1955 in music

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List of years in music (table)
Pete Seeger in 1955

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1955.

Events[edit]

Albums released[edit]

In 1955, 1,615 albums and 4,542 pop singles were released in the US.[5]

Biggest hit singles[edit]

The following singles achieved the highest chart positions in the set of charts available for 1955.

# Artist Title Year Country Chart Entries
1 Bill Haley & His Comets Rock Around the Clock 1955 United States UK 1 - Jan 1955 (36 weeks), US Billboard 1 - May 1955 (24 weeks), US BB 1 of 1955, US CashBox 1 - Jul 1954 (31 weeks), Your Hit Parade 1 of 1955, Record Mirror 1 for 8 weeks - Nov 1955, Australia 1 for 6 weeks - Aug 1955, Germany 1 for 4 weeks - Jun 1956, UK sales 1 of the 1950s (1,390 k in 1955), Grammy Hall of Fame in 1982 (1954), DDD 1 of 1954, POP 1 of 1955, DZE 1 of 1955, Flanders 2 - Nov 1955 (14 months), RYM 2 of 1954, DMDB 2 (1954), Italy 3 of 1957, UKMIX 3, nuTsie 3 of 1950s, Brazil 4 of 1956, Europe 5 of the 1950s (1955), D.Marsh 7 of 1955, Scrobulate 8 of rock & roll, RIAA 12, Germany 17 - Jun 1968 (2 months), Holland 27 - Jun 1968 (5 weeks), Belgium 30 - Jun 1974 (1 week), 41 in 2FM list, Acclaimed 49 (1954), AFI 50, Rolling Stone 158, Global 4 (20 M sold) - 1954, one of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 500, Party 180 of 1999
2 Tennessee Ernie Ford Sixteen Tons 1955 United States UK 1 - Jan 1956 (11 weeks), US Billboard 1 - Nov 1955 (22 weeks), US CashBox 1 - Nov 1955 (21 weeks), Record Mirror 1 for 5 weeks - Jan 1956, Australia 1 for 6 weeks - Feb 1956, Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998 (1955), DZE 2 of 1955, Flanders 3 - Jan 1956 (7 months), Brazil 7 of 1956, D.Marsh 12 of 1955, RYM 13 of 1955, US BB 20 of 1955, POP 20 of 1955, DDD 49 of 1955, RIAA 83, DMDB 88 (1955), Acclaimed 276 (1955), UKMIX 933
3 The Platters Only You (And You Alone) 1955 United States Italy 1 of 1957, France 1 for 13 weeks - Nov 1957, Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999 (1955), US CashBox 3 - Aug 1955 (26 weeks), US BB 4 of 1955, Brazil 4 of 1957, POP 4 of 1955, UK 5 - Sep 1956 (16 weeks), US Billboard 5 - Sep 1955 (22 weeks), D.Marsh 10 of 1955, DDD 12 of 1955, RYM 15 of 1955, Europe 22 of the 1950s (1955), nuTsie 88 of 1950s, Acclaimed 643 (1955), Party 271 of 1999
4 Perez Prado Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White) 1955 United States UK 1 - Mar 1955 (17 weeks), US Billboard 1 - Mar 1955 (26 weeks), Australia 1 for 3 weeks - Jul 1955, Germany 1 for 7 weeks - Oct 1955, US CashBox 2 - Mar 1955 (29 weeks), Flanders 2 - Apr 1955 (5 months), Your Hit Parade 3 of 1955, Brazil 4 of 1955, US BB 7 of 1955, POP 7 of 1955, RYM 27 of 1955, DDD 68 of 1955, UKMIX 188
5 Four Aces Love is a Many Splendoured Thing 1955 United States US Billboard 1 - Aug 1955 (21 weeks), US CashBox 1 - Aug 1955 (29 weeks), Radio Luxembourg sheet music 1 for 1 week - Jan 1956, Oscar in 1955 (film 'Love is a Many Splendored Thing'), UK 2 - Nov 1955 (13 weeks), Peel list 2 of 1955, Italy 3 of 1956, DZE 3 of 1955, US BB 9 of 1955, POP 9 of 1955, Flanders 13 - Dec 1955 (3 months), RYM 29 of 1955, UKMIX 550

US No. 1 hit singles[edit]

These singles reached the top of US Billboard magazine's charts in 1955.

