1957 in the United States
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|1957 in the United States|
48 stars (1912–59)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1945–64)|
Events from the year 1957 in the United States.
- President: Dwight D. Eisenhower (R-Kansas/New York)
- Vice President: Richard Nixon (R-California)
- Chief Justice: Earl Warren (California)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Sam Rayburn (D–Texas)
- Senate Majority Leader: Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Texas)
- Congress: 84th (until January 3), 85th (starting January 3)
- January 2 – The San Francisco and Los Angeles stock exchanges merge to form the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange.
- January 6 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the 3rd and final time. He is only shown from the waist up, even during the gospel segment, singing "Peace In The Valley". Ed Sullivan describes Elvis thus: "This is a real decent, fine boy. We've never had a pleasanter experience on our show with a big name than we've had with you. You're thoroughly alright."
- January 20 – Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States.
- January 22 – The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut, and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
- January 23 – Ku Klux Klan members force truck driver Willie Edwards to jump off a bridge into the Alabama River; he drowns as a result.
- January 31 – Pacoima aircraft accident: Three students on a junior high school playground in Pacoima, California, are among the 8 persons killed following a mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet, in the skies above the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles.
- February 4 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571), logs its 60,000th nautical mile, matching the endurance of the fictional Nautilus described in Jules Verne's novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea.
- February 17 – The Warrenton Nursing Home Fire kills 72 people.
- February 25 – The "Boy In The Box" is discovered along a sidewalk in Philadelphia. The murder victim is described as Caucasian in appearance and 4 to 6 years old; the case is never solved.
- March 7 – The United States Congress approves the Eisenhower Doctrine.
- March 10 – Floodgates of The Dalles Dam are closed, inundating Celilo Falls and ancient Native American fisheries along the Columbia River in Oregon.
- March 13 – The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation arrests Jimmy Hoffa and charges him with bribery.
- March 26 – 22-year-old Elvis Presley buys Graceland on 3734 Bellevue Boulevard (Highway 51 South) for $100,000. He and his family move from the house on 1034 Audubon Drive.
- March 27 – The 29th Academy Awards ceremony is held.
- March 31 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella, the team's only musical written especially for television, is telecast live and in color by CBS, starring Julie Andrews in the title role. The production is seen by millions, but this 1957 version is not telecast again for more than 40 years, when a kinescope of it is shown.
- April 12 – Allen Ginsberg's poem Howl, printed in England, is seized by U.S. customs officials on the grounds of obscenity.
- May 2 – Vincent Gigante fails to assassinate mafioso Frank Costello in Manhattan.
- May 3 – Brooklyn Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley agrees to move the team from Brooklyn, to Los Angeles.
- June 15 – Oklahoma celebrates its semi-centennial statehood. A brand new 1957 Plymouth Belvedere is buried in a time capsule (to be opened 50 years later on June 15, 2007).
- June 20 – 1957 Fargo Tornado starts at 7:30 pm.
- June 25 – The United Church of Christ is formed in Cleveland, Ohio by the merger of the Congregational Christian Churches and the Evangelical and Reformed Church.
- June 27 – Hurricane Audrey demolishes Cameron, Louisiana, killing 400 people.
- July 9 – Elvis Presley's Loving You opens in movie theaters.
- July 16 – United States Marine Major John Glenn flies an F8U supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds, setting a new transcontinental speed record.
- August 5 – American Bandstand, a local dance show produced by WFIL-TV in Philadelphia, joins the ABC Television Network.
- August 21 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces a 2-year suspension of nuclear testing.
- August 28 – United States Senator Strom Thurmond (D-SC) sets the record for the longest filibuster with his 24-hour, 18-minute speech railing against a civil rights bill.
- September 4
- American Civil Rights Movement – Governor Orville Faubus of Arkansas calls out the National Guard of the United States to prevent the "Little Rock Nine" African-American students from enrolling in Little Rock Central High School.
- The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel on what the company proclaims as "E Day".
- September 9
- September 24 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends federal troops to Arkansas to provide safe passage into Little Rock Central High School for the Little Rock Nine.
- September 26 – West Side Story, a new musical by Leonard Bernstein, Jerome Robbins, Arthur Laurents and Stephen Sondheim opens at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway.
- October 9 – Neil H. McElroy is sworn in as United States Secretary of Defense.
- October 10
- October 11 – The orbit of the last stage of the R-7 Semyorka rocket (carrying Sputnik I) is first successfully calculated on an IBM 704 computer by teams at The M.I.T. Computation Center and Operation Moonwatch, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- October 21 – The U.S. military sustains its first combat fatality in Vietnam, Army Capt. Hank Cramer of the 1st Special Forces Group.
- October 25 – Mafia boss Albert Anastasia is assassinated in a barber shop, at the Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City.
- October 31 – Toyota begins exporting vehicles to the U.S., beginning with the Toyota Crown and the Toyota Land Cruiser
- November 1 – The Mackinac Bridge, the world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan's two peninsulas.
- November 6 – Jailhouse Rock opens nationally and Elvis Presley continues to gain more notoriety.
- November 7 – Cold War: In the United States, the Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
- November 14 – Apalachin Meeting: American Mafia leaders meet in Apalachin, New York, at the house of Joseph Barbara; the meeting is broken up by a curious patrolman.
- November 16
- November 25 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower suffers a stroke.
- December 2 – Shippingport Atomic Power Station goes onstream; commercial operation begins on May 26, 1958.
- December 6 – Vanguard TV3, the first U.S. attempt to launch a satellite, fails with the rocket blowing up on the launch pad.
- December 19 – Meredith Willson's classic musical The Music Man, starring Robert Preston, debuts on Broadway.
- December 20 – The Boeing 707 airliner flies for the first time.
- December 22 – The CBS afternoon anthology series Seven Lively Arts presents Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker on U.S. television for the first time.
- Operation Dropshot, an all-out U.S. war with the Soviet Union, is expected to be triggered by the Soviet takeover of Western Europe, the Near East and parts of Eastern Asia, as it was anticipated in 1949.
- January 6 – Nancy Lopez, golfer
- Spike Lee, film director and actor
- May 21 – Judge Reinhold, actor
- September 27 – Peter Sellars, theatre director
- January 14 – Humphrey Bogart, film actor (born 1899)
- January 16 – Arturo Toscanini, Italian-born orchestral conductor (born 1867)
- February 10 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, author (born 1867)
- Bugs Moran, gangster (born 1893)
- March 11 – Richard E. Byrd, explorer (born 1888)
- May 2 – Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator from 1947 till 1957 (born 1908)
- May 13 – Robert A. "Fuzzy" Theobald, admiral (born 1884)
- May 16 – Eliot Ness, Prohibition agent (born 1903)
- July 8 – Grace Coolidge, wife of Calvin Coolidge, First Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States (born 1879)
- August 7 – Oliver Hardy, comic film actor (born 1892)
- September 2 – Bobby Myers, race car driver (killed in racetrack accident) (born 1927)
- October 13 — Erich Auerbach, German philologist, literary critic and comparative scholar (born 1892)
- October 25 – Albert Anastasia, Italian American gangster (born 1902)
- October 29 – Louis B. Mayer, Belarusian-born film studio head (born 1885)
- November 29 – Erich Korngold, Austrian-born composer (born 1897)
- December 10 – Maurice McLoughlin, tennis player (born 1890)
- December 24 – Norma Talmadge, silent film actress (born 1893)
- Media related to 1957 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons