1957 Tour de France
|Dates||27 June–20 July 1957|
|Distance||4,669 km (2,901 mi)|
|Winning time||135h 44' 42"|
|Winner||Jacques Anquetil (France)||(France)|
|Second||Marcel Janssens (Belgium)||(Belgium)|
|Third||Adolf Christian (Austria)||(Switzerland)|
|Points||Jean Forestier (France)||(France)|
|Mountains||Gastone Nencini (Italy)||(Italy)|
The 1957 Tour was the first win for Jacques Anquetil, who won the Tour five times over his career.
The French national team was very successful in the 1957 Tour de France; not only did they provide the winning cyclist, they also won the team classification, and almost every daily team classification. They lost only one cyclist (last year's winner Roger Walkowiak), and had the stage winner 12 times. They had Forestier winning the points classification, and Bergaud second in the mountains classification. Only once they did not have the yellow jersey for the leader in the general classification, when Barone took it after the seventh stage.
Changes from the 1956 Tour de France
The Tour organisation had a conflict with the French television, and as a results there had almost been no live television coverage of the 1957 Tour de France. At the last moment the organizers and the television agreed on how much the television would pay for the right to cover the Tour, and the race was broadcast. For the other journalist, the conditions improved: a mobile press room with modern communication equipment was installed, so the journalists had the best conditions to report.
The cut-off time, which had been set at 10% of the winner in 1956, was reduced to 8% of the winner in 1957. In the seventh and eighth stage it would be 10% of the winner, while in stages 10, 11, 16, 17 and 18 the cut-off time would be 12% of the winner. In each stage, if the number of cyclists removed from the race would be more than 15% of the cyclists that started the stage, the cut-off time would be increased by 2%. The goal of this reduction in cut-off time was to make the race tougher.
The route of the 1957 Tour de France contained many mountains, so mountain specialists Charly Gaul and Federico Bahamontes were considered favourites. Gaul, had requested to ride in the Dutch team, but this was not allowed.
Louison Bobet and Raphael Géminiani, two important French cyclists, did not race in 1957, so the French team needed new stars. The team was then built around young Jacques Anquetil, who had broken the hour record earlier that year.
The riders who had been favourites in previous years had stopped (Fausto Coppi), had lost their greatness (Hugo Koblet), or had chosen not to participated (Louison Bobet). As a result, there was no outspoken favourite. Roger Walkowiak, who had won the previous edition, had not shown good results since. Charly Gaul had lost the 1957 Giro d'Italia when he was almost sure of winning it, so he was not considered to be in great form. Gastone Nencini, who won the 1957 Giro, was not considered constant enough. The Spanish team was considered the best Spanish team ever, but they were more favourite for the mountain classification than for the general classification. And the Belgian team was focussed around Jan Adriaensens.
The first stage was won by André Darrigade, who had also won the first stage in the previous edition. The first stages were run in hot weather, and many cyclists had to give up. After six stages, there were only 83 cyclists remaining, from the 120 that started. In the second stage, Darrigade's team mate Privat took over the yellow jersey. The Luxembourg favourite, Charly Gaul, abandoned on that stage due to sickness.
In the fifth stage, French cyclist Jacques Anquetil took the lead in the general classification, so in the seventh stage he wore the yellow jersey for the first time in his career. It was too early in the race to defend that jersey, so two days later he allowed regional cyclist Nicolas Barone to take the yellow jersey. One day later the French national team took back the yellow jersey, when Jean Forestier took the lead by 15 minutes.
In the ninth stage, Spanish climber Bahamontes abandoned. In stage 10, the first mountain stage, Anquetil took the lead back. Although Gastone Nencini won the stage, Anquetil was only one and a half minute behind, which was enough. In the second mountain stage the riders remained calm, as the French team was superior and dominated the race.
In the second part of the fifteenth stage, a short time trial of 10 km, Anquetil won his first time trial in the Tour de France.
In the Pyrenées from stage 16 to stage 18, the attack on Anquetil's leading position did not take place. In stage 16, the weather had turned bad, with coldness, rain, hail and fog, which made the course dangerous. Several cyclists fell: Nello Lauredi broke his wrist and abandoned the race, and Stanislas Bober had to abandon due to a shoulder injury. The main victims of the bad weather were reporter Alex Virot and his motor cyclist René Wagner, who fell from their motor; Virot died on the spot, and the motor cyclist on the way to the hospital. It was the only accident that Wagner ever had in his career.
Bofore stage 18, the French team had the first three places in the general classification with Anquetil, Forestier and Mahé. In stage 18, the last mountain stage, Anquetil was in good shape, and he attacked early on. But in the food zone he missed his food bag, and some time later he was out of energy. Several cyclists passed him, but later in the stage Anquetil got help and finished only two and a half minutes after the winner Nencini.