First week Number of weeks Title Artist
January 22, 1955 2 "Let Me Go, Lover" Joan Weber
February 5, 1955 1 "Hearts of Stone" Fontane Sisters
February 12, 1955 6 "Sincerely" McGuire Sisters
March 26, 1955 5 "The Ballad of Davy Crockett" Bill Hayes
April 30, 1955 10 "Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White" Perez Prado
July 9, 1955 8 "Rock Around the Clock" Bill Haley & His Comets
September 3, 1955 5 "The Yellow Rose of Texas" Mitch Miller
October 8, 1955 1 "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing" The Four Aces
October 15, 1955 1 "The Yellow Rose of Texas" Mitch Miller
October 22, 1955 1 "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing" The Four Aces
October 29, 1955 4 "Autumn Leaves" Roger Williams
November 26, 1955 7 "Sixteen Tons" Tennessee Ernie Ford

Top hits on record[edit]

Top R&B and Country Hits on record[edit]

Published popular music[edit]

Other notable songs[edit]

Classical music[edit]

Premieres[edit]

Sortable table
Composer Composition Date Location Performers
Berio, Luciano Mimusique No. 2 1955-10-25 Italy Bergamo Albertini, Cacciari, Carpi, Chazalettes, Consonni, Nogara, Pistone, Ridoni, Tortorella, ZovianoffMaderna[6]
Blacher, Boris Viola Concerto 1955-03-14 West Germany Cologne Wolf / ? – Sawallisch[7]
Bliss, Arthur Meditation on a Theme by John Blow 1955-12-13 United Kingdom Birmingham City of Birmingham SymphonySchwarz[8]
Bliss, Arthur Violin Concerto 1955-05-11 United Kingdom London London SymphonySargent[9][10][11]
Boulez, Pierre Le Marteau sans Maître 1955-08-16 West Germany Baden-Baden Plate / members of SWF SymphonyRosbaud[12]
Boulez, Pierre Sonatine for flute and piano 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Redel, Loriod[13]
Enescu, George Chamber Symphony, Op. 33 1955-01-23 France Paris Association of Chamber Music Concerts of ParisObradous[14]
Engelmann, Hans Ulrich Atlantische Ballade for soprano, baritone, and string quartet 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Stix, Rehfuss, Drolc Quartet[15]
Finzi, Gerald Cello Concerto 1955-07-19 United Kingdom Cheltenham (Festival) Bunting / Hallé OrchestraBarbirolli[16]
Fricker, Peter Racine Three Movements for viola solo 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Zug[17]
Gerhard, Roberto Symphony No. 1 1955-06-21 West Germany Baden-Baden (ISCM Festival) SWF SymphonyRosbaud[18][19]
Hanson, Howard Sinfonia sacra (Symphony No. 5) 1955-02-18 United States Philadelphia Philadelphia OrchestraOrmandy[20]
Heiss, Hermann Sinfonia giocosa 1955-06-04 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Landestheater-Orchester DarmstadtSanzogno[21]
Helm, Everett B. Eight minutes for two pianos 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Seemann, Schröter[15]
Hovhaness, Alan Symphony No. 2, Mysterious Mountain 1955-10-31 United States Houston Houston SymphonyStokowski[22]
Klebe, Giselher Sonata No. 2 for solo violin, Op. 20 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Kolisch[13]
Leibowitz, René Concerto for viola and chamber orchestra 1955-06-04 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Mann / Landestheater-Orchester DarmstadtSanzogno[21]
Lutoslawski, Witold Dance Preludes for clarinet and piano1 1955-02-15 Poland Warsaw Kurkiewicz, Nadgryzowski[23]
Maderna, Bruno String Quartet 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Drolc Quartet[13]
