From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1959 in and science technology involved some significant events, listed below.
Astronomy and space exploration [ edit ]
February 6 – At
Cape Canaveral, Florida, the first successful test firing of a Titan intercontinental ballistic missile is accomplished. February 17 –
Vanguard 2, the first weather satellite, is launched to measure cloud cover for the United States Navy. June 25 – A KH-1
Corona satellite, believed to be the first operational spy satellite, is launched as science mission "Discoverer 4" from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, aboard a Thor-Agena rocket. August 7 – The United States launches
Explorer 6 from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral. September 15 – Russian probe
Luna 3 sends back first photos of the far side of Earth's Moon. September 19 –
Giuseppe Cocconi and Philip Morrison establish the scientific rationale for SETI with the publishing of their seminal paper "Searching for Interstellar Communications" in . Nature November 24 –
Yardymli meteorite makes a landfall in Azerbaijan. December 4 –
Little Joe 2, a mission in the Mercury program, carries Sam the monkey into space.
Coma Berenicids discovered.  First successful test of a
nuclear thermal rocket engine, as part of Project Rover at Los Alamos National Laboratory in the United States under Raemer Schreiber. 
Biology [ edit ]
Chemistry [ edit ]
Computer science [ edit ]
History of science [ edit ]
Mathematics [ edit ]
Medicine [ edit ]
Physics [ edit ]
Technology [ edit ]
Organisations [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Coma Berenicids". Meteor Showers Online . Retrieved . 2011-11-08
^ Pace, Eric (31 December 1998). "R. E. Schreiber, 88, Nuclear Bomb Physicist". The New York Times . Retrieved . 2013-10-04
^ Chang, M. C. (1959). "Fertilization of Rabbit Ova in vitro" (PDF). . Nature 184 (4684): 466–67. Bibcode: 1959Natur.184..466C. doi: 10.1038/184466a0 . Retrieved . 2011-08-15
^ Greep, Roy O. (1991). "Min Chueh Chang". Biographical Memoirs. United States National Academy of Sciences . Retrieved . 2011-08-15
^ "Disc Electrophoresis" . Retrieved . 2011-10-16
^ Gardner, Martin (October 1959). "Mathematical Games: Problems involving questions of probability and ambiguity" (PDF). . Scientific American 201 (4): 174–182. doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican1059-174 . Retrieved . 2015-08-20
^ Gardner, Martin (November 1959). "Mathematical Games: How three modern mathematicians disproved a celebrated conjecture of Leonhard Euler" (PDF). Scientific American. 201 (5): 188. doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican1159-181 . Retrieved . 2015-08-20
^ Iwasawa, Kenkichi (1959). "On Γ-extensions of algebraic number fields". . Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 65 (4): 183–226. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9904-1959-10317-7. ISSN 0002-9904. MR 0124316. Zbl 0089.02402.
^ "Minamata disease". United Nations University . Retrieved . 2010-10-17
^ Machado, Calixto (2005). "The first organ transplant from a brain-dead donor". . Neurology 64 (11): 1938–42. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000163515.09793.cb.
^ McLaughlin, Thomas P.; et al. (May 2000). "A Review of Criticality Accidents" (PDF). CSRIC. Los Alamos National Laboratory. p. 96. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-26. Radiation doses were intense, being estimated at 205, 320, 410, 415, 422, and 433 rem.74 Of the six persons present, one died and the other five recovered after severe cases of radiation sickness.
^ Johnston, Wm. Robert (2005-09-14). "Vinca reactor accident, 1958". Database of radiological incidents and related events – Johnston's Archive . Retrieved . 2012-07-02
^ Martin, Douglas (2010-10-20). "Dr. Georges Mathé, Transplant Pioneer, Dies at 88". . The New York Times
^ Pence, G. E. (2008). "Preventing the Global Spread of AIDS". Medical Ethics: Accounts of the Cases That Shaped and Define Medical Ethics. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 330.
^ Gould, R. Gordon (1959). "The LASER, Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation". In Franken, P.A.; Sands, R.H. The Ann Arbor Conference on Optical Pumping, the University of Michigan, 15 June through 18 June 1959. p. 128. OCLC 02460155.
^ Challoner, Jack, ed. (2009). 1001 Inventions That Changed the World. London: Cassell. p. 754. ISBN 978-1-84403-611-0.