|1968 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2721|
|Balinese saka calendar||1889–1890|
|British Regnal year||16 Eliz. 2 – 17 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丁未年 (Fire Goat)|
4664 or 4604
— to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4665 or 4605
|- Vikram Samvat||2024–2025|
|- Shaka Samvat||1889–1890|
|- Kali Yuga||5068–5069|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 43|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 57|
|Thai solar calendar||2511|
2094 or 1713 or 941
— to —
2095 or 1714 or 942
1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 968th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade.
- January – The I'm Backing Britain campaign starts spontaneously.
- January 5 – "Prague Spring": Alexander Dubček is chosen as leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.
- January 10 – John Gorton is sworn in as 19th Prime Minister of Australia, taking over from John McEwen after being elected leader of the Liberal Party the previous day, following the disappearance of Harold Holt. Gorton becomes the only Senator to become Prime Minister, though he immediately transfers to the House of Representatives through the 1968 Higgins by-election in Holt's vacant seat.
- January 15 – The 1968 Belice earthquake in Sicily kills 380 and injures around 1,000.
- January 21
- January 23 – North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship violated its territorial waters while spying.
- January 25 – Israeli submarine INS Dakar sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 69.
- January 28 – French submarine Minerve sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 52.
- January 30 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begins as Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks across South Vietnam.
- January 31
- February 1
- Vietnam War: A Viet Cong officer named Nguyễn Văn Lém is executed by Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, a South Vietnamese National Police Chief. The event is photographed by Eddie Adams. The photo makes headlines around the world, eventually winning the 1969 Pulitzer Prize, and sways U.S. public opinion against the war.
- The Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad merge to form Penn Central, the largest ever corporate merger up to this date.
- February 6–18 – The 1968 Winter Olympics are held in Grenoble, France.
- February 12 – Vietnam War: Phong Nhị and Phong Nhất massacre.
- February 24 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Huế.
- February 25 – Vietnam War: Hà My massacre.
- March 2 – Baggeridge Colliery closes marking the end of over 300 years of coal mining in the Black Country of England.
- March 6 – Un-recognized Rhodesia executes 3 black citizens, the first executions since UDI, prompting international condemnation.
- March 7 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon ends.
- March 8
- March 10–11 – Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during the (at this time) secret war later known as the Laotian Civil War.
- March 11 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson mandates that all computers purchased by the federal government support the ASCII character encoding.
- March 12
- March 13 – The first Rotaract club is chartered in North Charlotte, North Carolina.
- March 14 – Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah.
- March 16
- March 18 – Gold standard: The United States Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back U.S. currency.
- March 19–23 – Afrocentrism, Black Power, Vietnam War: Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War, and demanding a more Afrocentric curriculum.
- March 22 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny the Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May.
- March 24 – Aer Lingus Flight 712 crashes en route from Cork to London near Tuskar Rock, Wexford, killing 61 passengers and crew.
- March 28 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship.
- April 2 – Bombs explode at midnight in two department stores in Frankfurt-am-Main; Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin are later arrested and sentenced for arson.
- April 4
- Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.: Martin Luther King Jr. is shot dead at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. King-assassination riots erupt in major American cities, lasting for several days afterwards.
- Apollo program: Apollo-Saturn mission 502 (Apollo 6) is launched, as the second and last uncrewed test-flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle.
- AEK Athens wins the FIBA European Cup Winners Cup Final in basketball against Slavia Prague, in front of a record attendance of 80,000 spectators. It is the first major European trophy won at club level of any sport in Greece.
- April 6
- "La, la, la" by Massiel (music and lyrics by Manuel de la Calva and Ramón Arcusa) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1968 for Spain, at the Royal Albert Hall in London.
- A shootout between Black Panthers and police in Oakland, California, results in several arrests and deaths, including 17-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton.
- Richmond, Indiana explosion: A double explosion in downtown Richmond kills 41 and injures 150.
- April 7 – British racing driver Jim Clark is killed in a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim.
- April 10 – The ferry TEV Wahine strikes a reef at the mouth of Wellington Harbour, New Zealand, with the loss of 53 lives, in Cyclone Giselle, which has created the windiest conditions ever recorded in New Zealand.
- April 11
- Josef Bachmann tries to assassinate Rudi Dutschke, leader of the left-wing movement (APO) in Germany, and tries to commit suicide afterwards, failing in both, although Dutschke dies of his brain injuries 11 years later.
