1960 Copa Libertadores

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1960 Copa de Campeones de América
Tournament details
DatesApril 19 - June 19
Teams7 (from 7 confederations)
Final positions
ChampionsUruguay Peñarol (1st title)
Runners-upParaguay Olimpia
Tournament statistics
Matches played13
Goals scored39 (3 per match)
Top scorer(s)Ecuador Alberto Spencer (7 goals)

The 1960 Copa de Campeones de América was the first season of the Copa CONMEBOL Libertadores, CONMEBOL's premier club tournament. Seven association's clubs entered the first competition, with three not sending a representative. The first match of the tournament was played between Uruguayan side Peñarol and Bolivian side Jorge Wilstermann on April 19 in Montevideo, Uruguay.

During that game, Ausberto García of Jorge Wilstermann became the first player to move the ball in the tournament setting the motions for what is to become one of the most prestigious competitions in the world. Carlos Borges of Peñarol scored the first goal of the tournament, with teammate and legendary figure Alberto Spencer scoring the first hat-trick.[1]

Peñarol would go to become the first South American club champion after defeating the Olimpia in the finals. With the subsequent results on later editions, Peñarol became the most successful club in the competition until 1973.


CONMEBOL, the governing body of the sport in South America, had been formed in 1916, but for the first forty-three years of its existence, its member associations played only friendly matches against each other, with no prizes at stake. In 1958, however, José Ramos de Freitas, the confederation's president, finally set into motion a competition open to all national champions of the continent, with a trophy to be awarded to the winners. The South American Championship of Champions was the inspiration for the idea to take fruit and formation. Although all national association's champions were eligible to participate, only seven chose to do so: Bahia of Brazil, Jorge Wilstermann of Bolivia, Millonarios of Colombia, Olimpia of Paraguay, Peñarol of Uruguay, San Lorenzo of Argentina and Universidad de Chile of Chile. Peru and Venezuela did not send their respective national league champions since the tournament received general lack of interest from its associations, and Ecuador did not have a national champion to send. The first edition of the Copa de Campeones aroused no great accompaniment to the press particularly in Pacific Rim countries and in Brazil and Argentina.[2]


Association Team Entry stage Qualification method
Argentina Argentina
1 berth
San Lorenzo de Almagro Preliminary round 1959 Primera División champions
Bolivia Bolivia
1 berth
Jorge Wilstermann Preliminary round 1959 Campeonato Nacional de Bolívia champions
Brazil Brazil
1 berth
Bahia Preliminary round 1959 Taça Brasil[1] champions
Chile Chile
1 berth
Universidad de Chile Preliminary round 1959 Nacional de la Primera División champions
Colombia Colombia
1 berth
Millonarios Preliminary round 1959 Campeonato Profesional champions
Ecuador Ecuador[Note ECU]
Paraguay Paraguay
1 berth
Olimpia Semifinals 1959 Primera División champions
Peru Peru[Note PER]
Uruguay Uruguay
1 berth
Peñarol Preliminary round 1959 Campeonato Uruguayo de Primera champions
Venezuela Venezuela[Note VEN]
  1. Ecuador (ECU):
    • Ecuador were unable to send a team as a national championship was not held in 1959.
  2. Peru (PER):
  3. Venezuela (VEN):


Each match-up was a two-team group stage. Wins were awarded two points, 1 point for a draw, and no points for a loss. The team with the most points after a home and away game advanced to the next stage. If the teams still remained tied, goal difference will become a factor. A one-game playoff would be implemented in case the teams are still tied. A draw of lots was to become the last solution to breaking a tie.

Preliminary round[edit]

Due to there being an odd number of teams in the competition, Olimpia received a bye and thus reached the semi-finals without having played a match in the competition (their predetermined opponents, Universitario of Peru, withdrew so they won by walk over). The series between San Lorenzo de Almagro and Bahia finished in a draw on points and the group was decided on goal difference in which the Argentines were allowed through to the semi-finals. Peñarol and Millonarios completed the semi-final line-up after convincing victories over Jorge Wilstermann and Universidad de Chile, respectively.

There was much publicity in Montevideo as the Bolivian champions Jorge Wilstermann arrived four days ahead of the historic, first ever match of the competition. Unlike what was happening in the five other countries of the competitors, the tournament was receiving a lot of coverage from the Uruguayan media. The President of the Bolivian Football Federation, Valera Cámara, arrived in Montevideo nine days before the game to prepare all the details for the stay of the football champion of his country. He also used the occasion to promote the Campeonato Sudamericano that Bolivia was going to organize in 1961 (eventually held in 1963) and to confirm the matches Bolivia was going to play against Uruguay for the qualifiers of the 1962 FIFA World Cup to be held in Chile. Pablo Pérez Estrada, president of Jorge Wilstermann, arrived on April 13.[3]

The 1972 edition of the Journal Estadio de Chile mentioned that the humiliating elimination of Universidad de Chile was attributed to the exhaustion of the team. Estadio mentions that by that time the interest of the La U executives was to take the Chilean champion for an extensive tour to Europe that was extended, on their return, with some more friendly matches in Central America. The Chilean press, highly critical by the 0–6 thrashing in Santiago, labeled Universidad de Chile as a "team of tourists" and even gave them an alluding cartoon.

