1968 Detroit Tigers season
|1968 Detroit Tigers|
|1968 World Series Champions
1968 American League Champions
|Major League affiliations|
|General manager(s)||Jim Campbell|
(George Kell, Larry Osterman)
(Ernie Harwell, Ray Lane)
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The 1968 Detroit Tigers won the 1968 World Series, defeating the St. Louis Cardinals four games to three. The 1968 baseball season, known as the "Year of the Pitcher," was the Detroit Tigers 68th since they entered the American League in 1901, their eighth pennant, and third World Series championship. Detroit pitcher Denny McLain won the Cy Young Award and was named the American League's Most Valuable Player after winning 31 games. Mickey Lolich pitched three complete games in the World Series – and won all three – to win World Series MVP honors.
- 1 Players
- 2 Offseason
- 3 Regular season
- 4 1968 World Series
- 5 Awards and honors
- 6 Farm system
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
Pitching: McLain, Lolich, Wilson and Sparma
Denny McLain had a remarkable season in 1968, as he went 31–6 with a 1.96 earned run average (ERA), was an All-Star, won the Cy Young Award, won the AL Most Valuable Player Award, and won Game 6 of the World Series. He is the only pitcher since 1934 to win 30 games in a season. Beleaguered by legal and financial troubles in later years, McLain was at his best in 1968. Perhaps worn down by pitching 336 innings during the regular season, McLain's 1968 World Series performance was not as stellar. He lost Games 1 and 4 to NL Cy Young Award winner, Bob Gibson. McLain did, however, win the crucial Game 6 on just two days rest, holding the Cardinals to one run in a 13–1 victory.
The Tigers No. 2 starter, Mickey Lolich, allowed just five runs in three complete games, winning all three including the final and decisive game. Lolich also helped himself at the plate in Game 2 when he hit the only home run of his 16-year career. Lolich was given the World Series MVP Award for his performance. During the regular season, Lolich went 17–9 with 197 strikeouts and a 3.19 ERA. He was actually moved to bullpen briefly in August after a few poor starts, but returned to pitch well down the stretch.
Earl Wilson was the team's No. 3 pitcher, going 13–12 for the season with a 2.85 ERA. Known as one of the best power hitters of all time among major league pitchers, Wilson hit seven home runs in 88 at-bats in 1968. Wilson's at bat-to-home run ratio of 12.57 was higher than any player in the major leagues in 1968 — higher even than home run leaders Frank Howard and Willie Horton. Wilson was the losing pitcher in Game 3 of the World Series, allowing 10 baserunners and three earned runs in 41⁄3 innings pitched.
The Tigers No. 4 starter, Joe Sparma, was the starting quarterback of the undefeated 1961 Ohio State football team. In 1968, Sparma lost his spot in the rotation after a run-in with manager Mayo Smith. Sparma was pulled from a game and made critical comments about Smith to sportswriter Joe Falls. When Falls asked Smith for a response, Smith said he "didn't want to get into a spitting contest with a skunk." Smith refused to start Sparma for several weeks afterward. When Sparma finally got another start on September 17, 1968, he pitched a one-run complete game against the Yankees to clinch the pennant. The Sparma–Smith feud continued, and Sparma pitched only 1⁄3 of an inning in the 1968 World Series, giving up two earned runs for a 54.00 ERA in postseason play.
Catcher: Bill Freehan
Catcher Bill Freehan posted career highs with 25 home runs (fifth in the AL) and 84 runs batted in (RBIs) (sixth in the AL) and broke his own records with 971 putouts and 1,050 total chances, marks which remained AL records until Dan Wilson topped them with the 1997 Seattle Mariners. Freehan was hit by a pitch 24 times in 1968 – at that time an AL record. Freehan was the starting catcher for the AL All Star team in 1968 (and every other year from 1966 to 1972) and finished second in the 1968 American League MVP voting, behind McLain.
Infield: Cash, McAuliffe, Oyler and Wert
First baseman Norm Cash, known as "Stormin' Norman," was one of the most popular players on the team. In 1968, he hit .268 with 25 home runs despite being limited to 127 games. In the 1968 World Series, Cash hit .385 (10-for-26). Cash singled to start a three-run rally in the seventh inning of Game 7. The rally broke a scoreless tie in a pitching duel between Lolich and Gibson.