- German left-wing students blockade the Springer Press HQ in Berlin and many are arrested (one of them Ulrike Meinhof).
- April 20 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau becomes the 15th Prime Minister of Canada.
- April 23
- President Mobutu releases captured mercenaries in the Congo.
- Surgeons at the Hôpital de la Pitié, Paris, perform Europe's first heart transplant, on Clovis Roblain.
- The United Methodist Church is created by the union in Dallas, Texas, of the former Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren churches.
- April 23–30 – Vietnam War: Columbia University protests of 1968 – Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.
- April 26 – The nuclear weapon "Boxcar" is tested at the Nevada Test Site in the biggest detonation of Operation Crosstie.
- May 2 – The Israel Broadcasting Authority commences television broadcasts.
- May 3 – Braniff Flight 352 crashes near Dawson, Texas, United States, killing all 85 people on board.
- May 13
- May 16 – Ronan Point, a 23 floor tower block in Canning Town, east London, partially collapses after a gas explosion, killing 5.
- May 17 – The Catonsville Nine enter the Selective Service offices in Catonsville, Maryland, take dozens of selective service draft records, and burn them with napalm as a protest against the Vietnam War.
- May 18
- May 19
- May 22 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
- May 29 – Manchester United wins the European Cup Final, becoming the first English team to do so.
- May 30 – Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500.
- June 2 – Student demonstrations in Yugoslavia start in Belgrade.
- June 3 – Radical feminist Valerie Solanas shoots Andy Warhol at his New York City studio, The Factory; he survives after a 5-hour operation.
- June 4 – The Standard & Poor's 500 index in the United States closes above 100 for the first time, at 100.38.
- June 5 – Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy: Robert F. Kennedy who was a leading 1968 Democratic presidential candidate is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Sirhan Sirhan is arrested.
- June 7 – The Ford sewing machinists strike for equal pay starts at the Ford Dagenham plant in London.
- June 10 – Italy beats Yugoslavia 2–0 in a replay to win the 1968 European Championship. The original final on June 8 ended 1–1.
- June 12 – The horror film Rosemary's Baby premieres in the U.S.
- June 17 – The Malayan Communist Party launches a second insurgency and the state of emergency is again imposed in Malaysia.
- June 20 – Austin Currie, Member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, along with others, squats in a house in Caledon to protest discrimination in housing allocations.
- June 21 – Bloody Friday: A student demonstration in front of the Jornal do Brasil ("JB") building ends with 28 dead and over a thousand arrested.
- June 23
- June 26
- July 1 – The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty opens for signature.
- July 4 – British yachtsman Alec Rose, 59, receives a hero's welcome as he sails into Portsmouth, after his 354-day round-the-world trip.
- July 17 – Saddam Hussein becomes Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council in Iraq after a coup d'état.
- July 18 – The semiconductor company Intel is founded.
- July 20 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.
- July 23–28 – Black militants led by Fred (Ahmed) Evans engage in a fierce gunfight with police in the Glenville Shootout of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
- July 25 – Pope Paul VI publishes the encyclical entitled Humanae vitae, on birth control.
- July 26 – Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Trương Đình Dzu is sentenced to 5 years hard labor, for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war.
- July 29 – Arenal Volcano erupts in Costa Rica for the first time in centuries.
- August 1 – The Municipal University of São Caetano do Sul is established in São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo.
- August 2 – The magnitude (Mw) 7.6 Casiguran earthquake affects the Aurora province in the Philippines with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing at least 207 and injuring 261.
- August 5–8 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida nominates Richard Nixon for U.S. president and Spiro Agnew for vice president.
- August 11 – The last steam passenger train service runs in Britain. A selection of British Rail steam locomotives make the 120-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and return to Liverpool – the journey is known as the Fifteen Guinea Special.
- August 18 – Two charter buses are forced into the Hida River on National Highway Route 41 in Japan in an accident caused by heavy rain; 104 are killed.
- August 20–21 – Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia: The 'Prague Spring' of political liberalization ends, as 750,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 6,500 tanks with 800 aircraft invade Czechoslovakia, the largest military operation in Europe since the end of World War II.
- August 24 – Canopus (nuclear test): France explodes its first hydrogen bomb in a test at Fangataufa atoll in French Polynesia.
- August 22–30 – Police clash with anti-war protesters in Chicago outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which nominates Hubert Humphrey for U.S. president and Edmund Muskie for vice president. The riots and subsequent trials are an essential part of the activism of the Youth International Party.
