1957 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1957.

Expeditions, field work, and fossil discoveries[edit]

Institutions and organizations[edit]

Natural history museums[edit]

Scientific organizations[edit]

Scientific advances[edit]

Paleoanthropology[edit]

Paleobotany[edit]

Evolutionary biology[edit]

Exopaleontology[edit]

Extinction research[edit]

Micropaleontology[edit]

Invertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ameghinoia[2]

Gen et sp nov

jr synonym

Viana & Haedo Rossi, 1957

Middle Eocene

Ventana Formation

 Argentina

Extinct Myrmeciin ant genus,
jr synonym of type species Archimyrmex, sole species A. piatnitzkii

Trace fossils[edit]

Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Data coutersy of George Olshevky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Lexovisaurus[4] Nomen dubium

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Oxford Clay Formation

 United Kingdom

A stegosaurid.

Lusitanosaurus[5] Nomen dubium
  • Zbyszewski

Early Jurassic

Unnamed unit

 Portugal

A basal thyreophoran.

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Colbertosaurus[6]

Valid

  • Minoprio

Middle Triassic

Potrereillos Formation

 Argentina

A traversodontid; a replacement name for Colbertia Minoprio (1954)

Scalenodontoides[7]

Valid

  • Crompton and Ellenberger

Late Triassic (late Norian-Rhaetian)

Lower Elliot Formation

 Lesotho
 South Africa

A traversodontid.

Research techniques[edit]

Fossil trade[edit]

Law and politics[edit]

Regulation of fossil collection, transport, or sale[edit]

Fossil-related crime[edit]

Official symbols[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Ethics and practice[edit]

Hoaxes[edit]

Scandals[edit]

Unethical practice[edit]

People[edit]

Births[edit]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Historiography and anthropology of paleontology[edit]

Pseudoscience[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Amusement parks and attractions[edit]

Art[edit]

Comics[edit]

Film[edit]

Gaming[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Plutonia: An Adventure Through Prehistory by Russian geologist Vladimir Obruchev was published. The novel depicts a team of scientists, who find an arctic entry to a subterranean realm populated by dinosaurs. Other forms of prehistoric life and giant tortoises also made an appearance in Obruchev's underworld. Paleontologist William A. S. Sarjeant describes this novel's ending as "blea[k]" because after returning to the surface all of the scientists become involved in World War I and "all their trophies and even their lives are lost." The novel's portrayal of sauropods as being able to move about effectively on land was notable because at the time most scientists believed that sauropods relied on buoyancy in water to help support their body weight.[8]

Philately[edit]

Television[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Dlussky, G.M. (2012). "New Fossil Ants of the Subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Germany". Paleontological Journal 46 (3): 288–292. doi:10.1134/s0031030111050054. 
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Hoffstetter, R. 1957. Quelques observations sur le Stegosaurines. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris (2nd series) 29: pp. 537- 547.
  5. ^ Lapparent, A.F. de and G. Zbyszewski. 1957. Les dinosauriens du Portugal. Mémoires du Service géologique du Portugal 2: pp. 1-63.
  6. ^ Mionoprio, J. L., 1957, Nota aclaratoria sobre Colberta muralis: Ameghiniana, v. 1, p. 144.
  7. ^ A. W. Crompton and F. Ellenberger. 1957. On a new cynodont from the Molteno Beds and the origin of the tritylodontids. Annals of the South African Museum 44:1-14
  8. ^ Sarjeant, W. A. S., 2001, Dinosaurs in fiction: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, p. 504-529.