|1964 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2717|
|Balinese saka calendar||1885–1886|
|British Regnal year||12 Eliz. 2 – 13 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)|
4660 or 4600
— to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
4661 or 4601
|- Vikram Samvat||2020–2021|
|- Shaka Samvat||1885–1886|
|- Kali Yuga||5064–5065|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 39|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 53|
|Thai solar calendar||2507|
2090 or 1709 or 937
— to —
2091 or 1710 or 938
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1964.|
1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1964th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 964th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1960s decade.
- January 1 – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is dissolved.
- January 5 - In the first meeting between leaders of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches since the fifteenth century, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople meet in Jerusalem.
- January 6 – A British firm, the Leyland Motor Corp., announces the sale of 450 buses to the Cuban government, challenging the United States blockade of Cuba.
- January 9 – Martyrs' Day: Armed clashes between United States troops and Panamanian civilians in the Panama Canal Zone precipitate a major international crisis, resulting in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and 4 U.S. soldiers.
- January 11 – United States Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous to one's health (the first such statement from the U.S. government).
- January 12
- January 15
- The nightclub Whisky a Go Go opens its doors on Sunset Strip in Hollywood, California, United States. Johnny Rivers leads the first house band at the club, which helps pave the club's way to international fame and contributes to the beginning of rock n' roll on the Strip.
- The Teamsters union negotiates the first national labor contract in the United States.
- January 16 – The musical Hello, Dolly! opens in New York's St. James Theatre.
- January 18 – Plans to build the New York City World Trade Center are announced.
- January 20 – Meet the Beatles!, the first Beatles album from Capitol Records in the United States, is released ten days after Chicago's Vee-Jay Records releases Introducing... The Beatles. The two record companies battle it out in court for months, eventually coming to a conclusion.
- January 22 – Kenneth Kaunda is inaugurated as the first Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia.
- January 23 – Thirteen years after its proposal and nearly two years after its passage by the United States Senate, the 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
- January 27
- January 28 – A U.S. Air Force jet training aircraft that strays into East Germany is shot down by Soviet fighters near Erfurt; all three crewmen are killed.
- January 29 – February 9 – The 1964 Winter Olympics are held in Innsbruck, Austria.
- January 29
- January 30 – General Nguyễn Khánh leads a bloodless military coup d'état, replacing Dương Văn Minh as Prime Minister of South Vietnam.
- February 1 – The Beatles vault to the #1 spot on the U.S. singles charts for the first time, with "I Want to Hold Your Hand", starting the British Invasion in the United States.
- February 3 – Protesting against alleged de facto school racial segregation, Black and Puerto Rican groups in New York City boycott public schools.
- February 4 – The Government of the United States authorizes the Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, outlawing the poll tax.
- February 5 – India backs out of its promise to hold a plebiscite in the disputed territory of Kashmir. In 1948, India had taken the issue of Kashmir to the United Nations Security Council and offered to hold a plebiscite in the held Kashmir under UN supervision.
- February 6 – Cuba cuts off the normal water supply to the United States Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, in reprisal for the U.S. seizure 4 days earlier of 4 Cuban fishing boats off the coast of Florida.
- February 7
- An all-white jury in Jackson, Mississippi, United States, trying Byron De La Beckwith for the murder of Medgar Evers in June 1963, reports that it cannot reach a verdict, resulting in a mistrial.
- The Beatles arrive from the UK at New York City's JFK International Airport, receiving a tumultuous reception from an estimated 4,000, marking the first occurrence of "Beatlemania" in the United States. The "Fab Four" stayed in suites 1260, 1263, 1264 and 1273 of the Plaza Hotel.
- February 9 – The Beatles appear on The Ed Sullivan Show, marking their first live performance on American television. Seen by an estimated 73,000,000 viewers, the appearance becomes the catalyst for the mid-1960s "British Invasion" of American popular music.
- February 10 – Melbourne–Voyager collision: 82 Australian sailors die when a Royal Australian Navy aircraft carrier and a destroyer collide off New South Wales, Australia.
- February 11
- February 17 – Gabonese president Léon M'ba is toppled by a military coup and his arch-rival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, is installed in his place. However, French intervention restores M'ba's government the next day.
- February 23 – Chrysler's second generation Hemi racing engine is showcased at the Daytona 500. The 426 hemi-powered Plymouth of Richard Petty (#43) wins. Hemi-powered Plymouths finish in first, second and third places.
- February 25 – Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) beats Sonny Liston in Miami Beach, Florida, and is crowned the heavyweight champion of the world.
- February 26 – U.S. politician John Glenn withdraws from the race for the Democratic Party Senate nomination, following a domestic accident.
- February 27 – The Italian government asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
- February 29 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces that the United States has developed a jet airplane (the A-11), capable of sustained flight at more than 2,000 miles per hour (3,200 km/h) and of altitudes of more than 70,000 feet (21,000 m).
- March 4 – President of the US Teamsters, Jimmy Hoffa is convicted by a federal jury of jury tampering in 1962 and receives a jail sentence.
- March 6
- March 9
- New York Times Co. v Sullivan (376 US 254 1964): The United States Supreme Court rules that under the First Amendment, speech criticizing political figures cannot be censored.
- The London Fisheries Convention is signed, giving signatories the right of full access to fishing grounds within 12 nautical miles of the western European coastline.
- March 10
- March 12 – Malcolm X leaves the Nation of Islam.
- March 14 – A Dallas, Texas, jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of killing John F. Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.
- March 15 – Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor marry (for the first time) in Montreal.
- March 18 – 1964 Moscow protest: Approximately 50 Moroccan students break into the embassy of Morocco in the Soviet Union and stage an all‐day sit-in protesting against sentencing of eleven people to death for the alleged assassination attempt of King Hassan II of Morocco.
- March 19 – The American Jerrie Mock sets out to become the first woman to fly solo around the world from March 19, completing her flight on April 17.
- March 20 – June 6 – The first United Nations Conference on Trade and Development takes place.
- March 20 – The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.
- March 21 – Non ho l'età by Gigliola Cinquetti (music by Nicola Salerno, text by Mario Panzeri) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1964 for Italy.
- March 27 (Good Friday) – The Great Alaskan earthquake, the second-most powerful known (and the most powerful earthquake recorded in North American history) at a magnitude of 9.2, strikes Southcentral Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
- March 28
- March 31 – The military overthrows Brazilian President João Goulart in a coup, starting 21 years of dictatorship in Brazil. It ends in 1985.
- April 1 – Deployed military rule in Brazil ends the government of democratically elected president, João Goulart.
- April 4
- April 7 – IBM announces the System/360.
- April 8 – Gemini 1 is launched, the first unmanned test of the 2-man spacecraft.
- April 9 – The United Nations Security Council adopts by a 9–0 vote a resolution deploring a British air attack on a fort in Yemen 12 days earlier, in which 25 persons have been reported killed.
- April 11 – The Brazilian Congress elects Field Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco as President of Brazil.
- April 13
- April 14 – A Delta rocket's third-stage motor ignites prematurely in an assembly room at Cape Canaveral, killing 3 people.
- April 16 – In the Assize Court at Buckingham, UK, sentences totalling 307 years are passed on twelve men who stole £2,600,000 in used bank notes, after holding up the night train from Glasgow to London in August 1963 – a heist that becomes known as the Great Train Robbery.
- April 19 – In Laos, the coalition government of Prince Souvanna Phouma is deposed by a right-wing military group, led by Brig. Gen. Kouprasith Abhay. Not supported by the United States, the coup is ultimately unsuccessful, and Souvanna Phouma is reinstated, remaining as Prime Minister until 1975.
- April 20
- U.S. President Lyndon Johnson in New York, and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev in Moscow, simultaneously announce plans to cut back production of materials for making nuclear weapons.
- Nelson Mandela makes his "I Am Prepared to Die" speech at the opening of the Rivonia Trial, a key event for the anti-apartheid movement.
- In the UK, BBC Two television starts broadcasting for the first time.
- April 22
- British businessman Greville Wynne, imprisoned in Moscow since 1963 for spying, is exchanged for Soviet spy Gordon Lonsdale.
- The 1964 New York World's Fair opens to celebrate the 300th anniversary of New Amsterdam being taken over by British forces under the Duke of York (later King James II) and being renamed New York in 1664. The fair runs until October 18, 1964, and reopens April 21, 1965, finally closing October 17, 1965. Although not internationally sanctioned, due to being within ten years of the Seattle World's Fair in 1962, so that some countries decline to attend, many have pavilions with exotic crafts, art and food.
- April 25 – Thieves steal the head of the Little Mermaid statue in Copenhagen, Denmark (Henrik Bruun confesses in 1997).
- April 26 – Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form Tanzania.
- May – The first fatality occurs at Disneyland in California, United States: a 15-year-old boy is injured while riding the Matterhorn Bobsleds and dies three days later as a result of his injuries.
- May 1 – At 4:00 a.m., John George Kemeny and Thomas Eugene Kurtz run the first computer program written in BASIC (Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code), an easy to learn high level programming language which they have created. BASIC is eventually included on many computers and even some games consoles.
- May 2
- Vietnam War: Attack on USNS Card – An explosion caused by Viet Cong commandos causes carrier USNS Card to sink in the port of Saigon.
- Some 400–1,000 students march through Times Square, New York, and another 700 in San Francisco, in the first major student demonstration against the Vietnam War. Smaller marches also occur in Boston, Seattle, and Madison, WI.
- United States Senator Barry Goldwater receives more than 75% of the votes in the Texas Republican presidential primary.
- Henry Hezekiah Dee and Charles Eddie Moore, hitchhiking in Meadville, Mississippi, are kidnapped, beaten and murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan. Their badly decomposed bodies are found by chance in July during the search for missing activists Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner.
- May 4 – The United States Congress recognizes Bourbon whiskey as a "distinctive product of the United States".
