1957 24 Hours of Le Mans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1957 24 Hours of Le Mans
Previous: 1956 Next: 1958
Index: Races | Winners

The 1957 24 Heures du Mans was the 25th running of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 22 and 23 June 1957, on the Circuit de la Sarthe. It was also the fifth round of the F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship. Some 250,000 spectators had gathered for Europe’s classic sports car race, around an 8.38-mile course. The prospect of an exciting duel between Ferrari, Maserati, Jaguar, Aston Martin and Porsche was enough to draw large crowds to the 24 Hours race, now back at its usual date and reintegrated into the World Championship.

Le Mans in 1957

Never before had a single nation swept the board so completely as Britain did in 1957. The great success of the Jaguars in taking the first four and sixth places became all the more significant when it is considered that all of the cars were privately entered (albeit with some factory support), and matched against the works entries of some of the greatest sport car manufacturers.

Regulations[edit]

After the major changes in the previous year, the ACO relented on its engine-size limitation – prototypes were again an open limit. They did, however, address body-shape requirements: the token second seat. Cars now had to have at least two doors and both seats had to be the same size, in a cockpit a minimum 1.2m wide.[1] The minimum windscreen height was reduced from 20 to 15 cm, maximum fuel-tank size was 120 litres, and the total fuel usage restrictions were removed a year after they were imposed. One of the oldest regulations was removed – of having to carry all spares and tools on the car, allowing them to be left in the pits.[2][3]

This all re-aligned with the FIA/CSI, who themselves issued a major new Appendix C to the Sports Car regulations based closely on the 1956 ACO regulations.[4][3] Therefore, the Le Mans race was drafted back into the World Sportscar Championship.

The number of starters was fixed at 55. The maximum drive time stayed at 14 hours, but drivers were now limited to a maximum single stint of 36 laps, down from the previous year’s 72 laps. The interval between refuelling was reduced for the first time, down to 30 laps from 34 laps. This year, for the Index of Performance, the target distances for nominal engine sizes were set as follows (according to a specific formula):[5]

Engine Capacity Total Distance Average Speed
S-4000 3710.8 km 154.6 kph
S-3500 3671.2 km 153.0 kph
S-3000 3619.0 km 150.8 kph
S-2500 3547.1 km 147.8 kph
S-2000 3441.9 km 143.4 kph
S-1500 3272.7 km 136.4 kph
S-1100 3040.0 km 126.7 kph
S-1000 2956.5 km 123.2 kph
S-750 2666.7 km 111.1 kph

The Hors Course rule was revised: there would be systematic disqualification after every 6 hours (rather than previous 12 hours) of cars that had fallen more than 20% below its nominal Index of Performance at that time.[6][7][4] Finally, the ACO formalised a ban on female drivers, after the death of Annie Bousquet in the 1956 12 Hours of Reims[2]

Entries[edit]

A total of 82 racing cars were registered for this event, of which 58 were allowed to practice, trying to qualify for the 55 starting places for the race. The big talking point with the entry list was the non-appearance of the works Jaguar team, which had retired from racing at the end of the previous year; and the arrival in force of Maserati in the top class.[1][8][7]

Category Classes Entries
Large-engines S-5000 / S-3000 22
Medium-engines S-2000 / S-1500 15 (+2 reserves)
Small-engines S-1100 / S-750 18 (+3 reserves)

In the absence of the works team, the defending champions put their support behind their customer teams. Ex-works driver Duncan Hamilton and Ecurie Ecosse both had one of the experimental fuel-injected 3.8L-engined cars, capable of nearly 300 bhp. Ecurie Ecosse also ran the 3.4L car that Paul Frère had crashed early in the previous year’s race (and arriving still in its British Racing Green straight from the Jaguar factory[9]). Frère himself was racing for his native Equipe Nationale Belge using the same car the team had finished 4th in 1956. Finally there was the car for French industrial diamond-manufacturer privateer Jean Brussin (racing under the pseudonym “Mary”) in conjunction with the Lyon-based Los Amigos racing team.[10][1]

Aston Martin, now managed by Reg Parnell as John Wyer had moved up to be general manager, brought three works cars: their new DBR2, as well as two DBR1/300s with uprated 3.0L engines generating 245 bhp. Their regular drivers Roy Salvadori and Tony Brooks were paired with new team-members Les Leston and Noël Cunningham-Reid respectively. The one-off DBR2 used the defunct Lagonda P166 frame fitted with the 3.7L engine of the new DB4 road-car (producing 290 bhp) and given to the Whitehead brothers.[11][1] The team had good reason to be confident for outright honours, after Brooks and Cunningham-Reid raced to victory over the Italians in their DBR1/300 at the most recent round of the championship: the 1000km of Nürburgring. There was also an older DB3S entered for two French gentleman-drivers filled a vacant fourth works entry.[12]