Second baseman Dick McAuliffe had a .344 on-base percentage, led the AL with 95 runs scored, and showed power with 50 extra base hits, including 16 home runs. He also tied a Major League record by going the entire 1968 season without grounding into a double play. A converted shortstop, McAuliffe also improved defensively, reducing his error total from 28 in 1967 to nine in 1968. He finished No. 7 in the 1968 AL MVP voting. On August 22, 1968, McAuliffe was involved in a brawl in which he drove his knee into pitcher Tommy John's shoulder after almost being hit in the head by a pitch. McAuliffe played well in the 1968 World Series, with five runs, six hits, four walks, three RBIs, and a home run in Game 3, a colossal solo shot into the top of the upper deck in right at Tiger Stadium.
Shortstop Ray Oyler managed only 29 hits (21 of them singles) in 1968 for a career-low batting average of .135. However, his glove remained valuable as he had a .977 fielding percentage – 15 points above the league average for shortstops. Late in the season, and in the World Series, Oyler was replaced at shortstop by outfielder Mickey Stanley in a historic gamble by manager Mayo Smith. In the offseason, Oyler was drafted by the expansion Seattle Pilots.
Third baseman Don Wert was hit in the head by a pitch that shattered his batting helmet on June 26, 1968. He was carried off on a stretcher, spent two nights in the hospital, missed several games, and was never the same hitter again. He had never hit lower than .257 in five prior seasons, but his 1968 batting average dropped to a career-low .200. Wert was selected for the AL All Star team in 1968 and is remembered for his ninth inning, game-winning hit on September 17 to clinch the American League pennant. Ernie Harwell described the scene as follows in his radio broadcast of the game:
|“||This big crowd here ready to break loose. Three men on, two men out. Game tied, 1–1, in the ninth inning. McDaniel checkin' his sign with Jake Gibbs. The tall right-hander ready to go to work again, and the windup, and the pitch...He swings, a line shot, base hit, right field, the Tigers win it! Here comes Kaline to score and it's all over! Don Wert singles, the Tigers mob Don, Kaline has scored...The fans are streaming on the field...And the Tigers have won their first pennant since nineteen hundred and forty-five! Let's listen to the bedlam here at Tiger Stadium!||”|
Outfield: Kaline, Northrup, Horton and Stanley
Left fielder Willie Horton led the way among the outfielders in 1968. He finished second in the American League behind Frank Howard in home runs (36), slugging percentage (.543), and total bases (278). In a year in which the league batting average was .230, Horton's .285 average was good for fourth in the AL, and he also finished fourth in the AL MVP voting. In the World Series, Horton batted .304 and had a solo home run to give the Tigers an early lead in Game 2. He also made a pivotal defensive play in the fifth inning of Game 5. When Lou Brock tried to score from second base on a single to left field, Brock was tagged out on a throw from Horton that hit Freehan's glove on the fly. Horton was the only African American position player to start for the team.
Mickey Stanley covered center field for the 1968 Tigers, won a Gold Glove Award at the position and led all American League outfielders with a perfect 1.000 fielding percentage. Prior to 1968, Stanley had been used mostly as a backup outfielder, but an injury to Al Kaline expanded his playing time, as Jim Northrup moved to right field to sub for Kaline. When shortstop Ray Oyler went "0 for August," and his batting average fell to .135, manager Mayo Smith made one of the most talked-about managerial moves in baseball history, moving Stanley to shortstop for the last 9 games of the regular season and for all 7 games of the 1968 World Series. The move also allowed Smith to play both Kaline and Northrup in the outfield. Stanley had not played the shortstop position before the 1968 season, but was a talented athlete with a good glove. Though Stanley made 2 errors in the World Series, neither error led to a run being scored. In its "The End of the Century" series, ESPN rated Mayo Smith's decision to move Stanley to shortstop for the World Series as one of the 10 greatest coaching decisions of the 20th Century in any sport.
Jim Northrup was the Tigers' right fielder for most of the 1968 season, and was among the American League leaders with 90 RBIs (3rd in the AL), 57 extra base hits (4th in the AL), 259 total bases (5th in the AL), and 29 doubles (5th in the AL). Northrup also hit five grand slams during the 1968 season. He hit two in consecutive at bats on June 24, 1968, and then hit another five days later, becoming the first major league player to hit three grand slams in a single week. Northrup's fifth grand slam came in Game 6 of the World Series. With Stanley moving to shortstop, Northrup started in center field during the World Series. Northrup also had the Series-clinching hit in Game 7 off Cardinals ace Bob Gibson. After Gibson held the Tigers scoreless through the first six innings, Northrup hit a triple over center fielder Curt Flood's head, driving in Norm Cash and Willie Horton. In the 7-game series, Northrup had a .536 slugging percentage, with 8 RBIs, 7 hits, 4 runs scored, and 2 home runs. Northrup placed 13th in the 1968 AL MVP voting.
The only future Hall of Fame member who played regularly for the 1968 Tigers was Al Kaline. (Hall of Famer Eddie Mathews played in 31 games for the 1968 Tigers.) However, Kaline broke his arm after being hit by a pitch in May and missed part of the season. He played 70 games at his usual spot in right field and another 22 games at first base. His .287 batting average would have placed him 4th in the league, but he did not have enough at bats to qualify. Kaline excelled in his only World Series appearance by batting .379 with 2 home runs and 8 RBIs.
The Pinch-hitter: Gates Brown
Pinch-hitter Gates Brown also had a huge year for the Tigers in 1968. Signed by the Tigers while serving time in an Ohio prison, Brown led the team with a .370 batting average (34-for-92) and .685 slugging percentage in the "year of the pitcher" when the league batting average was only .230. He also led the American League in pinch hits and came off the bench with clutch hits to spark a number of dramatic ninth inning come-back victories. In a doubleheader against the Boston Red Sox on August 11, 1968, Brown had a clutch game-winning home run off Lee Stange in the 14th inning of the first game, then had a game-winning single off Sparky Lyle in the ninth inning of the second game.
- October 20, 1967: Jerry Lumpe was released by the Tigers.
- November 28, 1967: Dave Wickersham was traded by the Tigers to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Dennis Ribant.
- January 27, 1968: 1968 Major League Baseball Draft secondary phase
|Boston Red Sox||86||76||.531||17|
|New York Yankees||83||79||.512||20|
|Chicago White Sox||67||95||.414||36|
Record vs. opponents
1968 American League Records
After losing the 1967 American League pennant by one game to the Red Sox, the Tigers got off to a 9–1 start in 1968. By April 29, they were 12–4. On May 10, the Tigers moved into first place and remained there for the rest of the season. The Orioles stayed close through much of the season, but the Tigers wound up winning the pennant with a 12-game lead over Baltimore. The Tigers finished with a record of 103–59 and outscored their opponents 671 to 492. The 1968 Tigers also won the season series against all nine league opponents‚ the first team to accomplish that since the 1955 Dodgers.
The 1968 Tigers developed a reputation for dramatic comebacks, often with winning late-inning home runs. The Tigers led the major leagues with 185 home runs in 1968. They won 40 games from the 7th inning forward, and won 30 games in their last at bat. In each game, there seemed to be a new hero, with even light hitting Don Wert and Ray Oyler providing clutch hits to win ballgames. The 1968 Tigers were also known for their esprit de corps. The starting lineup had been intact since 1965, and several of those starters had grown up in Michigan as Detroit Tigers fans: Willie Horton in Detroit's inner city, Bill Freehan in suburban Royal Oak, Jim Northrup in a small town 25 miles (40 km) west of Saginaw, and Mickey Stanley from the west of the state in Grand Rapids.
The 1968 Tigers' winning percentage ranks as the fifth-best in team history, as follows:
- April 9: Opening Day in Major League Baseball was postponed for the funeral of Martin Luther King, Jr.
- April 10: The Tigers lost to the Red Sox on Opening Day in Detroit. Detroit pitcher Earl Wilson hit a home run but allowed 5 earned runs in 5 innings.
- April 11: The Tigers got their first win, 4–3, over the Red Sox, as Dick McAuliffe, Bill Freehan and Gates Brown hit home runs.
- April 21: Denny McLain won his first game, 2–1, in the second game of a double-header. After losing on Opening Day, the Tigers had won 9 straight games.
- April 27: The Tigers shut out the Yankees, 7–0, behind a 5-hitter by Denny McLain. Dick McAuliffe and Jim Northrup hit home runs off Jim Bouton.