- May 7
- Pacific Air Lines Flight 773 crashes near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard; the FBI later reports that a cockpit recorder tape indicates that the pilot and co-pilot had been shot by a suicidal passenger.
- At a mail rockets demonstration by Gerhard Zucker on Hasselkopf Mountain near Braunlage (Lower Saxonia, Germany), three people are killed by a rocket explosion.
- May 9 – South Korean President Park Chung-hee reshuffles his Cabinet, after a series of student demonstrations against his efforts to restore diplomatic and trade relations with Japan.
- May 11 – Terence Conran opens the first Habitat store on London's Fulham Road.
- May 12 – Twelve young men in New York City publicly burn their draft cards to protest the Vietnam War; the first such act of war resistance.
- May 22 – U.S. President Lyndon Johnson makes a speech at the University of Michigan, introducing the concept of the "Great Society".
- May 23 – Madeline Dassault, 63, wife of a French plane manufacturer and politician, is kidnapped while leaving her car in front of her Paris home; she is found unharmed the next day in a farmhouse 27 miles (43 km) from Paris.
- May 24 – 25 – The crowd at a football match in Lima, Peru riots over a referee's decision in the Peru-Argentina game; 319 are killed, 500 injured.
- May 27 – The ongoing Colombian conflict starts.
- May 28 – The Charter of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is released by the Arab League.
- May 29 – Having deposed them in a January coup, South Vietnamese leader Nguyen Khanh had rival Generals Tran Van Don and Le Van Kim convicted of "lax morality".
- June 2
- Senator Barry Goldwater wins the California Republican primary, making him the overwhelming favorite for the party's nomination as President of the United States.
- Five million shares of stock in the Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat) are offered for sale at $20 a share, and the issue is quickly sold out.
- June 3 – South Korean President Park Chung-hee declares martial law in Seoul, after 10,000 student demonstrators overpower police.
- June 11
- June 12 – Nelson Mandela and 7 others are sentenced to life imprisonment in South Africa, and sent to the Robben Island prison.
- June 19 – U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, 32, is seriously injured in a private plane crash at Southampton, Massachusetts; the pilot is killed.
- June 20 – The Ford GT40 makes its first appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It does not see its first victory, however, until 2 years later in 1966. At the same event, the AC Cobra wins its class in its second Le Mans appearance.
- June 21
- Civil rights movement: Murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner – Three Congress of Racial Equality workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, are abducted and murdered near Philadelphia, Mississippi, by local members of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan with local law enforcement officials involved in the conspiracy. Their bodies are not found until August 4.
- Spain beats the Soviet Union 2–1 to win the 1964 European Nations Cup.
- June 26 – Moise Tshombe returns to the Democratic Republic of the Congo from exile in Spain.
- July 2 – President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law, officially abolishing racial segregation in the United States.
- July 6 – Malawi receives its independence from the United Kingdom.
- July 16 – At the Republican National Convention in San Francisco, in a speech written for him by Karl Hess, U.S. presidential nominee Barry Goldwater declares that "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice", and "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue".
- July 18
- July 19 – Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister and military leader Nguyễn Khánh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.
- July 20
- July 21 – Race riots begin in Singapore between ethnic Chinese and Malays.
- July 22 – The second meeting of the Organisation of African Unity is held.
- July 24 – A minor criticality accident takes place at a United Nuclear Corporation Fuels recovery plant in Wood River Junction, Rhode Island, United States, causing the death of one worker.
- July 27 – Vietnam War: The U.S. sends 5,000 more military advisers to South Vietnam, bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.
- July 31 – Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the Moon (images are 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from Earth-bound telescopes).
- August 2 – Vietnam War: United States destroyer Maddox is attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin. Air support from the carrier USS Ticonderoga sinks one gunboat, while the other two leave the battle.
- August 5
- Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow – Aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
- The Simba rebel army in the Democratic Republic of the Congo captures Stanleyville, and takes 1,000 Western hostages.
- August 7 – Vietnam War: The United States Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.
- August 8 – A Rolling Stones gig in Scheveningen gets out of control. Riot police end the gig after about fifteen minutes, upon which spectators start to fight the riot police.
- August 13 – The last judicial hanging in the United Kingdom takes place when murderers Gwynne Owen Evans and Peter Anthony Allen are executed at Walton Prison in Liverpool.
- August 16 – Vietnam War: In a coup, General Nguyễn Khánh replaces Dương Văn Minh as South Vietnam's chief of state and establishes a new constitution, drafted partly by the U.S. Embassy.
- August 18 – The International Olympic Committee bans South Africa from the Tokyo Olympics on the grounds that its teams are racially segregated.
- August 20 – The International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium (Intelsat) began to work.
- August 22 – Goalkeeper Derek Foster of Sunderland becomes the youngest-ever player to play in the English Football League, aged 15 years and 185 days.
- August 24 – 27 – The Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City nominates incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson for a full term, and U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota as his running mate.
- August 27 – Walt Disney's Mary Poppins has its world premiere in Los Angeles. It will go on to become Disney's biggest moneymaker, and winner of 5 Academy Awards, including a Best Actress. It is the first Disney film to be nominated for Best Picture.
- August 28 – 30 – Philadelphia 1964 race riot: Tensions between African American residents and police lead to 341 injuries and 774 arrests.
- September 2 – Indian Hungry generation poets, including Malay Roy Choudhury, are arrested on charges of conspiracy against the state and obscenity in literature.
- September 4 – The Forth Road Bridge opens over the Firth of Forth in Scotland.
- September 10 – The African Development Bank (AfDB) is founded.
- September 11 – In Jacksonville, Florida, during a tour of the United States, John Lennon announces that the Beatles will not play to a segregated audience.
- September 14
- September 18 – In Athens, King Constantine II of Greece marries Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark, who becomes Europe's youngest Queen at age 18 years, 19 days.
- September 21 – The island of Malta obtains independence from the United Kingdom.
- September 24 – The Warren Commission, the first official investigation of the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy, submits its written report.
- September 25 – The Mozambican War of Independence is launched by FRELIMO.
- October – Dr. Robert Moog demonstrates the prototype Moog synthesizer.
- October 1
- Three thousand student activists at the University of California, Berkeley, surround and block a police car from taking a CORE volunteer arrested for not showing his ID, when he violated a ban on outdoor activist card tables. This protest eventually explodes into the Berkeley Free Speech Movement.
- The Shinkansen high-speed rail system, the world's first such system, is inaugurated in Japan, for the first sector between Tokyo and Osaka.
- October 5
- October 10 – 24 – The 1964 Summer Olympics are held in Tokyo, Japan, the first in an Asian country.
- October 12 – The Soviet Union launches Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew and the first flight without space suits. The flight is cut short and lands again on October 13 after 16 orbits.
- October 14 – American civil rights movement leader Martin Luther King Jr. becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded to him for leading non-violent resistance to end racial prejudice in the United States.
- October 14 – 15 – Nikita Khrushchev is deposed as leader of the Soviet Union; Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin assume power.
- October 15
- October 16
- Harold Wilson becomes British Prime Minister after leading the Labour Party to a narrow election win over the Conservative government of Sir Alec Douglas-Home, which has been in power for 13 years and had four different leaders during that time.
- 596 (nuclear test): The People's Republic of China explodes an atomic bomb in Sinkiang.
- October 18 – The New York World's Fair closes for the year (it reopens April 21, 1965).
- October 21 – The film version of the hit Broadway stage musical My Fair Lady premieres in New York City. The movie stars Audrey Hepburn in the role of Eliza Doolittle and Rex Harrison repeating his stage performance as Professor Henry Higgins (which will win him an Academy Award for Best Actor). The film will win seven other Academy Awards, including Best Picture.
- October 22
- Canada: A Federal Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects a design to become the new official Flag of Canada.
- A 5.3 kiloton nuclear device is detonated at the Tatum Salt Dome, 21 miles (34 km) from Hattiesburg, Mississippi, as part of the Vela Uniform program. This test is the Salmon phase of the Atomic Energy Commission's Project Dribble.
- October 24 – Northern Rhodesia, a former British protectorate, becomes the independent Republic of Zambia, ending 73 years of British rule.
- October 26 – Eric Edgar Cooke becomes the last man executed in Western Australia, for murdering 8 citizens in Perth between 1959 and 1963.
- October 27 – In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, rebel leader Christopher Gbenye takes 60 Americans and 800 Belgians hostage.
- October 29 – A collection of irreplaceable gemstones, including the 565-carat (113.0 g) Star of India, is stolen from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
- November 1 – Mortar fire from North Vietnamese forces rains on the Bien Hoa Air Base, killing four U.S. servicemen, wounding 72, and destroying five B-57 jet bombers and other planes.
- November 3
- 1964 United States presidential election: Incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson defeats Republican challenger Barry Goldwater with over 60 percent of the popular vote.
- The Bolivian government of President Víctor Paz Estenssoro is overthrown by a military rebellion led by General Alfredo Ovando Candía, commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
- November 5 – Mariner program: Mariner 3 spacecraft is launched from Cape Kennedy but fails.[clarification needed]
- November 10 – Australia partially reintroduces compulsory military service due to the Indonesian Confrontation.
- November 19 – The United States Department of Defense announces the closing of 95 military bases and facilities, including Fort Jay, the Brooklyn Navy Yard and the Brooklyn Army Terminal.
- November 21
- November 24 – Belgian paratroopers and mercenaries capture Stanleyville, but a number of hostages die in the fighting, among them American Evangelical Covenant Church missionary Dr. Paul Carlson.
- November 28
- Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 space probe from Cape Kennedy toward Mars to take television pictures of that planet in July 1965.
- Vietnam War: United States National Security Council members, including Robert McNamara, Dean Rusk, and Maxwell Taylor, agree to recommend a plan for a 2-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam, to President Lyndon B. Johnson.
