1964 Tour de France

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1964 Tour de France
Route of the 1964 Tour de France.png
Route of the 1964 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 22 June – 14 July
Stages 22, including three split stages
Distance 4,504 km (2,799 mi)
Winning time 127h 09' 44"
Palmares
Winner  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (V.C. XII–Saint Raphaël–Gitane–Campagnolo)
Second  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) (Mercier–BP–Hutchinson)
Third  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) (Margnat–Paloma–Dunlop)

Points  Jan Janssen (NED) (Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber)
Mountains  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) (Margnat–Paloma–Dunlop)
Team Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber
1963
1965

The 1964 Tour de France was the 51st edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between 22 June and 14 July, with 22 stages covering a distance of 4,504 km (2,799 mi). Stages 3, 10 and 22 were all two part stages with one the first half being a regular stage and the second half being a team or individual time trial. It was the only Tour de France to include a mid-stage climb to the L'Alpe D'Huez ski resort. The race was eventually won by Jacques Anquetil following an epic shoulder to shoulder battle with Raymond Poulidor during Stage 20.

Teams[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of teams and cyclists in the 1964 Tour de France.

The 1964 Tour started with 132 cyclists, divided into 12 teams of 11 cyclists.[1]

The teams entering the race were:

Pre-race favourites[edit]

The main favourite was defending champion Jacques Anquetil. He had won the 1964 Giro d'Italia earlier that year, and was trying to win a Tour-Giro double, which at that moment had only been done by Fausto Coppi.[1]

Route and stages[edit]

The 1964 Tour de France started on 22 June, and had one rest day in Andorra.[2]

Stage characteristics and winners[1][2][3]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 22 June Rennes to Lisieux 215 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Edward Sels (BEL)
2 23 June Lisieux to Amiens 208 km (129 mi) Plain stage  André Darrigade (FRA)
3a 24 June Amiens to Forest (Belgium) 197 km (122 mi) Plain stage  Bernard Vandekerkhove (BEL)
3b Forest (Belgium) 21 km (13 mi) Team time trial  Kas–Kaskol
4 25 June Forest (Belgium) to Metz 292 km (181 mi) Plain stage  Rudi Altig (GER)
5 26 June Metz to Freiburg (West Germany) 161 km (100 mi) Plain stage  Willy Derboven (BEL)
6 27 June Freiburg (West Germany) to Besançon 200 km (120 mi) Plain stage  Henk Nijdam (NED)
7 28 June Besançon to Thonon-les-Bains 195 km (121 mi) Plain stage  Jan Janssen (NED)
8 29 June Thonon-les-Bains to Briançon 249 km (155 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
9 30 June Briançon to Monaco 239 km (149 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
10a 1 July Monaco to Hyères 187 km (116 mi) Plain stage  Jan Janssen (NED)
10b Hyères to Toulon 21 km (13 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
11 2 July Toulon to Montpellier 250 km (160 mi) Plain stage  Edward Sels (BEL)
12 3 July Montpellier to Perpignan 174 km (108 mi) Plain stage  Jo de Roo (NED)
13 4 July Perpignan to Andorra 170 km (110 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
14 6 July Andorra to Toulouse 186 km (116 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Edward Sels (BEL)
15 7 July Toulouse to Luchon 203 km (126 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Raymond Poulidor (FRA)
16 8 July Luchon to Pau 197 km (122 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
17 9 July Peyrehorade to Bayonne 43 km (27 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
18 10 July Bayonne to Bordeaux 187 km (116 mi) Plain stage  André Darrigade (FRA)
19 11 July Bordeaux to Brive 215 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Edward Sels (BEL)
20 12 July Brive to Puy de Dôme 217 km (135 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
21 13 July Clermont-Ferrand to Orléans 311 km (193 mi) Plain stage  Jean Stablinski (FRA)
22a 14 July Orléans to Versailles 119 km (74 mi) Plain stage  Benoni Beheyt (BEL)
22b Versailles to Paris 27 km (17 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
Total 4,504 km (2,799 mi)[4]

Race overview[edit]

Anquetil, who was looking for his fifth Tour victory, was superior in the time trials, of which he won all three. But Raymond Poulidor dominated in the mountains, and Anquetil was close to losing.

The ninth stage finished in Monaco, where the riders would ride one extra lap, crossing the finish line twice. When the first group, including Poulidor and Anquetil, reached the finish line for the first time, Poulidor had forgotten the extra lap, and sprinted in avail for the victory. When the group reached the finish line for the second time, Anquetil won the sprint, and one minute of bonification time.[5]

In the second part of the tenth stage, the time trial, Anquetil won. Poulidor finished in second place, losing 36 seconds, with a flat tire costing him some time.[5][6]

In the rest day between the thirteenth and the fourteenth stage, Anquetil had joined a lamb barbecue, and in the fourteenth stage he was immediately dropped. His team director gave him a bottle of champagne, which washed away the indigestion, and then Anquetil was able to get back to Poulidor.[6] Poulidor then broke a spoke, the repair cost him some time, even more because a team mechanic, trying to help him gain speed, made him fall.[5]

Poulidor attacked in the fifteenth stage, and stayed away. He won the stage, and in the general classification climbed to third place, nine seconds behind second-placed Anquetil.[5]

