1953 U.S. Open (golf)
|Dates||June 11–13, 1953|
|Course(s)||Oakmont Country Club|
|Length||6,916 yards (6,324 m)|
|Field||157 players, 60 after cut|
The 1953 U.S. Open was the 53rd U.S. Open, held June 11–13 at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, a suburb northeast of Pittsburgh. Ben Hogan won a record-tying fourth U.S. Open title, six strokes ahead of runner-up Sam Snead.
Although a three-time champion, Hogan was required to participate with the rest of the field in 36-hole qualifying on Tuesday and Wednesday, immediately preceding the championship. The only exemption at the time was for the defending champion, Julius Boros. The field for the qualifier was 300, with one round at Oakmont and another at the Pittsburgh Field Club, host of the PGA Championship in 1937.
After qualifying, Hogan shot a tournament-low 67 (–5) in the first round on Thursday and an even-par 72 on Friday to hold a two-stroke lead over Snead and George Fazio. Snead's third-round 72 on Saturday morning left him just a shot back of Hogan heading into the final round in the afternoon. With nine holes to go in the final round, Snead trailed by just one shot. Hogan made three birdies on Oakmont's back nine, including a 25-foot (8 m) birdie putt at 13 on his way to a 71 and a 283 total, six shots clear of Snead, who shot a final round 76. Hogan's first-round 67 and Snead's second-round 69 were the only sub-70 rounds by any players for the entire tournament. Hogan's win at Oakmont was his fourth U.S. Open title, equaling the record of Willie Anderson and Bobby Jones (Jack Nicklaus would win his fourth U.S. Open in 1980). The four wins came in the last five U.S. Opens in which Hogan had entered; he missed the 1949 edition following his near-fatal automobile accident.
Two future champions made their U.S. Open debuts in 1953 as amateurs: Arnold Palmer, 23, of nearby Latrobe and Ken Venturi, 22, of San Francisco. Both missed the cut; Venturi (78-76=154) by one stroke, Palmer (84-78=162) by nine.
Hogan in 1953
Already the Masters champion, Hogan followed up his U.S. Open win with another at the British Open at Carnoustie a few weeks later. He became the first to win three professional majors in a single season, a feat matched only by Tiger Woods in 2000. Through 2015, Hogan remains the only golfer in history to win the Masters, U.S. Open, and British Open in the same calendar year. His margins of victory in the 1953 majors were five, six, and four strokes, respectively.
In 1953, the final two majors were in conflict on the schedule. The match-play PGA Championship was a seven-day event, held July 1–7 near Detroit; the British Open in Scotland was played July 8–10, with a mandatory 36-hole qualifier on July 6–7.
Lengths of the course for previous major championships:
The first hole became a par 4 for majors in 1962.
Past champions in the field
Made the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Ben Hogan||United States||1948, 1950, 1951||67||72||73||71||283||–5||1|
|Lloyd Mangrum||United States||1946||73||70||74||75||292||+4||3|
|Julius Boros||United States||1952||75||72||76||76||299||+11||T17|
|Lawson Little||United States||1940||78||75||79||75||307||+19||T45|
|Cary Middlecoff||United States||1949||76||73||WD|
Missed the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Lew Worsham||United States||1947||78||78||156||+12|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||1922, 1932||82||79||161||+17|
Thursday, June 11, 1953
|1||Ben Hogan||United States||67||–5|
|T2||Walter Burkemo||United States||70||–2|
|George Fazio||United States|
|Frank Souchak (a)||United States|
|T5||Jimmy Demaret||United States||71||–1|
|Bill Ogden||United States|
|T7||Lou Barbaro||United States||72||E|
|Jerry Barber||United States|
|Jay Hebert||United States|
|Sam Snead||United States|
Friday, June 12, 1953
|1||Ben Hogan||United States||67-72=139||–5|
|T2||George Fazio||United States||70-71=141||–3|
|Sam Snead||United States||72-69=141|
|4||Lloyd Mangrum||United States||73-70=143||–1|
|5||Jay Hebert||United States||72-72=144||E|
|6||Dick Metz||United States||75-70=145||+1|
|T7||Al Mengert||United States||75-71=146||+2|
|Frank Souchak (a)||United States||70-76=146|
|T9||Jerry Barber||United States||72-75=147||+3|
|Julius Boros||United States||75-72=147|
|Jimmy Demaret||United States||71-76=147|
|Fred Haas||United States||74-73=147|
|Marty Furgol||United States||73-74=147|
|Ted Kroll||United States||76-71=147|
Saturday, June 13, 1953 (morning)
|1||Ben Hogan||United States||67-72-73=212||–4|
|2||Sam Snead||United States||72-69-72=213||–3|
|T3||Jimmy Demaret||United States||71-76-71=218||+2|
|George Fazio||United States||70-71-77=218|
|Jay Hebert||United States||72-72-74=218|
|T6||Fred Haas||United States||74-73-72=219||+3|
|Dick Metz||United States||75-70-74=219|
|T8||Jack Burke, Jr.||United States||76-73-72=221||+5|
|Ted Kroll||United States||76-71-74=221|
|T10||Dutch Harrison||United States||77-75-70=222||+6|
|Bobby Locke||South Africa||78-70-74=222|
|Frank Souchak (a)||United States||70-76-76=222|
Saturday, June 13, 1953 (afternoon)
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Ben Hogan||United States||67-72-73-71=283||–5||5,000|
|2||Sam Snead||United States||72-69-72-76=289||+1||3,000|
|3||Lloyd Mangrum||United States||73-70-74-75=292||+4||1,500|
|T4||Pete Cooper||United States||78-75-71-70=294||+6||816|
|Jimmy Demaret||United States||71-76-71-76=294|
|George Fazio||United States||70-71-77-76=294|
|T7||Ted Kroll||United States||76-71-74-74=295||+7||450|
|Dick Metz||United States||75-70-74-76=295|
|T9||Marty Furgol||United States||73-74-76-73=296||+8||325|
|Jay Hebert||United States||72-72-74-78=296|
|Frank Souchak (a)||United States||70-76-76-74=296||0|
- (a) denotes amateur
- "Hogan wins 4th U.S. Open". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. June 14, 1953. p. 1-sports.
- "U.S. Open history: 1953". USGA. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "National Open qualifying scores". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. June 11, 1953. p. 43.
- "'53 National Open at Oakmont will be revised sharply". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 13, 1952. p. 23.
- "Hogan slips to 72 but still leads Open by two strokes". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. June 13, 1953. p. 2-sports.
- Fraley, Oscar (June 14, 1953). "Steel nerved Hogan wins Open". Victoria Advocate. Texas. United Press. p. 12A.
- "1953 U.S. Open: Recap and Scores for the 1953 U.S. Open Golf Tournament". About.com Golf. Retrieved February 9, 2013.
- "National Open Golf Scores". Youngstown Vindicator. Ohio. Associated Press. June 13, 1953. p. 7.
- "Bobby Locke has 32-33-65 in qualifying for British Open". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. July 7, 1953. p. 17.
- "Burkemo wins P.G.A. - Locke paces British qualifiers". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. July 8, 1953. p. 21.
- "Oakmont, the champ, the man to beat". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Florida. NEA. June 10, 1953. p. 9.
- "National Open Golf Scores". Youngstown Vindicator. ohio. Associated Press. June 12, 1953. p. 35.