1963 in South Africa
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- State President: Charles Robberts Swart.
- Prime Minister: Hendrik Verwoerd.
- Chief Justice: Lucas Cornelius Steyn.
- 2 – Cameroon closes its airports and harbours to both Portugal and South Africa.
- 11 – Lionel Bernstein, Denis Goldberg, Arthur Goldreich, Bob Hepple, Ahmed Kathrada, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Andrew Mlangeni, Elias Motsoaledi, Walter Sisulu and Harold Wolpe, all senior African National Congress members, are arrested at Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia, Johannesburg.
- Neville Alexander is arrested along with a number of National Liberation Front members.
- 7 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 181 is passed, calling for a voluntary arms embargo of South Africa.
- 20 – The Israeli government informs the United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid that it has taken all necessary steps to ensure that no arms, ammunition, or strategic materials are exported from Israel to South Africa in any form, directly or indirectly.
- 20 – Mauritius bars South Africa and Portugal from her sea- and airports.
- 26 – The Rivonia Trial begins.
- Unknown date
- Dorothy Nyembe is arrested for furthering the objectives of the banned African National Congress and is sentenced to 3 years in prison.
- 14 February – Ken Oosterbroek, photojournalist. (d. 1994)
- 26 May – Musetta Vander, actress.
- 6 July – Robert McBride, political activist and convicted murderer.
- 13 December – Jake White, Springbok rugby coach.
- The South African Railways places the first of 130 Class 5E1, Series 2 electric locomotives in mainline service. These are the first electric locomotives to be built in South Africa in quantity.
- Papwa Sewgolum, an Indian golfer, wins the Natal Open tournament.
- Archontology.org: A Guide for Study of Historical Offices: South Africa: Heads of State: 1961-1994 (Accessed on 14 April 2017)
- Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 128. ISBN 0869772112.
- South African Railways Index and Diagrams Electric and Diesel Locomotives, 610mm and 1065mm Gauges, Ref LXD 14/1/100/20, 28 January 1975, as amended