1963 Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 Neva river ditching

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1963 Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 Neva river ditching
Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 at Arlanda, April 1966.jpg
A Tu-124 similar to the accident aircraft
Date21 August 1963 (1963-08-21)
SummaryFuel exhaustion due to pilot and maintenance error
SiteNeva river, Leningrad, Soviet Union
59°55′11″N 30°24′13″E / 59.91972°N 30.40361°E / 59.91972; 30.40361
Aircraft typeTupolev Tu-124
Flight originTallinn-Ülemiste Airport, Estonia
DestinationMoskva-Vnukovo Airport, Russia

The 1963 Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 Neva river ditching (Russian: Посадка Ту-124 на Неву) was a water landing by a Tupolev Tu-124 of the Soviet state airline Aeroflot (Moscow division). The aircraft took off from Tallinn-Ülemiste Airport (TLL) at 08:55 on 21 August with 45 passengers and 7 crew on board.[1] The aircraft (registration number SSSR-45021) was built in 1962[1] and was scheduled to fly to Moscow–Vnukovo (VKO) under the command of 27-year-old captain Victor Mostovoy. After takeoff the nose gear did not retract.[1] Ground control diverted the flight to Leningrad (LED) – because of fog at Tallinn.[1]


At 10:00 the aircraft started to circle the city at 450 m (1,480 ft), in order to use fuel, reducing weight and decreasing the risk of fire in the event of a crash. The ground services at Pulkovo Airport (LED) were preparing the dirt runway for the landing. Each circuit around the city took the aircraft approximately 15 minutes. During this time the crew attempted to force the nose gear to lock into the fully extended position by pushing it with a pole taken from the cloak closet.

On the eighth and last circuit while 20 km (12 mi) from the airport, the no. 1 engine flamed out due to fuel starvation.[2] The remaining engine ceased shortly thereafter, with the aircraft above the city center, traveling east over St. Isaac's Cathedral and the Admiralty. Upon loss of power the flight crew ditched the aircraft in the 300-metre (980 ft) wide Neva River.

Eyewitnesses saw the Tupolev descend upstream. Immediately after a turn, the aircraft glided over the high steel structures of the Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge with approximately 30 m (100 ft) of clearance. The Tu-124 flew over the Alexander Nevsky Bridge – under construction at the time – barely missing it. The pilot managed to land the aircraft onto the river,[1] in close proximity to an 1898-built steam tugboat.[citation needed]

The plane began to flood.[citation needed] The captain of the tugboat saw the plane in distress and went to help. He and his crew broke the aircraft's windshield to tie a cable to the cockpit's control wheel and proceeded to tow the craft to the river bank. During the tow all passengers remained on board. Passengers and crew then evacuated the cabin via an access hatch on the plane's roof.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Soviet Transports Team. "Soviet Transports Database". Scramble. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2018. C/n 2350701 ... rgd 11oct62
  2. ^ "Воздушные гонки в Питере... 1:1 [RC Форум]" (in Russian). forum.rcdesign.ru. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. circle the city at 1650 feet. ... aircraft was towed ashore.