|1957 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2710|
|Balinese saka calendar||1878–1879|
|British Regnal year||5 Eliz. 2 – 6 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丙申年 (Fire Monkey)|
4653 or 4593
— to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
4654 or 4594
|- Vikram Samvat||2013–2014|
|- Shaka Samvat||1878–1879|
|- Kali Yuga||5057–5058|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 32|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 46|
|Thai solar calendar||2500|
2083 or 1702 or 930
— to —
2084 or 1703 or 931
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1957.|
1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.
- January 1
- The Saarland joins West Germany.
- An Irish Republican Army attack, on the Brookeborough police barracks in Northern Ireland, leads to the deaths of Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon.
- Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini suffers the stroke that leads to his death, a little over two weeks later, in the United States.
- Lèse majesté in Thailand was strengthened to include "insult" and changed to a crime against national security, after the Thai criminal code of 1956 went into effect.:6,18
- January 2 – The San Francisco and Los Angeles stock exchanges merge, to form the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange.
- January 3 – Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
- January 4 – After 69 years, the last issue of Collier's Weekly magazine is published in the United States.
- January 5 – Russell Endean becomes the first batsman to be dismissed for having handled the ball, in Test cricket.
- January 6 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the 3rd and final time. He is shown only from the waist up, even during the gospel segment, singing "Peace In The Valley". Ed Sullivan describes Elvis thus: "This is a real decent, fine boy. We've never had a pleasanter experience on our show with a big name than we've had with you. You're thoroughly all right."
- January 9 – British Prime Minister Anthony Eden resigns.
- January 10 – Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- January 11 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
- January 13 – Wham-O Company produces the first Frisbee.
- January 14
- January 15 – The film Throne of Blood, Akira Kurosawa's reworking of Macbeth, is released in Japan.
- January 16 – The Cavern Club opens in Liverpool, as a jazz club.
- January 20
- Dwight D. Eisenhower is privately sworn in for a second term, as President of the United States.
- Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula (captured from Egypt on October 29, 1956).
- The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut, and charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
- January 21 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower is publicly sworn in.
- January 23 – Ku Klux Klan members force African-American truck driver Willie Edwards to jump off a bridge, into the Alabama River; he drowns as a result.
- January 26 – The Ibirapuera Planetarium (the first in the Southern Hemisphere) is inaugurated in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
- January 31 – Three students on a junior high school playground in Pacoima, California, are among the 8 persons killed, following a mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet, in the skies above the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, U.S.A.
- February – 1957–58 influenza pandemic (also called "Asian flu"): Influenza A virus subtype H2N2, first identified in Guizhou province of China, spreads to Singapore. It reaches Hong Kong by April and the United States by June, killing at least 1 million people worldwide.
- February 2 – President Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage across the Indus River, near Sukkur.
- February 4
- France prohibits U.N. involvement in Algeria.
- The first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus, logs its 60,000th nautical mile, matching the endurance of the fictional Nautilus described in Jules Verne's 1870 novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. It is decommissioned on March 3, 1980.
- A coal gas explosion at the giant Bishop Coal Mine in Bishop, Virginia, kills 37 men.
- February 6 – The Soviet Union announces that Swedish envoy Raoul Wallenberg had died in a Soviet prison ("possibly of a heart attack"), on July 17, 1947.
- February 10
- February 15 – Andrei Gromyko becomes foreign minister of the Soviet Union.
- February 16
- February 17 – A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri, kills 72 people.
- February 18
- February 23 – The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc opens in Dakar.
- February 25 – The Boy In The Box is discovered along a sidewalk in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The murder victim is described as Caucasian in appearance and 4 to 6 years old; the case is never solved.
- February 28 – Gaston, a French comic strip, is introduced.
- March 1
- U Nu becomes Prime Minister of Burma.
- Arturo Lezama becomes President of the National Council of Government of Uruguay.
- Sud Aviation forms, from a merger between SNCASE (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud Est) and SNCASO (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud Ouest).
- Dr. Seuss' The Cat in the Hat is published in the United States.
- March 3 – Net als toen, sung by Corry Brokken (music by Guus Jansen, lyrics by Willy van Hemert), wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1957 (held at Frankfurt), for the Netherlands.
- March 4 – Standard & Poor's first publishes the S&P 500 Index in the United States.
- March 6
- March 7 – The United States Congress approves the Eisenhower Doctrine, on assistance to Communist-threatened foreign regimes.
- March 8 – Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal.
- March 10 – Floodgates of The Dalles Dam are closed, inundating Celilo Falls and ancient Indian fisheries along the Columbia River in Oregon.