Ferrari arrived, it hoped, with an overwhelming force of ten cars. The works team had two of their mighty new Type 335 S, with its big 4.0L V12 engine (capable of 430 bhp) for their grand prix drivers: Mike Hawthorn / Luigi Musso and Peter Collins / Phil Hill - their driver ranks were sadly depleted after the deaths, earlier in the year, of works drivers Eugenio Castellotti and then Alfonso de Portago (in an accident that led to the end of the iconic Mille Miglia). The team also ran a pair of Type 250 TR prototypes testing for the upcoming CSI regulations changes.[13][9] One with a 3.0L V12 for Ferrari test-driver Martino Severi and Stuart Lewis-Evans, and the other with a 3.1L V12 for Maurice Trintignant and Olivier Gendebien, who had been Ferrari’s best performers in the previous year’s race, finishing 4th.[14] There were also a pair of privately entered 3.5L 290 MM and three 2.0L Testarossas (including Equipe Nationale Belge running a Jaguar, Ferrari and a Porsche to hedge their bets).[15][1]

Maserati also turned up with confidence this year: Stirling Moss was now a Maserati works driver, and was to drive the coupé version (designed by Vanwall’s Frank Costin) of the 450S with French-American Harry Schell, while the spyder version was run by Jean Behra / André Simon. Its 4.5L V8 developed 420 bhp (being the biggest engine in this year’s race) although the cars still used big, obsolete drum brakes. Along with these were a 3.0L car and a pair of smaller 2.0L cars.[1] Juan Manuel Fangio (who had won at Sebring with Behra in a 450 spyder) was present in the pit, as a ‘reserve driver’ to put concern in the opposition teams.[16][17][18]

France, now a fading force in the major categories was only represented by a pair of Talbot-Maseratis for the Ecurie Dubonnet team and two works Gordinis (as usual, split between the S-3000 and S-2000 classes). As it turned out, this was to be the last appearance from these stalwart supporters of the race.[1]

Although Bristol was no longer running, its 2.0L engine was used by Frazer Nash and debutante AC Cars to take on the five medium-engined privateer Ferraris and Maseratis in the S-2000 class. Without Lotus present, the six Porsches had the S-1500 class to themselves. The works team brought a pair of 550As as well as one of the new 718 RSK for Umberto Maglioli and East German Edgar Barth. The other three were Belgian, French and American private entrants.[19]

The British instead pushed into the S-1100 class with the FWA-Climax engine powering the Lotus (after a class win at Sebring), Cooper and Arnott cars. They were up against a Stanguellini stepping up a class, and a 1-off appearance from Germany of an unusual, plastic DKW using its 3-cylinder 2-stroke motorcycle engine (developing less than 50 bhp!).[20]

The smallest, S-750, class was the usual assortment of French and Italian cars except for a lone Lotus muddying the waters.[1] Colin Chapman had convinced Coventry Climax to develop a short-stroke version of its successful FWA engine (generating 75 bhp) to take on the French in the lucrative Index of Performance (the handicap system which measured cars exceeding their specified target distance by the greatest ratio). Lotus works driver Cliff Allison, and Keith Hall, were its drivers. Lucky to reach scrutineering in time, it was presented with no exhaust and without having the engine been run.[21]

Practice and Pre-Race[edit]

A number of events were held over the race weekend to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of the ACO – postponed as they were from the previous year after the 1955 disaster. Seventy classic French cars from the very earliest years of the organisation, with drivers in period costume,[22] did demonstration laps of the circuit in a ‘Race of Regularity’ – the winning 1908 Roland-Pillain recorded doing over 50 mph along the Mulsanne straight .[2][23] This year also saw a demonstration lap performed by the first turbine car – a Renault L’Etoile Filante.[4][24]

The big Italian cars set the first sub-4 minute laps in practice: Mike Hawthorn in the Ferrari, then Fangio driving Behra’s Maserati spyder – his 3.58:1 being the fastest single lap of the decade.[25] Moss had a major moment when the special new large brakes on his car locked coming up to Mulsanne corner at top speed. Getting back to the pits he got the regular brakes fitted instead.[18] Meanwhile, the works Ferraris were fitted with experimental pistons and one of the works prototype Testarossas suffered piston failure before it could get to do any laps. It was scratched when other cars started getting similar problems and time ran out to make repairs.[13] Severi & Lewis-Evans were allowed to change to the Type 315 S that had won that fateful Mille Miglia.[14] It was a harbinger for bad problems to come.

The lead Ecosse Jaguar had developed a misfire in practice. After the crew fixed it, Murray took it out onto public roads to test it at 4am on race-day morning. Winding it up to its 178 mph top speed he was lucky not to be held by the gendarmerie.[26] The Whitehead brothers found their new Aston Martin DBR2 was very quick, but deliberately eased off in practice in case team manager Reg Parnell bumped them from the car for his other drivers.[11] In Friday practice, one of the Talbots had terminal issues and had to be scratched.[20] It was also soon apparent that the little French cars would have a fight on their hands this year, as the small Lotus-Climax was proving to be very quick – almost 25 seconds per lap quicker.[27][18] Chapman’s own 1475cc Lotus had practiced faster than the Porsches in its class (and breaking the S-1500 lap record), but dropped a valve and had to be withdrawn.[21] His American co-drivers, Herbert MacKay-Fraser and Jay Chamberlain (Lotus’ agent in California) were substituted into the team’s S-1100 reserve entry. This left the S-1500 class the sole preserve of Porsche.[18]

Race[edit]

Start[edit]