- August 29 – Crown Prince Harald of Norway marries Sonja Haraldsen, the commoner he has dated for 9 years.
- September 6 – Swaziland (now eSwatini) becomes independent.
- September 7 – The crash of Air France Flight 1611 kills 95 people, including French Army General René Cogny, as the Caravelle jetliner plunges into the Mediterranean Sea while making its approach to Nice following its departure from the island of Corsica.
- The International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) is founded.
- September 13 – Albania officially withdraws from the Warsaw Pact upon the Soviet Union-led Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, having already ceased to participate actively in Pact activity since 1962.
- September 17 – The D'Oliveira affair: The Marylebone Cricket Club tour of South Africa is cancelled when the South Africans refuse to accept the presence of Basil D'Oliveira, a Cape Coloured, in the side.
- September 21 – The Soviet's Zond 5 uncrewed lunar flyby mission returns to earth, with its first-of-a-kind biological payload intact.
- September 23 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive comes to an end in South Vietnam.
- September 27 – Marcelo Caetano becomes prime minister of Portugal.
- September 29 – A referendum in Greece gives more power to the military junta.
- October 2 – Tlatelolco massacre: A student demonstration ends in bloodbath at La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 days before the inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics. 300-400 are estimated to have been killed.
- October 3 – In Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado takes power in a revolution.
- October 8 – Vietnam War – Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
- October 11
- Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first crewed Apollo mission (Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham). Mission goals include the first live television broadcast from orbit and simulating lunar module rendezvous and docking, using the S-IVB rocket stage as a test target.
- In Panama, a military coup d'état, led by Col. Boris Martinez and Col. Omar Torrijos, overthrows the democratically elected (but highly controversial) government of President Arnulfo Arias. Within a year, Torrijos ousts Martinez and takes charge as de facto Head of Government in Panama.
- October 12–27 – The Games of the XIX Olympiad are held in Mexico City, Mexico.
- October 12 – Equatorial Guinea receives its independence from Spain.
- October 14 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
- October 16
- In Mexico City, African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their fists in a black power salute after winning, respectively, the gold and bronze medals in the Olympic men's 200 metres.
- Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney Riots, provoked by the banning of Walter Rodney from the country.
- October 18 – US athlete Bob Beamon breaks the long jump world record by 55 cm / 213⁄4 ins at the Olympics in Mexico City. His record stands for 23 years, and is still the second longest jump in history.
- October 25 – Led Zeppelin make their first live performance, at Surrey University in England
- October 31 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
- November 5
- 1968 United States presidential election: Republican candidate Richard Nixon defeats the Democratic candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, and American Independent Party candidate George Wallace.
- Luis A. Ferré, of the newly formed New Progressive Party is elected Governor of Puerto Rico, by beating incumbent governor Roberto Sánchez Vilella of the People's Party, Luis Negrón López of the Popular Democratic Party and Antonio J. Gonzalez of the Puerto Rican Independence Party, he also becomes the first "statehooder" governor of the Island.
- November 11 – A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
- November 15 – Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt is initiated to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam. By the end of the operation, 3 million tons of bombs are dropped on Laos, slowing but not seriously disrupting trail operations.
- November 17
- British European Airways introduces the BAC One-Eleven into commercial service.
- The Heidi Game: NBC cuts off the final 1:05 of an Oakland Raiders–New York Jets football game to broadcast the pre-scheduled Heidi. Fans are unable to see Oakland (which had been trailing 32–29) score 2 late touchdowns to win 43–32; as a result, thousands of outraged football fans flood the NBC switchboards to protest.
- November 19 – In Mali, President Modibo Keïta's regime is overthrown in a bloodless military coup led by Moussa Traoré.
- November 20 – The Farmington Mine disaster in Farmington, West Virginia, kills seventy-eight men.
- November 24 – 4 men hijack Pan Am Flight 281 from JFK International Airport, New York to Havana, Cuba.
- December 9 – Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrates his pioneering hypertext system, NLS, in San Francisco, together with the computer mouse, at what becomes retrospectively known as "The Mother of All Demos".
- December 10 – Japan's biggest heist, the never-solved "300 million yen robbery", occurs in Tokyo.
- December 11 – The film Oliver! based on the hit London and Broadway musical, opens in the U.S. after being released first in the UK. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture.
- December 13 – Prompted by growing unrest and a perceived proliferation of "pro-communist" violent actions, Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva enacts the so-called AI-5, the fifth of a series of non-constitutional emergency decrees allegedly to help "stabilize" the country after the turmoils of the early 1960s.
