Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt is awarded the new East German championship trophy
|Champions||SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt|
|Relegated||SC Dynamo Berlin SC Empor Rostock|
|European Cup||SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt|
|Goals scored||565 (3.1 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Ernst Lindner (18)|
The 1956 DDR-Oberliga was the eighth season of the DDR-Oberliga, the first tier of league football in East Germany. Rather than in the traditional autumn-spring format the Oberliga played for six seasons from 1955 to 1960 in the calendar year format, modelled on the system used in the Soviet Union. From 1961–62 onwards the league returned to its traditional format.
The league was contested by fourteen teams. SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt, incidentally based at Aue and not Karl-Marx-Stadt, won the championship, the club's first official one, having previously won the transition competition in 1955. On the strength of this title Wismut qualified for the 1957–58 European Cup where the club lost to Ajax Amsterdam in the first round.
The 1956 season saw two newly promoted clubs compare to the last official season, 1954–55, Fortschritt Weißenfels and BSG Lokomotive Stendal, with both already having played in the transition round in 1955. The FDGB-Pokal was won by second division DDR-Liga club Chemie Halle.
|1||SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt||26||15||8||3||53||21||+32||38|
|2||SC Aktivist Brieske-Senftenberg||26||14||8||4||34||15||+19||36|
|3||SC Lokomotive Leipzig||26||14||6||6||45||22||+23||34|
|4||BSG Lokomotive Stendal||26||12||4||10||55||54||+1||28|
|5||SC Einheit Dresden||26||10||6||10||50||46||+4||26|
|6||ASK Vorwärts Berlin||26||9||8||9||41||41||0||26|
|7||BSG Rotation Babelsberg||26||9||8||9||41||53||-12||26|
|8||SC Rotation Leipzig||26||9||6||11||35||41||-6||24|
|9||SC Motor Karl-Marx-Stadt||26||8||7||11||24||48||-24||23|
|11||BSG Motor Zwickau||26||10||2||14||47||52||-5||22|
|12||SC Turbine Erfurt||26||5||11||10||36||38||-2||21|
|13||SC Dynamo Berlin||26||7||6||13||37||47||-10||20|
|14||SC Empor Rostock||26||6||6||14||31||49||-18||18|
|League champion & Qualified for the European Cup||FDGB-Pokal winner||Relegated|
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "European Competitions 1957-58". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1956" [DDR-Oberliga 1956]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (German) Historic German league tables