Martinů, Bohuslav Fantaisies symphoniques (Symphony No. 6) 1955-01-05 United States Boston Boston SymphonyMunch[24]
Milhaud, Darius Symphony No. 6 1955-10-07 United States Boston Boston SymphonyMunch[25]
Milhaud, Darius Symphony No. 7 1955-09-13 Italy Venice (Biennale) INR OrchestraAndré[26]
Montsalvatge, Xavier Calidoscopi simfònic 1955-05-06 Spain Barcelona Barcelona Municipal OrchestraToldrà[27]
Nono, Luigi Canti per tredici 1955-03-26 France Paris Domaine MusicalBoulez[28]
Nono, Luigi Incontri 1955-05-30 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) SWF SymphonyRosbaud[29]
Piston, Walter Symphony No. 6 1955-11-25 United States Boston Boston SymphonyMunch[25]
Rodrigo, Joaquín Pavana Real, ballet 1955-12-19 Spain Barcelona Liceu SymphonySardó[30]
Sauguet, Henri Symphony No. 3, I.N.R. 1955-09-13 Italy Venice (Biennale) Belgian Radio OrchestraAndré[26]
Schuman, William Credendum 1955-11-04 United States Cincinnati Cincinnati SymphonyJohnson[31]
Shostakovich, Dmitri From Jewish Folk Poetry (1948) 1955-01-15 Soviet Union Leningrad Dorliak, Dolukhanova, Maslennikov, Shostakovich [32]
Shostakovich, Dmitri Violin Concerto No. 1 1955-10-29 Soviet Union Leningrad Oistrakh / Leningrad PhilharmonicMravinsky [33]
Stockhausen, Karlheinz Klavierstücke VI–VIII2 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Mercenier[34]
Tansman, Alexandre Concerto for Orchestra 1955-09-13 Italy Venice (Biennale) Belgian Radio OrchestraAndré[26]
Tippett, Michael Sonata for Four Horns 1955-12-20 United Kingdom London Dennis Brain Wind Ensemble[35]
Toch, Ernst Symphony No. 3[1956 Pulitzer] 1955-12-02 United States Pittsburgh Pittsburgh SymphonySteinberg[36]
Togni, Camillo Helian for soprano and piano 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Stix, Togni[13]
Tubin, Eduard Symphony No. 6 1955-09-30 Sweden Stockholm Swedish Radio SymphonyMann[37]
Villa-Lobos, Heitor Cello Concerto No. 2 1955-02-05 United States New York City Parisot / New York PhilharmonicHendl[38]
Villa-Lobos, Heitor Harp Concerto 1955-01-14 United States Philadelphia Zabaleta / Philadelphia OrchestraVilla-Lobos[39]
Waxman, Franz Sinfonietta for Strings and Timpani 1955-10-30 Switzerland Zurich Zurich Radio SymphonyLiebermann[40]
Xenakis, Iannis Metastaseis 1955-10-16 West Germany Donaueschingen (Musiktage) SWF SymphonyRosbaud[41]
Zimmermann, Bernd Alois Perspektiven for two pianos 1955-06-01 West Germany Darmstadt (Ferienkurse) Rossmann, Maderna[15]
  • 1 A second version for clarinet and chamber orchestra was recorded that same year by Alojcy Szulc and the Polish National Radio Symphony conducted by Jan Krenz, though it didn't receive a concert premiere until the 1963 Aldeburgh Festival.[42]
  • 2 Official premieres. In fact, Klavierstücke VII and VIII had been performed already by David Tudor in New York on 15 December 1954.[43] Mercenier claimed not to have performed VI at all, though a recording of the performance in the Darmstadt archives includes a truncated version of it, as well as a failed attempt at VII disrupted by a sustained audience disturbance after three pages. After an intervention by Luigi Nono. Mercenier made a second attempt to perform the piece, but was once again obliged to stop when she could not hear what she was playing because of the audience uproar.[44]

Compositions[edit]

Opera[edit]

Musical theater[edit]

Composer Leonard Bernstein in 1955.

