1960 in spaceflight (July–December)

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This is a list of spaceflights launched between July and December 1960. For launches between January and June, see 1960 in spaceflight (January–June). For an overview of the whole year, see 1960 in spaceflight.

Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

July[edit]

1 July
14:35
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteoroid research 1 July Successful
Apogee: 162 kilometres (101 mi)
1 July
17:29
United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-20 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 1 July Launch failure
Apogee: 1 kilometre (0.62 mi), exploded above pad
2 July
00:04
United StatesScout X-1 United StatesWallops Island LA-3 United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight 2 July Launch failure
Maiden flight of Scout X-1, apogee: 1,380 kilometres (860 mi)
2 July
06:58
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-11 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 2 July Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
4 July Soviet UnionEast GermanyR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar SP-2 Soviet UnionNII-88
NII-88 Suborbital Target 4 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 July
15:56
Soviet UnionR-7A Semyorka Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 5 July Successful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
6 July
15:55
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 6 July Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
7 July
15:27
Soviet UnionR-7A Semyorka Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 7 July Successful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
7 July United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSNS Observation Island, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 7 July Launch failure
7 July Soviet UnionEast GermanyR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar SP-2 Soviet UnionNII-88
NII-88 Suborbital Target 7 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 July
04:00
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 9 July Successful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
11 July
04:24
JapanKappa-8 JapanAkita JapanISAS
ISAS Suborbital Test flight 11 July Successful
First Japanese spaceflight, apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
12 July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 12 July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
13 July
00:23
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 13 July Successful
Apogee: 170 kilometres (110 mi)
13 July
14:47
United StatesStrongarm United StatesWallops Island United StatesBRL
BRL Suborbital Ionospheric 13 July Launch failure
Apogee: 670 kilometres (420 mi)
13 July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 13 July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
14 July
00:44
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 14 July Launch failure
Apogee: 28 kilometres (17 mi)
14 July
02:43
United StatesStrongarm United StatesWallops Island United StatesBRL
BRL Suborbital Ionospheric 14 July Launch failure
Apogee: 710 kilometres (440 mi)
14 July
10:05
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Frances US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 14 July Successful
Apogee: 148 kilometres (92 mi)
15 July
06:10
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25B United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 15 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
15 July
10:02
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 15 July Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
15 July Soviet UnionR-11A Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionAN
AN Suborbital Ionospheric 15 July Successful
Apogee: 206 kilometres (128 mi)
17 July
04:11
JapanKappa-8 JapanAkita JapanISAS
ISAS Suborbital Test flight 17 July Successful
Apogee: 182 kilometres (113 mi)
18 July
10:01
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Carry US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 18 July Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
19 July
16:00
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 19 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
20 July
17:39
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS George Washington, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 20 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
20 July
20:34
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS George Washington, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 20 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
20 July United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesAEC
AEC Suborbital Aeronomy 20 July