- March 12 – Dr. Seuss publishes The Cat in the Hat, one of the best-selling children's books of all time.
- March 13
- March 14 – President Sukarno declares martial law in Indonesia.
- March 17 – 1957 Cebu Douglas C-47 crash: Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and 24 others are killed in a plane crash.
- March 20 – The French news magazine L'Express reveals that the French army tortures Algerian prisoners.
- March 25
- The Treaty of Rome (Patto di Roma) establishes the European Economic Community (EEC; predecessor of the European Union) between Italy, France, West Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
- Copies of Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems (first published November 1, 1956), printed in England, are seized by United States Customs Service officials in San Francisco, on the grounds of obscenity. On October 3, in People v. Ferlinghetti, a subsequent prosecution of publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti, the work is ruled not to be obscene.
- March 26 – Elvis Presley buys Graceland, on 3734 Bellevue Boulevard (Highway 51 South), for $US100,000. He and his family move from the house on 1034 Audubon Drive.
- March 27 – The 29th Academy Awards Ceremony is held in Hollywood. Around the World in 80 Days wins Best Picture.
- March 29 – The New York, Ontario and Western Railway is ordered liquidated by a US bankruptcy judge.
- March 31 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella, the team's only musical written especially for television, is telecast live and in color by CBS in the United States, starring Julie Andrews in the title role. The production is seen by millions, but this 1957 version is not to be telecast again for more than 40 years, when a kinescope of it is shown.
- April – IBM sells the first compiler for the Fortran scientific programming language.
- April 1 – The first new conscripts join the Bundeswehr.
- April 5 – The Communist Party of India wins the elections in Kerala, making E. M. S. Namboodiripad its first chief minister.
- April 9 – Egypt reopens the Suez Canal to all shipping.
- April 12 – The United Kingdom announces that Singapore will gain self-rule on January 1, 1958.
- April 15
- April 17 – Suspected English serial killer Dr. John Bodkin Adams is found not guilty of murder, at the Old Bailey.
- April 24 – The BBC Television astronomy series The Sky at Night is first broadcast in the United Kingdom, presented by Patrick Moore (will present it until his death in December 2012).
- April 24 – 25 – The 1957 Fethiye earthquakes occur, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.
- April 30 – An annular solar eclipse was a non-central annular solar eclipse, that does NOT have a northern path limit. This was the last of 57 umbral solar eclipses of Solar Saros 118.
- May 2
- May 3 – Brooklyn Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley agrees to move the team from Brooklyn, New York, to Los Angeles.
- May 8 – South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem began a state visit to the United States, his regime's main sponsor.
- May 15.
- May 16 – Paul-Henri Spaak becomes the new Secretary General of NATO.
- May 22 – A 42,000-pound Mark 17 hydrogen bomb accidentally falls from a United States bomber, near Albuquerque.
- May 24 – May 24 incident: Anti-American riots erupt in Taipei, Taiwan.
- May 30 – Real Madrid beats Fiorentina 2–0 at Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid, to win the 1956–57 European Cup (football).
- June 1 – Three-year-old thoroughbred Gallant Man wins the Peter Pan Stakes, at Belmont Park.
- June 9 – Broad Peak, on the China-Pakistan border, is first ascended.
- June 15 – Oklahoma celebrates its semi-centennial statehood. A brand new 1957 Plymouth Belvedere, named Miss Belvedere, is buried in a time capsule (to be opened 50 years later on June 15, 2007).
- June 15 – Gallant Man wins the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park, in record time.
- June 20 – Toru Takemitsu's Requiem for Strings is first performed, by the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra.
- June 21 – John Diefenbaker becomes the 13th Prime Minister of Canada.
- June 25 – The United Church of Christ is formed in Cleveland, Ohio, by the merger of the Congregational Christian Churches and the Evangelical and Reformed Church.
- June 27 – Hurricane Audrey demolishes Cameron, Louisiana, U.S., killing 400 people.
- July 1
- July 6 – John Lennon and Paul McCartney first meet as teenagers at a garden fete at St. Peter's Church, Woolton, Liverpool, England, at which Lennon's skiffle group, The Quarrymen, is playing, 3 years before forming The Beatles.
- July 9 – Elvis Presley's film Loving You opens in theaters.
- July 11 – His Highness Prince Karim Aga Khan IV becomes the 49th Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims at age 20. His grandfather Sir Sultan Mohammed Shah Aga Khan III appoints Prince Karim in his will.
- July 14 – Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.
