Events from the year
. The year's events include a 1964 in the United Kingdom general election with a change of government.
Incumbents [ edit ]
1 January –
first airs on Top of the Pops BBC TV. 11 January – teen girls' magazine
first published. Jackie  20 January – eleven men go on trial at
Buckinghamshire Assizes in Aylesbury charged in connection with the Great Train Robbery five months ago. 21 January – Government figures show that the average weekly wage is £16.
22 January – film
released. Zulu 28 January – families from Springtown Camp make a silent march through
Derry to demand rehousing.  29 January – 9 February:
Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria, and win one gold medal. 6 February – the British and French governments agree a deal for the construction of a
Channel Tunnel. The twin-tunneled rail link is expected to take five years to build.  11 February –
Southampton is granted city status, the first such designation of the current reign.  19 February – actor
Peter Sellers marries actress Britt Ekland. 21 February – £10 banknotes are issued for the first time since the
Second World War. 9 March –
London Fisheries Convention signed. 10 March –
the Queen gives birth to her fourth child and third son. 19 March
26 March – verdicts are passed on ten men for their role in the
Great Train Robbery after one of the longest criminal trials and longest jury retirals in English legal history. 28 March –
"pirate" radio station Radio Caroline begins regular broadcasting from a ship anchored just outside UK territorial waters off Felixstowe.  29 March – first purpose-built
gurdwara in Britain opened, the Guru Gobind Singh Ji Gurdwara in Bradford.  30 March – violent disturbances between
Mods and Rockers at Clacton beach.  31 March –
Minister of Labour Joseph Godber appoints Lord Justice Pearson to chair a court of inquiry into the power dispute.  1 April –
Ministry of Defence takes over the duties of the War Office, Admiralty and Air Ministry, which cease to exist. The title of Lord High Admiral is re-vested in the Monarch.  9 April – Labour wins the first elections to the
Greater London Council. 10 April –
Runcorn, a small town in north Cheshire, is designated as a new town by Alec Douglas-Home's government. Extensive house building and industrial and commercial developments are predicted to inflate the town's population to around 70,000 by 1981.  11 April – the
National Trust reopens the southern section of the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, the first major restoration of a canal for leisure use.  16 April – sentence is passed on eleven men for their role in the
Great Train Robbery, seven receiving 30 years each.  18 April –
Liverpool win the Football League First Division for the sixth time in their history.  20 April
The Queen's son's name is registered as
Edward. The scheduled opening night of
BBC Two, the UK's third television channel, is disrupted by power cuts, and all that can be screened is announcer Gerald Priestland delivering apologies from Alexandra Palace. On the same day, the BBC Television Service is renamed BBC One.  21 April – BBC Two begins scheduled broadcasting; its first programme is
. Play School  29 April – all schools in
Aberdeen are closed following 136 cases of typhoid being reported. 1 May - Princess Margaret gives birth to a baby girl.
5 May –
Granada Television broadcasts the first in what will become a series of documentary interviews, Seven Up! 6 May –
Joe Orton's black comedy premieres at the Entertaining Mr Sloane New Arts Theatre in London.  11 May –
Terence Conran opens the first Habitat store on London's Fulham Road.  12 May – "pirate" radio station
Radio Atlanta begins broadcasting from MV anchored off Mi Amigo Frinton-on-Sea; in July its operations are merged with Radio Caroline. 15 May – Lord Justice Pearson reports on the power dispute.
 16 – 18 May: violent disturbances between
Mods and Rockers at Brighton. 27 May – "pirate" radio station
Radio Sutch begins broadcasting from Shivering Sands Army Fort in the Thames Estuary.  29 May – official opening of the UK's first undercover shopping centre, at the
Bull Ring, Birmingham.  17 June –
Moors murders: a missing persons investigation is launched in Fallowfield, Manchester, as police search for twelve-year-old Keith Bennett, who went missing on the previous evening. July –
Helen Brook sets up the first Brook Advisory Centre offering teenage contraception and sexual health advice.  6 July
10 July – more than 300 people are injured in
Liverpool when a crowd of some 150,000 people welcome the Beatles back to their home city. 15 July – the
Post Office Tower in London is completed, although it does not begin operation until October 1965.  28 July –
Winston Churchill retires from the House of Commons at the age of 89. 4 August
13 August –
Peter Anthony Allen, at Walton Prison in Liverpool and Gwynne Owen Evans, at Strangeways Prison in Manchester, are hanged for the murder of John Alan West on 7 April, the last executions to take place in the British Isles.  22 August – the first
airs on Match of the Day BBC Two television. September – the
British Motor Corporation launches the BMC ADO17 family saloon car, initially as the Austin 1800; this again wins BMC the European Car of the Year award, in its second year. 4 September – the
Forth Road Bridge opens over the Firth of Forth, linking Fife and Edinburgh.  14 September – the final edition of the left-wing
newspaper is published. Daily Herald 15 September
newspaper goes into circulation, replacing the The Sun Daily Herald. Sir Alec Douglas-Home calls a general election for 15 October.
