1969 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1969.

Paleozoology[edit]

Molluscs[edit]

New bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Praenuculidae

Fam nov

Valid

McAlester

Ordovician - Devonian

extinct family of Nuculoidea bivalves

Conodont paleozoology[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Protognathodus

Gen. nov

Valid

Willi Ziegler

Patrognathus[2]

Gen nov

Valid

Rhodes, Austin & Druce

Carboniferous

Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Fish[edit]

New Actinopterygii ("ray-finned fish")[edit]
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Proaracana

gen et sp nov

Valid

Le Danois

Eocene

Monte Bolca

 Italy

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named crurotarsans[edit]
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Riojasuchus[3]

gen et sp nov

valid

Bonaparte

Late Triassic

 Argentina

Ornithosuchid archosaur. originally misidentified as a dinosaur

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Deinonychus[5]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ostrom

Early Cretaceous

Cloverly Formation

 USA

"Strenusaurus"[3]

gen et sp nov

Junior synonym.

Bonaparte

Triassic

 Argentina

Junior synonym of Riojasaurus.

"Syntarsus"[6]

gen et sp nov

Preoccupied name.

Raath

Early Jurassic

 Zimbabwe

Preoccupied by Syntarsus Fairmaire, 1869. Renamed Megapnosaurus, now a junior synonym of Coelophysis.

Newly named birds[edit]
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alectoris bavarica [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Early Miocene

 Germany

A Phasianidae.

Buteo pusillus [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Middle Miocene

 France

An Accipitridae.

Capitonides [7]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Ballmann

Early Miocene

 Germany

A Lybiidae, jr syn of Trachyphonus europeus.[9]

Diomedea thyridata [10]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Wilkinson

Late Miocene

Black Rock Sandstone

 Australia

A Diomedeidae.

Eogeranoides [11]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

 USA

A Geranoididae, type sp. E. campivagus.

Geranodornis [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Middle Eocene

Bridger Formation

 USA

A Geranoididae type sp. G. aenigma

Musophaga meini [8]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Ballmann

Middle Miocene

MN 8

 France

A Musophagidae
jr syn of Veflintornis meini[12]

Otus wintershofensis [7]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Ballmann

Early Miocene

 Germany

A Strigidae,
transferred Strix wintershofensis.[9]

Palaeonerpes [13]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft & Morony

Early Pliocene

Valentine Formation

 USA

A Picidae, type sp P. shorti

Palaeophasianus incompletus [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

 USA

A Geranoididae

Paracygnus [14]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Short

Late Pliocene

Kimbal Formation

 USA

An Anatidae, type sp P. plattensis

Paragrus shufeldti [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

 USA

A Geranoididae

Plotopterum [15]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Howard

Early Miocene

Upper Walker Formation

 USA

A Plotopteridae, type sp P. joaquinensis

Pseudodontornis stirtoni [16]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Howard & Warter

Late Pliocene

 New Zealand

A Pseudodontornithidae
transferred to Neodontornis stirtoni[17]

Pulsatrix arredondoi [18]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Pleistocene

Caverna Paredones

 Cuba

A Strigidae.

Strix brevis [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Early Miocene

 Germany

A Strigidae,
transferred to Intulula brevis.[9]

Taoperdix miocaena [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Early Miocene

 Germany

A Cracidae.

Tetrao praeurogallus [19]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pliocene - Early Pleistocene

 Bulgaria

A Phasianidae.

Zenaidura prior [20]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Rexroad Formation

 USA

A Columbidae, transferred to Zenaida prior.

Zygodactylus [8]

Gen et Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Middle Miocene

 France
 Germany

A Zygodactylidae
two sp Z. grivensis & Z. ignotus.

New Pterosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Nesodactylus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Colbert

Late Jurassic

Jagua Formation

 Cuba

family placement uncertain

Paleontologists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ British Avonian (Carboniferous) conodont faunas, and their value in local and intercontinental correlation. FHT Rhodes, RL Austin, EC Druce - 1969 - British Museum (Natural History)
  3. ^ a b Bonaparte, J.F. 1969. Dos nuevas "faunas" de reptiles Triasicos de Argentina. I Gondwana Symp. (IVGAS, 1967), Mar del Plata Ciencias Tierra 2: pp. 283-306
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Ostrom, J. H. 1969. A new theropod dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana. Postilia 128: pp. 1-17.
  6. ^ Raath, M.A. 1969. A new coelurosaurian dinosaur from the Forest Sandstone of Rhodesia. Arnoldia Rhodesia. 4 (28): pp. 1-25.
  7. ^ a b c d e Ballmann, P (1969). "Die Vögel aus der Altburdigalen Spaltenfüllung von Wintershof (West) bei Eichstätt in Bayern" (PDF). Zitteliana. 1: 5–60. 
  8. ^ a b c Ballmann, P (1969). "Les Oiseaux Miocènes de la Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère)". Géobios. 2: 157–204. doi:10.1016/s0016-6995(69)80005-7. 
  9. ^ a b c Mlíkovský, J (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe" (PDF). Praha Ninox Press, 2002: 1–407. 
  10. ^ Wilkinson, HE (1969). "Descriptions of an Upper Miocene albatross from Beaumaris, Victoria, Australia, and a review of the fossil Diomedeidae" (PDF). Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria. 29: 41–51. 
  11. ^ a b c d Cracraft, J (1969). "Systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class, Aves) 1. The Eocene family Geranoididae and the early history of the Gruiformes" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2388: 1–41. 
  12. ^ Brodkorb, P (1971). "Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 4 (Columbiformes through Piciformes)" (PDF). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences. 15: 163–266. 
  13. ^ Cracraft, J; Morony, JJ jr. (1969). "A new pliocene woodpecker, with comments on the fossil Picidae" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2400: 1–41. 
  14. ^ Short, LL jr. (1969). "A new genus and species of goose like swan from the Pliocene of Nebraska" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2369: 1–7. 
  15. ^ Howard, H (1969). "A new avian fossil from Kern County, California" (PDF). Condor. 71 (1): 68–69. doi:10.2307/1366050. 
  16. ^ Howard, H; Warter, SL (1969). "A new species of bony-toothed bird (Family Pseudodontornithidae) from the Tertiary of New Zealand". Records of the Canterbury Museum. 8: 345–357. 
  17. ^ Harrison, CJO; Walker, CA (1976). "A review of the bony-toothed birds (Odontopterygiformes): with the description of some new species". Tertiary Research Special Papers. 2: 1–72. 
  18. ^ Brodkorb, P (1969). "An extinct Pleistocene owl from Cuba" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 31 (2): 112–114. 
  19. ^ Jánossy, D (1969). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála". Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae (N.S.), Brno. 20 (12): 35–64. 
  20. ^ Brodkorb, P (1969). "An ancestral mourning dove from Rexroad, Kansas" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 31 (3): 173–176. 
  21. ^ Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.