1954 Pacific typhoon season

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1954 Pacific typhoon season
1954 Pacific typhoon season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed March 1, 1954
Last system dissipated December 26, 1954
Strongest storm
Name Ida
 • Maximum winds 280 km/h (175 mph)
 • Lowest pressure 890 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 33
Total storms 19
Typhoons 15
Super typhoons 5
Total fatalities 1530
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956

The 1954 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1954, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1954 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Fleet Weather Center on Guam.

Systems[edit]

Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale

Tropical Storm 01W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 01W 1954 track.png
Duration March 1 – March 4
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Elsie[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Elsie 1954 track.png
Duration May 5 – May 12
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  945 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Flossie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Flossie 1954 track.png
Duration July 4 – July 10
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Grace[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Grace 1954 track.png
Duration August 11 – August 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Grace struck the Southern Japanese islands of Kyūshū and Shikoku. 28 people were killed and 33 were missing.[1]

Typhoon Helen[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Helen 1954 track.png
Duration August 11 – August 17
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Ida[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Ida 1954 track.png
Duration August 18 – August 31
Peak intensity 280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  890 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 07W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 07W 1954 track.png
Duration August 20 – August 26
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 08W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
Duration August 28 – August 31
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Kathy[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Kathy 1954 track.png
Duration August 28 – September 8
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon June[edit]

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg June 1954 track.png
Duration September 4 – September 15
Peak intensity 240 km/h (150 mph) (1-min)  910 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon June struck the Southern Japanese hitting the area west of Kanto especially hard. 107 people were killed and 39 were missing.[2]

Typhoon Lorna[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Lorna 1954 track.png
Duration September 11 – September 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Lorna brushed the southern coast of the Japanese island of Shikoku. 34 people were killed and 20 were missing.[3]

Typhoon Marie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Marie 1954 track.png
Duration September 19 – September 28
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  956 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Marie had a minimum pressure of 956 mb and a maximum windspeeds of 85 mph. Marie crossed the southern islands of Kyūshū and Shikoku before turning northeast and striking Hokkaidō island. Marie caused the ship Toya Maru to sink in the Hokkaidō Strait. 1,361 people were killed and 400 were left missing.[4]

Typhoon Nancy[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Nancy 1954 track.png
Duration September 30 – October 13
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Olga[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Olga 1954 track.png
Duration October 12 – October 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 15W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 15W 1954 track.png
Duration October 24 – October 26
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Pamela[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Pamela 1954 track.png
Duration October 27 – November 8
Peak intensity 280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  900 hPa (mbar)

On October 27, Typhoom Pamela formed as a tropical depression. Pamela reached a peak of 900 mbar and 175 mph on November 1 and reached a secondary peak of 935 mbars on November 5. Pamela was one of two storms that reached Category 5 super typhoon status in the South China Sea, with the other being Typhoon Rammasun of 2014.

Typhoon Ruby[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Ruby 1954 track.png
Duration November 2 – November 11
Peak intensity 270 km/h (165 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Sally[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Sally 1954 track.png
Duration November 10 – November 20
Peak intensity 280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Tilda[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Tilda 1954 track.png
Duration November 22 – December 1
Peak intensity 230 km/h (145 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

1954 storm names[edit]

  • Elsie
  • Flossie
  • Grace
  • Helen
  • Ida
  • June
  • Kathy
  • Lorna
  • Marie
  • Nancy
  • Olga
  • Pamela
  • Ruby
  • Sally
  • Tilda

See also[edit]

References[edit]