- France performs an underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria.
- December 1 – Gustavo Díaz Ordaz takes office as President of Mexico.
- December 3
- Berkeley Free Speech Movement: Police arrest about 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover of and massive sit-in at the Sproul Hall administration building. The sit-in most directly protested the U.C. Regents' decision to punish student activists for what many thought had been justified civil disobedience earlier in the conflict.
- The Danish football club Brøndby IF is founded as a merger between the two local clubs Brøndbyøster Idrætsforening and Brøndbyvester Idrætsforening. The club wins the national championship Danish Superliga 10 times, and the Danish Cups six times, after joining the Danish top-flight football league in 1981.
- December 5 – Australian Senate election, 1964: The Liberal/Country Coalition Government led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies hold their status quo, while the Labor Party led by Arthur Calwell lose one seat to the Democratic Labor Party, who hold the balance of power in the Senate alongside independent Reg Turnbull.
- December 6 – The 1-hour stop-motion animated special Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, based on the popular Christmas song, is broadcast for the first time, on NBC. It becomes a Christmas tradition in the United States, still being shown on television more than 50 years later.
- December 10 – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.
- December 11 – Che Guevara addresses the United Nations General Assembly. A bazooka attack is launched at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York City.
- December 12 – Jamhuri Day: Kenya becomes a republic, with Jomo Kenyatta as its first President.
- December 14 – Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (379 US 241 1964): The U.S. Supreme Court rules that, in accordance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, establishments providing public accommodation must refrain from racial discrimination.
- December 18 – The Christmas flood of 1964 begins in the United States, affecting the Pacific Northwest and some of Northern California. It will continue until January 7, resulting in 19 deaths, serious damage to buildings, roads and bridges, and the loss of 4,000 head of livestock.
- December 21 – The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark supersonic attack aircraft, developed for the U.S. Air Force, makes its first flight, at Carswell Air Force Base, Texas.
- December 22
- December 23 – Wonderful Radio London becomes the United Kingdom's fourth "Pirate" radio station, broadcasting from MV Galaxy (a former US Navy minesweeper) anchored off the east coast of England, with an American-style Top 40 ("Fab 40") playlist of popular records.
- December 24 – The Brinks Hotel in Saigon, Vietnam, is bombed by the Viet Cong, resulting in the deaths of two US soldiers and injuries to a further 60 people, including civilians.
- December 30 – The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is established as a permanent organ of the UN General Assembly.
- Spring – First recognition of cosmic microwave background radiation as a detectable phenomenon.
- Jerome Horwitz synthesizes zidovudine (AZT), an antiviral drug which will later be used in treating HIV.
- Farrington Daniels becomes an early advocate of solar energy in his book Direct Use of the Sun's Energy, published by Yale University Press in the United States.
- Rudi Gernreich designs the original monokini topless swimsuit in the U.S.
- The Vishva Hindu Pariṣad is founded in India.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1 – Moussa Dadis Camara, Guinean general and 3rd President of Guinea
- January 2 – Pernell Whitaker, American boxer (died 2019)
- January 4
- January 5 – Miguel Ángel Jiménez, Spanish golfer
- January 6
- January 7 – Nicolas Cage, American actor
- January 12 – Jeff Bezos, American Internet entrepreneur
- January 13 – Penelope Ann Miller, American actress
- January 17
- January 20
- January 23 – Mariska Hargitay, American actress
- January 27 – Bridget Fonda, American actress
- January 31 – Jeff Hanneman, American rock guitarist (Slayer) (died 2013)
- February 1 – Eli Ohana, Israeli football player and club chairman
- February 5
- February 10 – Francesca Neri, Italian actress
- February 11
- February 15 − Chris Farley, American actor and comedian (died 1997)
- February 16
- February 18 − Matt Dillon, American actor and film director
- February 19
- February 24
- February 28 – Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Uzbekistan cyclist
- March 7
- March 9 – Juliette Binoche, French actress
- March 10
- March 11 – Vinnie Paul, American drummer (Pantera, Damageplan, Hellyeah) (died 2018)
- March 16
- March 17 – Rob Lowe, American actor
- March 18
- March 19 – Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer
- March 24 – Liz McColgan, British long-distance runner athlete
- March 25 – LisaGay Hamilton, American actress
- March 30
- April 1 – Erik Breukink, Dutch cyclist and manager
- April 3
- April 4 – David Cross, American actor and comedian
- April 6 – David Woodard, American businessman
- April 7 – Russell Crowe, New Zealand-born actor
- April 8
- April 9 – Doug Ducey, American politician, 23rd Governor of Arizona
- April 10 – Hiroshi Tsuburaya, Japanese actor (died 2001)
- April 14 – Jim Grabb, American tennis player
- April 16 – Esbjörn Svensson Swedish jazz pianist (d. 2008)
- April 17
- April 20
- April 21
- April 24 – Djimon Hounsou, Beninese actor and model
- April 25 – Hank Azaria, American actor, voice artist and comedian
- April 28 – L'Wren Scott, American fashion designer (d. 2014)
- April 29 – Federico Castelluccio, Italian-born actor
- April 30
- May 1 – Yvonne van Gennip, Dutch speed-skater
- May 5
- May 8 – Melissa Gilbert, American actress and president of the Screen Actors Guild
- May 13 – Stephen Colbert, American comedian, political commentator, and television personality; host of The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
- May 19 – Samuel Okwaraji, Nigerian footballer (died 1989)
- May 20 – Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer, British aristocrat, author, print journalist and broadcaster. Younger brother of Diana, Princess of Wales.