- April 29: Mickey Lolich got his first win of the season, 2–1, over the A's. Don Wert went 3-for-4, and the Tigers were 12–4 in their first 16 games.
- May 6: The Tigers lost to the Orioles, 4–0. Baltimore's Dave Leonhard threw a one-hitter, and the Tigers had only 23 at-bats in the game, as the Orioles turned 3 double plays, and Mickey Stanley, Jim Northrup, and Al Kaline were all caught stealing.
- May 10: The Tigers won their 3rd straight game, 12–1, over the Senators, to move past the Orioles into first place. Detroit would remain in first place for the rest of the season. Denny McLain got the win, and Al Kaline, Don Wert and Bill Freehan hit home runs.
- May 17: Detroit led 2–1 going into the 9th inning. Frank Howard hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 9th to put the Senators in the lead, but Jim Northrup hit a walk-off grand slam in the bottom of the 9th. The Tigers won, 7–3.
- May 19: Detroit rookie Les Cain threw 6⅔ scoreless innings for his first major league win. The Tigers beat the Senators, 7–0, as Eddie Mathews, Al Kaline, and Dick McAuliffe hit home runs. Kaline's home run was his 307th as a Tiger, making him the all-time leader in home runs by a Detroit Tiger.
- May 25: The Tigers beat the A's 2–1 behind Denny McLain, but Al Kaline's arm was broken when he was hit by a pitch. Kaline was out of action until June 30.
- May 26: A's pitcher Jack Aker beaned Jim Northrup on the batting helmet, and a 15-minute fight erupted. The A's won‚ 7–6.
- May 31: Mickey Lolich shut out the Yankees on a 1-hitter in front of 31,115 fans on a Friday night in Detroit. Willie Horton hit a home run in the 7th inning for the game's only run.
- June 5: Denny McLain won his 9th game in Boston.
- June 14: The Tigers beat the White Sox, 6–5, in 14 innings. Pitcher Earl Wilson hit a home run in the 2nd inning, and shortstop Don Wert won it with a home run in the 14th inning.
- June 15: Chicago's Tommy John hit 4 Detroit batters: Willie Horton (twice), Don Wert and Ray Oyler. The Tigers lost, 7–4. (See also August 22)
- June 24: Jim Northrup hit grand slams in consecutive at bats in the 5th and 6th innings. Shortstop Don Wert was hit in the head by a pitch that shattered his batting helmet. Wert was carried off the field on a stretcher and spent two nights in the hospital. The Tigers beat the Indians, 14–3.
- June 29: Jim Northrup hit his third grand slam of the week in a 5–2 victory over Chicago. Denny McLain notched his 14th win. The Tigers were 22 games over .500 at 48–26.
- July 4: There were fireworks on the July 4, as the Tigers and Angels combined for 8 home runs. The Tigers won, 13–10.
- July 5: Detroit beat Oakland, 8–5. Bill Freehan hit 2 home runs and tallied 6 RBIs.
- July 7: Denny McLain beat the A's, 7–6. Al Kaline hit a 3-run home run to help the Tigers sweep the A's in the second game of a double-header. At the All Star break, McLain was 16–2, and the Tigers led the AL by 9½ games.
- July 26: Detroit beat Baltimore, 4–1, but Earl Wilson left the game after 5 innings with a strained knee. Daryl Patterson came into the game with the bases loaded and nobody out, and struck out the side.
- July 26, 1968: Dennis Ribant was traded by the Tigers to the Chicago White Sox for Don McMahon.
- July 27: Denny McLain pitched a 3-hit shutout over the Orioles for his 20th win. Norm Cash had 4 hits, and Willie Horton hit 2 home runs. The Tigers won, 9–0.
- August 8: Detroit scored 13 runs to beat the Indians, 14–1. Bill Freehan hit 2 home runs, walked twice, and drove in 4 runs. McLain won his 23rd.
- August 11: Gates Brown got clutch hits to win both games of a double-header against the Red Sox. Gates had a pinch-hit home run in the 14th inning of the opener for a 5–4 win. In the second game, he had a single to drive home the winning run, as the Tigers scored 4 runs in the 9th inning.
- August 12: The Tigers beat the Indians, 6–3, and the team was now 75–42.
- August 16: Denny McLain beat the Red Sox at Fenway Park for his 25th win. He was now 16–0 on the road. Bill Freehan was hit by pitches in 3 consecutive at bats.
