The 1963-64 British Home Championship international Home Nations football tournament was an unusual affair in which victory was shared between the England, Scotland and Northern Ireland national football teams after all teams scored four points by beating Wales and then winning one and losing one of their remaining matches. Goal difference was not at this stage used to determine team positions in the tournament, but if it had been, England would have won with a goal difference of +8 with Scotland second and Northern Ireland third.
England began the tournament the stronger side, defeating Wales 4–0 in Cardiff. Northern Ireland too began well, beating the fancied Scots in a close game in Belfast. In the second round England took the lead with a thumping 8–3 victory over Northern Ireland at home, in which Jimmy Greaves and Terry Paine both scored hat-tricks. The Scots gained some ground on the leaders by beating Wales in a close game in Glasgow in which John White scored. He was killed just two months after the tournament concluded. In the final matches, played at the close of the domestic season, England needed only a draw against Scotland to claim the trophy, whilst Northern Ireland had to beat Wales to have any hope of reaching parity. Northern Ireland were successful in another close game at Swansea, but Scotland edged England 1–0 to claim their own third share of the Championship.