Despite the poor weather leading up to race day, it began cloudy and humidly muggy. By the 4 pm start, the crowd was around 250,000. The usually quick and nimble Moss was slowed trying to squeeze into his cramped Maserati coupé so the first car to clear the startline was the Ferrari of Peter Collins, leaving a long trail of rubber, followed by the three Aston Martins. Unfortunately, the final appearance of Talbot was rather ignominious: its transmission broke as it left its start-box and it only went a handful of metres giving its driver, Bruce Halford the shortest debut on record.[20] At the end of the first lap, Collins was in the lead (already on lap-record pace, from a standing start[1]), followed by Brooks, Hawthorn, Gendebien and Salvadori fifth. But on the second lap Collins dropped back to tenth with engine trouble, pitting at the end of the next lap to retire with a seized piston. The Ferrari of Hawthorn had taken over the lead, hounded by the Maseratis of Moss, then Behra, at a blistering pace.

At the end of the first hour and 14 laps, Hawthorn had a 40-second lead over the Maseratis of Behra and Moss, then Gendebien, Bueb’s Ecosse Jaguar and Brooks in the Aston Martin.[28] The other Jaguars were biding their time, running just in the top-10. Soon enough, trouble struck more of the Italian cars: Moss’ Maserati began to smoke ominously and heavily, and after 26 laps, just before the two-hour mark, Hawthorn came into the pits to change tyres.[29] The task of inserting the new spare into the Ferrari’s tail took considerably longer than to change the wheel.[30] Desperate to get back into the race, he leapt into the car – to be ordered out again smartly by a marshal.[18] In the meantime, Behra took over the lead, and Hawthorn finally re-joined back in fifth place. In trying to catch the lead pack, Hawthorn set a new lap record with the first two sub-4 minute laps. Around 30 laps the regular pitstops and driver-changes started. The Moss Maserati, now in the hands of Harry Schell after a long pit stop costing a dozen laps,[30] was soon to retire with rear axle trouble, just four laps after a similar issue cost their teammates Behra/Simon - forced to retire when it caused Simon to have an accident on his opening lap from the pits, splitting the fuel tank.[30] Hawthorn refueled and handed the Ferrari over to Musso to start moving back up the field.[18]

The race winning Jaguar D-Type of Flockhart/Bueb

This attrition of the Italian challengers, combined with a very rapid fuel stop,[30] moved the Ecurie Ecosse car of Flockhart/Bueb into the lead at the start of the third hour – a lead they would not relinquish. In the fourth hour, Musso, having fought back up to second place, was hobbled by another seized piston destroying his engine out on the Mulsanne straight just before dusk. With the Severi/Lewis-Evans Ferrari held back with braking problems, this left the Gendebien/Trintignant car as the sole challenger from Maranello, who took over second place from their teammates.

Another casualty in the fourth hour was the second Gordini – the first having only lasted 3 laps – when it pulled into the pits with terminal engine issues. With dwindling funds, this was to be a disappointing end to Amedee Gordini’s long association with Le Mans.[31]

By 9 pm, when the majority of the second fuel stops had been completed, the Ecosse Jaguar still led the race, now with Bueb back behind the wheel; Brooks, back in the Aston Martin, held second place, Gendebien in third, Masten Gregory, in Hamilton’s Jaguar was fourth with the second Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar running fifth being chased by the Severi/Lewis-Evans Ferrari making up for lost time. The works Porsches were scrapping amongst themselves, just out of the top-10, for the lead in the S-1500 and well ahead of the Belgian Testarossa leading the S-2000 class.[7][18]

Night[edit]

Just before 10:30 pm, the Whitehead brothers had to retire the big Aston Martin out of the top-10 when its gearbox finally broke. When the Scarlatti/Bonnier Maserati retired with clutch failure, the works team had finished its dismal race after only 6 hours. Soon after midnight Gendebien retired out of third with a holed crankcase and yet another piston failure, leaving Ferrari’s fortunes barely any better. Salvadori retired around 2am, when the gearbox of his Aston Martin finally broke, after he had been running with only 4th gear for most of his stint. Meanwhile, the remaining Aston Martin was still lying second to Bueb’s D-Type. When Brooks took over he was four minutes behind Bueb; two hours later, he was only two minutes adrift when his gearbox also left him with only 4th gear and he started dropping back.[18] Then at 1.50am came the most serious accident of the race: Brooks’ Aston Martin, now trailing by two laps and still stuck in 4th gear, was coming out of Tertre Rouge when he lost control, hit the bank and rolled. He was then hit by Maglioli closely following in the Porsche 718, which had been comfortably leading the S-2000 class and running 7th overall. Brooks was taken to hospital with severe cuts and bruises.[32][33] This left Jaguar sitting 1-2-3-4: Ecurie Ecosse, leading from Equipe Nationale Belge, then the second Ecosse and the Los Amigos cars. Lewis-Evans, battling failing brakes, had the last works Ferrari back in 5th.

