|1968 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2721|
|Balinese saka calendar||1889–1890|
|British Regnal year||16 Eliz. 2 – 17 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丁未年 (Fire Goat)|
4664 or 4604
— to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4665 or 4605
|- Vikram Samvat||2024–2025|
|- Shaka Samvat||1889–1890|
|- Kali Yuga||5068–5069|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 43|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 57|
|Thai solar calendar||2511|
2094 or 1713 or 941
— to —
2095 or 1714 or 942
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1968.|
1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 968th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade.
The year was highlighted by protests and other unrests that occurred worldwide.
- January 5 – "Prague Spring": Alexander Dubček is chosen as leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.
- January 8 – British Prime Minister Harold Wilson endorses the "I'm Backing Britain" campaign for working an additional half-hour each day without pay or other actions to help competitiveness.
- January 10 – John Gorton is sworn in as 19th Prime Minister of Australia, taking over from John McEwen after being elected leader of the Liberal Party the previous day, following the disappearance of Harold Holt. Gorton becomes the only Senator to become Prime Minister, though he immediately transfers to the House of Representatives through the 1968 Higgins by-election in Holt's vacant seat.
- January 14 – In American football, the Green Bay Packers defeat the Oakland Raiders by the score of 33–14 in Super Bowl II at the Miami Orange Bowl.
- January 15 – The 1968 Belice earthquake in Sicily kills 380 and injures around 1,000.
- January 17
- January 21
- January 22 – Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In debuts on NBC television in the United States.
- January 23 – North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship violated its territorial waters while spying.
- January 25 – Israeli submarine INS Dakar sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 69.
- January 28 – French submarine Minerve sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 52.
- January 30 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begins as Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks across South Vietnam.
- January 31
- February 1
- Vietnam War: A Viet Cong officer named Nguyễn Văn Lém is executed by Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, a South Vietnamese National Police Chief. The event is photographed by Eddie Adams. The photo makes headlines around the world, eventually winning the 1969 Pulitzer Prize, and sways U.S. public opinion against the war.
- The Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad merge to form Penn Central, the largest ever corporate merger up to this date.
- February 6–February 18 – The 1968 Winter Olympics are held in Grenoble, France.
- February 8 – American civil rights movement: A civil rights protest staged at a white-only bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina is broken up by highway patrolmen; 3 college students are killed.
- February 11
- February 12 – Vietnam War: Phong Nhị and Phong Nhất massacre.
- February 13 – Civil rights disturbances occur at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- February 17 – Administrative reforms in Romania divide the country into 39 counties.
- February 19
- The Florida Education Association (FEA) initiates a mass resignation of teachers to protest state funding of education. This is, in effect, the first statewide teachers' strike in the United States.
- NET televises the very first episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.
- A fight in the University of Tokyo Medical School breaks out, leading to protests by students that lead to the 1968–69 Japanese university protests.
- February 24 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Huế.
- February 25 – Vietnam War: Hà My massacre.
- March 1 – United Kingdom Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968 receives Royal assent.
- March 2 – Baggeridge Colliery closes marking the end of over 300 years of coal mining in the Black Country of England.
- March 6 – Un-recognized Rhodesia executes 3 black citizens, the first executions since UDI, prompting international condemnation.
- March 7 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon ends.
- March 8
- March 10–11 – Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during the (at this time) secret war later known as the Laotian Civil War.
- March 11 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson mandates that all computers purchased by the federal government support the ASCII character encoding.
- March 12
- March 13 – The first Rotaract club is chartered in North Charlotte, North Carolina.
- March 14 – Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah.
- March 15 – British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns.
- March 16
- March 17 – A demonstration in London's Grosvenor Square against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War leads to violence; 91 people are injured, 200 demonstrators arrested.
- March 18 – Gold standard: The United States Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back U.S. currency.
- March 19–23 – Afrocentrism, Black Power, Vietnam War: Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War, and demanding a more Afrocentric curriculum.
- March 21 – Battle of Karameh
- March 22 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny the Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May.
- March 24 – Aer Lingus Flight 712 crashes en route from Cork to London near Tuskar Rock, Wexford, killing 61 passengers and crew.
- March 28 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship.
- March 30 – Paradiso in Amsterdam opened its doors under the name 'Cosmic Relaxation Centre Paradiso'
- March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not seek re-election.
- April 2
- Bombs explode at midnight in two department stores in Frankfurt-am-Main; Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin are later arrested and sentenced for arson.
- In a television special broadcast in the United States on NBC, white British singer Petula Clark touches African American singer Harry Belafonte affectionately on the arm.
- The film 2001: A Space Odyssey premieres in Washington, D.C.
- First appearance of Our Lady of Zeitoun, a Marian apparition in Cairo.
- April 3
- April 4
- Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.: Martin Luther King Jr. is shot dead at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. King-assassination riots erupt in major American cities, lasting for several days afterwards.
- Apollo program: Apollo-Saturn mission 502 (Apollo 6) is launched, as the second and last unmanned test-flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle.
- AEK Athens wins the FIBA European Cup Winners Cup Final in basketball against Slavia Prague, in front of a record attendance of 80,000 spectators. It is the first major European trophy won at club level of any sport in Greece.
- April 6
- "La, la, la" by Massiel (music and lyrics by Manuel de la Calva and Ramón Arcusa) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1968 for Spain, at the Royal Albert Hall in London.
- A shootout between Black Panthers and police in Oakland, California, results in several arrests and deaths, including 17-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton.
- Richmond, Indiana explosion: A double explosion in downtown Richmond kills 41 and injures 150.
- April 7 – British racing driver Jim Clark is killed in a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim.
- April 8 – The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (under Department of Justice) (BNDD) is created.
- April 10 – The ferry TEV Wahine strikes a reef at the mouth of Wellington Harbour, New Zealand, with the loss of 53 lives, in Cyclone Giselle, which has created the windiest conditions ever recorded in New Zealand.
- April 11
- Josef Bachmann tries to assassinate Rudi Dutschke, leader of the left-wing movement (APO) in Germany, and tries to commit suicide afterwards, failing in both, although Dutschke dies of his brain injuries 11 years later.
- German left-wing students blockade the Springer Press HQ in Berlin and many are arrested (one of them Ulrike Meinhof).
- U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
- MGM's classic film The Wizard of Oz makes its NBC debut after being telecast on CBS since 1956 in the United States. It will remain on NBC for the next 8 years.
- April 18 – John Rennie's 1831 New London Bridge is sold to Arizona entrepreneur Robert P. McCulloch and is rebuilt in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, reopening on October 5, 1971.
- April 20
- April 23
- President Mobutu releases captured mercenaries in the Congo.
- Surgeons at the Hôpital de la Pitié, Paris, perform Europe's first heart transplant, on Clovis Roblain.
- The United Methodist Church is created by the union in Dallas, Texas, of the former Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren churches.
- April 23–30 – Vietnam War: Columbia University protests of 1968 – Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.
- April 26 – The nuclear weapon "Boxcar" is tested at the Nevada Test Site in the biggest detonation of Operation Crosstie.
- April 29 – The musical Hair officially opens on Broadway.
- May 2 – The Israel Broadcasting Authority commences television broadcasts.
- May 3 – Braniff Flight 352 crashes near Dawson, Texas, killing all 85 people on board.
- May 11 – The Montreal Canadiens defeat the St. Louis Blues in a four-game sweep to win the Stanley Cup.
- May 13 – Paris student riots: One million march through the streets of Paris.
- May 13 – Manchester City wins the 1967–68 Football League First Division by 2 clear points, over club rivals Manchester United
- May 14 – The Beatles announce the creation of Apple Records in a New York press conference.
- May 15 – An outbreak of severe thunderstorms produces tornadoes, causing massive damage and heavy casualties in Charles City, Iowa, Oelwein, Iowa, and Jonesboro, Arkansas.
- May 16 – Ronan Point, a 23 floor tower block in Canning Town, east London, partially collapses after a gas explosion, killing 5.
- May 17 – The Catonsville Nine enter the Selective Service offices in Catonsville, Maryland, take dozens of selective service draft records, and burn them with napalm as a protest against the Vietnam War.
- May 18
- May 19
- May 22 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
- May 27 – Japanese student group Zenkyoto forms as violent student protests in Japan intensify.
- May 29 – Manchester United wins the European Cup Final, becoming the first English team to do so.
- May 30 – Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500.
- June 2 – Student demonstrations in Yugoslavia start in Belgrade.
- June 3 – Radical feminist Valerie Solanas shoots Andy Warhol at his New York City studio, The Factory; he survives after a 5-hour operation.
- June 4 – The Standard & Poor's 500 index in the United States closes above 100 for the first time, at 100.38.
- June 5 – Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy: U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Sirhan Sirhan is arrested.
- June 6 – Robert Kennedy dies from his injuries after being shot the previous day, aged 42.
- June 7 – The Ford sewing machinists strike for equal pay starts at the Ford Dagenham plant in London.
- June 8 – James Earl Ray is arrested for the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in April.
- June 10 – Italy beats Yugoslavia 2–0 in a replay to win the 1968 European Championship. The original final on June 8 ended 1–1.
- June 12 – The horror film Rosemary's Baby premieres in the U.S.
- June 17 – The Malayan Communist Party launches a second insurgency and the state of emergency is again imposed in Malaysia.
- June 20 – Austin Currie, Member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, along with others, squats a house in Caledon to protest discrimination in housing allocations.
- June 23
- June 26
- June 30 – The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy heavy military transport aircraft first flies in the U.S. This model will still be in service 50 years later.
- July 1
- July 4 – Yachtsman Alec Rose, 59, receives a hero's welcome as he sails into Portsmouth, England after his 354-day round-the-world trip.
- July 13 – 1968 flu pandemic: Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 first recorded in Hong Kong.
- July 15 – The soap opera One Life to Live premieres on ABC television in the United States.
- July 17 – Saddam Hussein becomes Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council in Iraq after a coup d'état.
- July 18 – The semiconductor company Intel is founded.
- July 20 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.
- July 23–28 – Black militants led by Fred (Ahmed) Evans engage in a fierce gunfight with police in the Glenville Shootout of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
- July 25 – Pope Paul VI publishes the encyclical entitled Humanae vitae, on birth control.
- July 26 – Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Trương Đình Dzu is sentenced to 5 years hard labor, for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war.
- July 29
- July 30 – Thames Television starts transmission in London.
- July 31 – BBC television sitcom Dad's Army is broadcast for the first time in the UK.
- August 2 – The 7.6 Mw Casiguran earthquake affects the Aurora province in the Philippines with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing at least 207 and injuring 261.
- August 5–8 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida nominates Richard Nixon for U.S. president and Spiro Agnew for vice president.
- August 11 – The last steam passenger train service runs in Britain. A selection of British Railways steam locomotives make the 120-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and return to Liverpool – the journey is known as the Fifteen Guinea Special.
- August 18 – Two charter buses are forced into the Hida River on National Highway Route 41 in Japan in an accident caused by heavy rain; 104 are killed.
- August 20–21 – Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia: The 'Prague Spring' of political liberalization ends, as 750,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 6,500 tanks with 800 aircraft invade Czechoslovakia, the largest military operation in Europe since the end of World War II.
- August 21 – The Medal of Honor is posthumously awarded to James Anderson Jr.; he is the first black U.S. Marine to be given this award.
- August 24 – Canopus (nuclear test): France explodes its first hydrogen bomb in a test at Fangataufa atoll in French Polynesia.
- August 22–30 – Police clash with anti-war protesters in Chicago outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which nominates Hubert Humphrey for U.S. president and Edmund Muskie for vice president. The riots and subsequent trials are an essential part of the activism of the Youth International Party.
- August 28 – John Gordon Mein, U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala, is assassinated on the streets of Guatemala City, the first U.S. Ambassador assassinated in the line of duty.
- August 29 – Crown Prince Harald of Norway marries Sonja Haraldsen, the commoner he has dated for 9 years.
- September 6 – Swaziland becomes independent.
- September 7 – 150 women (members of New York Radical Women) arrive in Atlantic City, New Jersey to protest against the Miss America Pageant, as exploitative of women. Led by activist and author Robin Morgan, it is one of the first large demonstrations of Second Wave Feminism as Women's Liberation begins to gather much media attention.
- The crash of Air France Flight 1611 kills 95 people, including French Army General René Cogny as the Caravelle jetliner plunges into the Mediterranean Sea while making its approach to Nice following its departure from the island of Corsica.
- The International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) is founded.
- September 8 - Arthur Ashe wins the first US Open of the Open Era, also becoming the first black male to capture the title. Virginia Wade wins the women's singles title.
- September 13
- Albania officially withdraws from the Warsaw Pact upon the Soviet Union-led Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, having already ceased to participate actively in Pact activity since 1962.
- U.S. Army Major General Keith L. Ware, World War II Medal of Honor recipient, is killed when his helicopter is shot down in Vietnam. He is posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.
- An agreement for merger between the General Electric Company and English Electric, the largest industrial merger in the UK up to that time.
- September 14 – Detroit Tiger Denny McLain becomes the first baseball pitcher to win 30 games in a season since 1934. He remains the last player to accomplish the feat.
- September 17 – The D'Oliveira affair: The Marylebone Cricket Club tour of South Africa is cancelled when the South Africans refuse to accept the presence of Basil D'Oliveira, a Cape Coloured, in the side.
- September 18 – Popular Canadian band Rush is formed.
- September 20 – Hawaii Five-O debuts on CBS, and eventually becomes the longest-running crime show in television history, until Law & Order overtakes it in 2003.
- September 21 – The Soviet's Zond 5 unmanned lunar flyby mission returns to earth, with its first-of-a-kind biological payload intact.
- September 23 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive comes to an end in South Vietnam.
- September 24 – 60 Minutes debuts on CBS and is still on the air as of 2021.
- September 27 – Marcelo Caetano becomes prime minister of Portugal.
- September 29 – A referendum in Greece gives more power to the military junta.
- September 30 – Boeing introduces its largest passenger aircraft up to that time, the Boeing 747 at a public event at Paine Field, near Everett, Washington.
- October – Golgo 13, which becomes Japan's longest-running ongoing manga, makes its debut on Big Comic.
- October 1 – Night of the Living Dead premieres in the United States.
- October 2 – Tlatelolco massacre: A student demonstration ends in bloodbath at La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 days before the inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics. 300-400 are estimated to have been killed.
- October 3 – In Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado takes power in a revolution.
- October 5 – Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of The Troubles.
- October 7 – At the height of protests against the Vietnam War, José Feliciano performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Tiger Stadium in Detroit during Game 5 pre-game ceremonies of the 1968 World Series between the Tigers and the St. Louis Cardinals. His personalized, slow, Latin jazz performance proved highly controversial, opening the door for later interpretations of the national anthem.
- October 8 – Vietnam War – Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
- October 10 – 1968 World Series: The Detroit Tigers defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in the best of 7 series (4 games to 3) after being down 3 games to 1, completing an unlikely comeback against the heavily favored Cardinals led by the overpowering right-handed pitcher Bob Gibson. The final score of Game 7 is 4–1.
- October 11
- Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission (Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham). Mission goals include the first live television broadcast from orbit and simulating lunar module rendezvous and docking, using the S-IVB rocket stage as a test target.
- In Panama, a military coup d'état, led by Col. Boris Martinez and Col. Omar Torrijos, overthrows the democratically elected (but highly controversial) government of President Arnulfo Arias. Within a year, Torrijos ousts Martinez and takes charge as de facto Head of Government in Panama.
