1953 Pacific typhoon season

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1953 Pacific typhoon season
1953 Pacific typhoon season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedFebruary 18, 1953
Last system dissipatedDecember 22, 1953
Strongest storm
NameNina
 • Maximum winds295 km/h (185 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure885 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total storms24
Typhoons17
Super typhoons5 (unofficial)
Total fatalities430
Total damageUnknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955

The 1953 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1954, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1953 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Fleet Weather Center on Guam.

Systems[edit]

Typhoon Irma[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Irma 1953 track.png 
DurationFebruary 18 – February 25
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Judy[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Judy 1953 track.png 
DurationMay 28 – June 7
Peak intensity220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Judy struck the Southern Japanese island of Kyūshū. 37 people were killed and 15 were missing.[1]

Tropical Storm 04W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
04W 1953 track.png 
DurationJune 24 – June 26
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Kit[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Kit 1953 track.png 
DurationJune 25 – July 8
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  910 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Lola[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Lola 1953 track.png 
DurationJuly 23 – August 3
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Mamie[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Mamie 1953 track.png 
DurationJuly 30 – August 8
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Nina[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Nina 1953 track.png 
DurationAugust 8 – August 18
Peak intensity295 km/h (185 mph) (1-min)  885 hPa (mbar)

Nina was a major storm. It made landfall in China as a Category 4 tropical cyclone.

Tropical Storm 09W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
09W 1953 track.png 
DurationAugust 9 – August 11
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Ophelia[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ophelia 1953 track.png 
DurationAugust 12 – August 16
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Phyllis[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Phyllis 1953 track.png 
DurationAugust 15 – August 22
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Rita[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Rita 1953 track.png 
DurationAugust 23 – September 2
Peak intensity230 km/h (145 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 13W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
13W 1953 track.png 
DurationAugust 26 – August 29
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Susan[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Susan 1953 track.png 
DurationSeptember 15 – September 20
Peak intensity205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Tess[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Tess 1953 track.png 
DurationSeptember 17 – September 27
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  900 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Tess struck the Central Honshū Island in Japan. 393 people were killed and 85 were missing.[2]

Tropical Storm 16W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
16W 1953 track.png 
DurationSeptember 25 – September 28
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

JMA Tropical Storm 15[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
JMA TS 15 1953 track.png 
DurationOctober 1 – October 3
Peak intensityWinds not specified  999 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Viola[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Viola 1953 track.png 
DurationOctober 3 – October 8
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Winnie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Winnie 1953 track.png 
DurationOctober 6 – October 9
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Alice[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
TY Alice 1953 track.png 
DurationOctober 11 – October 23
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  915 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Betty[edit]

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Betty 1953 track.png 
DurationOctober 25 – November 2
Peak intensity240 km/h (150 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Cora[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Cora 1953 track.png 
DurationNovember 8 – November 20
Peak intensity220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 22W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
22W 1953 track.png 
DurationNovember 25 – November 29
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 23W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
23W 1953 track.png 
DurationNovember 28 – December 3
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Doris[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Doris 1953 track.png 
DurationDecember 9 – December 22
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

A rare late-season Super Typhoon. Did not affect land.

The Lost Hurricane Hunters 3: December 15, 1953

The third typhoon hunter mission lost occurred on December 16, 1953, during a penetration by a Navy PB4Y-2S (Bu No 59176) into Typhoon Doris. The aircraft was part of a six plane squadron, VJ-1/VW-3, COMFAIRGUAM, based at the Naval Air Station in Agana, Guam (VJ-1 was formed in 1952 at NAS Sand Point, Seattle, Washington, and the name later changed to VW-3). The PB4Y-2S aircraft made its initial penetration into Doris' eye at 200–300 feet. As the aircraft radioed back a report at 2245Z, the transmission suddenly ceased. The plane was never heard from again. At the time, Doris was a Category 2 typhoon with sustained winds of 95 knots (110 mph). Again, given the low penetration altitude of the aircraft, it is likely that a downdraft carried the plane into the sea. It's pretty common to get downdrafts that will cause a 300-foot loss of altitude, despite the attempts of the pilot to climb with full power to the engines.

A nine-day long search and rescue operation failed to find any trace of the missing aircraft. Tragically, two aircraft involved in the search and rescue mission crashed, killing 39 more people. The first of these planes was a R4D (DC 3) that crashed into the crater of Agrihan Island, Mariannas, killing all ten crew members. This aircraft was not from the NAS Agana, Guam group. In addition, a B-29 based at Anderson AFB had an engine fail while looking for the missing typhoon hunter aircraft, and crashed during landing into an officer's housing area on Guam. A total of 29 people died in the crash, including at least 11 of the 16 crew members on the aircraft.

The nine crewmen lost during the flight into Typhoon Doris were:

Pilot J. W. Newhall age 39

Co-pilot S. B. Marsden, age 29

Lt. Cmdr. D. Zimmerman Jr., age 35

Ltjg. F. Troescher Jr., age 26

AL1 F. R. Barnett, age 26

AD1 J. N. Clark, age 32

AD3 E. L. Myer, age 20

AL2 N. J. Stephens, age 23

AO3 A. J. Stott, age 23

https://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/hunter3.asp

Storm names[edit]

  • Irma
  • Judy
  • Kit
  • Lola
  • Mamie
  • Nina
  • Ophelia
  • Phyllis
  • Rita
  • Susan
  • Tess
  • Viola
  • Winnie
  • Alice
  • Betty
  • Cora
  • Doris

See also[edit]

References[edit]