1955 in the Soviet Union
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|See also:||Other events of 1955|
History of the Soviet Union
- First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union – Nikita Khrushchev
- Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union – Kliment Voroshilov
- Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union – Georgy Malenkov (until 8 February), Nikolai Bulganin (starting 8 February)
- 2 June – Belgrade declaration
- 15 November – Władysław Gomułka initiates talks about the Repatriation of Poles (1955–59).
- 22 November – The first Soviet hydrogen bomb, RDS-37, is tested.
- 30 November – The 1st Soviet Antarctic Expedition begins.
- 31 December – The Pospelov Commission is set up.
- 1 January – Gennady Lyachin, Russian submarine captain (d. 2000)
- 29 January – Zebiniso Rustamova, archer
- 22 March – Valdis Zatlers, President of Latvia
- 16 May – Olga Korbut, Belorussian Olympic gymnast
- 1 July – Nikolai Demidenko, pianist
- 7 August – Vladimir Sorokin, writer
- 7 September – Efim Zelmanov, mathematician
- 13 October – Sergei Shepelev, ice hockey player
- "Zebiniso RUSTAMOVA - Olympic Archery | USSR". International Olympic Committee. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
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