- October 12–27 – The Games of the XIX Olympiad are held in Mexico City, Mexico.
- October 12 – Equatorial Guinea receives its independence from Spain.
- October 14 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
- October 16
- In Mexico City, African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their fists in a black power salute after winning, respectively, the gold and bronze medals in the Olympic men's 200 metres.
- Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney Riots, provoked by the banning of Walter Rodney from the country.
- October 18 – US athlete Bob Beamon breaks the long jump world record by 55 cm / 21¾ ins at the Olympics in Mexico City. His record stands for 23 years, and is still the second longest jump in history.
- October 20 – Former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the Greek island of Skorpios.
- October 22 – The Gun Control Act of 1968 is enacted.
- October 25 – Led Zeppelin makes their first live performance, at Surrey University in England
- October 31 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
- November 5
- 1968 U.S. presidential election: Republican candidate Richard Nixon defeats the Democratic candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, and American Independent Party candidate George Wallace.
- Luis A. Ferré, of the newly formed New Progressive Party is elected Governor of Puerto Rico, by beating incumbent governor Roberto Sánchez Vilella of the People's Party, Luis Negrón López of the Popular Democratic Party and Antonio J. Gonzalez of the Puerto Rican Independence Party, he also becomes the first "statehooder" governor of the Island.
- November 11 – A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
- November 14 – Yale University announces it is going to admit women.
- November 15 – Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt is initiated to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam. By the end of the operation, 3 million tons of bombs are dropped on Laos, slowing but not seriously disrupting trail operations.
- November 17
- British European Airways introduces the BAC One-Eleven into commercial service.
- The Heidi Game: NBC cuts off the final 1:05 of an Oakland Raiders–New York Jets football game to broadcast the pre-scheduled Heidi. Fans are unable to see Oakland (which had been trailing 32–29) score 2 late touchdowns to win 43–32; as a result, thousands of outraged football fans flood the NBC switchboards to protest.
- November 19 – In Mali, President Modibo Keïta's regime is overthrown in a bloodless military coup led by Moussa Traoré.
- November 20 – The Farmington Mine disaster in Farmington, West Virginia, kills seventy-eight men.
- November 22
- November 24 – 4 men hijack Pan Am Flight 281 from JFK International Airport, New York to Havana, Cuba.
- November 26 – Vietnam War: United States Air Force First Lieutenant and Bell UH-1F helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire, earning a Medal of Honor for his bravery.
- December 3 – The videotaped NBC television special Singer Presents...ELVIS (sponsored by The Singer Company, the American sewing machine manufacturer) marks the comeback of Elvis Presley after the legendary musician has been away from singing.
- December 6 – The Rolling Stones release Beggars Banquet, which contains the classic song "Sympathy for the Devil."
- December 9 – Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrates his pioneering hypertext system, NLS, in San Francisco, together with the computer mouse, at what becomes retrospectively known as "The Mother of All Demos".
- December 10 – Japan's biggest heist, the never-solved "300 million yen robbery", occurs in Tokyo.
- December 11
- December 13 – Prompted by growing unrest and a perceived proliferation of "pro-communist" violent actions, Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva enacts the so-called AI-5, the fifth of a series of non-constitutional emergency decrees allegedly to help "stabilize" the country after the turmoils of the early 1960s.
- December 17 – In England, Mary Bell, aged 11, is found guilty of murdering two small boys and sentenced to life in detention, but is released from prison in 1980 and granted anonymity.
- December 20 – The Zodiac Killer is believed to have shot Betty Lou Jensen and David Faraday on Lake Herman Road, Benicia, San Francisco Bay, California, his first confirmed victims.
- December 22
- David Eisenhower, grandson of former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, marries Julie Nixon, the daughter of U.S. President-elect Richard Nixon.
- Mao Zedong advocates that educated urban youth in China be sent for re-education in the countryside. It marks the start of the "Up to the mountains and down to the villages" movement.
- December 24 – Apollo program: The manned U.S. spacecraft Apollo 8 enters orbit around the Moon. Astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders become the first humans to see the far side of the Moon and planet Earth as a whole, as well as having traveled further away from Earth than any people in history. Anders photographs Earthrise. The crew also give a reading from the Book of Genesis.
- December 26 – Led Zeppelin make their American debut in Denver.
- December 28 – Israeli forces fly into Lebanese airspace, launching an attack on the airport in Beirut and destroying more than a dozen aircraft.
- The Khmer Rouge is officially formed in Cambodia as an offshoot movement of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam to bring communism to the nation. A few years later, they will become bitter enemies.
- United Artists pulls eleven Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons in its library from television due to the depiction of racist stereotypes towards African-Americans. These cartoons come to be known as the Censored Eleven.
- An oil field is confirmed in Northern Alaska. The Prudhoe Bay Oil Field.