Marcel Janssens and Adolf Christian were in the leading group, while Forestier and Mahé lost considerable time, so Janssens and Christian took the podium places. Anquetil was still leading, and nobody doubted that he would win the race, especially because there was still an individual time trial coming up, Anquetil's specialty. And indeed, Anquetil won that time trial with a margin of more than two minutes.
The 1957 Tour de France started on 27 June, and had two rest days, in Thonon-les-Bains and Barcelona, although the second rest day had a short time trial of less than 10 km. Every stage had a winning cyclist (the cyclist who crossed the finish line first, or in case of a time trial who took the shortest time to complete the course) and a team that wins the daily team classification (the team of which the three best cyclists had the lowest accumulated time). The cyclist who wins the stage therefore is not always part of the team that wins the daily team classification.
|1||27 June||Nantes – Granville||Plain stage||204 km (127 mi)||André Darrigade (FRA)||France|
|2||28 June||Granville – Caen||Plain stage||226 km (140 mi)||René Privat (FRA)||France|
|3A||29 June||Circuit de la Prairie||Team time trial||15 km (9.3 mi)||France||France|
|3B||Caen – Rouen||Plain stage||134 km (83 mi)||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||France|
|4||30 June||Rouen – Roubaix||Plain stage||232 km (144 mi)||Marcel Janssens (BEL)||Belgium|
|5||1 July||Roubaix – Charleroi||Plain stage||170 km (110 mi)||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||France|
|6||2 July||Charleroi – Metz||Plain stage||248 km (154 mi)||André Trochut (FRA)||North East-Central France|
|7||3 July||Metz – Colmar||Stage with mountain(s)||223 km (139 mi)||Roger Hassenforder (FRA)||Netherlands|
|8||4 July||Colmar – Besançon||Plain stage||192 km (119 mi)||Pierino Baffi (ITA)||Italy|
|9||5 July||Besançon – Thonon-les-Bains||Plain stage||188 km (117 mi)||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||France|
|10||7 July||Thonon-les-Bains – Briançon||Stage with mountain(s)||247 km (153 mi)||Gastone Nencini (ITA)||France|
|11||8 July||Briançon – Cannes||Stage with mountain(s)||286 km (178 mi)||René Privat (FRA)||France|
|12||9 July||Cannes – Marseille||Stage with mountain(s)||239 km (149 mi)||Jean Stablinski (FRA)||France|
|13||10 July||Marseille – Alès||Plain stage||160 km (99 mi)||Nino Defilippis (ITA)||France|
|14||11 July||Alès – Perpignan||Plain stage||246 km (153 mi)||Roger Hassenforder (FRA)||North East-Central France|
|15A||12 July||Perpignan – Barcelona||Plain stage||197 km (122 mi)||René Privat (FRA)||France|
|15B||13 July||Circuit de Montjuich||Individual time trial||9.8 km (6.1 mi)||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||France|
|16||14 July||Barcelona – Ax-les-Thermes||Stage with mountain(s)||220 km (140 mi)||Jean Bourlès (FRA)||South West France|
|17||15 July||Ax-les-Thermes – Saint-Gaudens||Stage with mountain(s)||236 km (147 mi)||Nino Defilippis (ITA)||France|
|18||16 July||Saint-Gaudens – Pau||Stage with mountain(s)||207 km (129 mi)||Gastone Nencini (ITA)||France|
|19||17 July||Pau – Bordeaux||Plain stage||194 km (121 mi)||Pierino Baffi (ITA)||Italy|
|20||18 July||Bordeaux – Libourne||Individual time trial||66 km (41 mi)||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||France|
|21||19 July||Libourne – Tours||Plain stage||317 km (197 mi)||André Darrigade (FRA)||France|
|22||20 July||Tours – Paris||Plain stage||227 km (141 mi)||André Darrigade (FRA)||France|
In 1957, the split stages were numbered differently: the third stage consisted of the team time trial and the stage from Caen to Rouen but they were not called 3A and 3B; the fifteenth stage was only the stage from Perpignan to Barcelona, and the short individual time trial was referred to as the time trial between stage 15 and 16, without number.
||Mountains classification||Team classification|
|1||André Darrigade (FRA)||André Darrigade (FRA)||no award||France|
|2||René Privat (FRA)||Joseph Thomin (FRA)|
|4||Stanislas Bober (FRA)|
|5||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||Joseph Thomin (FRA)||Daan de Groot (NED)|
|7||Nicolas Barone (FRA)||Louis Bergaud (FRA)|
|8||Jean Forestier (FRA)|
|10||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||Gastone Nencini (ITA)|
|12||Louis Bergaud (FRA)|
|16||Wim van Est (NED)|
|17||Jean Forestier (FRA)|
|18||Gastone Nencini (ITA)|
|Final||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||Jean Forestier (FRA)||Gastone Nencini (ITA)||France|
The time that each cyclist required to finish each stage was recorded, and these times were added together for the general classification. If a cyclist had received a time bonus, it was subtracted from this total; all time penalties were added to this total. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey. Of the 120 cyclists that started the 1957 Tour de France, 56 finished the race.
|1||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||France||135h 44' 42"|
|2||Marcel Janssens (BEL)||Belgium||+14' 56"|
|3||Adolf Christian (AUT)||Switzerland||+17' 20"|
|4||Jean Forestier (FRA)||France||+18' 02"|
|5||Jesus Lorono (ESP)||Spain||+20' 17"|
|6||Gastone Nencini (ITA)||Italy||+26' 03"|
|7||Nino Defilippis (ITA)||Italy||+27' 57"|
|8||Wim Van Est (NED)||Netherlands||+28' 10"|
|9||Jan Adriaenssens (BEL)||Belgium||+34' 07"|
|10||Jean Dotto (FRA)||South East France||+36' 31"|
|Final general classification (11–56)|
|11||François Mahé (FRA)||France||+39' 34"|
|12||Marcel Rohrbach (FRA)||North East-Center France||+42' 58"|
|13||Fernand Picot (FRA)||West France||+48' 26"|
|14||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||France||+54' 48"|
|15||Jean Bobet (FRA)||Ile de France||+57' 48"|
|16||Jozef Planckaert (BEL)||Belgium||+58' 52"|
|17||Désiré Keteleer (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 00' 36"|
|18||Joseph Thomin (FRA)||West France||+1h 14' 38"|
|19||Raymond Hoorelbeke (FRA)||Ile de France||+1h 16' 18"|
|20||Arrigo Padovan (ITA)||Italy||+1h 23' 17"|
|21||Mario Tosato (ITA)||Italy||+1h 26' 50"|
|22||Georges Gay (FRA)||South West France||+1h 29' 11"|
|23||Pierino Baffi (ITA)||Italy||+1h 31' 12"|
|24||Bernardo Ruiz (ESP)||Spain||+1h 32' 55"|
|25||José Da Silva (POR)||Luxembourg/Mixed||+1h 33' 28"|
|26||Louis Bergaud (FRA)||France||+1h 36' 11"|
|27||André Darrigade (FRA)||France||+1h 40' 10"|
|28||Henry Anglade (FRA)||South East France||+1h 44' 15"|
|29||Gerrit Voorting (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 55' 09"|
|30||Marcel Queheille (FRA)||South West France||+1h 59' 13"|
|31||René Privat (FRA)||France||+2h 08' 24"|
|32||Piet Van Est (NED)||Netherlands||+2h 11' 24"|
|33||Piet De Jongh (NED)||Netherlands||+2h 14' 17"|
|34||André Le Dissez (FRA)||Ile de France||+2h 15' 45"|
|35||Pino Cerami (BEL)||Belgium||+2h 15' 55"|
|36||Jean Bourles (FRA)||West France||+2h 17' 59"|
|37||André Dupre (FRA)||South West France||+2h 18' 31"|
|38||Maurice Lampre (FRA)||South West France||+2h 19' 26"|
|39||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||North East-Center France||+2h 19' 52"|
|40||Nicolas Barone (FRA)||Ile de France||+2h 20' 33"|
|41||Pierre Ruby (FRA)||North East-Center France||+2h 35' 43"|
|42||Joseph Groussard (FRA)||West France||+2h 36' 58"|
|43||Jean Stablinski (FRA)||France||+2h 37' 17"|
|44||Mies Stolker (NED)||Netherlands||+2h 41' 18"|
|45||Jaap Kersten (NED)||Netherlands||+2h 43' 37"|
|46||Francis Pipelin (FRA)||West France||+2h 43' 55"|
|47||Roger Chaussabel (FRA)||South East France||+2h 55' 09"|
|48||Pierre Poulingue (FRA)||West France||+2h 59' 02"|
|49||Walter Holenweger (SUI)||Switzerland||+3h 00' 10"|
|50||Albert Bouvet (FRA)||France||+3h 02' 31"|
|51||Walter Favre (SUI)||Switzerland||+3h 11' 11"|
|52||Francis Siguenza (FRA)||South East France||+3h 18' 35"|
|53||Mario Baroni (ITA)||Italy||+3h 56' 20"|
|54||Carmelo Morales (ESP)||Spain||+3h 59' 08"|
|55||Tony Graeser (SUI)||Switzerland||+4h 18' 03"|
|56||Guy Million (FRA)||Ile de France||+4h 41' 11"|
The points classification in 1957 was calculated in the same way as since the introduction in 1953, following the calculation method from the Tours de France from 1905 to 1912. Points were given according to the ranking of the stage: the winner received one points, the next cyclist two points, and so on. These points were added, and the cyclist with the least points was the leader of the points classification. In 1957, this was won by Jean Forestier with 301 points. Over 22 stages (including two split stages), this meant that his average stage finish was approximately place 14.