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
20 July Soviet UnionR-5A Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 20 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
21 July
01:32
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Ida US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 21 July Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
21 July
10:02
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Lily US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 21 July Successful
Apogee: 151 kilometres (94 mi)
22 July
04:53
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Auroral 22 July Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
22 July
10:11
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Hedy US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 22 July Successful
Apogee: 108 kilometres (67 mi)
22 July
12:05
United StatesIris United StatesWallops Island LA-1 United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 22 July Successful
Apogee: 224 kilometres (139 mi)
22 July
23:46:16
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesVandenberg LC-576B-1 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 22 July Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
23 July Soviet UnionEast GermanyR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar SP-2 Soviet UnionNII-88
NII-88 Suborbital Target 23 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 24 July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
25 July
08:30
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 25 July Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
25 July
11:54
United KingdomBlack Knight 201 AustraliaWoomera LA-5A United KingdomRAE
RAE Suborbital RV test 25 July Successful
Gaslight test, apogee: 531 kilometres (330 mi)
26 July
10:17
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Janet US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 26 July Successful
Apogee: 119 kilometres (74 mi)
26 July
16:00
United StatesMGM-31 Pershing I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-30A United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Missile test 26 July Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
26 July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 26 July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
27 July
10:19
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Dolly US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 27 July Successful
Apogee: 115 kilometres (71 mi)
27 July United StatesAerobee-300 United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesTattletale PCC-4 NSA Suborbital SIGNIT
Technology
27 July Launch failure
Apogee: 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
28 July
08:30:00
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Amy US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 28 July
Apogee: 111 kilometres (69 mi)
28 July
09:31
Soviet UnionVostok-L 8K72 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
Soviet UnionVostok-1K-1 RVSN Low Earth Test flight +28.5 seconds Launch failure
Booster engine burned through leading to premature separation 17 seconds after launch, rocket exploded shortly afterwards. Two dogs aboard spacecraft, killed in explosion.
28 July
19:36
AustraliaLong Tom AustraliaWoomera LA-2 AustraliaWRE
WRE Suborbital Aeronomy 28 July Successful
Apogee: 126 kilometres (78 mi)
28 July
21:38
United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-20 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 28 June Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 28 July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
29 July
13:13:03
United StatesAtlas LV-3B United StatesCape Canaveral LC-14 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesMercury-Atlas 1 NASA Suborbital Test flight 29 July Launch failure
Maiden flight of Atlas LV-3B, structural failure during ascent. Apogee: 13 kilometres (8.1 mi)
29 July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 29 July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
30 July
20:20
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS George Washington, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 30 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
31 July Soviet UnionEast GermanyR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar SP-2 Soviet UnionNII-88
NII-88 Suborbital Target 31 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test July Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-5A Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
July United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Mugu United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesPhoenix 5 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight July Successful
Apogee: 325 kilometres (202 mi)