- July 16 – United States Marine Major John Glenn flies an F8U supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds, setting a new transcontinental speed record.
- July 25 – Tunisia becomes a republic, with Habib Bourguiba as its first president.
- July 28
- The 6th World Festival of Youth and Students, a high point of the Khrushchev Thaw, kicks off in Moscow.
- The Association football club Persiraja Banda Aceh is founded in Indonesia.
- Heavy rains and mudslides at Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992.
- A strong earthquake shakes Mexico City, and Mexican port city Acapulco.
- July 29 – The International Atomic Energy Agency is established.
- August 4 – Juan Manuel Fangio, driving for Maserati, wins the Formula One German Grand Prix, clinching (with 4 wins this season) his record 5th world drivers championship, including his 4th consecutive championship (also a record); these 2 records endure for nearly half a century.
- August 5 – American Bandstand, a local dance show produced by WFIL-TV in Philadelphia, joins the ABC Television Network.
- August 21 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces a 2-year suspension of nuclear testing.
- August 28 – United States Senator Strom Thurmond (D-SC) sets the record for the longest filibuster, with his 24-hour, 18-minute speech railing against a civil rights bill.
- August 31 – The Federation of Malaya gains independence from the United Kingdom, subsequently celebrated as Malaysia's National Day. Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan, Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan, becomes the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya. The country's new Constitution had come into force on August 27. The Alliance Party and its successor are the ruling coalition until 2018.
- September 1 – 175 die in Jamaica's worst railway disaster.
- September 3 – The Wolfenden report on homosexuality is published in the United Kingdom.
- September 4
- Civil rights movement: Little Rock Crisis – Governor Orval Faubus of Arkansas calls out the National Guard of the United States, to prevent African-American students from enrolling in Little Rock Central High School.
- The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel, on what the company proclaims as "E Day".
- September 5 – The first edition of Jack Kerouac's novel On the Road goes on sale in the United States.
- September 7 – NBC introduces an animated version of its famous "living color" peacock logo.
- September 9
- September 14 – Have Gun – Will Travel premieres on CBS.
- September 21
- September 23 – The Academy Award-winning movie The Three Faces of Eve is released.
- September 24
- September 26 – Leonard Bernstein's musical West Side Story makes its first appearance on Broadway, and runs for 732 performances.
- September 29 – The Kyshtym disaster occurs, at the Mayak nuclear reprocessing plant in Russia.
- October 1
- October 2 – David Lean's film The Bridge on the River Kwai opens in the U.K.
- October 4
- October 9 – Neil H. McElroy is sworn in as United States Secretary of Defense.
- October 10
- U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbedemah, after he is refused service in a Dover, Delaware, restaurant.
- Windscale fire: Fire at the Windscale nuclear reactor on the north-west coast of England releases radioactive material into the surrounding environment, including iodine-131.
- Ayn Rand's fourth, last and longest novel, Atlas Shrugged, is published in the United States.
- October 11
- October 16 – Antônio Vilas Boas, a Brazilian farmer, claims to have been abducted by extraterrestrials; the first famous alien abduction case.
- October 21
- October 23 – Morocco begins its invasion of Ifni.
- October 25 – Mafia boss Albert Anastasia is assassinated in a barber shop, at the Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City.
- October 27 – Celâl Bayar is re-elected president of Turkey.
- October 31 – Toyota begins exporting vehicles to the United States, beginning with the Toyota Crown and the Toyota Land Cruiser.
- November 1
- November 3 – Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2, with the first animal to orbit the Earth (a dog named Laika) on board; there is no technology available to return it to Earth.
- November 7 – Cold War: In the United States, the Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
- November 8 – The film Jailhouse Rock opens across the U.S. to reach #3, and Elvis Presley continues to gain more notoriety.
- November 13
- November 14 – Apalachin Meeting: American Mafia leaders meet in Apalachin, New York, at the house of Joseph Barbara; the meeting is broken up by a curious patrolman.
- November 15
- November 16
- November 30 – Indonesian president Sukarno survives a grenade attack at the Cikini School in Jakarta, but six children are killed.
- December 1 – In Indonesia, Sukarno announces the nationalization of 246 Dutch businesses.
- December 4 – The Lewisham rail crash in London leaves 92 dead.
- December 5 – All 326,000 Dutch nationals are expelled from Indonesia.
- December 6 – The first U.S. attempt to launch a satellite fails, when the Vanguard rocket blows up on the launch pad.
- December 10 – Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson receives the Nobel Peace Prize, for his peacekeeping efforts in the United Nations.