- Midea Group, a well-known home appliance worldwide, founded in Guangdong Province, China.[page needed]
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3 – Matheus Nachtergaele, Brazilian actor and director
- January 5
- January 6
- January 8 – James Brokenshire, British politician (d. 2021)
- January 9
- January 11 – Benjamin List, German organic chemist, recipient of Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- January 12
- January 13
- January 14
- January 15 – Chad Lowe, American actor and director
- January 16
- January 17 – Svetlana Masterkova, Russian athlete
- January 19
- January 21 – Charlotte Ross, American actress
- January 22 – Guy Fieri, American chef
- January 24
- January 25 – Carolina Ferraz, Brazilian actress, television presenter and model
- January 26
- January 27 – Mike Patton, American singer
- January 28 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer
- January 29 – Edward Burns, American actor
- January 30 – King Felipe VI of Spain
- February 1
- February 3
- February 4 – Saravanan Murugan, Malaysian politician
- February 5
- February 6
- The Lady of Rage, American rapper
- February 7
- February 8
- February 9 – Alejandra Guzmán, Mexican singer-songwriter, actress, and musician
- February 10
- February 11
- February 12
- February 13
- February 14
- February 15 – Gloria Trevi, Mexican singer and actress
- February 18
- February 21 – Pellom McDaniels, American football player (d. 2020)
- February 22
- February 24
- February 26
- February 27
- February 29 – Sam Sneed, American producer and rapper
- March 1
- March 2 – Daniel Craig, British actor
- March 3 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6
- March 7 – Jeff Kent, American baseball player
- March 10 – Alma Čardžić, Bosnian singer
- March 11
- March 12
- March 13
- March 14
- March 15
- March 16
- March 17 – Nika Rurua, Georgian politician (d. 2018)
- March 19 – Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
- March 20
- March 22 – Euronymous, Norwegian musician (d. 1993)
- March 23
- March 25 – Cathy Dennis, British singer-songwriter, record producer and actress
- March 26
- March 27 – Ben Koldyke, American actor
- March 28 – Iris Chang, American author (d. 2004)
- March 29
- March 30 – Celine Dion, Canadian singer
- April 1
- April 3
- April 4 – Zwelonke Sigcawu, South African politician and Xhosa royal (d. 2019)
- April 5
- April 7 – Jože Možina, Slovenian historian, sociologist and journalist
- April 8
- April 11
- April 12
- April 13 – Jørn Stubberud, Norwegian musician
- April 14 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor and singer
- April 15 – Stacey Williams, American model
- April 16
- April 17
- April 18 – David Hewlett, English-born Canadian actor, writer and director
- April 19
- April 20
- April 23 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)
- April 24
- April 25 – Brad McQuaid, American video game designer (d. 2019)
- April 26 – Maarit Feldt-Ranta, Finnish politician (d. 2019)
- April 28 – Howard Donald, British singer (Take That)
- April 29
- May 1 – Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer
- May 2
- May 3
- May 4
- May 5 – John Soko, Zambian footballer (d. 1993)
- May 7
- May 8 – Mickaël Madar, French footballer
- May 9 – Marie-José Pérec, French athlete
- May 10 – Al Murray, English comedian
- May 12 – Tony Hawk, American skateboarder
- May 13
- May 16 – Chingmy Yau, Hong Kong actress
- May 17 – Constance Menard, French professional dressage rider
- May 18 – Vanessa Leggett, American freelance journalist, author, lecturer and First Amendment advocate
- May 19 – Kyle Eastwood, American jazz bass musician
- May 20
- May 22
- May 23 – John Ortiz, American actor
- May 24 – Charles De'Ath, English actor
- May 26 – Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
- May 27
- May 28
- May 30 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French-Moroccan 9/11 conspirator
- June 1 – Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer
- June 2
- June 4
- June 5 – Sandra Annenberg, Brazilian newscaster, previously actress
- June 7 – Carla Marins, Brazilian actress
- June 8 – Eduardo Moscovis, Brazilian actor
- June 9 – Aleksandr Konovalov, Russian lawyer and politician
- June 10
- June 12
- June 13
- June 14 – Yasmine Bleeth, American actress
- June 16 – James Patrick Stuart, American actor and voice actor
- June 17
- June 20
- June 21 – Sonique, British singer
- June 23 – Lee Jae-yong, South Korean business magnate
- June 24 – Boris Gelfand, Israeli chess grandmaster
- June 25 – Albert Fulivai, Tongan rugby league player
- June 26
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3
- July 5
- July 6 – Rashid Sidek, Malaysian badminton player and coach
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9 – Eduardo Santamarina, Mexican actor
- July 10 – Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
- July 11 – Conrad Vernon, American voice actor and director
- July 12 – Paul Hopkins, Canadian actor
- July 13
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18 – Grant Bowler, New Zealand-born Australian actor
- July 19
- July 21
- July 23
- July 24
- July 25 – John Grant, American singer-songwriter
- July 26 – Olivia Williams, English actress
- July 27
- July 28 – Rachel Blakely, Australian actress
- July 30
- August 1 – Pavo Urban, Croatian photographer (d. 1991)
- August 3
- August 4
- August 5
- August 7 – Lynn Strait, American musician (d. 1998)
- August 8 – Kimberly Brooks, American actress and voice artist
- August 9
- August 10
- August 11
- August 12
- August 14
- August 15 – Debra Messing, American actress