August[edit]

1 August
08:30
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Ruthy US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 1 August Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
1 August
10:23
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Hilda US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 1 August Successful
Apogee: 126 kilometres (78 mi)
1 August
17:10
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS George Washington, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 1 August Launch failure
Apogee: 1 kilometre (0.62 mi)
2 August
03:14
United StatesStrongarm United StatesWallops Island United StatesBRL
BRL Suborbital Ionospheric 2 August Launch failure
Apogee: 550 kilometres (340 mi)
2 August
13:30
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesNRL
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 2 August Successful
Apogee: 148 kilometres (92 mi)
2 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 2 August Launch failure
3 August
15:26
United StatesAerobee-300A United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
UMI Suborbital Ionospheric 3 August Successful
Apogee: 415 kilometres (258 mi)
4 August United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 4 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
4 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 4 August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
4 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 4 August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
6 August
09:00
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Gerta US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 6 August Successful
Apogee: 138 kilometres (86 mi)
8 August
10:15
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Betsey US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 8 August Successful
Apogee: 109 kilometres (68 mi)
8 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 8 August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
9 August
18:09
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-12 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 9 August Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
10 August
10:35
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Jeannie US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 10 August Successful
Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
10 August
10:35
United KingdomSkylark-2 AustraliaWoomera LA-2 United KingdomRAE
UCL Suborbital Test flight 10 August Successful
Apogee: 171 kilometres (106 mi)
10 August
20:37:54
United StatesThor DM-18 Agena-A United StatesVandenberg LC-75-3-5 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDiscoverer 13 (KH-1 prototype) CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Technology 14 November Successful
United StatesDiscoverer 13 SRV CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Technology 11 August Successful
SRV recovered at sea, first successful recovery of a spacecraft from orbit
10 August
22:46
United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-19 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 10 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 10 August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
10 August United StatesAerobee-300 United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesTattletale PCC-5 NSA Suborbital SIGNIT
Technology
10 August Successful
Apogee: 383 kilometres (238 mi)
10 August United StatesNike-Zeus United StatesWhite Sands LC-38 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Test flight 10 August Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
11 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 11 August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
12 August
09:39:43
United StatesThor DM-19 Delta United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesEcho 1A NASA Medium Earth Communication
Technology
24 May 1968 Successful
12 August
13:00
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-11 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 12 August Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
12 August
18:28
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 12 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
12 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 12 August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
12 August United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 12 August
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
13 August
07:19
United StatesViper-Falcon United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesTP-Annie US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 13 August Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
15 August
10:35
United StatesHonest John-Nike United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Lola US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 15 August Successful
Apogee: 84 kilometres (52 mi)
16 August
01:42
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Arlene US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 16 August Successful
Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
16 August
10:41
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Peggy US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 16 August Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
17 August
10:42
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Susan US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 17 August Successful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
18 August
01:35
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 18 August Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
18 August
02:42
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Linda US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 18 August Successful
Apogee: 133 kilometres (83 mi)
18 August
10:15
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 18 August Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
18 August
19:57:08
United StatesThor DM-18 Agena-A United StatesVandenberg LC-75-3-4 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDiscoverer 14 (KH-1 9009) CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Optical imaging 16 September Successful
United StatesDiscoverer 14 SRV CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Film return 20 August Successful
SRV recovered in mid-air by a C-119 Flying Boxcar, first mid-air retrieval of a spacecraft
18 August
19:58
United StatesThor DM-21 Ablestar United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesCourier 1A US Army Intended: Low Earth Communication +150 seconds Launch failure
Rocket exploded during ascent
Shortest interval between orbital launch attempts (less than a minute)
19 August
03:20
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 19 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 August
08:44:06
Soviet UnionVostok-L 8K72 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
Soviet UnionKorabl'-Sputnik 2 (Vostok-1K-2) RVSN Low Earth Test flight 20 August Successful
First animals recovered from orbit
19 August
10:40
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Olive US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 19 August Successful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi)
19 August
19:56
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Rena US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 19 August Successful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
20 August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 20 August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
22 August
17:40:57
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
GCA Suborbital Ionospheric 22 August Launch failure
Apogee: 23 kilometres (14 mi)
23 August
17:01
United StatesAerobee-150A United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NYU Suborbital Cosmic ray research 23 August Successful
Apogee: 190 kilometres (120 mi)
23 August
17:10
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Solar 23 August Successful
Apogee: 237 kilometres (147 mi)
25 August
01:04
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 25 August Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
25 August
14:28
United StatesHonest John-Nike United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly Zelda US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 25 August Successful
Apogee: 102 kilometres (63 mi)
26 August
01:03
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 26 August Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
26 August
11:00
United KingdomSkylark-2 AustraliaWoomera LA-2 United KingdomRAE
QUB Suborbital Aeronomy 26 August Successful
Apogee: 109 kilometres (68 mi)
29 August
03:38
United StatesTrailblazer 1 United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital RV test 29 August Successful
Apogee: 260 kilometres (160 mi)
29 August
06:13
United StatesTrailblazer 1 United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital RV test 29 August Successful
Apogee: 260 kilometres (160 mi)
30 August United StatesNike-Asp United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 30 August Launch failure
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
30 August United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-20 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 30 August Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
31 August United StatesAerobee-300 United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesTattletale PCC-6 NSA Suborbital SIGNIT
Technology
31 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test August Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
August United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test August Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
August United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test August Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
August United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test August Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-13 Soviet UnionProject 611 Submarine Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test August Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

