1964 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1964.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Poneropsis hypolitha[2]

Comb nov

Syn

(Cockerell)

Late Eocene

Bembridge Marls

 England

A Dolichoderin ant
jr synonym of Emplastus hypolithus

Mollusca[edit]

Newly named bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Similodonta.[3]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Soot-Reyn

Middle Ordovician to Middle Silurian

Europe and North America

New genus and species with five other species moved from other genera

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Chilantaisaurus[5] Valid taxon
  • Hu S.

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Ulansuhai Formation

 China

A member of Neovenatoridae.

Eustreptospondylus[6] Valid taxon

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Oxford Clay

 England

A megalosaurid.

Fabrosaurus[7] Nomen dubium.

Early Jurassic (Sinemurian-Pliensbachian)

Upper Elliot Formation

 Lesotho

A dubious ornithischian.

Metriacanthosaurus[6] Valid taxon

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Oxford Clay

 England

A member of Metriacanthosauridae.

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Agriocharis progenes [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Brodkorb

Blancan

Rexraod Formation
San Pedro Valley Formation

 USA

A Meleagridae.

Anabernicula oregonensis [9]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Fossil Lake

 USA

An Anatidae.

Asio priscus [10]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Howard

Late Pleistocene

Santa Rosa Island Formation

 USA

A Strigidae.

Nettion greeni [11]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Brodkorb

Early Pliocene

Ash Hollow Formation

 USA

An Anatidae, transferred to Anas greeni.

Tympanonesiotes [12]

Gen et Sp. nov.

jr synonym?

Hopson

Early Miocene

Hawthorne Formation

 USA

A Pseudodontornithidae, type species T. wetmorei,
transferred tentatively to Pelagornis wetmorei

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Strongylokrotaphus

junior synonym

Novozhilov

junior synonym of Pliosaurus

Valid

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Dsungaripterus

Valid

Young

Germanodactylus

Valid

Yang

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Antropov AV, Belokobylskij SA, Compton SG, Dlussky GM, Khalaim AI, KolyadaVA, Kozlov MA, PerfilievaKS, Rasnitsyn AP (2014). "The wasps, bees and ants (Insecta: Vespida=Hymenoptera) from the Insect Limestone (Late Eocene) of the Isle of Wight, UK". Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 104 (3-4): 335–446. doi:10.1017/S1755691014000103. 
  3. ^ Cope, J.C.W. (1999). "Middle Ordovician bivalves from Mid-Wales and the Welsh Borderland". Palaeontology. 42 (3): 467–499. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00081. 
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Hu S. 1964. Carnosaurian remains from Alashan, Inner Mongolia. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 8: pp. 42-63.
  6. ^ a b Walker, A.D. 1964. Triassic Reptiles from the Elgin area: Ornithosuchus and the origin of Carnosaurs. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, series B 248: pp. 53- 135.
  7. ^ Ginsburg, L. 1964. Decouverte d'un Scelidosaurian (Dinosaure ornithischien) dans le Trias superieur du Basutoland. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 258: pp. 2366-2368.
  8. ^ Brodkorb, P (1964). "Notes of Fossil Turkeys" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 27 (3): 223–229. 
  9. ^ Howard, H (1964). "A New Species of "Pygmee Goose," Anabernicula, from the Oregon Pleistocene, with a Discussion of the genus" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2200: 1–14. 
  10. ^ Howard, H (1964). "A fossil owl from Santa Rosa Island" (PDF). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences. 163: 27–31. 
  11. ^ Brodkorb, P (1964). "A Pliocene Teal from South Dakota". Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 27 (1): 55–58. 
  12. ^ Hopson, JA (1964). "Pseudodontornis and Other Large Marine Birds from the Miocene of South Carolina" (PDF). Postilla, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. 83: 1–19.