1959 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1959.

Paleozoology[edit]

Conodont paleozoology[edit]

German paleontologist Klaus J. Müller (1923-2010) described the conodont family Westergaardodinidae.[2]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Furnishina[2]

valid

Klaus J. Müller

Cambrian

 Germany

Hertzina[2]

valid

Klaus J. Müller

Cambrian

 Germany

Westergaardodina[2]

valid

Klaus J. Müller

Cambrian

 Germany

Dollymae[3]

valid

Wilbert H. Hass

Carboniferous

Chappel limestone of Texas

 USA

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Incertae sedis[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Palaeosauriscus[4]

Junior synonym

  • Kuhn

Late Triassic

Fissure fill deposits

 England

Junior synonym of Palaeosaurus.

Newly named pseudosuchians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Clarencea[5]

Junior synonym

  • Brink

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Upper Elliot Formation

 South Africa

Junior synonym of non-dinosaurian Sphenosuchus.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[6]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Chialingosaurus[7] Valid taxon.

Late Jurassic (Bathonian-Callovian)

Shangshaximiao Formation

 China

A stegosaur.

Pachysauriscus[4]

Junior synonym

  • Kuhn

Late Triassic (Norian)

Trossingen Formation

 Germany

Junior synonym of Plateosaurus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Newly named Plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Stretosaurus

Nomen dubium

Tarlo

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Kimmeridge Clay Formation

 UK

A dubious pliosaurid belonging to Thalassophonea.

Birds[edit]

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anthropodyptes gilli [8]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Simpson

Middle Miocene

Balcombian Stage

 Australia

A Spheniscidae.

Bathoceleus hyphalus [9]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Pleistocene-Late Holocene

New Providence Island, Banana Hole

 Bahamas

A Picidae, this is the type of the genus.

Burhinus nanus [9]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Pleistocene-Late Holocene

New Providence Island, Banana Hole

 Bahamas

A Burhinidae.

Caracara creightoni [9]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Pleistocene

New Providence Island, Banana Hole

 Bahamas

A Falconidae.

Colinus suilium [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Middle Pleistocene

Arredondo clay,

Reddics beds

 USA

An Odontophoridae.

Cremaster tytthus [10]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Middle Pleistocene

Arredondo clay

 USA

An Icteridae, this is the type of the genus.

Henocitta brodkorbi [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Holman

Pleistocene

Arredondo clay

 USA

An Corvidae, this is the type of the genus.

Milvago readei [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Pleistocene

Arredondo clay

 USA

An Falconidae, originally described as Falco readei.

Pliogyps fisheri [12]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Tordoff

Pliocene

Rexroad Formation

 USA

A Cathartidae, this is the type of the genus.

Presbyornis recurvirostrus [13]

Sp. nov.

valid

Hardy

Early Eocene

Colton Formatie

 USA

An Presbyornithidae, origibally described as Coltonia recurvirostra.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Titanopteryx

Preoccupied

Arambourg

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Phosphate deposits

 Jordan

Later renamed Arambourgiana Nesov, Kanznyshkina, and Cherepanov, 1987

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c d Kambrische conodonten. KJ Müller, Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, 1959, volume 111, pages 434-485 (URL at Schweizerbart Science Publishers, Stuttgart, Germany
  3. ^ Conodonts from the Chappel limestone of Texas. Wilbert H. Hass, 1959
  4. ^ a b Kuhn, O. 1959. Ein neuer Microsaurier aus dem deutschen Rotliegenden. N. Jb. Geol. Palaeontol. Mh. 1959: pp. 424-426;
  5. ^ Brink, A.S. 1959. A new small thecodont from the Red Beds of the Stormberg series. Palaeontologia Africana 6: pp. 109–115.
  6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  7. ^ Young C.-C. 1959. On a new Stegosauria from Szechuan, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 3: pp. 1-8.
  8. ^ Simpson, George Gaylord (1959). "A New Fossil Penguin from Australia". Proceedings of the Royal Society Victoria. 71: 113–119. 
  9. ^ a b c Pierce Brodkorb (1959). "Pleistocene Birds from New Providence Island, Bahamas". Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences. 4 (11): 349–371. 
  10. ^ a b c Pierce Brodkorb (1959). "The Pleistocene Avifauna of Arredondo, Florida". Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences. 4 (9): 269–291. 
  11. ^ J. Alan Holman (1959). "Birds and Mammals from the Pleistocene of Williston, Florida". Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences. 5: 1–24. 
  12. ^ Harrison B. Tordoff (1959). "A Condor from the Upper Pliocene of Kansas". Condor. 61: 338–343. 
  13. ^ John William Hardy (1959). "A Previously Undescribed Recurvirostrid from the Eocene of Utah". Auk. 76 (9): 106–108.