1956 Honduran Constituent Assembly election

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A legislative election was held in Honduras on 7 October 1956. The people elected 58 deputies to the Constituent Assembly.

The President Julio Lozano Díaz decided to hold rigged elections for a new legislature in October 1956. With the Liberals exiled and the Carías faction of the Nationals boycotting them, the elections were an easy victory for Julio Lozano Díaz Lozano. Nonetheless, blood ran in the streets when a group of protesting Liberals were fired on by police in Tegucigalpa. [1]

The fraud was transparent. With both traditional parties denouncing Julio Lozano Díaz Lozano’s already illegal and increasingly unpopular regime and the prospect of further violence quite manifest, the army was obliged to intervene. [2]

On 21 October a military coup led by the younger officers unseated the seventy-one-year-old dictator, who was hustled into exile without bloodshed and without ceremony. Having won power…they began to set in motion the machinery for truly free elections to give the country a constituent assembly which in turn would choose a new president”. [3]

The top conspirators included Colonel Héctor Caraccioli, head of the air force; Major Roberto Gálvez Barnes, minister of development; and General Roque J. Rodríguez, director of the military academy in Tegucigalpa. These officers then organized a military government with General Rodríguez as its apparent leader, primarily because of his seniority. [4]

Legislative election [5][edit]

Parties and alliances Votes/districts % Seats
Party of National Unity (PUN) 370,318 89.44% 58
Liberal Party of Honduras (PLH) 41,724 10.08% 00
National Party of Honduras (PNH) 2,003 00.48% 00
Total valid votes 414,045 100% 58
Spoilt and invalid votes 98,649 19.24%
Total votes/Turnout 512,694 ??
Registered voters ??
Population 1,711,000


References[edit]

  1. ^ Anderson, Thomas P. The war of the dispossessed: Honduras and El Salvador, 1969. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 1981. Pp. 59.
  2. ^ Dunkerley, James. Power in the isthmus: a political history of modern Central America. London: Verso. 1988. Pp. 533.
  3. ^ Anderson, Thomas P. The war of the dispossessed: Honduras and El Salvador, 1969. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 1981. Pp. 60.
  4. ^ Euraque, Darío A. Reinterpreting the banana republic: region and state in Honduras, 1870-1972. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. 1996. Pp. 67.
  5. ^ Elections in the Americas : a data handbook / ed. by Dieter Nohlen, Vol. 1. [Oxford] [u.a.] : Oxford Univ. Press, 2005. Pp.410.


Bibliography[edit]

Anderson, Thomas P. The war of the dispossessed: Honduras and El Salvador, 1969. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 1981.

Bardales B., Rafael. Historia del Partido Nacional de Honduras. Tegucigalpa: Servicopiax Editores. 1980.

Becerra, Longino. Evolución histórica de Honduras. Tegucigalpa: Baktun Editorial. 1983.

Becerra, Longino. El poder político. Tegucigalpa: Editorial Baktun. Two volumes. 1994.

Bertrand Anduray, María Luisa Soto de. Historia de la mujer hondureña: época independiente. Tegucigalpa: Instituto Hondureño de Cultura Hispánica. 1992.

Bowdler, George A. And Patrick Cotter. Voter participation in Central America, 1954-1981. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, Inc. 1982.

Cálix Rodríguez, José Alvaro. Caracterización y análisis del sistema electoral en Honduras. Tegucigalpa: FIDE, PNUD. 2001.

Dodd, Thomas J. Tiburcio Carías: portrait of a Honduran political leader. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. 2005.

Dunkerley, James. Power in the isthmus: a political history of modern Central America. London: Verso. 1988.

Elections in the Americas A Data Handbook Volume 1. North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Edited by Dieter Nohlen. 2005.

Euraque, Darío A. Reinterpreting the banana republic: region and state in Honduras, 1870-1972. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. 1996.

Fernández, Arturo. Partidos políticos y elecciones en Honduras 1980. Tegucigalpa: Editorial Guaymuras. Second edition. 1983.

Kantor, Harry. Patterns of politics and political systems in Latin America. Chicago: Rand McNally and Company. 1969.

Martz, John D. Central America, the crisis and the challenge. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 1959.

Morris, James A. Honduras: caudillo politics and military rulers. Boulder: Westview Press. 1984.

Parker, Franklin D. The Central American republics. Westport: Greenwood Press. Reprint of 1964 original. 1981.

Political handbook of the world 1956. New York, 1957.

Posas, Mario and Rafael del Cid. La construcción del sector público y del estado nacional en Honduras (1876-1979). San José: EDUCA. Second edition. 1983.

Sabillón Pineda de Flores, Milady. La mujer en los partidos políticos. Tegucigalpa: Alin. 1998.

Villars, Rina. Para la casa más que para el mundo: sufragismo y feminismo en la historia de Honduras. Tegucigalpa: Editorial Guaymuras. 2001.