1961 Turkish general election

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1961 Turkish general election

← 1957 15 October 1961 1965 →

Total of 450 seats of the National Assembly (lower house of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey)
226 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  İsmet İnönü 1964 (cropped).jpg Blanco portrait.svg Osman Bölükbaşı (cropped).jpg
Leader İsmet İnönü Ragıp Gümüşpala Osman Bölükbaşı
Leader since 10 November 1938 11 February 1961 16 October 1958
Leader's seat Malatya İzmir Ankara
Last election 178 seats, 41.1% New party New party
Seats won 173 158 54
Seat change Decrease5 Increase158 Increase54
Popular vote 3,724,752 3,527,435 1,415,390
Percentage 36.7% 34.8% 14.0%
Swing Decrease4.4% Increase34.8% Increase14.0%

1961 genel seçimleri.png
Legislative election results map. Red denotes provinces with a Republican People's Party plurality, Purple denotes those with a Justice Party plurality, Orange denotes those with a Republican Peasants' Nationalist Party plurality. Blue denotes those with a New Turkey Party

Prime Minister before election

Cemal Gürsel (acting Fahri Özdilek)
(Military rule)

Elected Prime Minister

İsmet İnönü

General elections were held in Turkey on 15 October 1961. The electoral system used was party-list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in 67 electoral districts. In order to receive seats in a district, parties needed to win a Hare quota in that district.[1] The result was a victory for the Republican People's Party, which won 173 of the 450 seats.[2] Voter turnout was 81.4%.


Parliament of Turkey 1961.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Republican People's Party 3,724,752 36.7 173 –5
Justice Party 3,527,435 34.8 158 New
Republican Villagers Nation Party 1,415,390 14.0 54 New
New Turkey Party 1,391,934 13.7 65 New
Independents 81,372 0.8 0 –2
Invalid/blank votes 384,681
Total 10,522,716 100 450 -160
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p239 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p272 ISBN 0-19-924958-X