1956 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference

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8th Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference
Host country United Kingdom
Dates 27 June–6 July 1956
Cities London
Participants 9
Chair Sir Anthony Eden
(Prime Minister)
Follows 1955
Precedes 1957
Key points
British bases in Ceylon, Cyprus, Cold War

The 1956 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference was the eighth Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations. It was held in the United Kingdom in June 1956, and was hosted by that country's Prime Minister, Sir Anthony Eden.

The new prime minister of Ceylon, Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike pressured Eden to remove British military bases in Ceylon; Britain agreed to close the installations.[1]

In international affairs, the leaders expressed their support for the People's Republic of China and Japan being admitted to the United Nations (see China and the United Nations)[2][1] and welcomed liberalization in the Soviet Union under Nikita Khrushchev hailing the "significant changes" in Soviet domestic and foreign policy as being positive steps for world peace.[1][3] British attempts to negotiate a diplomatic settlement over Greek and Turkish claims regarding the soon to be independent British colony of Cyprus were also discussed.[4]


Nation Name Portfolio
 United Kingdom Sir Anthony Eden Prime Minister (Chairman)
 Australia Robert Menzies Prime Minister
 Canada Louis St. Laurent Prime Minister
 Ceylon Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike Prime Minister
 India Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister
 New Zealand Sidney Holland Prime Minister
 Pakistan Chaudhri Muhammad Ali Prime Minister
 Rhodesia and Nyasaland Godfrey Huggins, 1st Viscount Malvern Prime Minister
South Africa South Africa Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom Prime Minister