1961 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1961 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Astronomy and space exploration[edit]

Biochemistry[edit]

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Computer science[edit]

Geophysics[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Pharmacology[edit]

Physics[edit]

Psychology[edit]

Technology[edit]

  • June – RPG-7 rocket-propelled grenade launcher introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • James L. Buie patents transistor-coupled transistor logic, later known as transistor-to-transistor logic circuitry (TTL), used in integrated circuits.[12]

Zoology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abraham, E. P.; Newton, G. G. F. (May 1961). "Structure of cephalosporin C". Biochemical Journal. 79: 377–393. PMC 1205850Freely accessible. PMID 13681080. 
  2. ^ Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg. Experimentalsysteme – Eine Geschichte der Proteinsynthese im Reagenzglas. Wallstein. ISBN 3-89244-454-4. 
  3. ^ "Disc Electrophoresis". Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  4. ^ Ornstein, Leonard (1964). "Disc Electrophoresis". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 121: 321–349. Bibcode:1964NYASA.121..321O. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1964.tb14207.x. PMID 14240533. 
  5. ^ Landauer, R. (1961). "Irreversibility and Heat Generation in the Computing Process" (PDF). IBM Journal of Research and Development. IBM. 5 (3): 183–191. doi:10.1147/rd.53.0183. Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  6. ^ Birch, Francis (1961). "The velocity of compressional waves in rocks to 10 kilobars. Part 2" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research. 66: 2199–2224. Bibcode:1961JGR....66.2199B. doi:10.1029/JZ066i007p02199. 
  7. ^ Birch, Francis (1961). "Composition of the Earth's mantle". Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. 4: 295–311. Bibcode:1961GeoJI...4..295B. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1961.tb06821.x. 
  8. ^ Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8. 
  9. ^ Lenhoff, Howard M.; Teele, Rita L.; Clarkson, Patricia M.; Berdon, Walter E. (2010). "John C. P. Williams of Williams-Beuren syndrome". Pediatric Radiology. 41 (2): 267–269. doi:10.1007/s00247-010-1909-y. ISSN 0301-0449. PMID 21107555. 
  10. ^ Adams, S. S. (1992). "The propionic acids: A personal perspective". The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 32 (4): 317–323. doi:10.1002/j.1552-4604.1992.tb03842.x. PMID 1569234. 
  11. ^ "The story of Ibuprofen". Nottingham: BBC. 2009-07-22. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  12. ^ Lee, J. A. N. (2013). "Computer Pioneers". James L. Buie. IEEE Computer Society. Retrieved 2015-11-14. While working for TRW, Inc., Los Angeles, in the early 1960s, Buie developed and patented TTL circuitry, which became the dominant IC technology in the 1970s and early 1980s.