- December 22 – Mao Zedong advocates that educated urban youth in China be sent for re-education in the countryside. It marks the start of the "Up to the mountains and down to the villages" movement.
- December 24 – Apollo program: The crewed U.S. spacecraft Apollo 8 enters orbit around the Moon. Astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders become the first humans to see the far side of the Moon and planet Earth as a whole, as well as having traveled further away from Earth than any people in history. Anders photographs Earthrise. The crew also give a reading from the Book of Genesis.
- December 28 – Israeli forces fly into Lebanese airspace, launching an attack on the airport in Beirut and destroying more than a dozen aircraft.
- The Khmer Rouge is officially formed in Cambodia as an offshoot movement of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam to bring communism to the nation. A few years later, they will become bitter enemies.
- An oil field is confirmed in Northern Alaska: the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1 – Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer
- January 2
- January 5
- January 6 – John Singleton, African-American film director and writer (d. 2019)
- January 11 – Benjamin List, German organic chemist, recipient of Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- January 12
- January 13 – Pat Onstad, Canadian soccer player
- January 14 – LL Cool J, African-American rapper and actor
- January 16 – Atticus Ross, English musician, songwriter, record producer and audio engineer
- January 17 – Svetlana Masterkova, Russian athlete
- January 24
- January 26 – Novala Takemoto, Japanese author and fashion designer
- January 27 – Mike Patton, American singer
- January 28 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer
- January 29 – Edward Burns, American actor
- January 30 – King Felipe VI of Spain
- February 1
- February 3 – Vlade Divac, Serbian basketball player
- February 5
- February 7
- February 8
- February 10
- February 11
- February 12 – Josh Brolin, American actor
- February 13
- February 14 – Jules Asner, American model and television personality
- February 15 – Gloria Trevi, Mexican singer and actress
- February 18
- February 21 – Pellom McDaniels, American football player (d. 2020)
- February 22
- February 24
- February 29 – Sam Sneed, American producer and rapper
- March 1
- March 2 – Daniel Craig, British actor
- March 3 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6 – Moira Kelly, American actress
- March 7 – Jeff Kent, American baseball player
- March 9
- March 11 – Lisa Loeb, American singer
- March 12 – Aaron Eckhart, American actor
- March 13
- March 14
- March 15
- March 16
- March 20
- March 22 – Euronymous, Norwegian musician (d. 1993)
- March 23
- March 26
- March 27 – Ben Koldyke, American actor
- March 28 – Iris Chang, American author (d. 2004)
- March 29 – Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer
- March 30 – Celine Dion, Canadian singer
- March 31 – César Sampaio, Brazilian football player and coach
- April 1
- April 5
- April 7 – Jože Možina, Slovenian historian, sociologist and journalist
- April 8
- April 12 – Ott, English musician and record producer
- April 13 – Necrobutcher, Norwegian musician
- April 14 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor and singer
- April 15 – Stacey Williams, American model
- April 16
- April 17
- April 18 – David Hewlett, English-born Canadian actor, writer and director
- April 19 – Ashley Judd, American actress
- April 20
- April 23 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)
- April 24
- April 28 – Howard Donald, British singer (Take That)
- April 29
- May 1 – Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer
- May 2
- May 3
- May 4
- May 5 – John Soko, Zambian footballer (d. 1993)
- May 7
- May 8 – Mickaël Madar, French footballer
- May 9
- May 10 – Al Murray, English comedian
- May 12 – Tony Hawk, American skateboarder
- May 13
- May 14 - Greg Davies, English actor, comedian and presenter
- May 16 – Chingmy Yau, Hong Kong actress
- May 17 – Constance Menard, French professional dressage rider
- May 18 – Vanessa Leggett, American freelance journalist, author, lecturer and First Amendment advocate
- May 19 – Kyle Eastwood, American jazz bass musician
- May 20
- May 22
- May 23 – John Ortiz, American actor
- May 24 – Charles De'Ath, English actor
- May 26 – Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
- May 27
- May 28 – Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer
- May 30 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French-Moroccan 9/11 conspirator
- June 1 – Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer
- June 2
- June 4 – Scott Wolf, American actor
- June 5 – Sandra Annenberg, Brazilian newscaster, previously actress
- Mel Giedroyc, English comedian and presenter
- June 9 – Aleksandr Konovalov, Russian lawyer and politician
- June 10
