1961 in architecture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1961 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.
- December - Demolition of the Euston Arch in London begins.
- Archigram is founded as an avant-garde architectural group based at the Architectural Association, London, and publishes its manifesto Archigram I. It will work through hypothetical projects and an associated magazine.
- Ahrends, Burton and Koralek is formed as an architectural practice in London.
- Building Design Partnership is formed in Preston, Lancashire.
- St Eusebius' Church, Arnhem, Netherlands, is restored by Berend Tobia Boeyinga.
- The first apartment blocks in Hungary of Panelház (large panel building) construction are erected in Dunaújváros.
- Construction of Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban (house of the national parliament of Bangladesh) in Dhaka, designed by Louis Kahn, begins.
- Double tee beams are first used by Gene Leedy in constructing his own office at Winter Haven, Florida.
- March 11 - Benton Park School, Leeds, England, designed by Sir John Burnet, Tait and Partners, formally opened.
- May 17 - Guildford Cathedral, England, designed by Sir Edward Maufe, dedicated.
- May 18 - The Henninger Turm in Frankfurt, Germany, designed by Karl Leiser, inaugurated.
- September 17 - The Civic Arena, Pittsburgh, United States, designed by Mitchell and Ritchey, is completed (demolished 2011-2012).
- October 17 - The Kremlin Palace of Congresses in Moscow, Soviet Union, designed by a team led by M. Posokhin.
- November 20 - Dungeness Lighthouse on the south coast of England, designed by Philip W. Hunt (engineer) and Ronald Ward and Partners (architects), illuminated.
- December 17 - New Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Gedächtniskirche) in Berlin, designed by Egon Eiermann, consecrated.
- December 8 - The Space Needle in Seattle, Washington, United States, designed by Edward Carlson, John Graham and Victor Steinbrueck.
- date unknown
- The Palazzo del Lavoro and Palazzetto dello sport in Turin, designed by Pier Luigi Nervi.
- One Chase Manhattan Plaza in New York City, United States, designed by Gordon Bunshaft of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill.
- The Empress State Building in London, England, designed by Stone, Toms & Partners.
- Brasenose College, Oxford, England, Staircases 16, 17 and 18, designed by Powell and Moya.
- Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, England, Wolfson Quadrangle library and entrance, designed by Raymond Erith.
- Yokohama Marine Tower in Yokohama, Japan.
- Chungking Mansions in Hong Kong, China.
- Park Hill Flats, Sheffield, England, designed by Jack Lynn and Ivor Smith.
- Embassy of the United States, Baghdad, Iraq, designed by Josep Lluís Sert, is completed (abandoned 1990).
- Michael Faraday Memorial at Elephant and Castle in London, designed by Rodney Gordon.
- Service station with hyperbolic paraboloid concrete shell roof at Markham Moor, Nottinghamshire, England, designed by Sam Scorer.
- Jane Jacobs - The Death and Life of Great American Cities
- Lewis Mumford - The City in History
- Gordon Cullen - The Concise Townscape
- AIA Gold Medal - Le Corbusier.
- RAIA Gold Medal - Louis Laybourne-Smith.
- Royal Gold Medal - Lewis Mumford.
- Rome Prize - Max Abramovitz
- November 18 - Dietmar Feichtinger, Austrian architect based in Paris
- Patrik Schumacher, German-born architect
- July 18 - Olaf Andreas Gulbransson, German architect (born 1916)
- September 1 - Eero Saarinen, Finnish architect and industrial designer (born 1910)
- September 16 - Walter Godfrey, English architectural historian and architect (born 1881)
- October 19 - Jan Buijs, Dutch architect (born 1889)
- Yehuda Magidovitch, Israeli architect (born 1886)
- Sadler, Simon (2005). Archigram: architecture without architecture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-69322-4.
- "Arnhem (G): St. Eusebius". Archimon, The virtual museum of religious architecture in The Netherlands. Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Building a Day: October 14, 2014". Center for Architecture Sarasota. Retrieved 2015-04-26.
- "Lagersilo "Henninger Turm"" (in German). Frankfurt-Dokumentation zur Nachkriegszeit. 2005-05-07. Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2012-06-17.
- Bill Speidel, Through the Eye of the Needle, Seattle: Nettle Creek, ISBN 0914890042. p. 6–7.
- Harwood, Elain (2003). England: a Guide to Post-War Listed Buildings (rev. ed.). London: Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-8818-2.
- Isenstadt, Samuel (February 1997). "Faith in a Better Future": Josep Luis Sert's American Embassy in Baghdad". Journal of Architectural Education. 50 (3): 172–88. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "U.S. Embassy in Baghdad". WikiArquitectura. 2010-11-24. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Rehorst, Chris (Christiaan M. Rehorst; 1983). Jan Buijs, architect van de Volharding: de architectuur van het bureau Ir. J.W.E. Buijs en J.B. Lürsen. Cahiers van het Nederlands Documentatiecentrum voor de Bouwkunst, 4. The Hague: Staatsuitgeverij. ISBN 978-90-12-03890-4 (thesis).