1956 Masters Tournament

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1956 Masters Tournament
Tournament information
DatesApril 5–8, 1956
LocationAugusta, Georgia
Course(s)Augusta National Golf Club
Organized byAugusta National Golf Club
Tour(s)PGA Tour
Statistics
Par72
Length6,965 yards (6,369 m)[1]
Field84 players
CutNone
Winner's share$6,000
Champion
United States Jack Burke, Jr.
289 (+1)
← 1955
1957 →
Augusta  is located in the United States
Augusta 
Augusta 
Location in the United States

The 1956 Masters Tournament was the 20th Masters Tournament, held April 5–8 at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia.

Jack Burke, Jr. won his first major championship and only Masters, one stroke ahead of amateur Ken Venturi. It was the final Masters played without a 36-hole cut. CBS televised the third and fourth rounds of the tournament for the first time, and has done so every year since.

Burke shot a 71 (−1) on Sunday, one of only two players to break par in the final round; he rallied from a tournament record eight shots back to pass Venturi, who had led the entire tournament.[2][3] Then a 24-year-old amateur, Venturi opened with a first round 66 (−6), the best round to date at the Masters by an amateur.[4] But on Sunday, he shot a 42 (+6) on the final nine holes to card a disappointing 80 (+8).[1][5] Burke's 289, along with Sam Snead in 1954 and Zach Johnson in 2007, remains the highest winning total in Masters history.

Burke was late arriving at the course for his final round on Sunday after going to church and had only fifteen minutes to warm up.[3]

Field[edit]

1. Masters champions

Jimmy Demaret, Claude Harmon, Ben Hogan (2,3,4,8,9), Cary Middlecoff (2,8,9,10,11), Byron Nelson (2,4,8), Henry Picard (4), Gene Sarazen (2,3,4), Horton Smith, Sam Snead (3,4,8,9,11), Craig Wood

2. U.S. Open champions

Julius Boros (8,9), Billy Burke, Johnny Farrell, Jack Fleck (9), Ed Furgol (8), Lawson Little (5), Tony Manero, Lloyd Mangrum (8), Fred McLeod, Sam Parks Jr., George Sargent, Lew Worsham (10)

3. The Open champions

Jock Hutchison (4), Denny Shute (4)

4. PGA champions

Walter Burkemo (8), Doug Ford (9,10,11), Vic Ghezzi, Chick Harbert (11), Johnny Revolta, Jim Turnesa

5. U.S. Amateur and Amateur champions

Dick Chapman (a), Joe Conrad (6,8,a), Gene Littler (8,9), Billy Maxwell (8), Arnold Palmer (8,9), Skee Riegel (8), Frank Stranahan (8,9), Sam Urzetta, Harvie Ward (6,7,8,9,a)

6. Members of the 1955 U.S. Walker Cup team

Rex Baxter (a), William C. Campbell (a), Don Cherry (a), Bruce Cudd (a), Jimmy Jackson (a), Ed Meister (a), Dale Morey (a), Billy Joe Patton (a)

  • Dick Yost (a) did not play. Baxter and Meister were reserves for the team.
7. 1955 U.S. Amateur quarter-finalists

Bill Booe (a), Joe Campbell (a), Ed Hopkins (a), Bill Hyndman (a), Charles Kunkle (a), Jim McCoy (a), Hillman Robbins (8,a)

8. Top 24 players and ties from the 1955 Masters Tournament

Tommy Bolt (9,10,11), Jack Burke Jr. (9,10,11), Pete Cooper, Jay Hebert, Dick Mayer, Johnny Palmer, Bob Rosburg (9), Mike Souchak (9)

9. Top 24 players and ties from the 1955 U.S. Open

Bob Harris, Fred Hawkins (10), Bud Holscher, Walker Inman, Shelley Mayfield (10), Al Mengert, George Schneiter, Ernie Vossler, Art Wall Jr.

10. 1955 PGA Championship quarter-finalists

Don Fairfield

11. Members of the U.S. 1955 Ryder Cup team

Jerry Barber, Ted Kroll

12. One player, either amateur or professional, not already qualified, selected by a ballot of ex-Masters champions

Ken Venturi (a)

13. One professional, not already qualified, selected by a ballot of ex-U.S. Open champions

Fred Haas

14. One amateur, not already qualified, selected by a ballot of ex-U.S. Amateur champions

Don Bisplinghoff (a)

15. Two players, not already qualified, from a points list based on finishes in the winter part of the 1956 PGA Tour

Dow Finsterwald, Lionel Hebert

16. Foreign invitations

Al Balding, Henry Cotton, Roberto De Vicenzo, Stan Leonard (8), Moe Norman (a)

  • Numbers in brackets indicate categories that the player would have qualified under had they been American.

