1957 in Northern Ireland
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- 1 January - Border Campaign: Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in an Irish Republican Army attack on a Royal Ulster Constabulary barracks in Brookeborough, County Fermanagh.  Following this, the Government of Ireland uses the Offences Against the State Act to intern most of the IRA’s leadership.
- 12 January - Over 100 Irish republican suspects are arrested under the Civil Authorities (Special Powers) Act (Northern Ireland).
- 30 September - Last day of operation of 97 miles (155 km) of railway in Northern Ireland (Great Northern Railway (Ireland) branches and the entire Sligo, Leitrim and Northern Counties Railway) following government instructions. Fermanagh loses all its lines.
- undated - Cyril Lord opens a new factory for the production of tufted carpets at Donaghadee, County Down.
Arts and literature
- Padraic Fiacc publishes Woe to the Boy.
- Winners: Glenavon
- 21 January - Terence Francis MacCarthy, genealogist, historian, and writer.
- 3 March
- 19 March - Patrick Joseph Kelly, Commander of the Provisional IRA East Tyrone Brigade, killed by Special Air Service at Loughgall (died 1987).
- 27 April - Jim Wells, Democratic Unionist Party MLA.
- 9 May - Billy Hamilton, footballer.
- 23 May - Jimmy McShane (aka Baltimora), dancer and singer (died 1995).
- 4 August - Henry Cluney, guitarist.
- 16 August - Roberta Blackman-Woods, academic and politician
- 29 August - Antoine Mac Giolla Bhrighde, Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteer, killed in armed confrontation with British troops (died 1984).
- 13 September - Mal Donaghy, footballer.
- 16 September - David McCreery, footballer.
- 30 November - Daniel McCann, volunteer of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, killed by SAS soldiers during Operation Flavius (died 1988).
Full date unknown
- Séanna Breathnach, former volunteer in the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
- Roy Walker, footballer and football manager.
- 29 March - Joyce Cary, novelist and artist (born 1888).
- 1 August - Cathal O'Byrne, singer, poet and writer (born 1867).
- English, Richard. Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-19-517753-4.
- Hanley, Brian; Miller, Scott (2009). The Lost Revolution: The Story of the Official IRA and the Workers' Party. Dublin: Penguin Ireland. p. 15.
- Ollerenshaw, Philip. "Innovation and Corporate Failure: Cyril Lord in UK Textiles 1945-1968" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-09-02.