- December 18 – The Bridge on the River Kwai is released in the U.S. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. Additional Oscars go to Alec Guinness (Best Actor) and David Lean (Best Director), among others. This is Lean's first Oscar for directing.
- December 19 – Meredith Willson's classic musical The Music Man, starring Robert Preston, debuts on Broadway.
- December 20 – The Boeing 707 airliner flies for the first time.
- December 22 – The CBS afternoon anthology series The Seven Lively Arts presents Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker on U.S. television for the first time, although heavily abridged.
- Mao Zedong admits that 800,000 "class enemies" had been summarily liquidated in China, between 1949 and 1954.
- Expected date for Operation Dropshot, an all-out U.S. war with the Soviet Union, triggered by a Soviet takeover of Western Europe, the Near East and parts of Eastern Asia, which does not materialize, as prepared for by the United States Department of Defense in 1949.
- Gruppe SPUR, an artistic collaboration, is founded in Germany.
- The so-called 'mound of Midas', the Great Tumulus near Gordium, is excavated.
- Three new neo-grotesque sans-serif typefaces are released: Folio (designed by Konrad Bauer and Walter Baum), Neue Haas Grotesk (designed by Max Miedinger) and Univers (designed by Adrian Frutiger); all will be influential in the International Typographic Style of graphic design.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1
- January 3 – Bojan Križaj, Slovenian alpine skier
- January 4
- January 5 – Maartin Allcock, English multi-instrumentalist and record producer (d. 2018)
- January 6 – Nancy Lopez, American golfer
- January 7
- January 8
- January 9 – Bibie, Ghanaian singer
- January 11
- January 12 – John Lasseter, American director, writer and animator
- January 13
- January 14
- January 15
- January 16 – Ricardo Darín, Argentinian actor
- January 17 – Steve Harvey, African-American comedian, television host, radio personality, actor and author
- January 21 – Greg Ryan, American soccer coach
- January 22
- January 23 – Caroline, Princess of Hanover
- January 24 – Adrian Edmondson, British comedian
- January 26 – Road Warrior Hawk, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
- January 27
- January 29 – Grażyna Miller, Polish poet
- January 30 – Payne Stewart, American golfer (d. 1999)
- February 1
- February 2 – Phil Barney, French singer
- February 4 – Elaine Carbines, Member of the Australian Labor Party
- February 5 – Jackie Woodburne, Australian actress
- February 6
- February 8 – Cindy Wilson, American rock singer (The B-52's)
- February 9 – Gordon Strachan, Scottish footballer and manager
- February 11 – Mitchell Symons, British writer
- February 14 – Soile Isokoski, Finnish lyric soprano
- February 15
- February 16 – LeVar Burton, African-American actor (Roots)
- February 17 – Loreena McKennitt, Canadian singer, composer, harpist (Mummers' Dance)
- February 18
- February 19
- February 20 – Glen Hanlon, Canadian ice hockey coach
- February 23 – Ria Brieffies, Dutch singer (d. 2009)
- February 25 – Tharman Shanmugaratnam, Singaporean politician, 5th Senior Minister of Singapore
- February 27
- February 28
- March 3 – Eric Walters, Canadian author
- March 4
- March 5 – Mark E. Smith, English singer (d. 2018)
- March 6 – Eddie Deezen, American actor, voice actor and comedian
- March 8
- March 9 – Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician
- March 10
- March 11 – Qasem Soleimani, Iranian general (d. 2020)
- March 12 – Marlon Jackson, African-American singer
- March 13 – David Peaston, American singer (d. 2012)
- March 15
- March 18 – György Pazdera, Hungarian rock bassist (Pokolgép)
- March 19 – Christopher Murray, American actor
- March 20
- March 23
- March 24 – Jack Edwards, American play-by-play announcer
- March 26 – Leeza Gibbons, American television personality
- March 27 – Stephen Dillane, English actor
- March 28 – Paul Eiding, American actor and voice actor
- March 29 – Christopher Lambert, French-American actor
- March 30
- March 31
- April 1
- April 2
- April 4
- April 5 – Ivan Corea, Sri Lankan autism campaigner
- April 7 – Simon Climie, English singer-songwriter (Climie Fisher)
- April 8 – Henry Cluney, Irish musician
- April 9 – Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer (d. 2011)
- April 10 – Ülle Kaljuste, Estonian actress
- April 11
- April 12
- April 14 – Mikhail Pletnev, Russian pianist, conductor and composer
- April 17