Missing from the list was Hamilton’s Jaguar that had been delayed around midnight by a burnt-through exhaust pipe which was filling the cockpit with fumes and overheating the fuel lines and burning a hole in the cockpit-floor. When Hamilton pitted, the exhaust system was welded up and the hole repaired with a plate of steel cut out of an unattended gendarmerie wagon by the “enterprising” pit-crew![34] The car returned to the race in 11th and set about a hard race to make up time.[35][18][7] Meanwhile, the Lotus in the S-750 class held a comfortable margin in the Index of Performance over the OSCA, with Mackay-Fraser’s Lotus and Chancel’s Panhard, the best of the little French cars, battling for third.

By half-distance, the order at the top had stabilised (the leader having done 165 laps), but with the attrition of the front-runners more of the smaller cars were coming up into the top-10. With the demise of Maglioli, it was now the works Porsche of Storez/Crawford that was running a very creditable 6th having done 152 laps. The big American Ferrari of George Arents was now 7th (147 laps) then 3 laps back to the Belgian Ferrari of Bianchi/Harris in 8th, leading the S-2000 category. In 9th was the little Lotus of Mackay-Fraser/Chamberlain, doing a mighty job leading the S-1100 class, on 141 laps and a lap back was the new AC Ace (virtually a shop-standard car[4]) running very consistently. The little DKW stopped near the pits but the driver was able to run down, pick up a fuel pump and go back and fit it himself to get back into the race.[33][18]

Morning[edit]

By 5:30 am, as dawn broke the overnight mist changed to a heavy fog covering the circuit (the only bad weather of the weekend). Although at times the visibility forced drivers to slow to 50 kph this did not dramatically affect the lap times of the Jaguars. From this point on it became a real test of endurance – with almost half the field retired or barely running.[33] An hour later, and the lead Jaguar completed its 200th lap and holding a comfortable 5-lap lead over the field. At 6:55 am, “Freddy” Rousselle, in the Belgian Jaguar running second came to a halt at Mulsanne for nearly an hour with ignition trouble.[32] He eventually got the car moving again and got back to the pits and later rejoined down in sixth place putting in very rapid times to haul back the leaders. By 10am, they were back up to 4th.[18][7]

Although other classes had been hit by retirements, the S-2000 was still very close – the Bianchi Ferrari, running 8th overall, was still leading the class ahead of Rudd’s AC, Tavano’s Ferrari, Dickie Stoop’s well-travelled Fraser-Nash and Guyot’s Maserati. In the Index of Performance, the small Lotus still had a comfortable lead, now ahead of their bigger brother running second and the works Porsche in third. Overnight the OSCA had hit troubles and slipped back.

At three-quarter time (10am), as the fog finally lifted, the order was staying very static – the four Jaguars holding the top places over a 16-lap spread. The leader had a comfortable 7-lap advantage over its teammate running second and the others about four laps apart from each other. The Ferrari and Porsche were both on the same lap and chasing the Belgian Jaguar two laps ahead of them.

Finish and post-race[edit]

In the last hour the leading Porsche, which had been running as high as 5th, ran out of fuel near Maison Blanche. Storez pushed it back to the pit-entrance, but could not refuel (being inside its 30-lap window) and it could never be pushed around the track again meaning they could not complete the final lap in the required 30 minutes to be classified.[19] In contrast, the little Stanguellini came into the pits stuck in top gear. Unable to restart and not allowed an assisted start from the pit-crew, the driver set about pushing the car himself: half a mile to the top of the Dunlop hill, to the great cheers of support from the crowd. Half an hour later, he was able to bump-start the car on the downhill, still stuck in top-gear, and went on to take the last finishing position.[36]

But otherwise the leaderboard remained unchanged. At 4:00pm, the chequered flag fell and for the second year in succession, in a formation finish with his teammate, Flockhart brought a dark blue Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar D-Type first past the finish line. The winners were never challenged in a trouble-free run, except for one unscheduled stop to change a light bulb.[10] In fact, the car spent only 13 minutes and 9 seconds on pit lane during the 24 hours![7] The margin of triumph over the Jaguar of Lawrence/Sanderson was eight laps.

As well as being the Ecurie Ecosse team’s finest hour, it was also Jaguar’s greatest triumph finishing a fine 1-2-3-4-6.[37] Third home was the local Equipe Los Amigos Jaguar of Lucas/”Mary” who were two laps adrift. After their delays in the morning, Rousselle/Frère brought their Equipe Nationale Belge Jaguar home in fourth, 17 laps behind the winners. The Lewis-Evans Ferrari held on to fifth place ahead of the hard-charging Hamilton Jaguar just one lap behind. Hamilton’s D-Type was the only one to hit serious trouble when he and Gregory had lost two hours due to electrical and exhaust problems the night before.[38][7]

In the other classes, it was the privateers that saved the blushes of the works teams – the older French Aston Martin won the S-3000 class by finishing 11th. After the late demise of the Storez Porsche, it was the American Porsche coming 8th who were the sole finisher in the S-1500 keeping up Porsche’s class-win tradition. Likewise, the Ferrari Testarossa of Ecurie Nationale Belge finishing 8th, won the S-2000 class by 7 laps from the AC Ace and also ahead of the S-1500s whom it had been outperformed by for almost the whole race.