Group 1[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Argentina San Lorenzo de Almagro 2 1 0 1 5 3 +2 2
Brazil Bahia 2 1 0 1 3 5 −2 2
San Lorenzo de Almagro Argentina3 – 0Brazil Bahia
Rossi Goal
Ruiz Goal
Sanfilippo Goal
Attendance: ≈10,000
Referee: Esteban Marino (Uruguay)

Bahia Brazil3 – 2Argentina San Lorenzo de Almagro
Carlito Goal
Flavio Goal
Marito Goal
GoalGoal Sanfilippo
Attendance: ≈18,000
Referee: Eustasio Catebeke (Paraguay)

Group 2[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Uruguay Peñarol 2 1 1 0 8 2 +6 3
Bolivia Jorge Wilstermann 2 0 1 1 2 8 −6 1
Peñarol Uruguay7 – 1Bolivia Jorge Wilstermann
Borges Goal 13'27'
Spencer Goal 35'58'67'90'
Cubilla Goal 20'
Goal 49' Alcócer
Attendance: ≈35,000
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

Jorge Wilstermann Bolivia1 – 1Uruguay Peñarol
Renán López Goal 55' Goal 43' Cubilla
Attendance: ≈30,000
Referee: José Luis Praddaude (Argentina)

Group 3[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Colombia Millonarios 2 2 0 0 7 0 +7 4
Chile Universidad de Chile 2 0 0 2 0 7 −7 0
Universidad de Chile Chile0 – 6Colombia Millonarios
Pizarro Goal 4'82'
Klinger Goal 14'68'
Micheli Goal 54'
Larraz Goal 71'
Attendance: ≈18,000
Referee: Juan Carlos Armental (Uruguay)

Millonarios Colombia1 – 0Chile Universidad de Chile
Micheli Goal
Attendance: ≈25,000
Referee: Juan Carlos Armental (Uruguay)


All matches from this stage of the competition onwards resulted in draws except for two. Both semi-final matches of semifinal group A finished in a draw and thus it went into a play-off on a neutral venue. Chile was designated as the venue in which a tie-breaking playoff would be contested in case there was a tie on points. However, the 1960 Valdivia earthquake forced a change of location; Peñarol didn't accept the playoff to be held in Asunción. San Lorenzo, however, allowed the play-off to be held in the home ground of Peñarol in exchange for $100.000. José Sanfilippo later recalled:

With regard to the position taken by our executives on the third game played in Uruguay, Nene said, "I told them (San Lorenzo boardmembers) no! To play again in Montevideo was like going to the lion's mouth", but they didn't listen to me and they accepted the proposal. Their first goal was trout. To put it bluntly, we were screwed over. The Uruguayans thought, "If these idiots were so accepting to play in the 'Centenario', then we can not go easy on them". And then the Paraguayan referee Dimas Larrosa called everything against us all the time. Before, the 'lanyards' usually won and thanks to the bad leadership we had, we were left with nothing. The reality is that the game was given to them for a few bucks."

Olimpia secured the second place in the final by thumping Millonarios at the second leg.

Semifinal A[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Uruguay Peñarol 2 0 2 0 1 1 0 2
Argentina San Lorenzo de Almagro 2 0 2 0 1 1 0 2
Peñarol Uruguay1 – 1Argentina San Lorenzo de Almagro
Linazza Goal 2' Goal 18' Boggio
Attendance: ≈55,000
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

San Lorenzo de Almagro Argentina0 – 0Uruguay Peñarol
Attendance: ≈15,000
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

Peñarol Uruguay2 – 1Argentina San Lorenzo de Almagro
Spencer Goal 61'89' Goal 86' Sanfilippo
Attendance: ≈45,000
Referee: José Dimas Larrosa (Paraguay)

Semifinal B[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Paraguay Olimpia 2 1 1 0 5 1 +4 3
Colombia Millonarios 2 0 1 1 1 5 −4 1
Millonarios Colombia0 – 0Paraguay Olimpia
Attendance: ≈35,000
Referee: José Antonio Sundheim (Colombia)

Olimpia Paraguay5 – 1Colombia Millonarios
Doldán Goal 15'88'
Melgarejo Goal 43'
Noriega Goal 53' (o.g.)
Recalde Goal 62'
Pizarro Goal 70'
Attendance: ≈35,000
Referee: José Luis Praddaude (Argentina)


The finals were contested between Peñarol and Olimpia over two legs, one at each participating club's stadium. The first leg took place at the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo in which the Manyas won 1–0 thanks to an Alberto Spencer goal late in the game. The second leg was played in the Estadio Manuel Ferreira in Asunción. Olimpia was leading 1–0 for the majority of the match, but Luis Cubilla scored the equalizer with only six minutes left in the match to give Peñarol the trophy in the first edition of the competition.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Uruguay Peñarol 2 1 1 0 2 1 +1 3
Paraguay Olimpia 2 0 1 1 1 2 −1 1
Peñarol Uruguay1 – 0Paraguay Olimpia
Spencer Goal 79'
Attendance: 44,690
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)


Copa Libertadores de América
1960 Winner
First Title

Top goalscorers[edit]

Pos Player Team Goals
1 Ecuador Alberto Spencer Uruguay Peñarol 7
2 Argentina Rubén Pizarro Colombia Millonarios 4
Argentina José Sanfilippo Argentina San Lorenzo de Almagro 4
4 Uruguay Luis Cubilla Uruguay Peñarol 3
5 Uruguay Carlos Borges Uruguay Peñarol 2
Paraguay Luis Doldán Paraguay Olimpia 2
Colombia Marino Klinger Colombia Millonarios 2
Paraguay Hipólito Recalde Paraguay Olimpia 2


  1. ^ "O Campeão" (in Portuguese). Bola n@ Ãrea. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  2. ^ Carluccio, Jose (September 2, 2007). "Copa Libertadores de América 1960" (in Spanish). Historia y Fútbol. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  3. ^ Garrido, Atilio. Yo fui testigo aquel 19 de Abril de 1960.


A. ^ Brazil did not have a national league at the time. Instead they sent their Taça Brasil champion.

External links[edit]