- April 18 – Genie, American feral child
- April 20 - Aviva Chomsky, history professor and coordinator of Latin American studies at Salem State University
- April 21
- April 22 – Donald Tusk, Prime Minister of Poland
- April 23
- April 24
- April 25
- April 27
- April 28 – Dinorah de Jesús Rodriguez, Cuban-born experimental filmmaker
- April 29
- May 1 – Jo Jorgensen, American libertarian politician and academic
- May 2 – Michael Coyle, American composer
- May 3
- May 4 – Iona Morris, American actress
- May 5 – Richard E. Grant, English actor
- May 10 – Sid Vicious (John Beverley), English punk rock bassist (Sex Pistols) (d. 1979)
- May 11 – Peter North, Canadian adult actor
- May 13 – Carrie Lam, Hong Kong civil servant
- May 14 – Daniela Dessì, Italian operatic soprano (d. 2016)
- May 15
- May 16
- May 17 – Gösta Sundqvist, Finnish rock singer and songwriter (Leevi and the Leavings) (d. 2003)
- May 18
- May 20
- May 21
- May 22
- May 23 – Jimmy McShane (aka Baltimora), Northern Irish singer and dancer (d. 1995)
- May 24
- May 26
- May 27 – Siouxsie Sioux, born Susan Ballion, English post-punk singer (Siouxsie and the Banshees)
- May 28 – Kirk Gibson, American baseball player
- May 29
- May 31 – Jim Craig, American professional ice hockey player
- June 1 – Dorota Kędzierzawska, Polish film director
- June 3 – Horst-Ulrich Hänel, German field hockey player
- June 5 – Kim Tai-chung, Korean martial artist and former actor and Bruce Lee double (d. 2011)
- June 6
- June 7
- June 8
- June 10 – Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
- June 12
- Timothy Busfield, American actor
- Benedict Campbell, Canadian actor and voice actor
- Gamal Al-Ghandour, Egyptian football referee
- Javed Miandad, Pakistani cricketer
- Ciro Pessoa, Brazilian musician (Titãs, Cabine C), journalist, screenwriter and poet
- Tarek Shawki, Egyptian academic, 25th Minister of Education and Technical Education in Egypt
- June 14
- June 15 – Seppo Pääkkönen, Finnish actor
- June 19 – Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)
- June 21
- June 23 – Frances McDormand, American actress
- June 25 – William Goh, Archbishop of Singapore
- June 27 – Erik Hamrén, Swedish football player
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30 – Silvio Orlando, Italian actor
- July 1
- July 2 – Bret Hart, Canadian professional wrestler
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5 – Doug Wilson, Canadian ice hockey
- July 6 – Chong Eng, Malaysian politician
- July 7 – Mohd Puad Zarkashi, Malaysian politician
- July 9
- July 10 – Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war activist
- July 11 – Peter Murphy, English singer and musician
- July 12
- July 13
- July 15 – Kate Kellaway, English journalist and literary critic
- July 16 – Faye Grant, American actress
- July 17
- July 18 – Nick Faldo, British golfer
- July 21
- July 23 – Theo van Gogh, Dutch film director (d. 2004)
- July 24
- July 26
- July 27
- July 29 – Nellie Kim, Russian gymnast
- July 31 – Paul Provenza, American comedian
- August 1 – Taylor Negron, American actor (d. 2015)
- August 2
- August 4
- August 5 – Clayton Rohner, American actor
- August 6 – Jim McGreevey, 52nd Governor of New Jersey
- August 7 – Alexander Dityatin, Soviet gymnast
- August 8 – Gino Hernandez, American professional wrestler (d. 1986)
- August 9 – Melanie Griffith, American actress
- August 10 – Juli Básti, Hungarian actress
- August 11 – Richie Ramone, American rock drummer (Ramones)
- August 14
- August 15 – Željko Ivanek, Slovenian-American actor
- August 16
- August 17 – Robin Cousins, British figure skater
- August 18
- August 19
- August 20 – Finlay Calder, Scottish rugby player
- August 22
- August 24 – Stephen Fry, British comedian, author and actor
- August 25 – Simon McBurney, British actor, writer and theatre director
- August 26
- August 27 – Bernhard Langer, German golfer
- August 28
- August 29
- August 30 – Manu Tuiasosopo, American football player
- August 31
- September 1 – Gloria Estefan, Cuban-born American singer
- September 6 – José Sócrates, 117th Prime Minister of Portugal
- September 7
- September 8
- September 11
- September 12
- September 13
- September 15 – Brad Bird, American animator and director
- September 16 – David McCreery, Irish footballer
- September 18 – Mark Wells, American professional ice hockey player
- September 19
- September 20 – Sabine Christiansen, German journalist and television presenter
- September 21
- September 22
- September 25 – Michael Madsen, American actor
- September 26 – Luigi De Canio, Italian footballer and football manager
- September 27 – Peter Sellars, American theatre director
- September 28 – Luis Cluzeau Mortet, Uruguayan composer and musician
- September 29 – Andrew Dice Clay, American comedian
- September 30 – Fran Drescher, American actress
- October 3 – Tim Westwood, English DJ and presenter
- October 4
- October 5 – Bernie Mac, African-American stand-up comedian and actor (d. 2008)
- October 7
- October 8 – Ewan Stewart, Scottish actor
- October 9 – Herman Brusselmans, Belgian novelist, poet, playwright and columnist
- October 10 – Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese manga artist
- October 11
- October 12 – Clémentine Célarié, French actress
- October 14 – Kenny Neal, American guitarist
- October 15 – Stacy Peralta, American director and skateboarder
- October 20 – Manuel Huerga, Spanish film director and screenwriter
- October 21
- October 22 – Daniel Melingo, Argentine musician
- October 23
- October 24 – John Kassir, American actor, voice actor and comedian
- October 25 – Nancy Cartwright, American voice actress (Bart Simpson from 'The Simpsons')
- October 26
- October 27 – Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwanese film director
- October 28 – Stephen Morris, British drummer
- October 29 – Dan Castellaneta, American voice actor (Homer Simpson from 'The Simpsons')
- October 30
- October 31
- November 3 – Dolph Lundgren, Swedish actor and martial artist
- November 4 – Tony Abbott, 28th Prime Minister of Australia
- November 5 – Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (d. 1984)
- November 6
- November 7 – Christopher Knight, American actor
- November 10 – George Lowe, American voice actor and comedian
- November 12 – Cécilia Attias, wife of French Prime Minister Nicolas Sarkozy
- November 13
- November 14 – Gregg Burge, American tap dancer and choreographer (d. 1998)
- November 15 – Kevin Eubanks, American jazz guitarist
- November 17 – Debbie Thrower, English TV news presenter
- November 18 – Olivia Heussler, Swiss photojournalist
- November 19
- November 20
- November 21 – Sophie Lorain, Canadian actress, director and producer
- November 22
- November 23 – William Kaelin Jr., American cellular biologist, Nobel Prize laureate
- November 24 – Denise Crosby, American screen actress
- November 26
- November 27
- November 30 – Colin Mochrie, Scottish-born Canadian comedian
- December 1
- December 3 – Maxim Korobov, Russian businessman & politician
- December 4 – Eric S. Raymond, American open source software advocate
- December 6
- December 7 – Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, Nigerian career-diplomat, President of the United Nations General Assembly (2019)
- December 9
- December 10
- December 12 – Sheila E., American percussionist, singer, author, and actress
- December 13 – Steve Buscemi, American actor
- December 15
- December 16 – Nikolaos Michaloliakos, Greek politician, founder and leader of Golden Dawn, a neo-nazi party
- December 17
- December 19
- December 20
- December 21
- December 23 - Trisha Goddard, British television personality and host
- December 24 – Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan
- December 25 – Shane MacGowan, Irish singer and songwriter (The Pogues)
- December 30
- Emily Alemika, Nigerian Professor of Law
- Genie, American feral child
- Wang Chiu-chiang, Chinese painter
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 2 – Wilson Brown Jr., American admiral (b. 1882)
- January 4 – Theodor Körner, Austrian statesman, 5th President of Austria (b. 1873)
- January 10 – Gabriela Mistral, Chilean writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
- January 11 – Sir Robert Garran, Australian lawyer and public servant (b. 1867)
- January 13 – A. E. Coppard, English writer (b. 1878)
- January 11 – Jack Gilbert Graham, American mass murderer (executed) (b. 1932)
- January 14 – Humphrey Bogart, American actor (b. 1899)
- January 16
- January 20 – James Brendan Connolly, American Olympic athlete (b. 1868)
- January 21 – Guido Notari, Italian actor (b. 1893)
- January 25 – Jan Herman van Heek, Dutch industrialist, textile manufacturer, patron of the arts, art collector and nature conservationist (b. 1873)
- January 26
- January 29 – Władysław Mazurkiewicz, Polish serial killer (b. 1911)
- February 1 – Friedrich Paulus, German field marshal (b. 1890)
- February 4 – Miguel Covarrubias, Mexican painter (b. 1904)
- February 8
- February 9