Although the public glamour was associated with those that took the outright victory, the performance of the Lotus marque should not be overlooked. Four cars entered, four finished, including the little 750cc version which finished 14th and beat their French opposition to win the Index of Performance. The seal on the British success was set by the Mackay-Frazer/Chamberlain Lotus – winning the S-1100 class by a huge distance (26 laps) over its teammates, winning the Biennial Cup and 2nd on Index.[18]

The good weather meant the winning car set a new race distance record, exceeding the previous record set in 1955 by 138 mi (222 km). Before his retirement, Mike Hawthorn put in a new lap record in his Ferrari. A special award was made to Roger Masson who had pushed his Lotus single-handedly for four miles, taking over an hour to get back to the pits after running out of petrol on the Mulsanne straight in the early hours of the race.[24] It was refuelled and they went on to finish 16th.

As well as being the only entry for Arnott and DKW, the 1957 race was to be the last appearance for French stalwarts Talbot and Gordini – none of the cars from these manufacturers made it to the end.

Official results[edit]

Results taken from Quentin Spurring's book, officially licensed by the ACO[39] Class Winners are in Bold text.

Pos Class No Team Drivers Chassis Engine Laps
1 S5.0 3 United Kingdom Ecurie Ecosse United Kingdom Ron Flockhart
United Kingdom Ivor Bueb
Jaguar D-Type Jaguar 3.8L S6 327
2 S5.0 15 United Kingdom Ecurie Ecosse United Kingdom Ninian Sanderson
United Kingdom John ‘Jock’ Lawrence
Jaguar D-Type Jaguar 3.4L S6 319
3 S5.0 17 France Equipe Los Amigos France Jean Lucas
France ”Mary” (Jean Brussin)
Jaguar D-Type Jaguar 3.4L S6 317
4 S5.0 16 Belgium Equipe Nationale Belge Belgium Paul Frère
Belgium Freddy Rousselle
Jaguar D-Type Jaguar 3.4L S6 310
5 S5.0 8 Italy Scuderia Ferrari United Kingdom Stuart Lewis-Evans
Italy Martino Severi
Ferrari 315 S Ferrari 3.8L V12 300
6 S5.0 4 United Kingdom D. Hamilton
(private entrant)
United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton
United States Masten Gregory
Jaguar D-Type Jaguar 3.8L S6 299
7 S2.0 28 Belgium Equipe Nationale Belge Belgium Lucien Bianchi
Belgium Georges Harris
Ferrari 500 TRC Ferrari 1985cc S4 288
8 S1.5 35 United States E. Hugus
(private entrant)
United States Ed Hugus
Netherlands Carel Godin de Beaufort
Porsche 550A Porsche 1498cc S4 286
9 S1.1 62
(reserve)
United Kingdom Lotus Engineering United States Jay Chamberlain
United States Herbert MacKay-Fraser
Lotus Eleven Coventry Climax FWA 1098cc S4 285
10 S2.0 31 United Kingdom AC Cars United Kingdom Ken Rudd
United Kingdom Peter Bolton
AC Ace Bristol 1970cc S6 281
N/C * S1.5 34 West Germany Porsche KG France Claude Storez
United States Ed Crawford
Porsche 550A Porsche 1498cc F4 275
11 S3.0 21 United Kingdom Aston Martin Ltd. France Jean-Paul Colas
France Jean Kerguen
Aston Martin DB3S Aston Martin 3.0L S6 272
12 S2.0 26 France G. Guyot
(private entrant)
France Georges Guyot
France Michel Parsy
Maserati A6GCS Maserati 1985cc S4 260
13 S1.1 42 United Kingdom R. Walshaw
(private entrant)
United Kingdom Bob Walshaw
United Kingdom John Dalton
Lotus Eleven Coventry Climax FWA 1098cc S4 259
14 S750 55 United Kingdom Lotus Engineering United Kingdom Cliff Allison
United Kingdom Keith Hall
Lotus Eleven Coventry Climax FWC 745cc S4 259
15 S1.1 40 United Kingdom Cooper Cars Australia Jack Brabham
United Kingdom Ian Raby
Cooper T39 Coventry Climax FWA 1098cc S4 254
16 S1.1 41 France A. Héchard
(private entrant)
France André Héchard
France Roger Masson
Lotus Eleven Coventry Climax FWA 1098cc S4 253
17 S750 49 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Louis Cornet
France Henri Perrier
DB HBR-4 Spyder Panhard 745cc F2 239
18 S750 52 France Equipe Monopole Course France Pierre Chancel
France Jean Hémard
Monopole X89 Coupé Panhard 745cc F2 238
19 S750 46 Italy Automobili O.S.C.A. France Jean Laroche
France Rémy Radix
O.S.C.A. 750 S OSCA 749cc S4 234
20 S750 58
(reserve)
Italy Automobili Stanguellini France Fernand Sigrand
France Michel Nicol
Stanguellini S750 Sport Stanguellini 741cc S4 214
  • Note *: Ran out of fuel; Not classified because last lap too slow

Did Not Finish[edit]