Nationalities in the field[edit]

North America (82) South America (1) Europe (1) Oceania (0) Asia (0) Africa (0)
 Canada (3)  Argentina (1)  England (1)
 United States (79)

Past champions in the field[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Cary Middlecoff  United States 1955 67 72 75 77 291 +3 3
Sam Snead  United States 1949, 1952, 1954 73 76 72 71 292 +4 T4
Ben Hogan  United States 1951, 1953 69 78 74 75 296 +8 T8
Jimmy Demaret  United States 1940, 1947, 1950 73 75 76 81 305 +17 T34
Byron Nelson  United States 1937, 1942 73 75 78 80 306 +18 39
Claude Harmon  United States 1948 77 79 76 77 309 +21 T46
Henry Picard  United States 1938 75 76 82 76 309 +21 T46
Gene Sarazen  United States 1935 77 75 78 80 310 +22 T49
Craig Wood  United States 1941 76 80 78 88 322 +34 70
Horton Smith  United States 1934, 1936 86 84 84 82 336 +48 76
  • The Masters did not have a 36-hole cut until 1957

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Thursday, April 5, 1956

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Ken Venturi (a)  United States 66 −6
2 Cary Middlecoff  United States 67 −5
T3 Tommy Bolt  United States 68 −4
Shelley Mayfield  United States
5 Ben Hogan  United States 69 −3
T6 Doug Ford  United States 70 −2
Bob Rosburg  United States
Billy Joe Patton (a)  United States
T9 Jerry Barber  United States 71 −1
Fred Hawkins  United States

Second round[edit]

Friday, April 6, 1956

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Ken Venturi (a)  United States 66-69=135 −9
2 Cary Middlecoff  United States 67-72=139 −5
T3 Tommy Bolt  United States 68-74=142 −2
Pete Cooper  United States 72-70=142
Doug Ford  United States 70-72=142
Shelley Mayfield  United States 68-74=142
T7 Jack Burke, Jr.  United States 72-71=143 −1
Jerry Barber  United States 71-72=143
T9 Fred Hawkins  United States 71-73=144 E
Bob Rosburg  United States 70-74=144

Third round[edit]

Saturday, April 7, 1956

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Ken Venturi (a)  United States 66-69-75=210 −6
2 Cary Middlecoff  United States 67-72-75=214 −2
3 Doug Ford  United States 70-72-75=217 +1
T4 Jack Burke, Jr.  United States 72-71-75=218 +2
Lloyd Mangrum  United States 72-74-72=218
T6 Jerry Barber  United States 71-72-76=219 +3
Pete Cooper  United States 72-70-77=219
T8 Tommy Bolt  United States 68-74-78=220 +4
Fred Hawkins  United States 71-73-76=220
Mike Souchak  United States 73-73-74=220

Final round[edit]

Sunday, April 8, 1956

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Jack Burke, Jr.  United States 72-71-75-71=289 +1 6,000
2 Ken Venturi (a)  United States 66-69-75-80=290 +2 0
3 Cary Middlecoff  United States 67-72-75-77=291 +3 3,750
T4 Lloyd Mangrum  United States 72-74-72-74=292 +4 2,397
Sam Snead  United States 73-76-72-71=292
T6 Jerry Barber  United States 71-72-76-75=294 +6 1,350
Doug Ford  United States 70-72-75-77=294
T8 Tommy Bolt  United States 68-74-78-76=296 +8 976
Ben Hogan  United States 69-78-74-75=296
Shelley Mayfield  United States 68-74-80-74=296

Scorecard[edit]

Hole  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 4 5 4 3 4 3 4 5 4 4 4 3 5 4 5 3 4 4
United States Burke +2 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +2 +1 +1 +2 +2 +2 +1 +1
United States Venturi −5 −5 −5 −5 −5 −5 −5 −5 −4 −3 −2 −1 −1 E +1 +1 +2 +2
United States Middlecoff −3 −4 −4 −3 −1 −1 +1 +1 E +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +3 +3

Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par

Eagle Birdie Bogey Double bogey

Source:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Jack Burke Surprise Winner of Masters Golf". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 9, 1956. p. 18. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  2. ^ "Venturi folds, steady Burke wins Masters". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. April 9, 1956. p. 4, part 2.
  3. ^ a b Drum, Bob (April 9, 1956). "Burke Master as Venturi folds". Pittsburgh Press. p. 24.
  4. ^ "Ken Venturi leads Masters with amateur record of 66". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. April 6, 1956. p. 16.
  5. ^ Wind, Herbert Warren (April 16, 1956). "And Then—Jackie Burke Took Charge". Sports Illustrated. p. 28. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  6. ^ "Cards of the leaders". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. April 9, 1956. p. 16.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°30′11″N 82°01′12″W / 33.503°N 82.020°W / 33.503; -82.020