- May 21 – Rui Maria de Araújo, East Timorese politician
- May 23 – Ruth Metzler-Arnold, member of the Swiss Federal Council
- May 24 – Adrian Moorhouse, British swimmer
- May 25 – Ray Stevenson, Northern Irish-born actor
- May 26 – Lenny Kravitz, American singer, songwriter, and actor
- May 28 – Jeff Fenech, Australian boxer
- May 29 – Arumugam Thondaman, Sri Lankan politician (died 2020)
- May 30 – Tom Morello, American musician and political activist (Rage Against the Machine, Audioslave, Prophets of Rage)
- June 3 – James Purefoy, British actor
- June 7 – Gia Carides, Greek-Australian actress
- June 9 – Gloria Reuben, Canadian-American actress
- June 10
- June 13
- June 15
- June 17 – Michael Gross, German swimmer
- June 18 – Uday Hussein, eldest child of Saddam Hussein (died 2003)
- June 19 – Boris Johnson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- June 20 – Ethella Chupryk, Ukrainian pianist (died 2019)
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24 – Günther Mader, Austrian alpine ski racer
- June 25 – Johnny Herbert, English racing driver
- June 26 – Tommi Mäkinen, Finnish rally driver
- June 30 – Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg, Danish aristocrat
- July 1
- July 2 – Jose and Ozzie Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball players; twin brothers
- July 3
- July 4 – Edi Rama, 33rd Prime Minister of Albania
- July 5 – Stephen H. Scott, Canadian neuroscientist and engineer
- July 6 – Kim Jee-woon, South Korean film director and screenwriter
- July 9 – Courtney Love, American musician/actress
- July 11 – Goran Radaković, Serbian actor
- July 13 – Pascal Hervé, French road racing cyclist
- July 15
- July 16 – Miguel Indurain, Spanish cyclist
- July 17 – Heather Langenkamp, American actress
- July 18 – Wendy Williams, African-American talk show host
- July 19
- July 20
- July 22
- July 24
- July 26
- July 28 – Lori Loughlin, American actress
- July 30
- July 31 – C.C. Catch, Dutch-born German singer
- August 2 – Mary-Louise Parker, American actress
- August 3
- August 7 – Tom McGrath, American voice actor, animator, screenwriter, and film director
- August 8
- August 15 – Melinda Gates, American philanthropist
- August 22 – Mats Wilander, Swedish tennis player
- August 24 – Salizhan Sharipov, Russian cosmonaut
- August 25
- August 26 – Torsten Schmitz, German boxer
- September 2 – Keanu Reeves, Canadian actor and musician
- September 6 – Rosie Perez, American actress and comedian
- September 7
- September 10
- September 13 – Simegnew Bekele, Ethiopian engineer and public administrator (died 2018)
- September 15 – Robert Fico, Prime Minister of Slovakia
- September 16 – Molly Shannon, American actress
- September 19
- September 20 – Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress
- September 21 – Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan musician
- September 23
- September 24 – Rafael Palmeiro, Cuban-American baseball player
- September 25
- September 28 – Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian
- September 30 – Monica Bellucci, Italian actress and model
- October 2 – Makharbek Khadartsev, Russian free-style wrestler
- October 3 – Clive Owen, English actor
- October 4 – Yvonne Murray, Scottish athlete
- October 6 – Tom Jager, American swimmer
- October 9
- October 10 – Maxi Gnauck, German gymnast
- October 20 – Kamala Harris, American politician, 49th Vice President of the United States
- October 22
- October 24 – Rosana Arbelo, Spanish singer and composer
- October 25
- October 30 - Tabitha St. Germain, Canadian voice actress and singer
- October 31 – Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer and manager
- November 1 – Sophie B. Hawkins, American singer-songwriter
- November 3 – Paprika Steen, Danish actress
- November 10 – Magnús Scheving, Icelandic producer
- November 11 – Calista Flockhart, American actress
- November 12
- November 13 – Tzufit Grant, Israeli actress
- November 16
- November 19 – Phil Hughes, Irish footballer and coach
- November 20
- November 23 – Erika Buenfil, Mexican actress and singer
- November 24 – Conleth Hill, Irish actor
- November 25 - Mark Lanegan, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2022)
- November 26 – Vreni Schneider, Swiss alpine skier
- November 27
- November 28
- November 29 – Don Cheadle, African-American actor
- December 1 – Salvatore Schillaci, Italian footballer
- December 4
- December 8 – Teri Hatcher, American actress, writer, presenter and singer
- December 9 – Paul Landers, German rock musician (Rammstein)
- December 10 – Edith González, Mexican actress (died 2019)
- December 13 – Hide, Japanese musician (died 1998)
- December 16 – Heike Drechsler, German track-and-field athlete
- December 18
- December 19 – Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuanian basketball player
- December 22 – Mike Jackson, former MLB pitcher
- December 23 – Eddie Vedder, American rock singer (Pearl Jam)