Musical films[edit]

Musical television[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gloag, Kenneth (2013). "Tippett's operatic world: from The Midsummer Marriage to New Year". In Gloag, Kenneth; Jones, Nicholas (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Michael Tippett. Cambridge University Press. pp. 230–31. ISBN 978-1-107-60613-5. 
  2. ^ Fleming, Colin (28 November 2003). "Reissues: Glenn Gould - 'A State of Wonder: The Complete Goldberg Variations 1955 & 1981' [review]". Goldmine 29 (24): 63.
  3. ^ a b c Paxman, Jon (2014). Classical Music 1600–2000: A Chronology. London: Omnibus. ISBN 978-1-84449-773-7. 
  4. ^ Burn, Andrew (2004). "Bliss, Sir Arthur Edward Drummond (1891–1975)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30827. Retrieved 2015-01-06.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  5. ^ Denisoff, R. Serge; Schurk, William L. (1986). Tarnished Gold: the record industry revisited. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. p. 3. ISBN 0887380689. 
  6. ^ Luciano Berio Study Center
  7. ^ Boosey & Hawkes
  8. ^ Naxos Records
  9. ^ Audiophile Audition
  10. ^ Feeney Treust
  11. ^ Kendall, Alan. The Chronnicle of Classical Music, page 240
  12. ^ Universal Edition
  13. ^ a b c d Imke Misch and Markus Bandur (eds.), Karlheinz Stockhausen bei den Internationalen Ferienkursen für Neue Musik in Darmstadt 1951–1996: Dokumente und Briefe (Kürten: Stockhausen Stiftung für Musik, 2001): 98. ISBN 3-00-007290-X.
  14. ^ Pascal Bentoiu, Masterworks of George Enescu: A Detailed Analysis, translated by Lory Wallfisch (Lanham, MD; Plymouth, UK: Scarecrow Press, 2010): 492. ISBN 978-0-8108-7665-1.
  15. ^ a b c Imke Misch and Markus Bandur (eds.), Karlheinz Stockhausen bei den Internationalen Ferienkursen für Neue Musik in Darmstadt 1951–1996: Dokumente und Briefe (Kürten: Stockhausen Stiftung für Musik, 2001): 94. ISBN 3-00-007290-X.
  16. ^ Gerald Finzi: His life and music
  17. ^ Imke Misch and Markus Bandur (eds.), Karlheinz Stockhausen bei den Internationalen Ferienkursen für Neue Musik in Darmstadt 1951–1996: Dokumente und Briefe (Kürten: Stockhausen Stiftung für Musik, 2001): 94. ISBN 3-00-007290-X.
  18. ^ University of Cambridge
  19. ^ Chandos
  20. ^ New Music Box
  21. ^ a b Imke Misch and Markus Bandur (eds.), Karlheinz Stockhausen bei den Internationalen Ferienkursen für Neue Musik in Darmstadt 1951–1996: Dokumente und Briefe (Kürten: Stockhausen Stiftung für Musik, 2001): 95. ISBN 3-00-007290-X.
  22. ^ The Stokowski Legacy
  23. ^ The Music of Lutoslawski
  24. ^ Naxos Records
  25. ^ a b Boston Symphony Orchestra
  26. ^ a b c Venice Biennale
  27. ^ Xavier Montsalvatge memorial website
  28. ^ Fondazione Onlus
  29. ^ Fondaizone Onlus
  30. ^ Joaquín Rodrigo memorial website
  31. ^ William Schuman: A Bio-bibliography
  32. ^ Dmitri Shostakovich, Pianist
  33. ^ The Concerto: A Listener's Guide
  34. ^ IRCAM
  35. ^ Schott Music
  36. ^ The Pulitzer Prize Winners for Music
  37. ^ Estonian Music Information Centre
  38. ^ Indiana University
  39. ^ Indiana University
  40. ^ Franz Waxman official website
  41. ^ The Rest is Noise
  42. ^ Polish Music Center
  43. ^ Martin Iddon, New Music at Darmstadt: Nono, Stockhausen, Cage, and Boulez Music since 1900 (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013): 163.
  44. ^ Michael Kurtz, Stockhausen: A Biography, translated by Richard Toop (London and Boston: Faber and Faber, 1992): 76–77, 241n21.