Pos Class No Team Drivers Chassis Engine Laps Reason
DNF S2.0 24 United Kingdom Automobiles Frazer Nash Ltd. United Kingdom Richard ‘Dickie’ Stoop
United Kingdom Peter Jopp
Frazer Nash Sebring Bristol 1971cc S6 240 Oil leak (24hr)
DNF S2.0 27 France F. Tavano
(private entrant)
France Fernand Tavano
France Jacques Péron
Ferrari 500 TRC Ferrari 1985cc S4 235
Engine
Engine (22hr)
DNF S750 53 France Equipe Monopole Course France Robert Chancel
France Pierre Flahault
Monopole X88 Coupé Panhard 745cc F2 230 Engine (24hr)
DNF S5.0 10 United States G. Arents
(private entrant)
United States George Arents
Belgium Jan de Vroom
Ferrari 290 MM Ferrari 3.5L V12 183 Brakes (16hr)
DNF S1.1 45 Germany W. Seidel
(private entrant)
Germany Wolfgang Seidel
Germany Heinz Meier
DKW Monza Coupé DKW 994cc S3 (2-Stroke) 151 Engine (21hr)
DNF S3.0 20 United Kingdom Aston Martin Ltd. United Kingdom Tony Brooks
United Kingdom Noël Cunningham-Reid
Aston Martin DBR1/300 Aston Martin 2.9L S6 140 Accident (12hr)
DNF S2.0 25 France L. Coulibeuf
(private entrant)
France Léon Coulibeuf
France José Behra
Maserati 200S Maserati 1998cc S4 136 Fuel leak (15hr)
DNF S750 56 Italy Automobili Stanguellini France René-Philippe Faure
France Gilbert Foury
Stanguellini S750 Bialbero Stanguellini 741cc S4 131 Engine (14hr)
DNF S2.0 29 France Equipe Los Amigos France François Picard
United States Richie Ginther
Ferrari 500 TRC Ferrari 1985cc S4 129 Water pump (13hr)
DNF S1.5 32 Germany Porsche KG Italy Umberto Maglioli
East Germany Edgar Barth
Porsche 718 RSK Porsche 1498cc F4 129 Accident (12hr)
DNF S750 54 France Equipe Monopole Course France René Cotton
France Jacques Blanchet
Monopole X88 Spyder Panhard 745cc F2 127 Gearbox (14hr)
DNF S750 50 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Jean-Claude Vidilles
France Jo Schlesser
DB HBR-4 Spyder Panhard 747cc F2 126 Accident (14hr)
DNF S750 51 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Paul Armagnac
France Gérard Laureau
DB HBR-4 Spyder Panhard 747cc F2 120 Accident (15hr)
DNF S3.0 19 United Kingdom Aston Martin Ltd. United Kingdom Roy Salvadori
United Kingdom Les Leston
Aston Martin DR1/300 Aston Martin 2.9L S6 112 Oil pipe (10hr)
DNF S5.0 9 Italy Scuderia Ferrari Belgium Olivier Gendebien
France Maurice Trintignant
Ferrari 250 TR Ferrari 3.1L V12 109 Piston (10hr)
DNF S1.5 33 Germany Porsche KG Germany Hans Herrmann
Germany Richard von Frankenberg
Porsche 500A Porsche 1498cc F4 87 Ignition (8hr)
DNF S5.0 5 United Kingdom Aston Martin Ltd. United Kingdom Peter Whitehead
United Kingdom Graham Whitehead
Aston Martin DBR2 Aston Martin 3.7L S6 81 Gearbox (8hr)
DNF S5.0 11 Belgium Equipe Nationale Belge Belgium Jacques Swaters
Belgium Alain de Changy
Ferrari 290 MM Ferrari 3.5L V12 73 Engine (9hr)
DNF S3.0 12 Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati Italy Giorgio Scarlatti
Sweden Joakim ‘Jo’ Bonnier
Maserati 300S Maserati 3.0L S6 73 Clutch (7hr)
DSQ S1.5 60
(reserve)
Belgium Equipe Nationale Belge Belgium Claude Dubois
Belgium George Hacquin
Porsche 550A Porsche 1498cc F4 70 Premature refuel (8hr)
DNF S750 57
(reserve)
France B. Deviterne
(private entrant)
France Bernard Deviterne
France Marcel Laillier
DB HBR-5 Coupé Panhard 747cc F2 68 Engine (9hr)
DNF S1.1 44 Italy Automobili Stanguellini Italy Francesco Siracusa
Italy Roberto Lippi
Stanguellini S1100 Prototipo Stanguellini 1089cc S4 67 Ignition (8hr)
DNF S5.0 7 Italy Scuderia Ferrari United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn
Italy Luigi Musso
Ferrari 335 S Ferrari 4.0L V12 56 Piston (5hr)
DNF S1.1 39 United Kingdom Arnott Cars United Kingdom Jim Russell
United Kingdom Dennis Taylor
Arnott Sports Climax FWA 1098cc S4 46 Ignition (6hr)
DNF S3.0 18 France Automobiles Gordini France Jean Guichet
France André Guelfi
Gordini T24S Gordini 3.0L S8 38 Engine (4hr)
DNF S5.0 1 Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati United Kingdom Stirling Moss
United States Harry Schell
Maserati 450S Zagato Coupé Maserati 4.5L V8 32 Transmission (4hr)
DNF S5.0 2 Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati France Jean Behra
France André Simon
Maserati 450S Spyder Maserati 4.5L V8 28 Transmission, accident (3hr)
DNF S1.5 36 France M. Slotine
(private entrant)
France Maurice Slotine
France Roland Bourel
Porsche 356A Porsche 1498cc F4 26 Piston (4hr)
DNF S2.0 61
(reserve)
Austria G. Köchert
(private entrant)
Austria Gotfrid Köchert
Germany Erwin Bauer
Ferrari 500 TRC Ferrari 1985cc S4 18 Out of fuel (3hr)
DNF S750 47 France Automobiles V.P. France Bernard Consten
France Jean-Marie Dumazer
V.P. 166R Dynamique Renault 747cc S4 15 Engine (3hr)
DNF S2.0 30 France Automobiles Gordini France Clarence de Rinen
Morocco Robert La Caze
Gordini T15S Gordini 1988cc S6 3 Engine (1hr)
DNF S5.0 6 Italy Scuderia Ferrari United Kingdom Peter Collins
United States Phil Hill
Ferrari 335 S Ferrari 4.0L V12 2 Piston (1hr)
DNF S3.0 23 France Ecurie Dubonnet Italy Franco Bordoni
United Kingdom Bruce Halford
Talbot-Lago Sport 2500 Maserati 2.5L S6 0 Transmission (1hr)

