1969 in the Vietnam War

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1969 in the Vietnam War
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Helicopters in South-Vietnam 1969.jpg
Helicopters of the 170th and the 189th Helicopter Assault Companies await the loading of troops at Polei Kleng, in the Central Highlands of the Republic of South Vietnam., 04/10/1969

Anti-Communist forces:

 South Vietnam
 United States
 South Korea
 New Zealand
Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia
Laos Kingdom of Laos
Taiwan Republic of China

Communist forces:

 North Vietnam
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Viet Cong
Cambodia Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao
 People's Republic of China
 Soviet Union
 North Korea

South Vietnam 897,000
United States: 549,500
South Korea: 48,870
Thailand : 11,570
Australia: 7670
Philippines: 190

New Zealand: 550
Casualties and losses
US: 11,616 killed
South Vietnam: 21,833 Killed[1]
Congressman Alexander Pirnie (R-NY) drawing the first capsule for the Selective Service draft, Dec 1, 1969


January 31

Tet 1969 refers to the attacks mounted by principally North Vietnamese forces in February 1969 in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War, one year after the original Tet Offensive.


18 March 1969 to 28 May 1970

Operation Menu was the codename of a covert United States Strategic Air Command (SAC) bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia from 18 March 1969 until 26 May 1970, during the Vietnam War. The supposed targets of these attacks were sanctuaries and Base Areas of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and forces of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF or Viet Cong), which utilized them for resupply, training, and resting between campaigns across the border in the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).


The number of American military personnel in Vietnam peaked at 543,000.[2] Tensions and casualties start escalating months after the Vietnam War begins both in Vietnam and back home in the United States. In the beginning of April a massive group of Harvard students took their angers to the school, trying to overthrow officials all while physically taking out multiple deans and eventually locked themselves in to revolt against the Vietnam War.[3] Meanwhile, over in Vietnam the war starts to escalate and over 30,000 Americans are wounded or killed by North Vietnamese troops.[4]


May 10

The Battle of Hamburger Hill was a battle of the Vietnam War which was fought between the United States and South Vietnam against North Vietnamese forces from May 10–20, 1969. Although the heavily fortified Hill 937 was of little strategic value, U.S. command ordered its capture by direct assault. In the aftermath of the battle there were close to 600 recorded North Vietnamese deaths and over 70 American deaths as well as over 400 Americans being wounded.[5]

May 10

Operation Apache Snow was a military operation in the A Shau Valley from May 10 to June 7, 1969. The A Shau Valley was an important corridor for moving supplies into South Vietnam and used as staging area for attacks. Previous sweeps of the valley in Operation Delaware and Operation Dewey Canyon had not been able to keep the North Vietnamese Army from operating in the valley.[6]


June 6

The Battle of Binh Ba, also known as Operation Hammer, was a hard-fought, but one-sided, battle. The action occurred on 6–8 June 1969 when Australian Army troops from the 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (5RAR) fought a combined communist force of North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong in the village of Binh Ba, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north of Nui Dat in Phuoc Tuy Province.


August 21

Operation Camden was an Australian Army military operation in support of the 501 Land Clearing Company, United States Army Corps of Engineers who were undertaking land clearing operations in the Hat Dich Area.


September 2

With the outcome of the Vietnam War still in question, Hồ Chí Minh died on the morning of 2 September 1969, at his home in Hanoi at age 79 from heart failure.

Year in numbers[edit]

Armed Force Strength KIA Reference Military costs - 1968 Military costs in 2019 US$ Reference
 South Vietnam ARVN 897,000 21,833 [7]
 United States US Forces 549,500 11,616 [8]
 South Korea 48,870 [7][9]
 Thailand 11,570 [7]
 Australia 7670 [7]
 Philippines 190 [7]
 New Zealand 550 [7]
 North Vietnam


  1. ^ Clarke, Jeffrey J. (1988), United States Army in Vietnam: Advice and Support: The Final Years, 1965–1973, Washington, D.C: Center of Military History, United States Army, p. 275
  2. ^ Lewy, Guenther (1978), America in Vietnam, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 146.
  3. ^ "The History Place - Vietnam War 1969-1975". www.historyplace.com. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  4. ^ "Battlefield:Vietnam | Timeline". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  5. ^ "The Battle of Hamburger Hill - Veteran Legacy". Veteran Legacy. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  6. ^ Stanton 2003, p. 13
  7. ^ a b c d e f

    War Remnants Museum Data[edit]

    Armed Force 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972
     South Vietnam ARVN 514,000 643,000 735,900 798,800 820,000 897,000 968,000 1,046,250 1,048,000
     United States 23,310 180,000 385,300 485,600 549,500 549,500 335,790 158,120 24,000
     South Korea 200 20,620 25,570 47,830 50,000 48,870 48,540 45,700 36,790
     Australia 200 1560 4530 6820 7660 7670 6800 2000 130
     Thailand 0 20 240 2220 6000 11,570 11,570 6000 40
     Philippines 20 70 2060 2020 1580 190 70 50 50
     New Zealand 30 120 160 530 520 550 440 100 50

  8. ^ United States 2010
  9. ^ Leepson & Hannaford 1999, p. 209

External links[edit]