Anquetil won the time trial of stage 17, and became the leader; Poulidor was in second place, only 56 seconds behind. In the twentieth stage, Poulidor did not have the right bicycle for the climb, but did not tell it to his team director. Poulidor dropped Anquetil in the climb, but the margin was not big enough for him to take over the lead, and Anquetil remained leader of the race by 14 seconds.[5]

In the final time trial, Anquetil was the favourite, being the specialist. Poulidor rode as fast as he could, and with all other cyclists but Anquetil finished, had the best time. Anquetil was the last rider to ride the time trial, and was five seconds slower at the intermediate time check, which gave Poulidor hope that he could emerge as winner. However, Anquetil was clearly faster in the second part, and won the time trial.[5] Anquetil won the Tour by only 55 seconds,[6] which was at that moment the smallest margin in history.[7]

Classification leadership[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1964 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[8]

Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[8]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey.[8]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[9]

The combativity award was given to Henri Anglade.[2]

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification Team classification
1 Edward Sels Edward Sels Edward Sels Raymond Poulidor Wiel's–Groene Leeuw
2 André Darrigade Jan Janssen Robert Poulot
3a Bernard Vandekerkhove Bernard Van De Kerckhove Solo–Superia
3b Kas–Kaskol Kas–Kaskol
4 Rudi Altig Rudi Altig Julio Jiménez Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber
5 Willy Derboven Rudi Altig Rudi Altig
6 Henk Nijdam
7 Jan Janssen Jan Janssen Julio Jiménez
8 Federico Bahamontes Georges Groussard
9 Jacques Anquetil Federico Bahamontes
10a Jan Janssen
10b Jacques Anquetil
11 Edward Sels
12 Jo de Roo
13 Julio Jiménez
14 Edward Sels Rudi Altig
15 Raymond Poulidor Jan Janssen
16 Federico Bahamontes
17 Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil
18 André Darrigade
19 Edward Sels
20 Julio Jiménez
21 Jean Stablinski
22a Benoni Beheyt
22b Jacques Anquetil
Final Jacques Anquetil Jan Janssen Federico Bahamontes Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber

Final standings[edit]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[1]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) V.C. XII–Saint Raphaël–Gitane–Campagnolo 127h 09' 44"
2  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier–BP–Hutchinson + 55"
3  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat–Paloma–Dunlop + 4' 44"
4  Henry Anglade (FRA) Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber + 6' 42"
5  Georges Groussard (FRA) Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber + 10' 34"
6  André Foucher (FRA) Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber + 10' 36"
7  Julio Jiménez (ESP) Kas–Kaskol + 12' 13"
8  Gilbert Desmet 1 (BEL) Wiel's–Groene Leeuw + 12' 17"
9  Hans Junkermann (GER) Wiel's–Groene Leeuw + 14' 02"
10  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani + 14' 19"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Jan Janssen (NED) Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber 208
2  Ward Sels (BEL) Solo–Superia 199
3  Rudi Altig (FRG) V.C. XII–Saint Raphaël–Gitane–Campagnolo 165
4  Gilbert Desmet (BEL) Wiel's–Groene Leeuw 147
5  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier–BP–Hutchinson 133
6  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) V.C. XII–Saint Raphaël–Gitane–Campagnolo 111
7  Benoni Beheyt (BEL) Wiel's–Groene Leeuw 103
7  Henk Nijdam (NED) Televizier 103
9  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani 83
10  André Darrigade (FRA) Margnat–Paloma–Dunlop 78

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat–Paloma–Dunlop 173
2  Julio Jiménez (ESP) Kas–Kaskol 167
3  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier–BP–Hutchinson 90
4  Hans Junkermann (FRG) Wiel's–Groene Leeuw 47
5  Henri Anglade (FRA) Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber 44
6  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) V.C. XII–Saint Raphaël–Gitane–Campagnolo 34
7  André Foucher (FRA) Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber 33
8  Karl-Heinz Kunde (FRG) Wiel's–Groene Leeuw 27
9  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani 26
10  Martín Piñera (ESP) Kas–Kaskol 23

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification[10]
Rank Team Time
1 Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune–Wolber 381h 33' 36"
2 Wiel's–Groene Leeuw + 30' 24"
3 V.C. XII–Saint Raphaël–Gitane–Campagnolo + 30' 52"
4 Margnat–Paloma–Dunlop + 53' 09"
5 Kas–Kaskol + 1h 07' 34"
6 Salvarani + 1h 50' 42"
7 Mercier–BP–Hutchinson + 2h 02' 53"
8 Ferrys + 2h 11' 22"
9 Peugeot–BP–Englebert + 2h 27' 35"
10 Flandria–Romeo + 4h 32' 17"
11 Solo–Superia + 4h 39' 05"
12 Televizier + 5h 35' 10"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "51ème Tour de France 1964" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 4 (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 63. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  3. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  4. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 6 (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 115. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Boyce, Barry (February 2012). ""Pou-Pou" and the Cruel Tour of 1964". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Amaury Sport Organisation. "The Tour - Year 1964". letour.fr. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "Contador's winning margin is fourth smallest in Tour de France history". VeloNews. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Lonkhuyzen, Michiel van. "Tour-Giro-Vuelta". www.tour-giro-vuelta.net. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to 1964 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons