1955 Open Championship
|Dates||6–8 July 1955|
|Location||St Andrews, Scotland|
|Course(s)||Old Course at St Andrews|
|Length||6,936 yards (6,342 m)|
|Field||94 players, 49 after cut|
The 1955 Open Championship was the 84th Open Championship, played 6–8 July at the Old Course in St Andrews, Scotland. Peter Thomson won the second of three consecutive Open titles, two strokes ahead of runner-up John Fallon. Thomson won a total of five Claret Jugs, the last in 1965.
Qualifying took place on 4–5 July, Monday and Tuesday, with 18 holes on the Old Course and 18 holes on the New Course. The number of qualifiers was limited to a maximum of 100, and ties for 100th place did not qualify. On Monday, Frank Jowle scored 63 on the New Course, and after a 72 on the Old Course the next day he led the qualifiers at 135, a shot ahead of Laurie Ayton. The qualifying score was 148 and 94 players advanced to the first round on Wednesday.
Three shot 69 in the opening round on Wednesday; after the second round on Thursday, three shared the 36-hole lead at 139: Eric Brown, Dennis Smalldon, and Thomson, with Fallon a stroke back in fourth. The maximum number of players making the cut was set at fifty, and ties for 50th place were not included. Five Americans were in the field of 94, three professionals and two amateurs. All five made the cut, and the top U.S. finisher was Ed Furgol in a tie for 19th place. Byron Nelson, whose only previous appearance at The Open was a fifth-place finish in 1937, tied for 32nd. The two amateurs finished in the top thirty.
Previously the 17th hole (the "Road Hole") was a par 5; for this Open it became a par 4, which reduced the course par from 73 to 72.
Past champions in the field
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Bobby Locke||South Africa||1949, 1950, 1952||74||69||70||72||285||–3||4|
|Fred Daly||Northern Ireland||1947||75||72||70||71||288||E||T12|
|Henry Cotton||England||1934, 1937, 1948||70||72||78||76||296||+8||T32|
Wednesday, 6 July 1955
|Ed Furgol||United States|
|Christy O'Connor Snr||Ireland|
|Flory Van Donck||Belgium|
Thursday, 7 July 1955
Friday, 8 July 1955 (morning)
|Bobby Locke||South Africa||74-69-70=213|
|8||Flory Van Donck||Belgium||71-72-71=214||–2|
Friday, 8 July 1955 (afternoon)
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money (₤)|
|4||Bobby Locke||South Africa||74-69-70-72=285||–3||200|
|Flory Van Donck||Belgium||71-72-71-72=286|
|Christy O'Connor Snr||Ireland||71-75-70-71=287|
- "Three tied for lead in British Open golf". Pittsburgh Post Gazette. Associated Press. 8 July 1955. p. 19.
- "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 81. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "P.W. Thomson's second victory". Glasgow Herald. 9 July 1955. p. 5.
- "Thomson edges Fallon by two strokes in British Open". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 9 July 1955. p. 9.
- "Thomson's 281 keeps British Open crown". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. 9 July 1955. p. 4, sec. 3.
- "Lowest score ever returned in Open golf championship". Glasgow Herald. 5 July 1955. p. 4.
- "Ninety-four qualifiers for "Open"". Glasgow Herald. 6 July 1955. p. 4.
- "Thomson goes easily and efficiently on - Chance of retaining his Open Golf Championship". The Times. 6 July 1955. p. 4.
- "Only three players beat 70 in first round". Glasgow Herald. 7 July 1955. p. 2.
- "Holder shares halfway lead in Open title golf". Glasgow Herald. 8 July 1955. p. 4.
- "Thomson, Brown, Smalldon lead British Open with 139". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 8 July 1955. p. 19.
- "Thomson's 68 ties for lead in British Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. 8 July 1955. p. 3, sec. 3.
- "Larger prize for "Open"". Glasgow Herald. 24 December 1954. p. 7.
1955 U.S. Open
|Major Championships||Succeeded by
1955 PGA Championship