- August 17
- August 18 – Justin Strzelczyk, American football offensive tackle (d. 2004)
- August 20
- August 21 – Dina Carroll, British singer
- August 23 - Krishna Kumar Kunnath, Indian Singer
- August 24
- August 25 – Rachael Ray, American television chef and host
- August 26 – Benjamin Atkins, American serial killer (d. 1997)
- August 27 – Luis Tascón, Venezuelan politician (d. 2010)
- August 28
- August 31
- September 1
- September 3
- September 4
- September 5 – Thomas Levet, French golfer
- September 7
- September 9 – Julia Sawalha, English actress
- September 10
- September 11
- September 13 – Laura Cutina, Romanian artistic gymnast
- September 15 – Danny Nucci, American actor
- September 16 – Marc Anthony, American actor and singer
- September 17
- September 18 – Toni Kukoč, Croatian basketball player
- September 20
- September 21
- September 22
- September 23
- September 24 – Davide Garbolino, Italian voice actor, dubbing director, and television presenter
- September 25
- September 26
- September 27
- September 28
- September 29
- September 30 - Bennet Omalu, Nigerian pathologist
- October 1
- October 2
- October 3 – Paul Crichton, English footballer
- October 4
- October 7
- October 8
- October 9
- October 10
- October 11
- October 12
- October 13
- October 14
- Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer
- October 15
- October 16 – Todd Stashwick, American actor and writer
- October 17
- 19 October
- Yayan Ruhian, Indonesian Stuntman, Actor
- October 20
- October 22
- October 23 – Charles Joseph Martin, biblical beast, 2024 US Presidential Candidate
- October 24 – Mark Walton, American story artist, actor
- October 27 – Alain Auderset, Swedish writer
- October 28 – Juan Orlando Hernández, 55th President of Honduras
- October 29
- October 30
- November 1 – Silvio Fauner, Italian cross-country skier
- November 2 – Neal Casal, American guitarist, singer, songwriter, and photographer (d. 2019)
- November 3 – Debbie Rochon, Canadian actress
- November 4
- November 5
- November 6 – Kelly Rutherford, American actress
- November 7 – Ignacio Padilla, Mexican writer (d. 2016)
- November 8
- November 9 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian classical pianist
- November 10 – Tracy Morgan, African-American actor and comedian
- November 12
- November 13 – Pat Hentgen, American baseball player
- November 15
- November 16 – Tammy Lauren, American actress
- November 18
- November 19 – Mark Bonnar, Scottish actor
- November 20
- November 21
- November 23 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar
- November 24
- November 25
- November 27
- November 28 – Ken, Japanese musician
- November 29
- November 30
- Rica Matsumoto, Japanese actress, voice actress and singer
- December 2
- December 3
- December 4
- December 5
- December 7
- December 8
- December 9 – Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler, 1996 Olympic gold medalist
- December 11
- 13 December – Morgan Rose, American drummer
- December 16 – Tom Spurgeon, American journalist, comics critic and editor (d. 2019)
- December 17 – Paul Tracy, Canadian race car driver
- December 18
- December 19 – Ken Marino, American actor and comedian
- December 21
- December 22 – Dina Meyer, American actress
- December 23 – Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, American photographer
- December 24 – Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress and model (d. 2008)
- December 25 – Helena Christensen, Danish model
- December 26
- December 28
- December 29 – Tricia Leigh Fisher, American actress and singer
- December 30 – Fabrice Guy, French Olympic skier
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 4
- January 6 – Karl Kobelt, 2-time President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1891)
- January 7
- January 9 – Kōkichi Tsuburaya, Japanese athlete (b. 1940)
- January 10
- January 15 – Leopold Infeld, Polish physicist (b. 1898)
- January 18 – John Ridgely, American actor (b. 1909)
- January 21 – Georg Dertinger, German politician (b. 1902)
- January 22
- January 29 – Tsuguharu Foujita, Japanese-French painter and printmaker (b. 1886)
- February 4
- February 7 – Nick Adams, American actor (b. 1931)
- February 10 – Pitirim Sorokin, Russian-American sociologist (b. 1889)
- February 11 – Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888)
- February 13
- February 15 – Little Walter, American blues musician, singer, and songwriter (b. 1930)
- February 19 – Georg Hackenschmidt, German strongman and professional wrestler (b. 1877)
- February 20 – Anthony Asquith, British director and writer (b. 1902)
- February 21 – Howard Florey, Australian-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (b. 1898)
- February 22 – Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904)
- February 25 – Camille Huysmans, Belgian politician, 34th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1871)
- February 27
- February 29 – Hugo Benioff, American seismologist (b. 1899)
- March 6 – Joseph W. Martin Jr., American politician (b. 1884)
- March 8 – Jerzy Braun, Polish athlete (b. 1911)
- March 14 – Erwin Panofsky, German-Jewish art historian (b. 1892)
- March 15 – Khuang Aphaiwong, 4th Prime Minister of Thailand, country leader during World War II (b. 1902)
- March 16 – Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (b. 1895)
- March 20 – Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director (b. 1889)
- March 23 – Edwin O'Connor, American journalist, novelist, and radio commentator (b. 1918)
- March 24 – Alice Guy-Blaché, French filmmaker (b. 1873)
