Events in the year 1952 in Japan.
- January 2 - Makoto Nakajima, bureaucrat, Commissioner of the Japan Patent Office
- January 17 - Ryuichi Sakamoto, musician, composer, producer and actor (Yellow Magic Orchestra)
- January 28 - Tomokazu Miura, actor
- February 3 - Miyako Yamaguchi
- February 8 - Daisuke Gōri, voice actor
- May 18 - Ryūzaburō Ōtomo, voice actor
- June 9 - Yukihiro Takahashi, musician and singer (Yellow Magic Orchestra)
- June 20 - Kōichi Mashimo, anime director
- July 20 - Keiko Matsuzaka, actress
- November 16 - Shigeru Miyamoto, game designer
- December 6 - Shio Satō, Manga artist
- Shinichi Nishimiya, diplomat, designated Ambassador to China in 2012.