1957 U.S. Open (golf)
|Dates||June 13–16, 1957|
|Length||6,919 yards (6,327 m)|
|Field||157 players, 53 after cut|
|282 (+2), playoff|
The 1957 U.S. Open was the 57th U.S. Open, held June 12–15 at Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio. Dick Mayer defeated defending champion Cary Middlecoff in an 18-hole playoff to win his only major title.
Amateur Billy Joe Patton was the 36-hole co-leader with Mayer, but fell back with consecutive 76s and tied for eighth. The 54-hole lead was held by Jimmy Demaret, age 47, attempting to become the oldest U.S. Open champion. Mayer was a shot back, while Middlecoff, Julius Boros, and Roberto De Vicenzo were two back.
With temperatures soaring in the final round with high humidity, Demaret was five-over through eleven holes. He rebounded with three birdies on the back nine to post a 72 and a 283 total, a shot out of the playoff. Mayer carded a 70 and a 282 total, while Middlecoff birdied the last to force a playoff. The Sunday playoff turned out to be a one-sided affair, as Mayer shot 72 to Middlecoff's 79. Temperatures again approached 100 °F (38 °C) and only one birdie was carded.
This U.S. Open witnessed the debut of 17-year-old amateur Jack Nicklaus, who had consecutive rounds of 80 and missed the cut. It was just the beginning for Nicklaus, as he won a record-tying four U.S. Open titles and a record 18 major championships. While Nicklaus was making his debut, three-time major winner Denny Shute was playing his last Open; he too missed the cut. Two-time champion Gene Sarazen, at 55 in his penultimate Open, also missed the cut. After receiving medical attention for a back ailment, four-time champion and pre-tournament favorite Ben Hogan withdrew prior to his first round on Thursday.
The course was scheduled to play to a length of 6,961 yards (6,365 m), but heavy rains caused several new tee boxes to become unplayable and the course was shortened by about 100 yards (90 m).
Lengths of the course for previous major championships:
Past champions in the field
Made the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Cary Middlecoff||United States||1949, 1956||71||75||68||68||282||+2||2|
|Julius Boros||United States||1952||69||75||70||70||284||+4||T4|
|Jack Fleck||United States||1955||72||76||73||74||295||+15||T26|
|Lew Worsham||United States||1947||78||72||75||73||298||+18||T38|
Missed the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Ed Furgol||United States||1954||75||77||152||+12|
|Lloyd Mangrum||United States||1946||79||76||155||+15|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||1922, 1932||79||79||158||+18|
- Due to a back ailment, four-time champion Ben Hogan formally withdrew
from the championship on Thursday morning without playing.
Thursday, June 13, 1957
|1||Jimmy Demaret||United States||68||−2|
|T2||Julius Boros||United States||69||−1|
|Doug Ford||United States|
|Ken Venturi||United States|
|T5||Billy Maxwell||United States||70||−2|
|Dick Mayer||United States|
|Billy Joe Patton (a)||United States|
|Bud Ward||United States|
|Bo Wininger||United States|
|T10||Jack Burke, Jr.||United States||71||+1|
|Cary Middlecoff||United States|
|Sam Penecale||United States|
|Don Whitt||United States|
Friday, June 14, 1957
|T1||Dick Mayer||United States||70-68=138||−2|
|Billy Joe Patton (a)||United States||70-68=138|
|T3||Doug Ford||United States||69-71=140||E|
|Ken Venturi||United States||69-71=140|
|T5||Jimmy Demaret||United States||68-73=141||+1|
|Bo Wininger||United States||70-71=141|
|7||Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina||72-70=142||+2|
|T9||Julius Boros||United States||69-75=144||+4|
|Fred Hawkins||United States||72-72=144|
|Sam Penecale||United States||71-73=144|
|Bud Ward||United States||70-74=144|
Saturday, June 15, 1957 (morning)
|1||Jimmy Demaret||United States||68-73-70=211||+1|
|2||Dick Mayer||United States||70-68-74=212||+2|
|T3||Julius Boros||United States||69-75-70=214||+4|
|Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina||72-70-72=214|
|Cary Middlecoff||United States||71-75-68=214|
|Billy Joe Patton (a)||United States||70-68-76=214|
|Bud Ward||United States||70-74-70=214|
|T8||Fred Hawkins||United States||72-72-71=215||+5|
|Ken Venturi||United States||69-71-75=215|
|10||Mike Fetchick||United States||74-71-71=216||+6|
Saturday, June 15, 1957 (afternoon)
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|T1||Dick Mayer||United States||70-68-74-70=282||+2||Playoff|
|Cary Middlecoff||United States||71-75-68-68=282|
|3||Jimmy Demaret||United States||68-73-70-72=283||+3||2,160|
|T4||Julius Boros||United States||69-75-70-70=284||+4||1,380|
|Walter Burkemo||United States||74-73-72-65=284|
|T6||Fred Hawkins||United States||72-72-71-71=286||+6||840|
|Ken Venturi||United States||69-71-75-71=286|
|T8||Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina||72-70-72-76=290||+10||465|
|Chick Harbert||United States||68-79-71-72=290|
|Billy Maxwell||United States||70-76-72-72=290|
|Sam Snead||United States||74-74-69-73=290|
|Billy Joe Patton (a)||United States||70-68-76-76=290||0|
- (a) denotes amateur
Sunday, June 16, 1957
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Dick Mayer||United States||72||+2||7,200|
|2||Cary Middlecoff||United States||79||+9||4,200|
Cumulative playoff scores, relative to par
Birdie Bogey Double bogey
- "Yardage, par for Inverness". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 13, 1957. p. 33.
- "Weather creates another Open record". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). June 16, 1957. p. 2, sec.4.
- "U.S. Open history:1957". USGA. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 17, 1957). "Mayer beats Middlecoff by 7 strokes". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, sec. 4.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 15, 1957). "Patton, Mayer tie 36-hole Open record". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, sec. 2.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 16, 1957). "Middlecoff ties Mayer for Open title". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 1, sec. 2.
- Grimsley, Will (June 16, 1957). "Cary, Mayer survive pressure in Open tie". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. p. 1-sports.
- "It's 72 for Dick, 79 for Cary, and 97 for fans". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). June 17, 1957. p. 20.
- "Mayer wins national open from Middlecoff; 72 to 79". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. June 17, 1957. p. 10.
- MacDonald, Jim (June 11, 1957). "Nicklaus picks Ben Hogan". Toledo Blade. p. 32.
- "National Open tourney scores (second round)". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). Associated Press. June 15, 1957. p. 6.
- Wolfe, Don (June 13, 1957). "Ben Hogan withdraws from national open play". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). p. 1.
- "Dejected Hogan quits because of backache". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 14, 1957. p. 24.
- Wind, Herbert Warren (June 24, 1957). "Fame calls on Dick Mayer". Sports Illustrated.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 14, 1957). "Demaret's 68 leads field in U.S. Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, sec. 4.