1952 in Australia
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|1952 in Australia|
|Monarchy||George VI, then Elizabeth II|
|Prime minister||Robert Menzies|
- Monarch – George VI (until 6 February), then Elizabeth II
- Governor-General – Sir William McKell
- Prime Minister – Robert Menzies
- Premier of New South Wales – James McGirr (until 2 April), then Joseph Cahill
- Premier of Queensland – Ned Hanlon (until 17 January), then Vince Gair
- Premier of South Australia – Thomas Playford IV
- Premier of Tasmania – Robert Cosgrove
- Premier of Victoria – John McDonald (until 28 October), then Thomas Hollway (until 31 October), then John McDonald (until 17 December), then John Cain I
- Premier of Western Australia – Ross McLarty
- Governor of New South Wales – Sir John Northcott
- Governor of Queensland – Sir John Lavarack
- Governor of South Australia – Sir Charles Norrie (until 19 June)
- Governor of Tasmania – Sir Ronald Cross, 1st Baronet
- Governor of Victoria – Sir Dallas Brooks
- Governor of Western Australia – Sir Charles Gairdner
- 20 January – The first express trains run between Melbourne and Adelaide, following the completion of a railway between the two cities.
- 18 April – Owen Dixon becomes Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia.
- 29 April – The ANZUS Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and the United States comes into force.
- 14–18 June – Disastrous floods in the southeast corner leave 600 homeless and render a major rail line near Moss Vale unusable throughout the winter
- The winter season is especially wet in the southeast of the continent, being the wettest on record in Melbourne and the fifth wettest on record in Sydney
- 1 September – Qantas Empire Airways commences the first air service between Australia and South Africa.
- 28 October – Premier of Victoria John McDonald resigns after the Victorian Legislative Council refuses supply. Thomas Hollway forms a short-lived ministry which lasts four days.
- 30 November – Lang Hancock discovers the world's largest deposit of iron ore in the Hamersley Range of Western Australia's Pilbara region.
- 6 December – A state election is held in Victoria.
Science and technology
- 3 October – The first British nuclear test in Australia, Operation Hurricane, commences on the Monte Bello Islands with the detonation of an atomic bomb of 25 kilotons yield.
Arts and literature
- 28 April – Joan Sutherland makes her debut at Covent Garden
- William Dargie wins the Archibald Prize with his portrait of Essington Lewis
- Frank Hinder wins the Blake Prize for Religious Art with his work Flight into Egypt
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- 14 and 16 June – for the only time in its history, the VFL plays matches for premiership points in country centres. Three other games are the first played interstate for premiership points since 1904 but flooding rains affect attendances and cause one game to be postponed and played under lights.
- Victorian Football League premiership: Geelong defeated Collingwood 86-40
- South Australian National Football League premiership: won by North Adelaide
- Horse Racing
- Motor Racing
- Olympics: John Davies wins the gold medal in the Men's 200m breaststroke
- Australian Open men's singles: Ken McGregor defeats Frank Sedgman 7-5 12-10 2–6 6-2
- Australian Open women's singles: Thelma Coyne Long defeats Helen Angwin 6-2 6-3
- Davis Cup: Australia defeats the United States 4-1 in the 1952 Davis Cup final
- Wimbledon: Ken McGregor and Frank Sedgman win the Men's Doubles
- Wimbledon: Frank Sedgman wins the Men's Singles
- Nocturne takes line honours and Ingrid wins on handicap in the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race
- 2 January – Graham Strachan (died 2001), singer
- 1 March – Leigh Matthews, Australian Rules football player and coach
- 6 March – Ian Cooke, field hockey player
- 12 April – Mike Munro, journalist
- 6 June – Ross Stretton (died 2005), ballet dancer
- 15 June – Clare Martin, Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
- 26 June – Peter Farmer, hammer thrower
- 28 July – Glenn A. Baker, music historian
- 7 October – Graham Yallop, cricketer
- 4 September – Tom Maher, basketball coach
- 21 October – Trevor Chappell, cricketer
- 22 October – John Howard (Australian actor), stage and screen actor
- 18 November – Peter Beattie, Premier of Queensland
- 6 December – Ric Charlesworth, sportsman
- 18 December – Frank Holden, entertainer
- 6 February – George VI (born 1895), King
- 12 June – Harry Lawson (born 1875), Premier of Victoria
- 22 July – James Vinton Smith (born 1897), politician
- 14 September – John McPhee (born 1878), Premier of Tasmania
- 4 October – Keith Murdoch (born 1886), journalist
- 28 October – Billy Hughes (born 1862), Prime Minister of Australia
- 30 November – Elizabeth Kenny (born 1880), nurse