1,93,627 9.74
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 39 2 2.02 1,43,132 7.20
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 33 11 11.11 2,36,824 11.92
Independent 131 3 3.03 2,58,157 12.99
Total seats 99 Voters 57,23,673 Turnout 19,87,410 (34.72 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Madhya Bharat (except the Sunel enclave of the Mandsaur district) was merged into Madhya Pradesh and the Sunel enclave of the Mandsaur district of Madhya Bharat was merged in Rajasthan.[3]

Madhya Pradesh*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [14]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 225 194 83.62 34,34,058 49.07
Socialist Party 143 2 0.86 6,61,874 9.46
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 71 8 3.45 3,65,371 5.22
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 35 3 1.29 1,75,324 2.51
S. K. Paksha 19 2 0.86 1,01,670 1.45
Independent 469 23 9.91 16,01,565 22.89
Total seats 232 Voters 1,55,13,592 Turnout 69,97,588 (45.11 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Madhya Bharat (except the Sunel enclave of the Mandsaur district), Vindhya Pradesh, Bhopal state and the Sironj sub-division of the Kota district of Rajasthan were merged into Madhya Pradesh while the Nagpur Division was transferred to Bombay State.[3]

Madras*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Madras Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [15]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote % Govt.
Formation
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 367 152 40.53 69,88,701 34.88 Leading Party
Socialist Party 163 13 3.47 12,99,282 6.48
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 148 35 9.33 18,03,377 9.00 **Full support
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 131 62 16.53 26,40,337 13.18
Krishikar Lok Party# 63 15 4.00 6,29,893 3.14 *Outside support,
joined the cabinet
in 1954
Scheduled Castes Federation 37 2 0.53 3,39,680 1.70
Tamil Nadu Toilers' Party* 34 19 5.07 8,52,330 4.25
Commonweal Party** 13 6 1.60 2,18,288 1.09
Madras State Muslim League Party** 13 5 1.33 1,86,546 0.93 #3 KLP legislators
and
15 Independents
joined Congress
Justice Party 9 1 0.27 82,231 0.41
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 6 3 0.80 1,38,203 0.69
Independent# 667 62 16.53 47,58,768 23.75
Total seats 375 Voters 3,66,00,615 Turnout 2,00,38,423 (54.75 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, the southern part of Travancore-Cochin (Kanyakumari district) was added to the Madras State while the Malabar district of the state was transferred to the new state of Kerala, and a new union territory, Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands, was created.[3]

Mysore*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Mysore Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [16]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 99 74 74.75 12,76,318 46.35
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 59 8 8.08 3,91,653 14.22
Socialist Party 47 3 3.03 240390 8.73
Scheduled Caste Federation 7 2 2.02 47,916 1.74
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 5 1 1.01 25,116 0.91
Independent 154 11 11.11 7,10,359 25.79
Total seats 99 Voters 54,66,487 Turnout 27,53,870 (50.38 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, Mysore state was enlarged by the addition of Coorg State, the Kollegal taluk of the Coimbatore district and the South Kanara district (except the Kasaragod taluk) of Madras State, and the Kannada speaking districts from southern Bombay state and western Hyderabad State under States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The Siruguppa taluk , the Bellary taluk , the Hospet taluk and a small area of the Mallapuram sub-taluk were detached from the Mysore State.[3]

Odisha[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Odisha Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [17]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 135 67 47.86 13,92,501 37.87
Socialist Party 79 10 7.14 4,32,731 11.77
All India Ganatantra Parishad 58 31 22.14 7,53,685 20.50
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 33 7 5.00 2,06,757 5.62
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 2 1 0.72 12,874 0.35
Independent 204 24 17.14 8,43,446 22.94
Total seats 140 Voters 1,07,53,175 Turnout 36,77,046 (34.19 %)

Patiala & East Punjab States Union[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Patiala & East Punjab States Union Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [18]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 51 26 43.33 3,88,185 28.66
Akali Dal 41 19 31.67 3,17,502 23.44
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 23 2 3.33 43,809 3.23
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 15 1 1.67 20,179 1.49
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 14 2 3.33 64,652 4.77
Lal Communist Party Hind Union 5 1 1.67 21,539 1.59
Scheduled Caste Federation 7 1 1.67 47,216 3.49
Independent 188 8 13.33 3,96,956 29.31
Total seats 60 Voters 22,98,385 Turnout 13,54,476 (58.93 %)

Punjab*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Punjab Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [19]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 121 96 76.19 18,30,601 36.69
Shiromani Akali Dal 48 13 10.32 6,20,455 12.44
Zamindar Party 31 2 1.59 3,72,126 7.46
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 26 4 3.17 1,93,974 3.89
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 19 1 0.79 69,694 1.40
Lal Communist Party Hind Union 9 1 0.79 57,739 1.16
Independent 446 9 7.14 11,92,896 23.91
Total seats 126 Voters 86,23,498 Turnout 49,89,077 (57.85 %)

* : Punjab was enlarged by the addition of Patiala & East Punjab States Union in 1956 under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

Rajasthan*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [20]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 156 82 51.25 12,86,953 39.46
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 59 24 15.00 3,99,958 12.26
Socialist Party 51 1 0.63 1,35,971 4.17
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 50 8 5.00 1,93,532 5.93
Krishikar Lok Party 46 7 43.75 2,70,807 8.30
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 6 2 1.25 28,183 0.86
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 6 1 0.63 16,411 0.50
Independent 230 35 21.88 8,96,671 27.49
Total seats 160 Voters 92,68,215 Turnout 32,61,442 (35.19 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the Ajmer State, the Abu Road taluk of the Banaskantha district of Bombay State, the Sunel enclave of the Mandsaur district and the Lohara sub-tehsil of the Hissar district of the Punjab was merged with Rajasthan while the Sironj sub-division of the Kota district of Rajasthan was transferred to Madhya Pradesh.[3]

Saurashtra*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Saurashtra Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [21]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 59 55 91.67 6,06,934 63.79
Saurashtra Khedut Sangh 37 1 1.67 1,39,449 14.66
Socialist Party 28 2 3.33 34,778 3.66
Independent 50 2 3.33 75,624 7.95
Total seats 60 Voters 20,81,140 Turnout 9,51,509 (45.72 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, Saurashtra State was merged into Bombay State as per the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

Travancore-Cochin$[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Travancore-Cochin Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [22]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 105 44 40.74 12,04,364 35.44
Socialist Party 70 11 10.19 4,85,194 14.28
Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress 15 8 7.41 2,01,118 5.92
Cochin Party 12 1 0.93 59,535 1.75
Revolutionary Socialist Party 11 6 5.56 1,18,333 3.48
Kerala Socialist Party 10 1 0.93 73,981 2.18
Independent 199 37 34.26 11,51,555 33.89
Total seats 108 Voters 50,54,733 Turnout 33,98,193 (67.23 %)

$ : In 1952 elections of legislative assembly, no party found the majority. Indian National Congress formed a coalition government with the help of Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress, Kerala Socialist Party and a nominated member.[23]

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [24]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 429 388 90.23 80,32,475 47.93
Socialist Party 349 20 4.65 20,15,320 12.03
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 268 1 0.23 9,55,708 5.70
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 211 2 0.47 10,81,395 6.45
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 95 1 0.23 2,91,247 1.75
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 63 1 0.23 2,39,110 1.43
Uttar Pradesh Praja Party 55 1 0.23 3,01,322 1.80
Uttar Pradesh Revolutionary Socialist Party 9 1 0.23 57,284 0.34
Independent 1006 15 3.49 32,94,500 19.66
Total Seats 430 Voters 4,40,89,646 Turnout 1,67,58,619 (38.01 %)

Vindhya Pradesh*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Vindhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [25]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 56 40 66.67 2,70,013 39.60
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 49 3 5.00 1,10,465 16.2
Socialist Party 46 11 18.33 1,28,187 18.80
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 33 2 3.33 67,330 9.88
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 17 2 3.33 30,817 4.52
Independent 42 2 3.33 62,102 9.11
Total Seats 60 Voters 24,03,588 Turnout 6,81,799 (28.37 %)

* : On 1 November 1956, Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

West Bengal*[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [26]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 236 150 63.56 28,89,994 38.82
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 129 15 6.36 6,67,446 8.97
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 86 28 11.86 8,00,951 10.76
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 85 9 3.81 4,15,458 5.58
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 48 11 4.66 3,93,591 5.29
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 33 4 1.69 1,76,762 2.37
Forward Bloc (Ruikar) 32 2 0.85 1,07,905 1.45
Independent 614 19 8.05 16,53,165 22.21
Total seats 238 Voters 1,76,28,239 Turnout 74,43,903 (42.23 %)

* : West Bengal was enlarged slightly by the transfer of minor territories from Bihar in 1956 under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p572 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Ajmer" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Reorganisation of States, 1955" (PDF). The Economic Weekly. October 15, 1955. Retrieved July 25, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Assam" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-13. 
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Bhopal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-13. 
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Bihar" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Bombay" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Coorg" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  9. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Delhi" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  10. ^ "Sixty-ninth amendment". Delhi Assembly official website. Retrieved Feb 2015. 
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Hyderabad" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Bharat" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  15. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Madras" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Mysore" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  17. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Orissa" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  18. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Patiala & East Punjab States Union" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  19. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Punjab" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  20. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Rajasthan" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Sourashtra" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  22. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Travancore-Cochin" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  23. ^ Chander, N. Jose (2004). Coalition Politics: The Indian Experience. Concept Publishing Company. p. 74. ISBN 9788180690921. 
  24. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  25. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Vindhya Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  26. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 

External links[edit]