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 4 – Andreas Hermes, German agricultural scientist and politician (born 1878)
- January 8 – Julius Raab, Austrian politician, 14th Chancellor of Austria (born 1891)
- January 9 – Halide Edib Adıvar, Turkish novelist (born 1884)
- January 11 – Bechara El Khoury, 2nd Prime Minister of Lebanon and 6th President of Lebanon (born 1890)
- January 15
- January 19 – Joe Weatherly, NASCAR championship driver (born 1922)
- January 21
- January 22
- January 23
- January 24 – Cyprian Michael Iwene Tansi, Nigerian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (born 1903)
- January 29
- January 31
- February 3
- February 5 – Matilde Moisant, American pilot (born 1878)
- February 6 – Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and 1st President of the Philippines (born 1869)
- February 7 – Sofoklis Venizelos, Greek politician, three-time Prime Minister of Greece (born 1894)
- February 8 – Ernst Kretschmer, German psychiatrist (born 1888)
- February 10 – Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (born 1905)
- February 12 – Gerald Gardner (Wiccan), English polymath, founder of Wiccan religion (born 1884)
- February 13 – Paulino Alcántara, Filipino-Spanish footballer (born 1896)
- February 15 – Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, French theologian (born 1877)
- February 18 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Canadian inventor of the snowmobile and founder of Bombardier Inc. (born 1907)
- February 25
- February 27 – Orry-Kelly, Australian-born costume designer (born 1897)
- March 6
- March 9 – Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (born 1870)
- March 12 – Abbās al-Aqqād, Egyptian journalist (born 1889)
- March 13 – Friedrich Lahrs, German architect (born 1880)
- March 18
- March 19 – Leo Maximilian Baginski, German entrepreneur (born 1891)
- March 20 – Brendan Behan, Irish poet and writer (born 1923)
- March 23 – Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (born 1904)
- March 25 – Alfredo Bigatti, Argentine sculptor (born 1898)
- March 30 – Birinchi Kumar Barua, Indian folklorist (born 1890)
- April 1 – Božidar Kunc, Yugoslav composer (born 1903)
- April 3 – Franz Joseph, Prince of Hohenzollern-Emden (born 1891)
- April 4 – Georgia Caine, American actress (born 1876)
- April 5 – Douglas MacArthur, U.S. Army general, Supreme Allied Commander in Japan after World War II (born 1880)
- April 6 – Jigme Palden Dorji, 1st Prime Minister of Bhutan (born 1919; assassinated)
- April 7 – Bruce W. Klunder, American Presbyterian minister and civil rights activist (born 1937)
- April 13 – Veit Harlan, German film director (born 1899)
- April 14
- April 18
- April 20
- April 24 – Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (born 1895)
- April 26 – E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (born 1882)
- April 29 – Wenceslao Fernández Flórez, Spanish journalist and novelist (born 1885)
- May 2 – Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born British politician (born 1879)
- May 5 – Tadao Ikeda, Japanese director and screenwriter (born 1905)
- May 6 – José Maza Fernández, Chilean politician, lawyer and diplomat (born 1889)
- May 8 – Kichisaburō Nomura, Japanese admiral and diplomat (born 1877)
- May 10 – Carol Haney, American dancer and actress (born 1924)
- May 13 – Diana Wynyard, English actress (born 1906)
- May 17 – Steve Owen, American football coach (New York Giants) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (born 1898)
- May 20 – Rudy Lewis, American rhythm and blues singer (born 1936)
- May 21 – James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1882)
- May 26 – Ruben Oskar Auervaara, Finnish fraudster (born 1906)
- May 27 – Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian politician, 1st Prime Minister of India (born 1889)
- May 30
- June 3
- June 6
- June 7
- June 8 – Carlos Quintanilla , 37th President of Bolivia (born 1888)
- June 9 – Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born British newspaper publisher and politician (born 1879)
- June 11
- June 18 – Giorgio Morandi, Italian painter (born 1890)
- June 24 – Stuart Davis, American painter (born 1892)
- June 25 – Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (born 1888)
- June 27
- June 29 – Eric Dolphy, American saxophonist (born 1928)
- July 1 – Pierre Monteux, French conductor (born 1875)
- July 2 – Fireball Roberts, American race car driver and a member of the NASCAR Hall of Fame (born 1929)
- July 6 – Zeng Junchen, Sichuan's 'King of Opium' (born 1888)
- July 7 – Lillian Copeland, American athlete (born 1904)
- July 11 – Maurice Thorez, leader of the French Communist Party (born 1900)
- July 13 – Stephen Galatti, Director of AFS, American Field Service (born 1888)
- July 14 – Prince Axel of Denmark (born 1888)
- July 15 – Luis Batlle Berres, Uruguayan political figure, 30th President of Uruguay (born 1897)