21 September –
Malta obtains independence from the UK.  29 September – announcement that American car manufacturer
Chrysler is taking a substantial share in the British Rootes Group combine, which includes the Hillman, Singer and Sunbeam marques.  October –
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin wins the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (the first British woman to win a Nobel) "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances".  10 October – 24 October:
Great Britain competes at the Olympics in Tokyo and wins 4 gold, 12 silver and 2 bronze medals. 15 October –
the general election is held. The Labour Party defeats the Conservatives. Harold Wilson becomes prime minister, having gained a majority of five seats. The election result spells the end of 13 years of Conservative government, although the prime minister Alec Douglas-Home had only entered office 12 months ago. Among the retiring MP's is the former prime minister Sir Winston Churchill, who has been an MP for 63 of the last 65 years. A surprise casualty as MP is Patrick Gordon Walker who was widely expected to become the foreign secretary in a Labour government but loses his Smethwick seat to the Conservatives following a controversial racially motivated campaign by the opposing party's supporters.  17 October – Harold Wilson's cabinet is announced; it includes
James Callaghan (who missed out on the Labour leadership in February 1963), Denis Healey, Barbara Castle and Roy Jenkins. Jim Griffiths becomes the first Secretary of State for Wales. 18 October – Wilson creates the
Welsh Office.  24 October – Northern
Rhodesia, a former British protectorate, becomes the independent Republic of Zambia, ending 73 years of British rule.  2 November – ITV soap opera
airs for the first time. Crossroads  9 November –
House of Commons votes to abolish the death penalty for murder in Britain. The last execution took place in August and the death penalty is set to be officially abolished before the end of next year, with the number of executions having gradually fallen during the last decade. 27 November – power unions announce that they will start
balloting for a strike.  30 November – power dispute settled and strike action called off.
 16 December – Government,
Trades Union Congress and employers produce a joint Statement of Intent on Productivity, Prices and Incomes. 21 December – MPs vote 355 to 170 for the abolition of the death penalty, with the abolition likely to be confirmed before the end of next year. The death penalty has gradually fallen out of use over the last twenty years, with the two most recent executions having taken place in August this year.
24 December –
the Beatles gain the Christmas number one for the second year running with , which has topped the singles charts for the third week running. The Beatles have now had six number ones in the United Kingdom alone. I Feel Fine  26 December –
Moors murders: Police launch a missing persons investigation after ten-year-old Lesley Ann Downey goes missing from a fairground in Ancoats, Manchester. 31 December –
Donald Campbell sets the world speed record on water at 276.33 mph on Dumbleyung Lake in Australia. 
Undated [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
13 January –
Bill Bailey, comedian 16 February –
Christopher Eccleston, actor 29 February –
James Ogilvy, son of Princess Alexandra, the Honourable Lady Ogilvy and Sir Angus Ogilvy 10 March –
Prince Edward (later Earl of Wessex), youngest son of the Queen 11 March –
Shane Richie, actor 17 March –
Lee Dixon, English footballer 26 March –
Martin Donnelly, Northern Irish racing driver 3 April –
Nigel Farage, United Kingdom Independence Party leader and MEP for South East England 18 April –
Niall Ferguson, Scottish historian 20 April –
Andy Serkis, English actor 25 April –
Andy Bell, singer and songwriter (band Erasure) 28 April –
Lady Helen Taylor, daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Kent 1 May –
Lady Sarah Chatto, daughter of Antony Armstrong-Jones and Princess Margaret 24 May –
Adrian Moorhouse, swimmer 13 June –
Kathy Burke, actress and comedian 22 June –
John Penrose, politician, Minister for Tourism and Heritage 3 July –
Joanne Harris, novelist 7 July –
Robert Newman, comedian, actor and author 21 July –
Ross Kemp, actor 22 July –
Bonnie Langford, actress and entertainer 23 July –
Matilda Ziegler, actress 19 September –
Simon Singh, author 27 September –
Darren Watson, teacher and England Schoolboy footballer 3 October –
Clive Owen, English actor 7 October –
Paul Stewart, English footballer 7 November –
Philip Hollobone, Conservative politician and MP for Kettering 19 November –
Nicholas Patrick, English-born aeronautical engineer and astronaut 21 December –
Rob Kelly, footballer and manager 25 December –
Gary McAllister, Scottish footballer, manager and coach
9 January –
Hubert Phillips, economist, journalist, bridge player and composer of puzzles (died 1891) 17 January –
T. H. White, novelist (born 1906) 21 March –
Nancy Spain (born 1917) and Joan Werner Laurie (born 1920), journalists, in the crash of a light plane near Aintree 9 June –
Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-British business tycoon, politician and writer (born 1879) 21 July –
John White, footballer (born 1937) 12 August –
Ian Fleming, author and journalist (born 1908) 18 September –
Clive Bell, art critic (born 1881) 5 November –
Mabel Lucie Attwell, illustrator (born 1879) 1 December –
J. B. S. Haldane, geneticist (born 1892) 8 December –
Simon Marks, 1st Baron Marks of Broughton, businessman (born 1888) 9 December –
Edith Sitwell, poet (born 1887) 24 December –
Claudia Jones, black activist (born 1915)
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ McRobbie, Angela (1991). Feminism and youth culture: from "Jackie" to "Just Seventeen". Basingstoke: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-45263-9.