|1||Jean Forestier (FRA)||France||301|
|2||Wim van Est (NED)||Netherlands||317|
|3||Adolf Christian (AUT)||Switzerland||366|
|4||Joseph Thomin (FRA)||West France||402|
|5||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||France||405|
|6||Fernand Picot (FRA)||West France||418|
|7||Jef Planckaert (BEL)||Belgium||445|
|8||Désiré Keteleer (BEL)||Belgium||460|
|9||Gastone Nencini (ITA)||Italy||533|
|10||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||France||573|
Points for the mountains classification were earned by reaching the mountain tops first. The system was almost the same as in 1956: there were three types of mountain tops: the hardest ones, in category 1, gave 10 points to the first cyclist, the easier ones, in category 2, gave 6 points to the first cyclist, and the easiest ones, in category 3, gave 3 points. Gastone Nencini won this classification.
|1||Gastone Nencini (ITA)||Italy||44|
|2||Louis Bergaud (FRA)||France||43|
|3||Marcel Janssens (BEL)||Belgium||32|
|4||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||France||24|
|4||Jesus Loroño (ESP)||Spain||24|
|6||Jean Adriaenssens (BEL)||Belgium||20|
|7||Henri Anglade (FRA)||South East France||18|
|8||Marcel Queheille (FRA)||South West France||17|
|8||Jean Dotto (FRA)||South East France||17|
|10||Jean Stablinski (FRA)||France||16|
|10||Marcel Rohrbach (FRA)||North East-Center France||16|
The team classification was calculated as the sum of the daily team classifications, and the daily team classification was calculated by adding the times in the stage result of the best three cyclists per team. It was won by the French team, with a large margin over the Italian team.
|1||France||405h 59' 08"|
|2||Italy||+1h 24' 36"|
|3||Belgium||+2h 24' 36"|
|4||Netherlands||+3h 43' 43"|
|5||West France||+3h 51' 49"|
|6||Northeast-Center France||+4h 38' 43"|
|7||Ile de France||+4h 44' 40"|
|8||South East France||+4h 57' 50"|
|9||South West France||+5h 11' 25"|
|10||Switzerland||+5h 28' 32"|
|11||Spain||+5h 59' 00"|
The Luxembourg/Mixed team finished with only one cyclist, so they were not included in the team classification.
Jacques Anquetil would later win the Tour de France four more times.
- Poulssen, Will J. (1957). Tour de France 1957. Marathon.
- Thompson, Christopher S. (2006). The Tour de France: a cultural history. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-24760-4.
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, part 6" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- "Anquetil was de veelzijdigste renner; Darrigade eerste in Parc des Princes" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 22 July 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Dauncey, Hugh; Hare, Geoff (2003). The Tour de France, 1903-2003: a century of sporting structures, meanings, and values. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5362-4.
- Thompson, p.283
- "Franse televisie zendt toch Tour de France uit" (in Dutch). 25 June 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Thompson, p.45
- "Bepalingen Ronde van Frankrijk verscherpt" (in Dutch). 13 April 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Velo news, Volume 36, Edition 11. Inside Communications, Inc. 2007. p. 162.
- "Formatie Tour-ploeg geen groot probleem" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 20 June 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Barry Boyce (2004). "Maitre Jacques' Decisive Debut". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- "Etappe-wedstrijd nog 200 km langer; bergetappes zijn dit jaar zeer zwaar" (in Dutch). 25 June 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Amels, Wim (1984). De geschiedenis van de Tour de France 1903–1984 (in Dutch). Sport-Express. pp. 79–80. ISBN 90-70763-05-2.
- "44ème Tour de France 1957" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2006). The Story of the Tour de France Volume 1: 1903-1964. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 225–227. ISBN 1-59858-180-5.
- "44ème Tour de France 1957 - 17ème étape" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 17 December 2009.
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, part 3" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- "Tour de France 1957 langs andere route" (in Dutch). 17 January 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Arian Zwegers. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- "1957: 44e editie". Tourdefrance.nl. 30 December 2003. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- "Klassementen" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 16 July 1960. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- "Prix Alex Virot voor Felice Gimondi" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 24 July 1967. Retrieved 23 December 2009.