Did Not Start[edit]

Pos Class No Team Drivers Chassis Engine Reason
DNS S5.0 8 Italy Scuderia Ferrari United Kingdom Stuart Lewis-Evans
Italy Martino Severi
Ferrari 315 S Ferrari 3.8L V12 Practice - Piston
DNS S3.0 22 France Ecurie Dubonnet Italy Jean Blanc
France Georges Burggraff
Talbot-Lago Sport 2500 Maserati 2.5L S6 Practice - Mechanical
DNS S1.5 37 United Kingdom Lotus Engineering United States Jay Chamberlain
United States Herbert MacKay-Fraser
United Kingdom Colin Chapman
Lotus Eleven Coventry Climax FPF 1475cc S4 Practice - Engine
DNA S1.5 38 Italy A. Pagani
(private entrant)
Italy Alfranco Pagani
Italy Mario Poltronieri
Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sebring Alfa Romeo 1290cc S4 withdrawn
DNA S1.1 43 Italy Automobili O.S.C.A. Italy Guilio Cabianca
United Kingdom Colin Davis
O.S.C.A. MT-4 OSCA 1098cc S4 withdrawn
DNA S750 48 France J. Dewez
(private entrant)
France ”Franc” (Jacques Dewez)
France Robert Schollmann
Renault 4CV Spéciale Renault 747cc S4 withdrawn

Index of Performance[edit]

Pos Class No Team Drivers Chassis Score
1 S750 55 United Kingdom Lotus Engineering United Kingdom Cliff Allison
United Kingdom Keith Hall
Lotus Eleven 1.308
2 S1.1 62 United Kingdom Lotus Engineering United States Jay Chamberlain
United States Herbert MacKay-Fraser
Lotus Eleven 1.260
3 S750 49 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Louis Cornet
France Henri Perrier
DB HBR-4 Spyder 1.208
4 S750 52 France Equipe Monopole Course France Pierre Chancel
France Jean Hémard
Monopole X89 Coupé 1.201
5 S5.0 3 United Kingdom Ecurie Ecosse United Kingdom Ron Flockhart
United Kingdom Ivor Bueb
Jaguar D-Type 1.190
6 S1.5 35 United States E. Hugus
(private entrant)
United States Ed Hugus
Netherlands Carel Godin de Beaufort
Porsche 550A 1.176
7 S750 46 Italy Automobili O.S.C.A. France Jean Laroche
France Rémy Radix
O.S.C.A. 750 S 1.176
8 S5.0 15 United Kingdom Ecurie Ecosse United Kingdom Ninian Sanderson
United Kingdom John ‘Jock’ Lawrence
Jaguar D-Type 1.170
9 S5.0 17 France Equipe Los Amigos France Jean Lucas
France ”Mary” (Jean Brussin)
Jaguar D-Type 1.161
10 S1.1 42 United Kingdom R. Walshaw
(private entrant)
United Kingdom Bob Walshaw
United Kingdom John Dalton
Lotus Eleven 1.145
  • Note: Only the top ten positions are included in this set of standings. A score of 1.00 means meeting the minimum distance for the car, and a higher score is exceeding the nominal target distance.[40]

23rd Rudge-Whitworth Biennial Cup (1956/1957)[edit]

Pos Class No Team Drivers Chassis Score
1 S1.1 62 United Kingdom Lotus Engineering United States Jay Chamberlain
United States Herbert MacKay-Fraser
Lotus Eleven 1.260
2 S750 49 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Louis Cornet
France Henri Perrier
DB HBR-4 Spyder 1.208
3 S750 52 France Equipe Monopole Course France Pierre Chancel
France Jean Hémard
Monopole X89 Coupé 1.201
  • Note: Only the top three positions are included in this set of standings.