- March 27 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut, first human in space (b. 1934)
- April 1 – Lev Landau, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
- April 4 –
- April 7 – Jim Clark, Scottish racing driver and double Formula One World Champion (b. 1936)
- April 8 – Harold D. Babcock, American astronomer (b. 1882)
- April 15 – Boris Lyatoshinsky, Ukrainian composer, conductor, and teacher (b. 1895)
- April 16
- April 24
- April 25 – Gunnar Andersen, Norwegian footballer and ski jumper (b. 1890)
- April 26 – John Heartfield, German visual artist (b. 1891)
- May 5 – Albert Dekker, American actor (b. 1905)
- May 7 – Lurleen Wallace, American politician (b. 1926)
- May 9
- May 10 – Scotty Beckett, American child actor (b. 1929)
- May 11 – Robert Burks, American cinematographer (b. 1909)
- May 14 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (b. 1882)
- May 25 – Georg von Küchler, German field marshal and war criminal (b. 1881)
- May 26 – Little Willie John, American R&B singer (b. 1937)
- May 28
- June 1 – Helen Keller, American activist and spokeswoman for the deaf and blind (b. 1880)
- June 2 – R. Norris Williams, American tennis player (b. 1891)
- June 4 – Dorothy Gish, American actress (b. 1898)
- June 6
- June 7 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
- June 14
- June 15 – Wes Montgomery, American jazz guitarist (b. 1923)
- June 17 – José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1901)
- June 18 – Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, German general and war criminal (b. 1885)
- June 25 – Tony Hancock, English comedian and actor (b. 1924)
- July 1
- July 2
- July 9
- July 12 – José Bordas Valdez, 43rd President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1874)
- July 14 – Konstantin Paustovsky, Russian-Soviet writer (b. 1892)
- July 15 – Cai Chusheng, Chinese film director (b. 1906)
- July 18 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
- July 20 – Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (b. 1908)
- July 21 – Ruth St. Denis, American dancer (b. 1879)
- July 22 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (b. 1908)
- July 23
- July 27 – Lilian Harvey, Anglo-German actress and singer (b. 1906)
- July 28
- August 3 – Konstantin Rokossovsky, Soviet officer, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1896)
- August 5 – Luther Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1928)
- August 19 – George Gamow, Soviet-American theoretical physicist and cosmologist (b. 1904)
- August 25 – Stan McCabe, Australian cricketer (b. 1910)
- August 26 – Kay Francis, American actress (b. 1905)
- August 27
- August 30 – William Talman, American actor (b. 1915)
- August 31 – Dennis O'Keefe, American actor (b. 1908)
- September 3 – Juan José Castro, Argentine composer and conductor (b. 1895)
- September 7 – Lucio Fontana, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1899)
- September 13 – Frank Barson, English footballer (b. 1891)
- September 17 – Armand Blanchonnet, French Olympic cyclist (b. 1903)
- September 18
- September 19
- September 23 – Pio of Pietrelcina, Italian Roman Catholic priest and saint (b. 1887)
- September 24 – Virginia Valli, American actress (b. 1898)
- September 28 – Sir Norman Brookes, Australian tennis champion (b. 1877)
- October 1 – Romano Guardini, Italian-German Catholic priest and theologian (b. 1885)
- October 2 – Marcel Duchamp, French artist (b. 1887)
- October 4
- October 13
- October 15
- October 18 – Lee Tracy, American actor (b. 1898)
- October 26 – Sergei Natanovich Bernstein, Russian and Soviet mathematician (b. 1880)
- October 27 – Lise Meitner, German-Austrian physicist, discoverer of nuclear fission (b. 1878)
- October 28 – Hans Cramer, German general (b. 1896)
- October 30
- November 1 – Georgios Papandreou, 3-Time Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1888)
- November 6 – Charles Munch, French conductor (b. 1891)
- November 7 – Alexander Gelfond, Soviet mathematician (b. 1906)
- November 8 – Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
- November 9
- November 11 – Jeanne Demessieux, French composer (b. 1921)
- November 14 – Ramón Menéndez Pidal, Spanish philologist and historian (b. 1869)
- November 15 – Charles Bacon, American athlete (b. 1885)
- November 16
- November 17 – Mervyn Peake, English writer, artist, poet, and illustrator (b. 1911)
- November 18 – Walter Wanger, American film producer (b. 1894)
- November 20 – Helen Gardner, American actress (b. 1884)
- November 25 – Upton Sinclair, American writer (b. 1878)
- November 26 – Arnold Zweig, German writer, pacifist and socialist (b. 1887)
- November 28 – Enid Blyton, English writer (b. 1897)
- November 30 – Charles Henry Bartlett, British cyclist (b. 1885)
- December 1
- December 4 – Archie Mayo, American actor and director (b. 1891)
- December 5 – Fred Clark, American actor (b. 1914)
- December 9 – Enoch L. Johnson, American political boss and racketeer (b. 1883)
- December 10
- December 12
- December 18 – Giovanni Messe, Italian field marshal and politician (b. 1883)
- December 19 – Norman Thomas, American socialist (b. 1884)
- December 20
- December 30
- December 31 – George Lewis, American musician (b. 1900)
- Physics – Luis Walter Alvarez
- Chemistry – Lars Onsager
- Physiology or Medicine – Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg
- Literature – Yasunari Kawabata
- Peace – René Cassin
- Navazelskis, Inabhfghh (1990). Alexander Dubcek. Chelsea House Publications. ISBN 1-55546-831-4.
- Chartres, John (January 9, 1968). "Wilson Joins 'I Back Britain'". The Times. London. p. 1.
