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- 1 January - The People's Democracy civil rights march leaves Belfast for Derry.
- 4 January - Militant loyalists, including off-duty members of the Ulster Special Constabulary (B-Specials), attack the civil rights marchers at Burntollet bridge in County Londonderry.
- 5 January - Riots in Derry leave over 100 people injured.
- 10 January - Civil rights protesters defy police orders to abandon a planned march.
- 27 January - Reverend Ian Paisley, hardline Protestant leader in Northern Ireland, is jailed for three months for illegal assembly.
- 24 February - Northern Ireland general election, 1969. The Ulster Unionist Party retains a majority of seats but fails to give Terence O'Neill a clear majority for his proposed reforms. This is the first (and only) election since 1929 to see changes to the constituencies: the Queen's University of Belfast seat is abolished and four new constituencies created in the Belfast suburbs.
- 22 March - Civil rights demonstrations take place all over Northern Ireland.
- 17 April - Bernadette Devlin, the 21-year-old student and civil rights campaigner, wins the Mid-Ulster by-election. She is the youngest female U.K. Member of Parliament ever.
- 20 April - British troops arrive in Northern Ireland to reinforce the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
- 28 April - Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Terence O'Neill, resigns.
- 1 May - Major James Chichester-Clark succeeds Terence O'Neill as the North's Prime Minister.
- 12 July - Rioting in Belfast, Derry and Dungiven follows Orange Institution parades.
- 1 August - A huge protest rally over events in Northern Ireland is held outside the General Post Office, Dublin. The crowd demands that the Irish Army cross the border.
- 5 August - Belfast experiences the worst sectarian rioting since 1935.
- 12 August - Rioting follows an Apprentice Boys of Derry parade. By the evening, a full-scale riot is in progress, later referred to as the Battle of the Bogside.
- 13 August - Battle of the Bogside: As the siege of the Bogside in Derry continues Taoiseach Jack Lynch makes one of the most important speeches ever made on Irish television. He says that the Irish government "can no longer stand by" and demands a United Nations peace-keeping force for Northern Ireland.
- 14 August - James Chichester-Clark, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, calls for the mobilisation of British troops on the streets of Northern Ireland: start of Operation Banner.
- 15 August - 1969 Northern Ireland Riots: A night of shooting and burning takes place in Belfast. In Dublin a Sinn Féin protest meeting calls for the boycott of British goods, Irish government protection of the people of Northern Ireland and United Nations intervention.
- 16 August - British soldiers are deployed into particularly violent areas of Belfast.
- 17 August - Members of an Garda Síochána clash with protesters on O'Connell Street, Dublin, as a march against the Northern Ireland situation heads for the British embassy.
- 27 August - The Ulster Special Constabulary (B-Specials) begin to hand in their guns following the decision by Lieutenant-General Freeland to disband them. British Home Secretary James Callaghan visits Belfast.
- August - Andrew Boyd's historical work Holy War in Belfast is published in Tralee; it goes through 6 impressions in 3 years.
- 10 October - The Hunt Committee Report recommends an unarmed civil police force in Northern Ireland.
- 25 November - Electoral Law Act (Northern Ireland) becomes law, granting universal suffrage for adults in local government elections by removing property franchises.
- 27 November - Commissioner for Complaints appointed for local government and public bodies in Northern Ireland.
- December - The Irish Republican Army splits into Official and Provisional wings.
- Goliath crane is completed at Harland and Wolff shipyard.
Arts and literature
- Winners: Linfield
- Winners: Ards 0 - 0, 4 - 2 Distillery
- 20 January - Ray Close, boxer.
- 14 February - David Holmes, DJ, musician and composer.
- 27 March - Tracey Magee, television presenter and journalist.
- 6 May - Jim Magilton, soccer player.
- 24 May - Martin McCague, cricketer.
- 22 August - Kathy Clugston, newsreader.
- 29 August - Joe Swail, snooker player.
- 20 September - Patrick Wallace, snooker player
- 10 November - Karen Corr, pool and snooker player.
- 11 November - Richard Dormer, actor
- 12 December - Pearse Jordan, Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer killed by RUC (died 1992).
- 28 December - P. J. Holden, comic artist.
Full date unknown