Statistics[edit]

Taken from Quentin Spurring's book, officially licensed by the ACO

  • Fastest Lap in practice – Fangio, #2 Maserati 450S Spyder – 3m 58.1s; 203.53 kp/h (126.46 mph)
  • Fastest Lap: Hawthorn, #7 Ferrari 335 S - 3:58.7secs 203.20 kp/h (126.15 mph)
  • Distance - 4,397.11 km (2,732.24 mi)
  • Winner’s Average Speed - 183.22 km/h (113.85 mph)
  • Attendance – 250 000.[6] (or >150 000[23])

Standings after the race[edit]

Pos Championship Points
1 Italy Ferrari 25 (27)
2 Italy Maserati 19
3 United Kingdom Jaguar 15
4 United Kingdom Aston Martin 8
5 West Germany Porsche 5
6 Italy O.S.C.A. 1
  • Note: Championship points were awarded for the first six places in each race in the order of 8-6-4-3-2-1. Manufacturers were only awarded points for their highest finishing car with no points awarded for positions filled by additional cars. Only the best 4 results out of the 7 races could be retained by each manufacturer. Points earned but not counted towards the championship totals are listed within brackets in the above table.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Clausager 1982, p.98
  2. ^ a b c Spurring 2011, p.280
  3. ^ a b Frère 1958, p.165
  4. ^ a b c d Moity 1974, p.68
  5. ^ Clarke 1997, p.162: Autocar Jun21 1957
  6. ^ a b http://www.racingsportscars.com/race/Le_Mans-1957-06-23.html
  7. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.sportscars.tv/Newsfiles/lemans57.html
  8. ^ http://www.racingsportscars.com/entry/Le_Mans-1957-06-23.html
  9. ^ a b Laban 2001, p.122
  10. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.283
  11. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.292
  12. ^ Spurring 2011, p.293
  13. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.288
  14. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.287
  15. ^ Spurring 2011, p.289
  16. ^ Spurring 2011, p.294
  17. ^ Moity 1974, p.66
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l http://www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au/le_mans_1957.htm
  19. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.291
  20. ^ a b c Spurring 2011, p.297
  21. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.286
  22. ^ Frère 1958, p.192
  23. ^ a b Clarke 1997, p.177: Road & Track Sep 1957
  24. ^ a b Clausager 1982, p.99
  25. ^ Spurring 2011, p.279
  26. ^ Laban 2001, p.124
  27. ^ Clarke 1997, p.179: Road & Track Sep 1957
  28. ^ Clarke 1997, p.180: Road & Track Sep 1957
  29. ^ Clarke 1997, p.181: Road & Track Sep 1957
  30. ^ a b c d Clarke 1997, p.167: Motor Jun26 1957
  31. ^ Spurring 2011, p.299
  32. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.281
  33. ^ a b c Clarke 1997, p.172: Motor Jun26 1957
  34. ^ Spurring 2011, p.284
  35. ^ Clarke 1997, p.171: Motor Jun26 1957
  36. ^ Clarke 1997, p.175: Motor Jun26 1957
  37. ^ "Scots win at Le Mans. Jaguars in First Four Places". The Glasgow Herald. 24 June 1957. p. 7. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  38. ^ http://www.teamdan.com/archive/wsc/1957/57lemans.html
  39. ^ Spurring 2011, p.2
  40. ^ Clarke 1997, p.88

References[edit]

  • Spurring, Quentin (2011) Le Mans 1949-59 Sherborne, Dorset: Evro Publishing ISBN 978-1-84425-537-5
  • Clarke, R.M. - editor (1997) Le Mans 'The Jaguar Years 1949-1957' Cobham, Surrey: Brooklands Books ISBN 1-85520-357X
  • Clausager, Anders (1982) Le Mans London: Arthur Barker Ltd ISBN 0-213-16846-4
  • Frère, Paul (1958) Automobile Year – World Championship Sports Car Races 1957 Lausanne: Edita S.A. ASIN B00LK7JOHM
  • Laban, Brian (2001) Le Mans 24 Hours London: Virgin Books ISBN 1-85227-971-0
  • Moity, Christian (1974) The Le Mans 24 Hour Race 1949-1973 Radnor, Pennsylvania: Chilton Book Co ISBN 0-8019-6290-0
  • Pomeroy, L. & Walkerley, R. - editors (1958) The Motor Year Book 1958 Bath: The Pitman Press

External links[edit]

  • Racing Sports Cars – Le Mans 24 Hours 1957 entries, results, technical detail. Retrieved 15 February 2017
  • Le Mans History – Le Mans History, hour-by-hour (incl. pictures, YouTube links). Retrieved 15 February 2017
  • World Sports Racing Prototypes – Le Mans 1957 results, reserve entries & chassis numbers. Retrieved 15 February 2017
  • Unique Cars
  • Sportscars.TV – Le Mans 1957 race summary & regulations. Retrieved 15 February 2017
  • Formula 2 – Le Mans 1957 results & reserve entries. Retrieved 15 February 2017
  • YouTube English Pathé b/w footage (2 mins). Retrieved 15 February 2017
  • YouTube English colour footage (2 mins). Retrieved 15 February 2017
  • YouTube Spanish colour footage (5 mins). Retrieved 15 February 2017


World Sportscar Championship
Previous race:
1000km of Nürburgring
1957 season Next race:
Swedish Grand Prix