September[edit]

2 September United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 2 September Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
3 September
14:08
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 3 September Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
3 September
17:29
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 3 September Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
5 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 5 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
10 September Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionB-67, Beloye More Soviet UnionVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 10 September Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
12 September
20:38:38
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesVandenberg LC-576B-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 12 September Launch failure
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
13 September
17:55
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 13 September Launch failure
13 September
22:14
United StatesThor DM-18 Agena-A United StatesVandenberg LC-75-3-5 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDiscoverer 15 (KH-1 9010) CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Optical imaging 18 October Successful
United StatesDiscoverer 15 SRV CIA DST Intended: Low Earth (Polar) Film return 16 September Spacecraft failure
Mid-air recovery unsuccessful, capsule sank prior to recovery from sea
15 September
14:01
United StatesAerobee-100 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Solar 15 September Successful
Apogee: 102 kilometres (63 mi)
15 September
21:28
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 15 September Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
15 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 15 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
16 September Soviet UnionEast GermanyR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionAN
AN Suborbital Ionospheric 16 September Successful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
17 September
00:50
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-11 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 17 September Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
17 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 17 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
19 September
16:35
United StatesJourneyman United StatesPoint Arguello LC-A United StatesNASA
United StatesNERV-I NASA Suborbital Cosmic ray research 19 September Successful
Apogee: 1,884 kilometres (1,171 mi)
19 September
18:31
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-14 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 19 September Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
20 September
00:16
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 20 September Launch failure
20 September
12:55
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 20 September Successful
Apogee: 195 kilometres (121 mi)
21 September
13:01:53
United StatesXRM-91 Blue Scout Junior United StatesCape Canaveral LC-18A United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesHETS US Air Force Suborbital Magnetospheric 21 September Spacecraft failure
Maiden flight of Blue Scout Junior, radio malfunction prevented data acquisition, apogee: 26,700 kilometres (16,600 mi)
21 September
23:20
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
BRL Suborbital Aeronomy 21 September Launch failure
Apogee: 1 kilometre (0.62 mi)
21 September Soviet UnionR-11A Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionAN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 21 September Successful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
22 September
06:32
JapanKappa-8 JapanAkita JapanISAS
ISAS Suborbital Ionospheric 22 September Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
22 September
20:56
Soviet UnionEast GermanyR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Ionospheric 22 September Successful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
22 September
22:05
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 22 September Launch failure
22 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 22 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
23 September
01:05
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 23 September Launch failure
23 September
06:40
CanadaBlack Brant I CanadaFort Churchill CanadaCARDE
CARDE Suborbital Aeronomy 23 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 September United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 23 September Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
23 September Soviet UnionR-11A Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionAN
AN Suborbital Ionospheric 23 September Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
24 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 24 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
25 September
15:13
United StatesAtlas-Able United StatesCape Canaveral LC-12 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesPioneer P-30 (Able VA) US Air Force Intended: Selenocentric Lunar probe 25 September Launch failure
Second stage exploded during ascent
26 September
11:25
JapanKappa-8 JapanAkita JapanISAS
ISAS Suborbital Ionospheric 26 September Successful
Apogee: 185 kilometres (115 mi)
26 September FranceOPd-56-39-22D (Antares) FranceCERES FranceONERA
ONERA Suborbital RV test 26 September Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
27 September
14:44
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 27 September Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
27 September
22:10
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 27 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 September
22:10
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
Suborbital XR Astronomy 27 September Successful
Apogee: 233 kilometres (145 mi)
28 September
19:38
United StatesMGM-31 Pershing I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-30A United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Missile test 28 September Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
28 September
22:45
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
BRL Suborbital Aeronomy 28 September Successful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
28 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 28 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
28 September United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-19 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 28 September Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
29 September
14:20
United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-15 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 29 September Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
29 September
20:31:11
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesVandenberg LC-576B-2 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 29 September Launch failure
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
29 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 29 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
30 September
06:17
CanadaBlack Brant I CanadaFort Churchill CanadaCARDE
CARDE Suborbital Aeronomy 30 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 30 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
30 September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 30 September Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
30 September FranceOPd-56-39-22D (Antares) FranceCERES FranceONERA
ONERA Suborbital RV test 30 September Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
September United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test September Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
September United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test September Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
September Soviet UnionEast GermanyR-2 ChinaJiuquan LA-3 ChinaPLA
PLA Suborbital Missile test September Successful
First Chinese spaceflight, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

October[edit]

1 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 1 October Launch failure
4 October
15:23
United StatesScout X-1 United StatesWallops Island LA-3 United StatesNASA
US Air Force Suborbital Plasma research 4 October Successful
Apogee: 5,600 kilometres (3,500 mi)
4 October
17:50
United StatesThor DM-21 Ablestar United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesCourier 1B US Army Low Earth Communication In orbit Successful
First active communications satellite
5 October
19:52
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Remote sensing 5 October Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
5 October
16:04
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 5 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
7 October
15:50
United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-20 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 7 October Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
7 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 7 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
8 October
14:45
CanadaBlack Brant I CanadaFort Churchill CanadaCARDE
DRTE Suborbital Auroral 8 October Successful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)
10 October
14:27:49
Soviet UnionMolniya 8K78 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
Soviet UnionMars 1M No.1 RVSN Intended: Heliocentric Mars probe 10 October Launch failure
Maiden flight of Molniya, first launch of a spacecraft to fly past Mars. Loss of control 301 seconds after launch due to resonance problem
10 October United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 10 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
11 October
19:15
United StatesSM-65E Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-13 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 11 October Launch failure
Maiden flight of Atlas E, apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
11 October
20:33
United StatesAtlas LV-3A Agena-A United StatesPoint Arguello LC-1-1 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesSamos-1 US Air Force Intended: Sun-synchronous Optical reconnaissance 11 October Launch failure
Upper stage malfunction
11 October
21:53
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18A United StatesVandenberg LC-75-2-8 United KingdomRoyal Air Force
Royal Air Force Suborbital Missile test 11 October Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
12 October
16:37
CanadaBlack Brant II CanadaFort Churchill CanadaCARDE
CARDE Suborbital Test flight 12 October Successful
Apogee: 196 kilometres (122 mi)
12 October
21:27
CanadaBlack Brant II CanadaFort Churchill CanadaCARDE
CARDE Suborbital Test flight 12 October Successful
Apogee: 216 kilometres (134 mi)
12 October United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 12 October
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
13 October
04:53:49
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesVandenberg LC-576B-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 13 October Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
13 October
09:34
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-11 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 13 October Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi), carried three black mice
14 October
13:51:03
Soviet UnionMolniya 8K78 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
Soviet UnionMars 1M No.2 RVSN Intended: Heliocentric Mars probe 14 October Launch failure
Second stage failed to ignite
15 October United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 15 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
15 October United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 15 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
16 October United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 16 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
17 October
21:04
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
UMI Suborbital Aeronomy 17 October Successful
Apogee: 132 kilometres (82 mi)
17 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 17 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
18 October
14:17
United StatesIris United StatesWallops Island LA-1 United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 18 October Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
18 October United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Patrick Henry, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 18 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
18 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 18 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
18 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 18 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
19 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 19 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
20 October
16:02
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-26A United StatesABMA
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 20 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
20 October
19:50
CanadaBlack Brant I CanadaFort Churchill CanadaDRTE
DRTE Suborbital Ionospheric 20 October Successful
Apogee: 137 kilometres (85 mi)
20 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 20 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
21 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 21 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
22 October
03:09
United StatesTrailblazer 1 United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital RV test 22 October Successful
Apogee: 260 kilometres (160 mi)
22 October
05:13
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-14 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 22 October Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
24 October
23:16
United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-19 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 24 October Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
24 October United StatesNOTS-EV-2 Caleb United StatesF4D, Point Arguello United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 24 October Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi), second stage failed to ignite
26 October
20:26
United StatesThor DM-21 Agena-B United StatesVandenberg LC-75-3-4 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDiscoverer 16 (KH-1 9011) CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Optical imaging 26 October Launch failure
United StatesDiscoverer 16 SRV CIA DST Intended: Low Earth (Polar) Film return
Maiden flight of Thor-Agena B, second stage failed to separate
27 October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 27 October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
27 October United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 27 October
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
28 October
12:21
CanadaBlack Brant I CanadaFort Churchill CanadaDRTE
DRTE Suborbital Ionospheric 28 October Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
October United StatesNike-Zeus United StatesWhite Sands LC-38 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Test flight October Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test October Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
October United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test October Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
October United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test October Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)

November[edit]