- February 10 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (b. 1867)
- February 16
- February 18
- February 19 – Märta Torén, Swedish actress (b. 1926)
- February 20 – Sadri Maksudi Arsal, Turkish politician and academic (b. 1878)
- February 23 – Marika Ninou, Greek singer (b. 1918)
- February 25
- February 27 – Wiljo Tuompo, Finnish general (b. 1893)
- March 5 – William Cameron Menzies, American film production designer (b. 1896)
- March 6 – Sir Alexander Godley, British general (b. 1867)
- March 7 – Wyndham Lewis, English painter (b. 1882)
- March 8 – János Esterházy, Hungarian politician in Czechoslovakia (b. 1901)
- March 11 – Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (b. 1888)
- March 12 – Josephine Hull, American actress (b. 1877)
- March 14 – Eugenio Castellotti, Italian racing driver (car crash) (b. 1930)
- March 16 – Constantin Brâncuși, Romanian sculptor (b. 1876)
- March 17 – Ramon Magsaysay, 7th President of the Philippines (killed in plane crash) (b. 1907)
- March 26
- March 28 – Gheorghe Tătărescu, Romanian politician, 36th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1886)
- March 29
- March 30 - Max Amann, German Nazi official and publisher (b. 1891)
- March 31 – Gene Lockhart, Canadian actor (b. 1891)
- April 3 – Ned Sparks, Canadian character actor (b. 1883)
- April 4 – E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (b. 1909)
- April 5 – Alagappa Chettiar, Indian philanthropist (b. 1909)
- April 6 – Pierina Morosini, Italian Roman Catholic laywoman, martyr and blessed (b. 1931)
- April 8
- April 11 – William Skelly, American industrialist (b. 1878)
- April 15 – Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (b. 1917)
- April 16 – Johnny Torrio, Italian-born American gangster (b. 1882)
- April 21 – Boris Kozo-Polyansky, Soviet botanist and evolutionary biologist (b. 1890)
- April 23 – Roy Campbell, South African poet (b. 1901)
- April 24 – Elizabeth Hesselblad, Swedish nurse and Roman Catholic saint (b. 1870)
- April 25 – Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (b. 1880)
- April 26 – Elinor Fair, American actress (b. 1903)
- May 1 – Grant Mitchell, American actor (b. 1874)
- May 2 – Joseph McCarthy, American Senator (b. 1908)
- May 4 – Katie Johnson, British actress (b. 1878)
- May 7
- May 9
- May 12
- May 13
- May 14 – Marie Vassilieff, Soviet artist (b. 1884)
- May 16
- May 17 – Francesco Balilla Pratella, Italian composer (b. 1880)
- May 20 – Gilbert Murray, Australian-British classical scholar and intellectual (b. 1866)
- May 29 – James Whale, English film director (b. 1889)
- May 31 – Leopold Staff, Polish poet (b. 1878)
- June 1
- June 4 – Mary Hay, American actress and dancer (b. 1901)
- June 6 – Kulyash Baiseitova, Soviet composer (b. 1912)
- June 12
- June 13 – Irving Baxter, American athlete (b. 1876)
- June 14 – María Beatriz del Rosario Arroyo, Filipino Roman Catholic nun and servant of God (b. 1884)
- June 15 – Princess Norina Matchabelli, Italian perfumier (b. 1880)
- June 17
- June 18 – Henry H. Goddard, American psychologist and eugenicist (b. 1866)
- June 21 – Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
- June 23 – Patriarch Ignatius Aphrem I Barsoum (b. 1887)
- June 24 – Frantisek Kupka, Czech painter and graphic artist (b. 1871)
- June 26
- June 27
- July 3
- July 4 – Maria Crocifissa Curcio, Italian Roman Catholic and Carmelite nun (b. 1877)
- July 8 – Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)
- July 10 – Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist, dramatist and essayist (b. 1880)
- July 11 – Aga Khan III, 48th Nizari Imam (b. 1877)
- July 15
- July 23 – Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (b. 1896)
- July 24
- July 26 – Carlos Castillo Armas, Guatemalan military officer and politician, 28th President of Guatemala (assassinated) (b. 1914)
- July 28
- August 2 - Carsten Tank-Nielsen, Norwegian admiral (b. 1877)
- August 3 – Devdas Gandhi, youngest son of Mahatma Gandhi (b. 1900)
- August 4 – Washington Luís, 13th President of Brazil (b. 1869)
- August 5 – Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
- August 7 – Oliver Hardy, American actor (b. 1892)
- August 16 – Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
- August 19 – David Bomberg, British Vorticist painter (b. 1890)
- August 20
- August 21 – Mait Metsanurk, Estonian writer (b. 1879)
- August 30 – Harold Gatty, Australian aviator (b. 1903)
- September 1 – Dennis Brain, English French horn player (b. 1921) (car crash)
- September 2 – Bobby Myers, American NASCAR driver (b. 1927)
