1959 Israeli legislative election

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Elections for the 4th Knesset
Israel
← 1955 3 November 1959 1961 →
Turnout81.5%
Party Leader % Seats ±
Mapai David Ben-Gurion 38.2% 47 +7
Herut Menachem Begin 13.5% 17 +2
Mafdal Haim-Moshe Shapira 9.9% 12 +1
Mapam Meir Ya'ari 7.2% 9 0
General Zionists Yosef Sapir 6.2% 8 -5
Ahdut HaAvoda Yisrael Galili 6.0% 7 -3
Religious Torah Front Yitzhak-Meir Levin 4.7% 6 0
Progressive Party Pinchas Rosen 4.6% 6 +1
Maki Shmuel Mikunis 2.8% 3 -3
Progress and Development Ahmed A-Dahar 1.3% 2 New
Cooperation and Brotherhood Labib Abu Rokan 1.1% 2 New
Agriculture and Development Mahmud Al-Nashaf 1.1% 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
David Ben-Gurion
Mapai
David Ben-Gurion
Mapai

Legislative elections were held in Israel on 3 November 1959 to elect the 120 members of the fourth Knesset. Mapai remained the dominant party, gaining seven seats. Following the elections, Mapai leader David Ben-Gurion formed ninth government on 17 December 1959. His coalition included the National Religious Party, Mapam, Ahdut HaAvoda, the Progressive Party and the three Israeli Arab parties, Progress and Development, Cooperation and Brotherhood and Agriculture and Development. The government had 16 ministers. Mapai's Kadish Luz became the Speaker of the Knesset.

Voter turnout was 81.5%.[1]

Results[edit]

1959 Knesset.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Mapai 370,585 38.2 47 +7
Herut 130,515 13.5 17 +2
National Religious Party 95,581 9.9 12 +1
Mapam 69,468 7.2 9 0
General Zionists 59,700 6.2 8 −5
Ahdut HaAvoda 58,043 6.0 7 −3
Religious Torah Front 45,569 4.7 6 0
Progressive Party 44,889 4.6 6 +1
Maki 27,374 2.8 3 −3
Progress and Development 12,347 1.3 2 New
Cooperation and Brotherhood 11,104 1.1 2 New
Agriculture and Development 10,902 1.1 1 0
Union of North African Immigrants 8,199 0.8 0 New
Progress and Work 4,651 0.5 0 −2
Independent Faction for Israeli Arabs 3,818 0.4 0 New
Israeli Arab Labour Party 3,369 0.3 0 New
Sephardi National Party 3,133 0.3 0 New
National Union 2,456 0.2 0 0
Holocaust Handicapped and Injured Faction 1,765 0.2 0 New
Yemenite Faction 1,711 0.2 0 0
Independents 1,611 0.2 0 New
Socialist Union (Bund) 1,322 0.1 0 New
New Immigrants Front 631 0.1 0 0
Third Power 594 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 24,967
Total 994,306 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

Aftermath[edit]

The government collapsed when Ben-Gurion resigned on 31 January 1961, over a motion of no-confidence brought by Herut and the General Zionists in the wake of the Lavon Affair. When Ben-Gurion was unable to form a new government new elections were called. Serving one year and nine months, the fourth Knesset was the shortest Knesset term until the five-month twenty-first Knesset in 2019.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p124 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]