1957 U.S. Open (golf)

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1957 U.S. Open
Tournament information
Dates June 13–16, 1957
Location Toledo, Ohio
Course(s) Inverness Club
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
Statistics
Par 70
Length 6,919 yards (6,327 m)[1][2]
Field 157 players, 53 after cut
Cut 150 (+10)
Prize fund $30,000[3]
Winner's share $7,200
Champion
United States Dick Mayer
282 (+2), playoff
Toledo is located in the US
Toledo
Toledo
Location in the United States
Toledo is located in Ohio
Toledo
Toledo
Location in Ohio

The 1957 U.S. Open was the 57th U.S. Open, held June 12–15 at Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio. Dick Mayer defeated defending champion Cary Middlecoff in an 18-hole playoff to win his only major title.[4]

Amateur Billy Joe Patton was the 36-hole co-leader with Mayer,[5] but fell back with consecutive 76s and tied for eighth. The 54-hole lead was held by Jimmy Demaret, age 47, attempting to become the oldest U.S. Open champion. Mayer was a shot back, while Middlecoff, Julius Boros, and Roberto De Vicenzo were two back.[6]

With temperatures soaring in the final round with high humidity, Demaret was five-over through eleven holes. He rebounded with three birdies on the back nine to post a 72 and a 283 total, a shot out of the playoff. Mayer carded a 70 and a 282 total, while Middlecoff birdied the last to force a playoff.[6][7] The Sunday playoff turned out to be a one-sided affair, as Mayer shot 72 to Middlecoff's 79. Temperatures again approached 100 °F (38 °C) and only one birdie was carded.[8][9]

This U.S. Open witnessed the debut of 17-year-old amateur Jack Nicklaus,[10] who had consecutive rounds of 80 and missed the cut.[11] It was just the beginning for Nicklaus, as he won a record-tying four U.S. Open titles and a record 18 major championships. While Nicklaus was making his debut, three-time major winner Denny Shute was playing his last Open; he too missed the cut. Two-time champion Gene Sarazen, at 55 in his penultimate Open, also missed the cut. After receiving medical attention for a back ailment, four-time champion and pre-tournament favorite Ben Hogan withdrew prior to his first round on Thursday.[12][13][14]

The course was scheduled to play to a length of 6,961 yards (6,365 m), but heavy rains caused several new tee boxes to become unplayable and the course was shortened by about 100 yards (90 m).[2]

This was the third U.S. Open at Inverness, which hosted in 1920 and 1931. The U.S. Open returned in 1979 and the PGA Championship followed in 1986 and 1993.

Course layout[edit]

See also: Inverness Club
Hole 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Out 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 In Total
Yards 394 384 175 466 423 385 400 212 466 3,305 400 380 527 167 479 468 412 451 330 3,614 6,919
Par 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 3 4 34 4 4 5 3 4 4 4 4 4 36 70

Source:[1]

Lengths of the course for previous major championships:

Past champions in the field[edit]

Made the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Cary Middlecoff  United States 1949, 1956 71 75 68 68 282 +2 2
Julius Boros  United States 1952 69 75 70 70 284 +4 T4
Jack Fleck  United States 1955 72 76 73 74 295 +15 T26
Lew Worsham  United States 1947 78 72 75 73 298 +18 T38

Missed the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 Total To par
Ed Furgol  United States 1954 75 77 152 +12
Lloyd Mangrum  United States 1946 79 76 155 +15
Gene Sarazen  United States 1922, 1932 79 79 158 +18

Source:[11]

  • Due to a back ailment, four-time champion Ben Hogan formally withdrew
    from the championship on Thursday morning without playing.[12][13][14][15]

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Thursday, June 13, 1957

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Jimmy Demaret  United States 68 −2
T2 Julius Boros  United States 69 −1
Doug Ford  United States
Ken Venturi  United States
T5 Billy Maxwell  United States 70 −2
Dick Mayer  United States
Billy Joe Patton (a)  United States
Bud Ward  United States
Bo Wininger  United States
T10 Jack Burke, Jr.  United States 71 +1
Cary Middlecoff  United States
Sam Penecale  United States
Peter Thomson  Australia
Don Whitt  United States

Source:[15]

Second round[edit]

Friday, June 14, 1957

Place Player Country Score To par
T1 Dick Mayer  United States 70-68=138 −2
Billy Joe Patton (a)  United States 70-68=138
T3 Doug Ford  United States 69-71=140 E
Ken Venturi  United States 69-71=140
T5 Jimmy Demaret  United States 68-73=141 +1
Bo Wininger  United States 70-71=141
7 Roberto De Vicenzo  Argentina 72-70=142 +2
8 Peter Thomson  Australia 71-72=143 +3
T9 Julius Boros  United States 69-75=144 +4
Fred Hawkins  United States 72-72=144
Sam Penecale  United States 71-73=144
Bud Ward  United States 70-74=144

Source:[5]

Third round[edit]

Saturday, June 15, 1957 (morning)

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Jimmy Demaret  United States 68-73-70=281 +1
2 Dick Mayer  United States 70-68-74=212 +2
T3 Julius Boros  United States 69-75-70=214 +4
Roberto De Vicenzo  Argentina 72-70-72=214
Cary Middlecoff  United States 71-75-68=214
Billy Joe Patton (a)  United States 70-68-76=214
Bud Ward  United States 70-74-70=214
T8 Fred Hawkins  United States 72-72-71=215 +5
Ken Venturi  United States 69-71-75=215
10 Mike Fetchick  United States 74-71-71=216 +6

Source:[6][7]

Final round[edit]

Saturday, June 15, 1957 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
T1 Dick Mayer  United States 70-68-74-70=282 +2 Playoff
Cary Middlecoff  United States 71-75-68-68=282
3 Jimmy Demaret  United States 68-73-70-72=283 +3 2,160
T4 Julius Boros  United States 69-75-70-70=284 +4 1,380
Walter Burkemo  United States 74-73-72-65=284
T6 Fred Hawkins  United States 72-72-71-71=286 +6 840
Ken Venturi  United States 69-71-75-71=286
T8 Roberto De Vicenzo  Argentina 72-70-72-76=290 +10 465
Chick Harbert  United States 68-79-71-72=290
Billy Maxwell  United States 70-76-72-72=290
Sam Snead  United States 74-74-69-73=290
Billy Joe Patton (a)  United States 70-68-76-76=290 0

Source:[6][7]

(a) denotes amateur

Playoff[edit]

Sunday, June 16, 1957

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Dick Mayer  United States 72 +2 7,200
2 Cary Middlecoff  United States 79 +9 4,200

Scorecard[edit]

Hole  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 5 3 4 4 4 4 4
United States Mayer E +1 +1 +1 +1 E E E +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +2 +2 +2 +2
United States Middlecoff +1 +1 +1 +1 +2 +2 +3 +4 +4 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +8 +8 +9 +9

Source:[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Yardage, par for Inverness". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 13, 1957. p. 33. 
  2. ^ a b "Weather creates another Open record". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). June 16, 1957. p. 2, sec.4. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Open history:1957". USGA. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  4. ^ Bartlett, Charles (June 17, 1957). "Mayer beats Middlecoff by 7 strokes". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, sec. 4. 
  5. ^ a b Bartlett, Charles (June 15, 1957). "Patton, Mayer tie 36-hole Open record". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, sec. 2. 
  6. ^ a b c d Bartlett, Charles (June 16, 1957). "Middlecoff ties Mayer for Open title". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 1, sec. 2. 
  7. ^ a b c Grimsley, Will (June 16, 1957). "Cary, Mayer survive pressure in Open tie". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. p. 1-sports. 
  8. ^ a b "It's 72 for Dick, 79 for Cary, and 97 for fans". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). June 17, 1957. p. 20. 
  9. ^ a b "Mayer wins national open from Middlecoff; 72 to 79". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. June 17, 1957. p. 10. 
  10. ^ MacDonald, Jim (June 11, 1957). "Nicklaus picks Ben Hogan". Toledo Blade. p. 32. 
  11. ^ a b "National Open tourney scores (second round)". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). Associated Press. June 15, 1957. p. 6. 
  12. ^ a b Wolfe, Don (June 13, 1957). "Ben Hogan withdraws from national open play". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). p. 1. 
  13. ^ a b "Dejected Hogan quits because of backache". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 14, 1957. p. 24. 
  14. ^ a b Wind, Herbert Warren (June 24, 1957). "Fame calls on Dick Mayer". Sports Illustrated. 
  15. ^ a b Bartlett, Charles (June 14, 1957). "Demaret's 68 leads field in U.S. Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, sec. 4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°39′07″N 83°39′04″W / 41.652°N 83.651°W / 41.652; -83.651