- June 14 – Yasmine Bleeth, American actress
- June 16 – Mariana Mazzucato, Italian born-American economist
- June 20 – Mateusz Morawiecki, Polish banker and politician, 17th Prime Minister of Poland
- June 24 – Boris Gelfand, Israeli chess grandmaster
- June 25 – Albert Fulivai, Tongan rugby league player
- June 26
- June 27 – Isabel Saint Malo, Panamian politician
- June 28
- June 29 – Theoren Fleury, Canadian ice hockey player
- June 30 – Phil Anselmo, American heavy metal vocalist
- July 5
- July 6 – Rashid Sidek, Malaysian badminton player and coach
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9 – Eduardo Santamarina, Mexican actor
- July 10 – Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
- July 11 – Conrad Vernon, American voice actor and director
- July 13
- July 14 – Samantha Gori, Italian basketball player
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18 – Grant Bowler, New Zealand-born Australian actor
- July 19 – Robert Flynn, American vocalist and guitarist (Machine Head)
- July 23
- July 24
- July 25 – John Grant, American singer-songwriter
- July 27 – Julian McMahon, Australian actor
- July 30
- August 1 – Pavo Urban, Croatian photographer (d. 1991)
- August 3 – Rod Beck, American baseball player (d. 2007)
- August 4
- August 5 – Patricia Tarabini, Argentine tennis player
- August 6
- August 7 – Lynn Strait, American musician (d. 1998)
- August 8 – Kimberly Brooks, American actress and voice artist
- August 9
- August 11 – Vladimir Kosterin, Ukrainian businessman and foundation president
- August 12
- August 14
- August 15 – Debra Messing, American actress
- August 16 – Arvind Kejriwal, Indian politician
- August 17
- August 20
- August 21
- August 24
- August 25 – Rachael Ray, American television chef and host
- August 27 – Luis Tascón, Venezuelan politician (d. 2010)
- August 28
- August 31
- September 1
- September 3 – Raymond Coulthard, English actor
- September 4
- September 5 – Thomas Levet, French golfer
- September 7 – Marcel Desailly, French footballer
- September 9 – Julia Sawalha, English actress
- September 10
- September 11
- September 13 – Laura Cutina, Romanian artistic gymnast
- September 15 – Danny Nucci, American actor
- September 16 – Marc Anthony, American actor and singer
- September 17
- September 18 – Toni Kukoč, Croatian basketball player
- September 20 – Van Jones, African-American author
- September 21
- September 22 – Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu, 62nd Prime Minister of Romania
- September 23 – Michelle Thomas, American actress (d. 1998)
- September 25
- September 26
- September 27
- September 28
- September 29
- September 30 – Bennet Omalu, Nigerian pathologist
- October 1
- October 2
- October 3 – Nadia Calviño, Spanish politician
- October 7
- October 8
- October 9
- October 10
- October 11
- October 12
- October 13
- October 14
- Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer
- October 15
- October 16 – Michael Stich, German tennis player
- October 20 – Damien Timmer, British joint-managing director, television producer, television executive producer
- October 22 – Shaggy, Jamaican singer
- October 24 – Mark Walton, American story artist, actor
- October 27 – Alain Auderset, Swedish writer
- October 28 – Juan Orlando Hernández, 55th President of Honduras
- October 29
- October 30
- November 1 – Silvio Fauner, Italian cross-country skier
- November 4
- November 5
- November 6 – Kelly Rutherford, American actress
- November 7 – Ignacio Padilla, Mexican writer (d. 2016)
- November 8
- November 9 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian classical pianist
- November 10 – Tracy Morgan, African-American actor and comedian
- November 12
- November 13 – Pat Hentgen, American baseball player
- November 15
- November 16 – Tammy Lauren, American actress
- November 18
- November 20
- November 21 – Qiao Hong, Chinese table tennis player
- November 23 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar
- November 24
- November 25
- November 27 – Michael Vartan, French actor
- November 29
- November 30 – Rica Matsumoto, Japanese actress, voice actress and singer
- December 2
- December 3
- December 5
- December 7
- December 9 – Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler, 1996 Olympic gold medalist
- December 11
- December 18 – Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress
- December 19 – Ken Marino, American actor and comedian
- December 20 – Nadia Farès, Moroccan born-French actress
- December 21 – Khrystyne Haje, American actress
- December 22 – Dina Meyer, American actress
- December 23 – Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, American photographer
- December 24 – Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress and model (d. 2008)
- December 25 – Helena Christensen, Danish model
- December 28 – Lior Ashkenazi, Israeli actor
- December 30 – Fabrice Guy, French Olympic skier
- Eleonora Requena, Venezuelan poet.