1 November Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 1 November Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
2 November
22:25
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
UMI Suborbital Aeronomy 2 November Successful
Apogee: 109 kilometres (68 mi)
3 November
05:23:10
United StatesJuno II United StatesCape Canaveral LC-26B United StatesABMA
United StatesExplorer 8 (S-30) NASA Medium Earth Ionospheric 28 March 2012 Successful
Batteries expired on 27 December
3 November
21:19
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight 3 November Successful
Apogee: 193 kilometres (120 mi)
4 November
20:52
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesEglin United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 4 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 4 November Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
4 November Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 4 November Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
4 November Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 4 November Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
5 November
01:00
ChinaSoviet UnionEast GermanyDong Feng 1 ChinaJiuquan LA-3 ChinaPLA
PLA Suborbital Missile test 5 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 November Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 5 November Launch failure
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
7 November
19:00
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 7 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
8 November
13:18
United StatesXRM-91 Blue Scout Junior United StatesCape Canaveral LC-18A United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesHETS US Air Force Suborbital Magnetospheric 8 November Launch failure
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
10 November
01:44
United StatesJavelin United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 10 November Successful
Apogee: 975 kilometres (606 mi)
10 November
02:35
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesNRL
Suborbital Aeronomy 10 November Successful
Apogee: 211 kilometres (131 mi)
10 November
16:22
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A2 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 10 November Successful
Maiden flight of Polaris A2, apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
11 November
11:22
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 11 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
11 November
12:11
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 11 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
12 November
18:40
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 12 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
12 November
20:43
United StatesThor DM-21 Agena-B United StatesVandenberg LC-75-3-5 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDiscoverer 17 (KH-1 9012) CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Optical imaging 29 December Spacecraft failure
United StatesDiscoverer 17 SRV CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Film return 14 November Successful
Film jettisonned before camera started taking images
12 November
23:32
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 12 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
12 November Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 12 November Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
13 November
16:03
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 13 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
15 November
05:54
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-12 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 15 November Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
15 November
16:41
United StatesAerobee-150A United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 15 November Successful
Apogee: 227 kilometres (141 mi)
16 November
11:02
United KingdomSkylark-2 AustraliaWoomera LA-2 United KingdomRAE
WRE/RAE Suborbital Test flight 16 November Successful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
16 November
17:37
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
UMI Suborbital Aeronomy 16 November Successful
Apogee: 152 kilometres (94 mi)
16 November
18:25
United StatesMGM-31 Pershing I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-30A United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Missile test 16 November Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
16 November
19:51
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 16 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
17 November
06:00
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 17 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
17 November
10:06
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWhite Sands United States
Suborbital Aeronomy 17 November Successful
Apogee: 152 kilometres (94 mi)
17 November
10:40
United KingdomSkylark-2C AustraliaWoomera LA-2 United KingdomRAE
UCL/QUB Suborbital Aeronomy 17 November Successful
Apogee: 247 kilometres (153 mi)
17 November
13:40
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 17 November Successful
Apogee: 217 kilometres (135 mi)
17 November
19:00
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 17 November Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
17 November Soviet UnionR-5A Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 17 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
18 November
03:39
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 18 November Successful
Apogee: 128 kilometres (80 mi)
18 November
23:39
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 18 November Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
21 November
14:00
United StatesRedstone MRLV United StatesCape Canaveral LC-5 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesMercury-Redstone 1 NASA Intended: Suborbital Test flight +2 seconds Launch failure
Engine failure one second after launch, rocket settled back onto launch pad without exploding, spacecraft later reflown as Mercury-Redstone 1A using different rocket. Apogee: 10 centimetres (3.9 in)
21 November United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesAEC
AEC Suborbital Aeronomy 21 November
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 November
08:42
United StatesAerobee-150A United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital UV Astronomy 22 November Successful
Apogee: 183 kilometres (114 mi)
22 November United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesAEC
AEC Suborbital Aeronomy 22 November
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 November
11:13:03
United StatesThor DM-19 Delta United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesTiros-2 (Tiros-B) NASA/NOAA Low Earth Weather 18 May 2014 Successful
23 November
23:55
United KingdomSkylark-2 AustraliaWoomera LA-2 United KingdomRAE
RAE Suborbital Ionospheric 23 November Successful
Apogee: 160 kilometres (99 mi)
24 November Soviet UnionR-5A Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 24 November Launch failure
25 November FranceAntares (OPd-56-39-22D) FranceCERES FranceONERA
ONERA Suborbital RV test 25 November Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
29 November
11:16
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesNRL
Suborbital UV Astronomy 29 November Successful
Apogee: 197 kilometres (122 mi)
30 November
01:12
United StatesSM-65E Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-13 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 30 November Launch failure
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
30 November
05:01
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 30 November Successful
Apogee: 241 kilometres (150 mi)
30 November
19:50
United StatesThor DM-21 Ablestar United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesTransit 3A US Navy Intended: Low Earth Navigation
Technology
30 November Launch failure
United StatesSolrad 2 (GRAB-2) US Navy/NRL Intended: Low Earth Radiation research
ELINT
Destroyed by range safety following premature cutoff of first stage
30 November Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 30 November Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
30 November FranceAntares (OPd-56-39-22D) FranceCERES FranceONERA
ONERA Suborbital RV test 30 November Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
November United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test November Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
November United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test November Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)

December[edit]

