From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1962 in and science technology involved some significant events, listed below.
Astronomy and space exploration [ edit ]
January 26 –
Ranger 3 is launched to study the Moon. The space probe later misses the Moon by 22,000 miles. February 4–5 – During a
new moon and total solar eclipse, an extremely rare grand conjunction of the classical planets occurs, including all five of the naked-eye planets plus the Sun and Moon, all within 16° of each another on the ecliptic. February 19 –
Penumbral lunar eclipse. February 20 –
Mercury program: While aboard , Friendship 7 John Glenn orbits the Earth three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes, becoming the first American to do so. April 26 – The
Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon. May 24 – Mercury program:
Scott Carpenter becomes the second American to orbit the Earth aboard . Aurora 7 July 17 –
Penumbral lunar eclipse. July 11 – First live transatlantic television broadcast from the
United States to Britain, via AT&T's Telstar, the world's first active, direct relay communications satellite (launched the previous day on a NASA Delta rocket from Cape Canaveral) and Goonhilly Satellite Earth Station.  July 22 –
Mariner program: The Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed. July 31 –
Annular solar eclipse. August 15 –
Penumbral lunar eclipse. September 29 – The Canadian
, the first satellite built outside the United States or the Soviet Union, is launched from Alouette 1 Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. December 14 –
Mariner program: The Mariner 2 spacecraft flies by Venus, the first to carry out a successful planetary encounter.
Biology [ edit ]
Computer science [ edit ]
MIT, Ivan Sutherland uses the TX-2 computer to write Sketchpad, the origin of graphical programs used for computer-aided design.
Roger Tomlinson leads development of the Canada Geographic Information System, the world's first geographic information system (GIS). May –
J. C. R. Licklider of BBN co-presents a paper on " On-Line Man-Computer Communication". August –
J. C. R. Licklider begins to refer to the Intergalactic Computer Network, effectively conceptualizing what will become the Internet. September 19 – The first
ICT 1301 business mainframe sold, "Flossie", is installed at Senate House (University of London). It will still be operable 50 years later.  October –
J. C. R. Licklider becomes the first head of the computer research program at the United States Department of Defense's ARPA, which he names the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO). November 3 – The earliest recorded use of the term "
personal computer" features in in a story about The New York Times John Mauchly's speech the day before to the American Institute of Industrial Engineers. Mauchly, "inventor of some of the original room-size computers", says that "in a decade or so" everyone would have their own computer with "exchangeable wafer-thin data storage files to provide inexhaustible memories and answer most problems". He is quoted as saying, "There is no reason to suppose the average boy or girl cannot be master of a personal computer."  December 7 – The
Atlas supercomputer, the most powerful in the world at this date, is dedicated at the University of Manchester in England. It is the first system designed for multiprogramming, and will be in use for the next decade.  December 28 – Mauchly is again reported as saying he "envisions a time when everyone will carry his own personal computer".
Ecology [ edit ]
History of science [ edit ]
Medicine [ edit ]
Technology [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "The First Transatlantic Satellite Relay". British TV History. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23 . Retrieved . 2012-01-10
^ Zuckerkandl, E.; Pauling, L. (1962). "Molecular Disease, Evolution and Genetic Heterogeneity". In Kasha, M.; Pullman, B. Horizons in Biochemistry: Albert Szent-Györgyi dedicatory volume. New York: Academic Press. pp. 189–225.
^ Morgan, Gregory J. (1998). "Emile Zuckerkandl, Linus Pauling, and the Molecular Evolutionary Clock, 1959-1965". Journal of the History of Biology. 31: 155–178. doi: 10.1023/A:1004394418084. PMID 11620303.
^ "Mouse (immunodeficient)". AnimalResearch.info . Retrieved . 2011-08-04
^ "NMRI Nude Mice" (PDF). Charles River . Retrieved . 2011-08-04
^ Article - announcing the death of F.O.Schmitt published October 4, 1995, by Massachusetts Institute of Technology News [Retrieved 2015-06-27]
^ "The ICT 1301 Resurrection Project" . Retrieved . 2012-09-29
^ "Pocket Computer May Replace Shopping List". The New York Times. 1962-11-03.
^ Reilly, Edwin D. (2003). "Atlas". Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology. Greenwood Publishing. p. 20.
^ "Computers for All". Hillsboro (Ohio) Press-Gazette. 1962-12-28 . Retrieved . 2012-01-10
^ Waugh, William (1990). John Charnley: The Man and the Hip. London: Springer-Verlag. pp. 122–4. ISBN 3-540-19587-4.
^ Stapleton, Melanie P. (1997). "Sir James Black and Propranolol". Texas Heart Institute Journal. 24 (4): 336–342. PMC . 325477 PMID 9456487.
^ ". "anTAGonist" and "ciMETidine "" American Chemical Society. 2005 . Retrieved . 2005-12-25
^ "Sir James Black, OM". . London. 23 March 2010 The Daily Telegraph . Retrieved . 2011-08-05
^ "Led the way in heart drug find". . Melbourne: The Age Fairfax Digital. 25 March 2010 . Retrieved . 2010-03-25
^ Machado, Calixto (2005). "The first organ transplant from a brain-dead donor". . Neurology 64 (11): 1938–42. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000163515.09793.cb.
^ Wadman, Meredith (2011-07-13). "African outbreak stumps experts". . Nature 475: 148–149. doi: 10.1038/475148a. PMID 21753824 . Retrieved . 2012-03-04
^ Holonyak, Nick; Bevacqua, S. F. (1962-12-01). "Coherent (Visible) Light Emission from Ga(As. 1−xP x) Junctions" . Applied Physics Letters 1 (4): 82–3. doi: 10.1063/1.1753706.
^ "LED at 50: An illuminating history by the light's inventor". BBC. 2012-10-10 . Retrieved . 2012-10-10
^ Golser, Johann. The New Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM): Theoretical Background & Practical Experiences. 2nd Shotcrete conference, Easton (USA), 4–8 October 1976.