- Martin Ssempa, Ugandan pastor and internet meme.
- Isadora Zubillaga, Venezuelan diplomat and activist.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 4
- January 6 – Karl Kobelt, 2-time President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1891)
- January 7
- January 9 – Kōkichi Tsuburaya, Japanese athlete (b. 1940)
- January 10
- January 15 – Leopold Infeld, Polish physicist (b. 1898)
- January 16 – Bob Jones Sr., American evangelist, religious broadcaster, and founder of Bob Jones University (b. 1883)
- January 18 – John Ridgely, American actor (b. 1909)
- January 21 – Georg Dertinger, German politician (b. 1902)
- January 22
- January 29 – Tsuguharu Foujita, Japanese-French painter and printmaker (b. 1886)
- February 4
- February 7 – Nick Adams, American actor (b. 1931)
- February 10 – Pitirim Sorokin, Russian-American sociologist (b. 1889)
- February 11 – Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888)
- February 13
- February 15 – Little Walter, American blues musician, singer, and songwriter (b. 1930)
- February 17 – Sir Donald Wolfit, English actor (b. 1902)
- February 19 – Georg Hackenschmidt, German strongman and professional wrestler (b. 1877)
- February 20 – Anthony Asquith, British director and writer (b. 1902)
- February 21 – Howard Florey, Australian-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (b. 1898)
- February 22 – Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904)
- February 25 – Camille Huysmans, Belgian politician, 34th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1871)
- February 27
- February 29 – Hugo Benioff, American seismologist (b. 1899)
- March 6 – Joseph W. Martin Jr., American politician (b. 1884)
- March 8 – Jerzy Braun, Polish athlete (b. 1911)
- March 14 – Erwin Panofsky, German-Jewish art historian (b. 1892)
- March 15 – Khuang Aphaiwong, 4th Prime Minister of Thailand, country leader during World War II (b. 1902)
- March 16 – Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (b. 1895)
- March 20 – Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director (b. 1889)
- March 23 – Edwin O'Connor, American journalist, novelist, and radio commentator (b. 1918)
- March 24 – Alice Guy-Blaché, French filmmaker (b. 1873)
- March 27 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut, first human in space (b. 1934)
- March 30 – Bobby Driscoll, American child actor (b. 1937)
- April 1 – Lev Landau, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
- April 4 –
- April 7 – Jim Clark, Scottish racing driver and double Formula One World Champion (b. 1936)
- April 15 – Boris Lyatoshinsky, Ukrainian composer, conductor, and teacher (b. 1895)
- April 16
- April 24
- April 25 – Gunnar Andersen, Norwegian footballer and ski jumper (b. 1890)
- April 26 – John Heartfield, German visual artist (b. 1891)
- May 5 – Albert Dekker, American actor (b. 1905)
- May 7 – Lurleen Wallace, American politician (b. 1926)
- May 9
- May 10 – Scotty Beckett, American child actor (b. 1929)
- May 11 – Robert Burks, American cinematographer (b. 1909)
- May 14 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (b. 1882)
- May 25 – Georg von Küchler, German field marshal and war criminal (b. 1881)
- May 26 – Little Willie John, American R&B singer (b. 1937)
- May 28
- June 1 – Helen Keller, American activist and spokeswoman for the deaf and blind (b. 1880)
- June 2 – R. Norris Williams, American tennis player (b. 1891)
- June 4
- June 6
- June 7 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
- June 14
- June 15
- June 17 – José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1901)
- June 18 – Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, German general and war criminal (b. 1885)
- June 25 – Tony Hancock, English comedian and actor (b. 1924)
- July 1
- July 2
- July 9
- July 12 – José Bordas Valdez, 43rd President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1874)
- July 14 – Konstantin Paustovsky, Russian-Soviet writer (b. 1892)
- July 15 – Cai Chusheng, Chinese film director (b. 1906)
- July 18 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
- July 20 – Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (b. 1908)
- July 21 – Ruth St. Denis, American dancer (b. 1879)
- July 22 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (b. 1908)
- July 23
- July 27 – Lilian Harvey, Anglo-German actress and singer (b. 1906)