- September 9 – Muhammad al-Muqri, grand vizier of Morocco (b. 1844)
- September 12 – José Lins do Rego, Brazilian novelist (b. 1901)
- September 15 – Lee Hill, American actor (b. 1894)
- September 16 – Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (b. 1864)
- September 20 – Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (b. 1865)
- September 21
- September 22
- September 25 – Archduke Joseph Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1895)
- September 28 – Luis Cluzeau Mortet, Uruguayan composer and musician (b. 1888)
- September 29
- October 3 – Lőrinc Szabó, Hungarian poet (b. 1900)
- October 9 – Hassiba Ben Bouali, Algerian militant (b. 1938)
- October 19 – Vere Gordon Childe, Australian archaeologist (b. 1892)
- October 20 – Jack Buchanan, British actor (b. 1891)
- October 23 – Frederick Burton, American actor (b. 1871)
- October 24
- October 25
- October 26 – Gerty Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
- October 27 – Giovanni Battista Caproni, Italian aeronautical, civil and electrical engineer, aircraft designer and industrialist (b. 1886)
- October 29 – Louis B. Mayer, American film studio mogul, former head of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) (b. 1885)
- October 30 – José Patricio Guggiari, Paraguayan politician, 32nd President of Paraguay (b. 1884)
- November 2 – Ted Meredith, American Olympic athlete (b. 1891)
- November 3
- November 4
- November 7
- November 11 – Masao Maruyama, Japanese general (b. 1889)
- November 13 – Antonín Zápotocký, 6th President and 15th Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
- November 15 – Andrzej Bursa, Polish poet (b. 1932)
- November 17 – Cora Witherspoon, American actress (b. 1890)
- November 18 – Rudolf Diels, German Nazi civil servant and Gestapo chief (b. 1900)
- November 24 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (b. 1886)
- November 25
- November 26
- November 29 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austrian composer (b. 1897)
- November 30 – Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (b. 1890)
- December 2 – Harrison Ford, American silent film actor (b. 1884)
- December 4 – John Lavarack, Australian general, Governor of Queensland (b. 1885)
- December 6 − Claude Barnard, Australian politician and government minister (b. 1890)
- December 8
- December 10 – Maurice McLoughlin, American tennis champion (b. 1890)
- December 10
- December 11 – Musidora, French actress (b. 1889)
- December 15 – Alfonso Bedoya, Mexican actor (b. 1904)
- December 17 – Dorothy L. Sayers, British crime writer, poet, playwright and essayist (b. 1893)
- December 21 – Eric Coates, English composer (b. 1886)
- December 24 – Norma Talmadge, American actress (b. 1894)
- December 25
- December 26 – Angelo Motta, Italian entrepreneur (b. 1890)
- December 28 – Hilda Vaughn, American actress (b. 1898)
- December 31 – Óscar Domínguez, Spanish painter (b. 1906)
- Physics – Chen-Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao Lee
- Chemistry – Lord Alexander R. Todd
- Physiology or Medicine – Daniel Bovet
- Literature – Albert Camus
- Peace – Lester Bowles Pearson
- "Ramification and Re-Sacralization of the Lese Majesty Law in Thiland" (PDF).
- Rehlaender, Jamie L. (April 28, 2015). "A Howl of Free Expression: the 1957 Howl Obscenity Trial and Sexual Liberation". Young Historians Conference. Portland State University. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- King, Lydia Hailman (October 3, 2007). "'Howl' obscenity prosecution still echoes 50 years later". Nashville: First Amendment Center. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Jacobs, Seth (2006). Cold War Mandarin: Ngo Dinh Diem and the Origins of America's War in Vietnam, 1950–1963. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-7425-4447-8.
- "Accident Revealed After 29 Years: H-Bomb Fell Near Albuquerque in 1957". Los Angeles Times. August 27, 1986. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- "HI Taipei 1957 Riot". Archived from the original on October 5, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- "Toru Takemitsu – Chronology". Schott Music. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
- "Histoire du Camp Nou | FC Barcelona". FC Barcelona (in French). Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- "Mr Nazir Ahmed (Hansard)". api.parliament.uk.
- "6 Women Scientists Who Were Snubbed Due to Sexism". National Geographic News. May 19, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2021.