1 December
07:30:04
Soviet UnionVostok-L 8K72 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
Soviet UnionKorabl'-Sputnik 3 (Vostok-1K-3) RVSN Low Earth Test flight 2 December
07:15
Partial spacecraft failure
Engine failed to cut off after deorbit burn leading to steeper descent than planned, burned up in atmosphere during re-entry
1 December United StatesNike-Zeus United StatesWhite Sands LC-38 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Test flight 1 December Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
4 December
21:14
United StatesScout X-1 United StatesWallops Island LA-3 United StatesNASA
United StatesS-56 US Air Force Intended: Medium Earth Aeronomy 4 December Launch failure
First orbital launch attempt to use a Scout rocket, second stage malfunctioned, failed to reach orbit
5 December United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A2 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-25A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 5 December Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
6 December
18:44
United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesPhoenix US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 6 December Successful
Apogee: 367 kilometres (228 mi)
7 December
00:20
United KingdomSkylark-2 AustraliaWoomera LA-2 United KingdomRAE
RAE Suborbital Ionospheric 7 December Launch failure
Apogee: 35 kilometres (22 mi)
7 December
20:20:58
United StatesThor DM-21 Agena-B United StatesVandenberg LC-75-3-4 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDiscoverer 18 (KH-2 9013) CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Optical imaging 2 April 1961 Successful
United StatesDiscoverer 18 SRV CIA DST Low Earth (Polar) Film return 10 December Successful
8 December
16:52:09
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
GCA Suborbital Ionospheric 8 December Successful
Apogee: 152 kilometres (94 mi)
8 December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 8 December Launch failure
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
9 December
11:20
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
GCA Suborbital Aeronomy 9 December Successful
Apogee: 146 kilometres (91 mi)
9 December
22:15
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
GCA Suborbital Aeronomy 9 December Launch failure
Apogee: 24 kilometres (15 mi)
10 December
22:30
United StatesJavelin United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
GCA Suborbital Aeronomy 10 December Successful
Apogee: 716 kilometres (445 mi)
10 December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 10 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
11 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 11 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
12 December
18:42
United StatesMGM-31 Pershing I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-30A United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Missile test 12 December Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
12 December
22:36
United StatesJavelin United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Magnetospheric 12 December Successful
Apogee: 1,140 kilometres (710 mi)
12 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 12 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
13 December
20:08
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18A United StatesVandenberg LC-75-2-8 United KingdomRoyal Air Force
Royal Air Force Suborbital Missile test 13 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
14 December
16:52
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 14 December Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
14 December United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 14 December
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
14 December United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 14 December
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
15 December
09:10
United StatesAtlas-Able United StatesCape Canaveral LC-12 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesPioneer P-31 (Able VB) US Air Force Intended: Selenocentric Lunar probe 15 December Launch failure
Final flight of Atlas-Able, first stage exploded during ascent
15 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 15 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
15 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 15 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
15 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 15 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
15 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 15 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
16 December
20:35:33
United StatesSM-65D Atlas United StatesVandenberg LC-576B-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 16 December Successful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
16 December United StatesKiva-Hopi United StatesPoint Arguello LC-B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 16 December
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
17 December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 17 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
19 December
16:15
United StatesRedstone MRLV United StatesCape Canaveral LC-5 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesMercury-Redstone 1A NASA Suborbital Test flight 17:00 Successful
Reflight of Mercury-Redstone 1, apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
20 December
20:32
United StatesThor DM-21 Agena-B United StatesVandenberg LC-75-3-5 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDiscoverer 19 (MIDAS prototype) ARPA Low Earth (Polar) Technology 23 January 1961 Successful
20 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 20 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
20 December United StatesHGM-30A Titan I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-20 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital RV test 20 December Launch failure
22 December
07:45:19
Soviet UnionVostok-K 8K72K Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionRVSN
Soviet UnionVostok-1K-4 RVSN Low Earth Test flight 22 December Launch failure
Maiden flight of Vostok-K, second stage engine failure, spacecraft separated and recovered. Two dogs aboard, both survived.
22 December
18:34
United StatesUGM-27 Polaris A1 United StatesUSS Robert E. Lee, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 22 December Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
22 December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 22 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
22 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 22 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
22 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 22 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
23 December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 23 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
23 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 23 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
24 December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 24 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
24 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 24 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
24 December United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 24 December Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
26 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 26 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
29 December Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 29 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
31 December United StatesR-14 Usovaya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 31 December Successful
Apogee: 675 kilometres (419 mi)
31 December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionChelkar Soviet UnionOKB-30
OKB-30 Suborbital Target 31 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
December ChinaSoviet UnionEast GermanyDong Feng 1 ChinaJiuquan LA-3 ChinaPLA
PLA Suborbital Missile test December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
December ChinaSoviet UnionEast GermanyDong Feng 1 ChinaJiuquan LA-3 ChinaPLA
PLA Suborbital Missile test December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
December United StatesNike-Zeus United StatesWhite Sands LC-38 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Test flight December Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
December United StatesNike-Nike-Recruit United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital RV test December Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
Unknown United StatesNike-Nike-Recruit United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital RV test Unknown Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
Unknown United StatesJaguar United StatesB-57, White Sands United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy Unknown Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
Unknown United StatesSparoair I United StatesF3H-2, Point Mugu United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight Unknown Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]