^ "Springtown Camp from the inside". Springtown Camp 1946–1967. 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-03-21 . Retrieved . 2011-03-12
^ "1964: Green light for Channel Tunnel". BBC News. 6 February 1964. Archived from the original on 4 December 2007 . Retrieved . 2008-01-10
^ "City Status For Southampton". . 12 February 1964. p. 5. The Times
^ "Power Dispute Talks Break Down Overtime Ban On Monday, Union Delegation Walks Out Of Meeting". The Times. 20 March 1964. p. 14, col.A.
^ "1964: 'Ambitious' plans for south east". BBC. 19 March 1964. Archived from the original on 2013-11-09 . Retrieved . 2010-10-05
^ Those were the days Archived 16 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
^ a b c d e f g Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
^ "First places of devotion". Vaguely Interesting. 2013-03-06 . Retrieved . 2015-01-05
^ a b c d Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 422–423. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
^ "Lord Justice Pearson Inquiry Chairman". The Times. 1 April 1964. p. 10, col.B.
^  Archived 7 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Hadfield, Charles; Norris, John (1968). Waterways to Stratford (2nd ed.). Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 978-0-7153-4231-2.
^ On this day - 18 April 1964 - Liverpool FC
^ "BBC2 Opening Night". British TV History. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012 . Retrieved . 2010-10-05
^ "Announcement of the christening of Lady Louise Windsor". The British Monarchy. 8 April 2004. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013 . Retrieved . 2010-10-05
^ Banham, Martin (1995). The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge University Press. p. 827. ISBN 978-0-521-43437-9.
^ "Both Sides To Blame In Power Dispute "Bury Past, Build For Future" Report Says". The Times. 16 May 1964. p. 5, col.A.
^ "Radio Sutch & City in Pictures & Audio Part 1". Bob Le-Roi. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-05-20 . Retrieved . 2011-08-23
^ Kennedy, Liam, ed. (2004). Remaking Birmingham: The Visual Culture of Urban Regeneration. Routledge Ltd. pp. 17–18. ISBN 978-0-415-28839-2.
^ "Special events in the development of women's equality". Catherine of Siena Virtual College. Archived from the original on 2012-03-19 . Retrieved . 2011-02-01
^ a b c The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. p. 502. ISBN 978-1-85986-000-7.
^ on A Hard Day's Night IMDb
^ "Last executions in the UK". Stephen-stratford.com. Archived from the original on 9 September 2010 . Retrieved . 2010-09-03
^ Bullock, John (1993). The Rootes Brothers: story of a motoring empire. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 228. ISBN 978-1-85260-454-7.
^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964". Archived from the original on 26 October 2012 . Retrieved . 2008-01-10
^ "1964 General election results summary". UK Political Info . Retrieved . 2016-03-22
^ "Power Dispute Talks Fail Strike Threat Draws Near, Union Ballot To Start On Monday". The Times. 28 November 1964. p. 8, col.C.
^ "Power Stations Overtime Ban Called Off – Payments Claim Settled". The Times. 1 December 1964. p. 10, col.C.
^ "1964: Beeching to leave British Railways". BBC News. 23 December 1964. Archived from the original on 18 December 2007 . Retrieved . 2008-01-10
^ "The Beatles U.K. Singles Chart Number Ones". JPGR. 2009. Archived from the original on 2013-07-25 . Retrieved . 2010-10-05
^ "Our history". Hanson. Archived from the original on 28 September 2010 . Retrieved . 2010-10-05
^ Jack Galusha, "Daihatsu Sirion 1.0 S", Autocar, archived from the original on 3 April 2012 , retrieved 2013-04-13
^ Lambert, Tim. "Britain Since 1948". Archived from the original on 2014-02-21 . Retrieved . 2013-04-13
External links [ edit ]