- July 16 – Alfred Junge, German-born art director (born 1886)
- July 21 – Jean Fautrier, French painter and sculptor (born 1898)
- July 22
- July 23 – Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, Burmese poet and politician (born 1876)
- July 25 – Sir John Latham, Australian judge and politician (born 1877)
- July 26 – William A. Seiter, American film director (born 1890)
- July 31 – Jim Reeves, American country singer (born 1923)
- August 3 – Flannery O'Connor, American writer (born 1925)
- August 6 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke, English actor (born 1893)
- August 7
- August 9 – Fontaine Fox, American cartoonist (born 1884)
- August 11 – André Aymard, French historian (born 1900)
- August 12
- August 13 – Mushtaq Hussain Khan, Indian musician (born 1878)
- August 14 – Johnny Burnette, American singer (born 1934)
- August 18 – Mohammad Gul Khan Momand, Afghani politician (born 1885)
- August 20 – Anthony de Francisci, Italian-born American sculptor (born 1887)
- August 21 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party (born 1893)
- August 22 – Symeon Lukach, Soviet Eastern Catholic bishop, martyr and blessed (born 1893)
- August 23 – Estella Canziani, British painter (born 1887)
- August 27 – Gracie Allen, American actress and comedian, known as part of the comedy duo Burns and Allen (born 1895)
- August 28 – Lumsden Hare, Irish-born actor, theatre director, and theatre producer
- August 30 – Aleksei Aleksandrovich Grechkin, Soviet commander (born 1893)
- August 31 – Peter Lanyon, British painter (born 1918)
- September 2
- September 9
- September 15 – Herbert Heywood, American actor (born 1881)
- September 18
- September 21 – Otto Grotewohl, East German Communist politician, 1st Prime Minister of the German Democratic Republic (born 1894)
- September 23 – Fred M. Wilcox, American film director (born 1907)
- September 28
- September 29 – Fred Tootell, American Olympic athlete (born 1902)
- October 1 – Ernst Toch, Austrian composer (born 1887)
- October 10 – Eddie Cantor, American actor, comedian and dancer (born 1892)
- October 15 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (born 1891)
- October 19 – Russ Brown, American actor (born 1892)
- October 20 – Herbert Hoover, American politician, 31st President of the United States (born 1874)
- October 21 – Margaret Gibson, American actress (born 1894)
- October 22
- October 25 – Joe Henderson, American rhythm and blues and gospel music singer (born 1937)
- October 26 – Eric Edgar Cooke, Australian serial killer (born 1931)
- October 27
- October 29
- October 31 – Theodore Freeman, American astronaut (born 1930)
- November 2
- November 5
- November 6 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1873)
- November 10
- November 11
- November 12 – Rickard Sandler, Swedish politician, 20th Prime Minister of Sweden (born 1884)
- November 13 – Oskar Becker, German philosopher (born 1889)
- November 14 – Heinrich von Brentano, German politician (born 1904)
- November 18 – Tommaso Besozzi, Italian journalist (born 1903)
- November 21 – Catherine Bauer Wurster, American architect and public housing advocate (born 1905)
- November 24 – William O'Dwyer, American diplomat and politician, 100th Mayor of New York City (born 1890)
- November 25 – Clarence Kolb, American actor (born 1874)
- November 28 – Charles Meredith, American actor (born 1894)
- November 29 – Anne de Vries, Dutch writer (born 1904)
- December 1
- December 2 – Pina Pellicer, Mexican actress (b.1934)
- December 5 – V. Veerasingam, Ceylon Tamil teacher and politician (born 1892)
- December 6 – Consuelo Vanderbilt, Duchess of Marlborough (born 1877)
- December 9 – Dame Edith Sitwell, British poet (born 1887)
- December 10 – Mariano Rossell y Arellano, Guatemalan clergyman (born 1894)
- December 11
- December 13 – Ernesto Almirante, Italian actor (born 1877)
- December 14
- December 15 – C. J. Hambro, Norwegian politician and journalist (born 1885)
- December 17 – Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1883)
- December 21 – Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (born 1880)
- December 22 – Rosa Borja de Ycaza, Ecuadorian writer (born 1889)
- December 24 – Kuksha of Odessa, Eastern Orthodox priest (born 1875)
- December 29 – Vladimir Favorsky, Russian artist and engraver (born 1886)
- December 31
- Physics – Charles Hard Townes, Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov, Aleksandr Prokhorov
- Chemistry – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
- Physiology or Medicine – Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen
- Literature – Jean-Paul Sartre
- Peace – Martin Luther King Jr.
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1964: May 12—Twelve students at a New York rally burn their draft cards...
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- Quotations related to 1964 at Wikiquote
Media related to 1964 at Wikimedia Commons