1969 in spaceflight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1969 in spaceflight
Buzz salutes the U.S. Flag.jpg
Humanity's first manned lunar landing

1969 saw humanity step onto another world for the first time. On July 21, 1969, the Apollo 11 Lunar Module, Eagle, landed on the moon's surface with two astronauts aboard. Days later the crew of three returned safely to Earth, satisfying U.S. President John F. Kennedy's 1962 challenge of May 25, 1961, that “this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.”[1][2]

There were four Apollo missions in total in 1969, three of which traveled to the moon, with Apollo 12 also landing on the surface. The success of the Apollo program was a testament to the efforts of over 500,000 American engineers, scientists and technicians.

In 1969, the Soviet Union's space program had success with the docking of two manned spacecraft as well as the success of their Venus and Lunar probes. The Soviets, however, suffered severe blows to their manned Lunar aspirations when their N1 rocket failed twice during two 1969 launches.

Launches[edit]

This is a list of spaceflights launched in 1969.

Launch Date/Time Rocket Launch
Site
Launch Contractor Payload Operator Orbit Mission/
Function
Re-Entry/
Destruction
Outcome Remarks
January 14
07:30 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-31 Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 4, 1 Cosmonaut (Vladimir Shatalov) RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight January 17, 1969 Successful First docking between two manned spacecraft (with Soyuz 5)
January 15
07:04 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-1/5 Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 5, 2 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight January 18, 1969 Successful First docking between two manned spacecraft (with Soyuz 4)
March 3
16:00 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39A Kennedy NASA Apollo 9 CSM Gumdrop
3 astronauts
NASA LEO Manned Orbital Flight March 13, 1969 Successful
Apollo 9 LM Spider NASA LEO Test spacecraft March 13, 1969 Successful First manned test of Lunar Module
May 18
16:49 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39B Kennedy NASA Apollo 10 CSM Charlie Brown
3 astronauts
NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Orbital Flight May 26, 1969 Successful "Dress rehearsal" of Apollo Moon Landings
Apollo 10 LM Snoopy NASA Lunar orbit, then Heliocentric orbit Test spacecraft N/A Successful First manned test of Lunar Module in lunar orbit
June 27
22:58 GMT
Black Arrow Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle N/A Failure Self-destruct activated by RSO after loss of control
July 3 N-1 Soviet Union Soviet space program (unknown) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle N/A Failure Exploded due to faulty engines and a bolt that was sucked into a fuel pump.
July 16
13:32 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39A Kennedy NASA Apollo 11 CSM Columbia
3 astronauts
NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Orbital Flight July 24, 1969 Successful
Apollo 11 LM Eagle NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Landing July 20, 1969 Successful First manned Moon landing
July 20
21:54 GMT
Apollo LM Ascent Stage Apollo 11 LM Descent Stage
Mare Tranquillitatis
The Moon
NASA Apollo 11 LM Ascent Stage Eagle
2 Astronauts
NASA Lunar Orbit Return Apollo 11 astronauts to CSM for journey back to Earth Successful First spacecraft to launch from the Moon
October 11
11:10 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-31/6, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 6, 2 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight October 16, 1969 Partial Failure Rendezvous with Soyuz 7 and 8 unsuccessful due to electronic failure.
October 12
10:44 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-1/5, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 7, 3 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight October 16, 1969 Partial Failure Rendezvous with Soyuz 6 and 8 unsuccessful due to electronic failure.
October 13
10:19 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-31/6, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 8, 2 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight October 16, 1969 Partial Failure Rendezvous with Soyuz 6 and 7 unsuccessful due to electronic failure.
November 14
16:22 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39A Kennedy NASA Apollo 12 CSM Yankee Clipper
3 astronauts
NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Orbital Flight November 24, 1969 Successful
Apollo 12 LM Intrepid NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Landing November 18, 1969
GMT
Successful Recovered parts of Surveyor 3
November 20
04:26 GMT
Apollo LM Ascent Stage Apollo 12 LM Descent Stage
Oceanus Procellarum
The Moon
NASA Apollo 12 LM Ascent Stage Intrepid
2 Astronauts
NASA Lunar Orbit Return Apollo 12 astronauts to CSM for journey back to Earth November 20, 1969
12:17 GMT at Moon
Successful

Deep Space Rendez-vous in 1969[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Howard E. McCurdy, et al. "Helpful Lessons From The Space Race." Issues In Science & Technology 27.4 (2011): 19-22. Academic Search Premier. Web. 23 Oct. 2013.
  2. ^ "Excerpt from the 'Special Message to the Congress on Urgent National Needs'" NASA. 24 May 2004. 24 May 2015. <https://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/features/jfk_speech_text.html#.VWIGJ0_tmkp>.
Generic references:


Preceded by
1968
Timeline of spaceflight
1969
Succeeded by
1970