- July 28
- August 3 – Konstantin Rokossovsky, Soviet officer, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1896)
- August 5 – Luther Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1928)
- August 19 – George Gamow, Soviet-American theoretical physicist and cosmologist (b. 1904)
- August 25 – Stan McCabe, Australian cricketer (b. 1910)
- August 26 – Kay Francis, American actress (b. 1905)
- August 27
- August 29 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner (b. 1881)
- August 30 – William Talman, American actor (b. 1915)
- August 31 – Dennis O'Keefe, American actor (b. 1908)
- September 3 – Juan José Castro, Argentine composer and conductor (b. 1895)
- September 7 – Lucio Fontana, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1899)
- September 13 – Frank Barson, English footballer (b. 1891)
- September 17 – Armand Blanchonnet, French Olympic cyclist (b. 1903)
- September 18
- September 19
- September 23 – Padre Pio, Italian Roman Catholic priest and saint (b. 1887)
- September 24 – Virginia Valli, American actress (b. 1898)
- September 28 – Sir Norman Brookes, Australian tennis champion (b. 1877)
- October 1 – Romano Guardini, Italian-German Catholic priest and theologian (b. 1885)
- October 2 – Marcel Duchamp, French artist (b. 1887)
- October 4
- October 13
- October 15
- October 18 – Lee Tracy, American actor (b. 1898)
- October 26 – Sergei Bernstein, Russian and Soviet mathematician (b. 1880)
- October 27 – Lise Meitner, German-Austrian physicist, discoverer of nuclear fission (b. 1878)
- October 28 – Hans Cramer, German general (b. 1896)
- October 30
- November 1 – Georgios Papandreou, 3-time Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1888)
- November 6 – Charles Munch, French conductor (b. 1891)
- November 7 – Alexander Gelfond, Soviet mathematician (b. 1906)
- November 8 – Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
- November 9
- November 11 – Jeanne Demessieux, French composer (b. 1921)
- November 14 – Ramón Menéndez Pidal, Spanish philologist and historian (b. 1869)
- November 15 – Charles Bacon, American athlete (b. 1885)
- November 16
- November 17
- November 18 – Walter Wanger, American film producer (b. 1894)
- November 20 – Helen Gardner, American actress (b. 1884)
- November 25 – Upton Sinclair, American writer (b. 1878)
- November 26 – Arnold Zweig, German writer, pacifist and socialist (b. 1887)
- November 28 – Enid Blyton, English writer (b. 1897)
- November 30 – Charles Henry Bartlett, British cyclist (b. 1885)
- December 1
- December 4 – Archie Mayo, American actor and director (b. 1891)
- December 5 – Fred Clark, American actor (b. 1914)
- December 9 – Enoch L. Johnson, American political boss and racketeer (b. 1883)
- December 10
- December 12
- December 14 – Dorothy Payne Whitney, American-born philanthropist, social activist (b. 1887)
- December 18 – Giovanni Messe, Italian field marshal and politician (b. 1883)
- December 19 – Norman Thomas, American socialist (b. 1884)
- December 20
- December 21 – Vittorio Pozzo, Italian football player and manager (b. 1886)
- December 30
- December 31 – George Lewis, American musician (b. 1900)
- Physics – Luis Walter Alvarez
- Chemistry – Lars Onsager
- Physiology or Medicine – Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg
- Literature – Yasunari Kawabata
- Peace – René Cassin
- Navazelskis, Inabhfghh (1990). Alexander Dubcek. Chelsea House Publications. ISBN 1-55546-831-4.
- "Italy: The Day the Earth Shook". Time. January 26, 1968. Archived from the original on March 6, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- "CPTI – catalogo (per finestre temporali)". emidius.mi.ingv.it.
- "The Closing Of Baggeridge Colliery". The Black Country Society. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- Paul E. Fontenoy, Submarines: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (ABC-CLIO, 2007) p60
- "CIA tells Russia of Soviet sea disaster". The Times. No. 64466. London. October 17, 1992. col F-G, p. 10.
- Lyndon B. Johnson (March 11, 1968). Gerhard Peters; John T. Woolley (eds.). "Memorandum Approving the Adoption by the Federal Government of a Standard Code for Information Interchange Online". The American Presidency Project.
- "Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Prime Minister of Canada. August 26, 2013. Accessed April 8, 2015.
