1966 Finnish parliamentary election

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Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 20 and 21 March 1966.[1] The Social Democratic Party (SDP) overtook the Centre Party as the largest faction in Parliament. Rafael Paasio of the SDP subsequently became Prime Minister and formed a popular front government consisting of the SDP, the Centre Party, the People's Democratic League (SKDL), and the Social Democratic Union of Workers and Smallholders (TPSL) in May 1966.[2][3]

Background[edit]

Prior to the elections, Centre Party Prime Minister Johannes Virolainen had led a centre-right coalition government since September 1964. Meanwhile, Paasio had moved the SDP further to the left in order to attract back voters from the TPSL. Finnish society was undergoing a period of radical criticism of traditional values, such as Christianity, marriage, parents' authority over their children, teachers' authority over their students, patriotism, and civil servants' (including judges') authority over private citizens. The Social Democrats and the SKDL tapped into this discontent at the expense of the centre-right coalition. At the same time, leading Social Democrats, such as former Minister of Social Affairs and Minister of the Interior Väinö Leskinen, had promised to support President Kekkonen's foreign policy with regards to the Soviet Union, and his continuance as President.

Results[edit]

Overall, the leftist coalition achieved a combined majority (51.0%) of the votes cast in the election.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 645,339 27.2 55 +17
Centre Party 503,047 21.2 49 –4
Finnish People's Democratic League 502,374 21.1 41 –6
National Coalition Party 326,928 13.8 26 –6
Liberal People's Party 153,259 6.5 9 –5
Swedish People's Party 134,832 5.7 11 –2
Social Democratic Union of Workers and Smallholders 61,274 2.6 7 +5
Smallholders' Party 24,351 1.0 1 +1
Finnish Christian League 10,646 0.4 0 New
Åland Coalition 7,118 0.3 1 0
Independence Party 513 0.0 0 New
Christian Women of Western Finland 124 0.0 0 New
Christian-minded of Northern Savonia 30 0.0 0 New
Others 51 0.0 0
Write-in lists 161 0.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 8,537
Total 2,378,583 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,800,461 84.9
Source: Tilastokeskus 2004[4]

Popular vote[edit]

Popular vote
SDP
27.23%
KESK
21.23%
SKDL
21.20%
KOK
13.79%
LKP
6.47%
RKP
5.69%
TPSL
2.59%
SPP
1.03%
Others
0.79%

Seats in parliament[edit]

Parliament seats
SDP
27.50%
KESK
24.50%
SKDL
20.50%
KOK
13.00%
RKP
5.50%
LKP
4.50%
TPSL
3.50%
SPP
0.50%
Others
0.50%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p606 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Seppo Zetterberg et al (2003) A Small Giant of the Finnish History, WSOY
  3. ^ Allan Tiitta and Seppo Zetterberg (1992) Finland Through the Ages, Reader's Digest
  4. ^ 595. Eduskuntavaalit 1927–2003[permanent dead link] (Tilastokeskus 2004)