- August 22: After hitting 4 Tigers in a game earlier in the year, Chicago pitcher Tommy John narrowly missed Dick McAuliffe's head. After another brushback pitch, words are exchanged, and McAuliffe charged the mound. McAuliffe kneed John in the shoulder, resulting in a season-ending injury to John. McAuliffe was suspended for five games.
- August 23: The Tigers lost to the Yankees, 2–1, in the first game of a double-header. In the second game, the score was tied 3–3 after 19 innings. Lindy McDaniel retired 21 straight Tiger batters‚ six on strikeouts.
- August 25: After taking a 5–0 lead, the Tigers lost to the Yankees‚ 6–5. The surprise winning pitcher for the Yankees was outfielder Rocky Colavito. The former Tiger slugger pitched 2⅔ innings in relief and retired Al Kaline and Willie Horton. Adding to the insult, Colavito scored the winning run in the 8th inning.
- August 26: The Tigers beat the White Sox, 3–0, at County Stadium in Milwaukee, where the White Sox had temporarily relocated during the violence-plagued Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Earl Wilson was hit by a pitch in the 2nd inning with the bases loaded to drive in the first run.
- August 27: The Tiger lost to the White Sox, 2–1, as the series moved back to Comiskey Park.
- August 28: Back in Detroit, Denny McLain won his 26th game.
- August 30: In the first game of a 3-game series with second place Baltimore, the Tigers won 9–1 in front of 53,575 fans at Tiger Stadium. In one of the best performances of the year by any Tiger player, Earl Wilson pitched a 4-hitter, went 2-for-4 at the plate, hit his 5th home run of the year, and collected 4 RBIs.
- September 1: Almost 42,000 fans were on hand at Tiger Stadium as Denny McLain won his 27th game, beating the Orioles 7–3. The Tigers had a triple play in the 3rd inning, McLain to Tom Matchick to Norm Cash. Jim Northrup was 3-for-5 with 3 RBIs.
- September 6: The Tigers beat the Twins, 8–3, and Denny McLain got win number 28. Rookie Graig Nettles hit his first major league home run off McLain. Willie Horton hit his 32nd home run and had 5 RBIs.
- September 14: In front of 33,688 fans on a Saturday in Detroit, with Denny McLain seeking his 30th win, Reggie Jackson hit a home run in the 4th inning to put the A's on top. Norm Cash responded with a 3-run home run in the 4th. Reggie Jackson hit his second home run of the day in the 6th inning to put the A's back in the lead. In the bottom of the 9th inning, Al Kaline pinch hit for McLain. Kaline drew a walk and later scored on an error. Willie Horton then drove in Mickey Stanley for the winning run. McLain struck out 10 batters and beat the A's, 5–4, to become the first 30-game winner since Dizzy Dean in 1934.
- September 15: The Tigers destroyed the A's, 13–0. Mickey Lolich went the distance, allowing only 3 hits. Jim Northrup and Bill Freehan hit two home runs each.
- September 17: The Tigers beat the Yankees, 2–1, to clinch the American League pennant. Joe Sparma threw a complete game and gave up 5 hits. Don Wert had the pennant-clinching hit in the bottom of the 9th inning, driving in Al Kaline. Many of the 46,512 fans on hand stormed the field in celebration of the Tigers' first pennant in 23 years.
- September 19: Denny McLain won his 31st game against the Yankees. In the 8th inning, with the Tigers safely in the lead, McLain called catcher Jim Price to the mound and told him to inform Mickey Mantle that he's throwing nothing but fastballs. McLain tossed up a fat one, and Mantle hit a home run to move into 3rd place on the all-time home run list. Mantle, who was planning to retire at the end of the season, tipped his cap to McLain as he rounded third base. Joe Pepitone‚ the next batter‚ signaled where he would like the ball‚ and McLain "dusted" him. Outfielder Mickey Stanley made his major-league debut at shortstop in this game, as Mayo Smith was preparing to use him at that position in the World Series.
- September 21: The Tigers won their 11th straight game, a 4–3 victory over the Senators. The team was now 47 games over .500 with a record of 101–54.
- September 23: Going for his 32nd win, Denny McLain surrendered just 2 runs, but lost a 2–1 decision to Baltimore.
- September 28: In his second attempt at win number 32‚ McLain pitched 7 scoreless innings against Washington and left with a 1–0 lead, but the Senators scored 2 in the 9th to win‚ 2–1.
- September 29: The Tigers lost the final game of the regular season, 3–2. The Tigers finished the season with a record of 103–59.
|1968 Detroit Tigers|
Starters by position
|= Indicates team leader|
Note: Pos = Position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in
|C||Freehan, BillBill Freehan||155||540||142||.263||25||84|
|1B||Cash, NormNorm Cash||127||411||108||.263||25||63|
|2B||McAuliffe, DickDick McAuliffe||151||570||142||.249||16||56|
|3B||Wert, DonDon Wert||150||536||107||.200||12||37|
|SS||Oyler, RayRay Oyler||111||215||29||.135||1||12|
|LF||Horton, WillieWillie Horton||143||512||146||.285||36||85|
|CF||Stanley, MickeyMickey Stanley||153||583||151||.259||11||60|
|RF||Northrup, JimJim Northrup||154||580||153||.264||21||90|
Note: G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in
|Kaline, AlAl Kaline||102||327||94||.287||10||53|
|Matchick, TomTom Matchick||80||227||46||.203||3||14|
|Tracewski, DickDick Tracewski||90||212||33||.156||4||15|
|Price, JimJim Price||64||132||23||.174||3||13|
|Brown, GatesGates Brown||67||92||34||.370||6||15|
|Mathews, EddieEddie Mathews||31||52||11||.212||3||8|
|Comer, WayneWayne Comer||48||48||6||.125||1||3|
|Campbell, DaveDave Campbell||9||8||1||.125||1||2|
|Green, LennyLenny Green||6||4||1||.250||0||0|
|Christian, BobBob Christian||3||3||1||.333||0||0|
Note: Pitchers' batting statistics not included
Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts
|McLain, DennyDenny McLain||41||336||31||6||1.96||280|
|Wilson, EarlEarl Wilson||34||224.1||13||12||2.85||168|
|Lolich, MickeyMickey Lolich||39||220||17||9||3.19||197|
|Sparma, JoeJoe Sparma||34||182.1||10||10||3.70||110|
Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts
|Hiller, JohnJohn Hiller||39||128||9||6||2.39||78|
|Dobson, PatPat Dobson||47||125||5||8||2.66||93|
|Cain, LesLes Cain||8||24||1||0||3.00||13|
Note: G = Games pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; SV = Saves; GF = Games finished; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts
|Patterson, DarylDaryl Patterson||38||2||3||7||22||2.12||49|
|Lasher, FredFred Lasher||34||5||1||5||14||3.33||32|
|Warden, JonJon Warden||28||4||1||3||11||3.62||25|
|Wyatt, JohnJohn Wyatt||22||1||0||2||10||2.37||25|
|McMahon, DonDon McMahon||20||3||1||1||9||2.02||33|
|Ribant, DennisDennis Ribant||14||2||2||1||4||2.22||7|
|Rooker, JimJim Rooker||2||0||0||0||0||3.86||4|
|Face, RoyRoy Face||2||0||0||0||0||0.00||1|
1968 World Series
|Game||Score||Date||Location||Attendance||Winning Pitcher||Losing Pitcher|
|1||Tigers 0, Cardinals 4||October 2||Busch Stadium||54,692||Bob Gibson (1–0)||Denny McLain (0–1)|
|2||Tigers 8, Cardinals 1||October 3||Busch Stadium||54,692||Mickey Lolich (1–0)||Nelson Briles (0–1)|
|3||Cardinals 7, Tigers 3||October 5||Tiger Stadium||53,634||Ray Washburn (1–0)||Earl Wilson (0–1)|
|4||Cardinals 10, Tigers 1||October 6||Tiger Stadium||53,634||Bob Gibson (2–0)||Denny McLain (0–2)|
|5||Cardinals 3, Tigers 5||October 7||Tiger Stadium||53,634||Mickey Lolich (2–0)||Joe Hoerner (0–1)|
|6||Tigers 13, Cardinals 1||October 9||Busch Stadium||54,692||Denny McLain (1–2)||Ray Washburn (1–1)|
|7||Tigers 4, Cardinals 1||October 10||Busch Stadium||54,692||Mickey Lolich (3–0)||Bob Gibson (2–1)|
In Game 1, the Cardinals' ace Bob Gibson threw a shutout, striking out 17 batters, as St. Louis won 4–0. As of 2011, Gibson's 17 strikeouts is still the record in a World Series game. The only positive the Tigers could take away from Game 1 was the fact that Mickey Stanley, having moved from center field to shortstop at the end of the season, handled five chances without an error.
In Game 2, Mickey Lolich hit a home run and pitched the first of his three complete game victories, as Detroit won, 8–1. Norm Cash and Willie Horton both homered, and perennial Gold Glove winner, Al Kaline, made two sensational catches in right field.
The Cardinals followed with wins in Games 3 and 4, including another victory by Bob Gibson over Denny McLain in Game 4. Lou Brock stole three bases in Game 3 and had six steals in the first three games. In Game 4, McLain pitched poorly, giving up six runs in three innings. Game 4 also saw one of the most bizarre strategic battles in World Series history. The Cardinals led 4–0 in the third inning, when the game was delayed by rain for over an hour. When play resumed, the Tigers began to stall, hoping to have the game called before it became official. The Cardinals responded by intentionally trying to make outs to move the game forward. As a result of the tactics, Game 4 of the 1968 series was criticized as one of the worst games in World Series history.
After Game 4, with the Cardinals up 3 games to 1, a Detroit team that had made dramatic comebacks all year was forced to make its biggest comeback yet.
Game 5 began with the unconventional, soulful singing of the national anthem by Jose Feliciano, drawing boos from some Detroit fans. When the game got underway, the Cardinals immediately scored three runs in the first inning off Mickey Lolich. In the fifth inning, Lou Brock doubled, and the Cardinals had a chance to break the game open, but Brock tried to score from second base on a single to left field. Brock was out in a collision with Bill Freehan at home plate, as Willie Horton's throw hit Bill Freehan's glove on the fly, and Brock elected not to slide. Brock later remarked that he never slid because no one had ever tried to throw him out at home. In the 7th inning, the Cardinals led, 3–2. Mickey Lolich led off for the Tigers in the 7th inning with a bloop single, and the Tigers loaded the bases for Al Kaline to slap a single into right field, driving in two runs. Cash drove in another run, and the Tigers led, 5–3, which proved to be the final score. Mickey Lolich pitched his second complete game victory.
In Game 6, Mayo Smith passed over Earl Wilson and elected to start Denny McLain on two days' rest. McLain held the Cardinals to one run, and the Tigers scored 13 times. The Tigers scored ten runs in the 3rd inning, capped by Jim Northrup's grand slam.
Game 7 was a pitching duel between Bob Gibson and Mickey Lolich, pitching on only two days' rest. In a pre-game pep talk, Mayo Smith told his team that Gibson was not Superman, prompting Norm Cash to ask: "What was he doing in a telephone booth changing his clothes?" The game was scoreless after six innings, as the two pitchers dominated. In the 7th inning, the Tigers broke through on a triple by Jim Northrup that went over center fielder Curt Flood's head, driving in Norm Cash and Willie Horton. Curt Flood initially misread Northrup's hit, taking a step in, and then slipping as he chased the ball over his head. Flood was tagged a "goat" for having misplayed the ball. The Tigers won Game 7 by a score of 4–1.
Mickey Lolich, who pitched three complete game victories, was named the MVP of the World Series. On the plane ride back to Detroit after Game 7 of the World Series, Lolich turned to newspaper columnist, Pete Waldmeir, and said: "I guess I'm an unlikely hero. Pot belly. Big ears. Just a guy who shows up every day and gets the job done as best as he knows how." But it was precisely those "average man" qualities that made Lolich one of the most popular sports figures in a working man's city. As the Detroit News put it, "He didn't act like a big shot superstar, he was one of us."
The Tigers' role in healing a city
The 1968 baseball season occurred in a year of upheaval. The Tet Offensive earlier in the year increased opposition to the Vietnam War. The City of Detroit had suffered through one of the worst riots in American history during the summer of 1967. Less than a week before Opening Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, triggering civil unrest in 60 American cities. The assassination of Robert Kennedy followed in June. And in late August, the Tigers played a series in Chicago, as Chicago police had violent confrontations with thousands of anti-war protesters during the Democratic National Convention. Yet, through the summer of 1968, the people of Detroit were united by their passion for the Tigers and the calming radio voice of Tigers broadcaster, Ernie Harwell. When the Tigers won the World Series, the headline in the Detroit Free Press read: "WE WIN!" The headline told the story. Amidst all the turmoil, the people of Detroit came together behind their baseball team.
In a column published on October 11, 1968, Detroit's senior baseball writer, Joe Falls, described the impact of the Tigers championship on the city.
|“||My town, as you know, had the worst riot in our nation's history in the summer of 1967, and it left scars which may never fully heal. . . . And so, as 1968 dawned and we all started thinking ahead to the hot summer nights in Detroit, the mood of our city was taut. It was apprehensive. . . . But then something started happening in the middle of 1968. You could pull up to a light at the corner of Clairmount and 12th, which was the hub of last year's riot, and the guy in the next car would have his radio turned up: ' .... McLain looks in for the sign, he's set – here's the pitch' ... It was a year when an entire community, an entire city, was caught up in a wild, wonderful frenzy.||”|
Even the Governor of Michigan, George Romney, credited the Tigers with helping calm the city. In a letter to owner John Fetzer, Romney wrote: "The deepest meaning of this victory extends beyond the sports pages, radio broadcasts, and the telecasts that have consumed our attention for several months. This championship occurred when all of us in Detroit and Michigan needed a great lift. At a time of unusual tensions, when many good men lost their perspective toward others, the Tigers set an example of what human relations should really be."
Awards and honors
- Al Kaline, Lou Gehrig Memorial Award
- Mickey Lolich, Babe Ruth Award
- Mickey Lolich, World Series Most Valuable Player
- Denny McLain, American League Most Valuable Player
- Denny McLain, American League Cy Young Award
- Denny McLain, Associated Press Athlete of the Year
- Mayo Smith, Associated Press AL Manager of the Year
- AL hit by pitch leader (24)
- AL innings at catcher leader (1180.1)
- AL leader in assists at catcher (971)
- AL leader in double plays at catcher (15)
- AL leader in runners caught stealing (38)
- AL runs scored leader (95)
- AL leader in innings at second base (1277.2)
- AL wins leader (31)
- AL win percentage leader (.838)
- AL innings pitched leader (336)
- AL games started leader (41)
- AL complete games leader (28)
- AL home runs allowed leader (31)
- AL leader in strikeout to walk ratio (4.44)
- AL batters faced leader (1288)
- AL sacrifice hits leader (16)
- AL leader in fielding percentage by outfielder (1.000)
- AL grounded into double plays leader (22)
Players ranking among top 100 of all time at position
The following members of the 1968 Tigers have been ranked among the Top 100 of all time at their position in The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract in 2001:
- Bill Freehan: 12th best catcher of all time
- Norm Cash: 20th best first baseman of all time
- Dick McAuliffe: 22nd best second baseman of all time
- Eddie Mathews: 3rd best third baseman of all time (Mathews appeared in only six games at third base for the 1968 Tigers)
- Willie Horton: 55th best left fielder of all time
- Al Kaline: 11th best right fielder of all time
- Mickey Lolich: 72nd best pitcher of all time
- Holmes, Dan. "The Baseball Biography Project: Mickey Lolich". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- Falls, Joe (1997). Joe Falls 50 Years of Sports Writing. Sports Publishing. p. 159.
- "The Ballplayers – Don Wert". BaseballLibrary.com.
- "The 1968-Detroit-Tigers... Baseball's Last Pure Champion".
- "ENDOFCENTURY – ESPN.com's 10 key coaching decisions". ESPN.com.
- 2 Grand Slams In 1 Game by Baseball Almanac
- Grand Slam Records
- Jerry Lumpe page at Baseball-Reference
- Dennis Ribant page at Base
- Ken Szotkiewicz page at Baseball Reference
- Chuck Scrivener page at Baseball Reference
- Dennis Ribant page at Baseball-Reference
- Detroit Free Press, April 26, 1988
- Joe Falls, "Detroit Tigers" (1975), p. 93
- detnews.com | Michigan History
- Dan Ewald, "John Fetzer: On A Handshake," p. 151
- Associated Press Athlete of the Year (male)
- 1968 Detroit Tigers Regular Season Statistics
- 1968 World Series Statistics, Box Scores and Play by Play
- Baseball Almanac on 1968 World Series