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- "Commando Hunt, Operation", in Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam, by Ronald B. Frankum Jr. (Scarecrow Press, 2011) p123-124
- "Ho Chi Minh Trail", by William M. Leary, in The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (ABC-CLIO, 2010) p506
- Mali country profile (PDF), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Federal Research Division, January 2005, p. 3
- "Andrzej Gołota". Onet Sport (in Polish). November 15, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- Ryan Gilbey (April 30, 2019). "John Singleton obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved August 14, 2023.
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- "Gloria Trevi". Biography.com. April 17, 2019. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "Molly Ringwald Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
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- Omnibus Press (November 10, 2014). 100 Years of British Music. Omnibus Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-78323-565-0.
- Gale Group (June 2004). Contemporary Authors: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Current Writers in Fiction, General Nonfiction, Poetry, Journalism, Drama, Motion Pictures, Television, and Other Field. Gale. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-7876-6701-6.
- "Hierro". bdfutbol.com.
- Maxine Block; Anna Herthe Rothe; Marjorie Dent Candee (2004). Current Biography Yearbook. H.W. Wilson. p. 73.
- Contemporary Authors. Gale Research Company. 1999. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-7876-2673-0.
- Thomas McMahon (2000). Creative and Performing Artists for Teens. Gale Group. p. 627. ISBN 978-0-7876-3976-1.
- The News. Independent Communications Network Limited. March 2006. p. 60.
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- "World in brief: November 24, 2022". Morning Star. November 24, 2022.
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- "Darin LaHood (id. L000585)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
- "Risk Reduction Foundation".
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- "Senator the Hon Penny Wong".
- "Eleonora Requena". Letralia. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
- "El Gobierno concede la nacionalidad española a Isadora Zubillaga, asesora internacional de Leopoldo López". Notimerica. Europa Press. July 21, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- "Bob Jones: He Bridged a Great Gap". Christianity Today. February 2, 1968. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
- Frank Manchel (1990). Film Study: An Analytical Bibliography. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 1841. ISBN 978-0-8386-3413-4.
- Journal of Synagogue Music. Cantors Assembly. 1974. p. 9.
- James Monaco (1991). The Encyclopedia of Film. Perigee Books. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-399-51604-7.
- Charles F. Duffyedwin O'Connor; Charles F. Duffy (2003). A Family of His Own: A Life of Edwin O'Connor. CUA Press. p. 353. ISBN 978-0-8132-1337-8.
- Louise Heck-Rabi (1984). Women Filmmakers: A Critical Reception. Scarecrow Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8108-1660-2.
- "FIRST SPACEMAN IS KILLED— Gagarin Dies in Crash of Test Plane", Chicago Tribune, March 28, 1968, p1
- R. Baird Shuman (2002). Great American Writers: Twentieth Century. Marshall Cavendish. p. 503. ISBN 978-0-7614-7240-7.
- Nigel Starck (January 1, 2006). Life After Death: The Art of the Obituary. Melbourne Univ. Publishing. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-522-85256-1.
- "Sir Walter Nash | prime minister of New Zealand". Britannica. 1998. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
- "Sam Crawford Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
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- Rose Wilder Lane
- "৪৪ তম মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী আবদুল ওয়াহেদ বোকাইনগরী". Valuka.com (in Bengali). Retrieved January 8, 2019.
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- Jay Parini (2004). The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. Oxford University Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-19-515653-9.
- Whitney, Dorothy Payne (1887–1968)
- "John Steinbeck Biography". National Steinbeck Centre. Archived from the original on March 5, 2010.
- Vittorio POZZO
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- Sherman, Daniel J. et al. eds. The Long 1968: Revisions and New Perspectives (Indiana University Press; 2013) 382 pages; essays by scholars on the cultural and political impact of 1968 in France, Mexico, Northern Ireland, the United States, etc.
- Kurlansky, Mark. (2004). 1968: The Year that Rocked the World. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-06251-0
- NPR "Echoes of 1968" report series.
- 1968 – The Year in Sound An Audiofile produced by Lou Zambrana of WCBS Newsradio 880 (WCBS-AM New York) Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio.
- Time, 40th Anniversary Special (2008). "1968: The Year That Changed the World."
- Newsweek. "1968: The Year That Made Us Who We Are." November 19, 2007.
- 1968: The Year That Shaped a Generation, time.com, January 11, 1988.
- Magnum Photos, Historic photos from 1968 Archived December 30, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
- BBC Radio 4 – 1968 Myth or Reality? – six months of 'news on this day' programmes and documentaries
- Interactive 1968 Timeline Archived June 27, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Reflections on 1968 Read people's memories of the year 1968. Minnesota Historical Society