- "Italy: The Day the Earth Shook". Time. January 26, 1968. Archived from the original on March 6, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- "CPTI - catalogo (per finestre temporali)". emidius.mi.ingv.it.
- "The Closing Of Baggeridge Colliery". The Black Country Society. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- Paul E. Fontenoy, Submarines: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (ABC-CLIO, 2007) p60
- "CIA tells Russia of Soviet sea disaster". The Times (64466). London. October 17, 1992. col F-G, p. 10.
- Lyndon B. Johnson (March 11, 1968). Memorandum Approving the Adoption by the Federal Government of a Standard Code for Information Interchange. The American Presidency Project. Accessed April 14, 2008.
- "Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Prime Minister of Canada. August 26, 2013. Accessed April 8, 2015.
- "Powell's 'rivers of blood' legacy". April 18, 2008 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- Polcaro, Rafael (November 22, 2017). "Back In Time: Led Zeppelin members talk about The Beatles".
- "Commando Hunt, Operation", in Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam, by Ronald B. Frankum Jr. (Scarecrow Press, 2011) p123-124
- "Ho Chi Minh Trail", by William M. Leary, in The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (ABC-CLIO, 2010) p506
- Mali country profile (PDF), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Federal Research Division, January 2005, p. 3
- "Alejandra Guzmán". All Music.com. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "Gloria Trevi". Biography.com. April 17, 2019. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "Molly Ringwald Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
- Omnibus Press (November 10, 2014). 100 Years of British Music. Omnibus Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-78323-565-0.
- Gale Group (June 2004). Contemporary Authors: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Current Writers in Fiction, General Nonfiction, Poetry, Journalism, Drama, Motion Pictures, Television, and Other Field. Gale. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-7876-6701-6.
- Maxine Block; Anna Herthe Rothe; Marjorie Dent Candee (2004). Current Biography Yearbook. H.W. Wilson. p. 73.
- Contemporary Authors. Gale Research Company. 1999. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-7876-2673-0.
- Thomas McMahon (2000). Creative and Performing Artists for Teens. Gale Group. p. 627. ISBN 978-0-7876-3976-1.
- The News. Independent Communications Network Limited. March 2006. p. 60.
- Day by Day in Jewish Sports History. KTAV Publishing House. 2008. ISBN 9781602800137.
- Boursiquot, Sherley (February 7, 2017). "Who Is Jovenel Moïse? Meet Haiti's New President After 2016 Election". International Business Times. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
- "Eleonora Requena". Letralia. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
- Frank Manchel (1990). Film Study: An Analytical Bibliography. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 1841. ISBN 978-0-8386-3413-4.
- Journal of Synagogue Music. Cantors Assembly. 1974. p. 9.
- James Monaco (1991). The Encyclopedia of Film. Perigee Books. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-399-51604-7.
- Charles F. Duffyedwin O'Connor; Charles F. Duffy (2003). A Family of His Own: A Life of Edwin O'Connor. CUA Press. p. 353. ISBN 978-0-8132-1337-8.
- Louise Heck-Rabi (1984). Women Filmmakers: A Critical Reception. Scarecrow Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8108-1660-2.
- "FIRST SPACEMAN IS KILLED— Gagarin Dies in Crash of Test Plane", Chicago Tribune, March 28, 1968, p1
- R. Baird Shuman (2002). Great American Writers: Twentieth Century. Marshall Cavendish. p. 503. ISBN 978-0-7614-7240-7.
- Nigel Starck (January 1, 2006). Life After Death: The Art of the Obituary. Melbourne Univ. Publishing. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-522-85256-1.
- John Leonard Hines General, United States Army
- Sahlas, Demetrios J. (2003). "Dementia With Lewy Bodies and the Neurobehavioral Decline of Mervyn Peake". Archives of Neurology. 60 (6): 889–892. doi:10.1001/archneur.60.6.889. PMID 12810496.
- Jay Parini (2004). The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. Oxford University Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-19-515653-9.
- "John Steinbeck Biography". National Steinbeck Centre. Archived from the original on March 5, 2010.
- Estados Unidos. Presidente (1963-1969: Johnson) (1971). Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 1232.
- Sherman, Daniel J. et al. eds. The Long 1968: Revisions and New Perspectives (Indiana University Press; 2013) 382 pages; essays by scholars on the cultural and political impact of 1968 in France, Mexico, Northern Ireland, the United States, etc.
- Kurlansky, Mark. (2004). 1968: The Year that Rocked the World. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-06251-0
- NPR "Echoes of 1968" report series.
- 1968 – The Year in Sound An Audiofile produced by Lou Zambrana of WCBS Newsradio 880 (WCBS-AM New York) Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio.
- Time, 40th Anniversary Special (2008). "1968: The Year That Changed the World."
- Newsweek. "1968: The Year That Made Us Who We Are." November 19, 2007.
- 1968: The Year That Shaped a Generation, time.com, January 11, 1988.
- Magnum Photos, Historic photos from 1968 Archived December 30, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
- BBC Radio 4 – 1968 Myth or Reality? – six months of 'news on this day' programmes and documentaries
- Interactive 1968 Timeline Archived June 27, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Reflections on 1968 Read people's memories of the year 1968. Minnesota Historical Society