1964 Summer Paralympics
|II Paralympic Games|
|Host city||Tokyo, Japan|
|Events||144 in 9 sports|
|Opening ceremony||November 3|
|Closing ceremony||November 12|
|Officially opened by||Yoshiaki Kasai|
|Athlete's Oath||Shigeo Aono|
|Paralympic Stadium||Oda Field|
The 1964 Summer Paralympics (第二回パラリンピック冬季競技大会 Dai Ni-kai Pararinpikku Kyōgi Taikai), originally known as the 13th International Stoke Mandeville Games, were the 2nd Paralympic Games to be held. They were held in Tokyo, Japan, they were the last Summer Paralympics to take place in the same city as the Summer Olympics until the 1988 Summer Paralympics. The term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984, while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.
In contrast with the 1960 Games, many events had more than three participants, meaning that athletes were no longer guaranteed a medal upon completing their event.
Also originally known as Paralympic Tokyo 1964.
Tokyo will host the Summer Paralympic Games again in 2020
Nine sports were competed at the 1964 games. In athletics, a wheelchair racing event in the form of a 60 m dash was added; previously the athletics program had included only field events. Wheelchair racing has since become one of the most prominent Paralympic events.
- Table tennis
- Wheelchair basketball
- Wheelchair fencing
The top ten listed NOCs by number of gold medals are listed below.
Nineteen delegations participated in the Tokyo Paralympics.
The 1964 Games marked South Africa's Paralympic Games début. The country had just been banned from taking part in the Olympic Games, due to its policy of apartheid, and was thus absent from the 1964 Summer Olympics. It was not, however, banned from the Paralympics until 1980, and Japan (as host country) did not oppose its participation.
The Opening ceremony was organized in the Oda Field, and the Closing Ceremony at Yoyogi National Gymnasium. About 5000 spectators were present at both of the ceremonies. Akihito and Empress Michiko were present in both of them.
Earlier it was thought that the Games might not get much media coverage, due to the focus on the Olympic Games, but both radio and television media gave high coverage to the Games.
Yoshisuke Kasai was the chairman of the Board of directors. The board had 3 vice-chairmen, namely T. Azuma, H. Dazai and I. Miki. The auditor of the organizing committee was M. Tozawa, and the secretary general was K. Ujiie.
- The Thirteenth International Stoke Mandeville Games for The Paralysed, dinf.ne.jp, March 17, 1999
- Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
- IPC searchable database
- History and Use of the Term Paralympic, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
- "Tokyo 1964". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
- "Medal Standings - Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
- "'The Netherlands against Apartheid' - 1970s", International Institute of Social History
- South Africa at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee