1957 in the Soviet Union
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|See also:||Other events of 1957|
History of the Soviet Union
- First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union – Nikita Khrushchev
- Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union – Kliment Voroshilov
- Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union – Nikolai Bulganin
- 1957 Soviet nuclear tests
- Doctor Zhivago (novel) is published in Italy by Boris Pasternak after being rejected by Soviet censors.
- 26 September – Soviet submarine M-256 sinks after one of its diesel engines explodes.
- 29 September – Kyshtym disaster
- 4 October – Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite, is launched.
- November – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition arrives in Antarctica.
- 7 November – The dog Laika becomes the first animal to orbit the Earth when Sputnik 2 is launched.
- 27 February – Viktor Markin, athlete
- 14 April – Mikhail Pletnev, pianist
- 4 October – Aleksandr Tkachyov, gymnast
- 3 December – Maxim Korobov, politician
- 15 July – Vasily Maklakov, politician (born 1869)
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