1969 in the Vietnam War
|1969 in the Vietnam War|
Helicopters of the 170th and the 189th Helicopter Assault Companies await the loading of troops at Polei Kleng, in the Central Highlands of the Republic of South Vietnam., 04/10/1969
Anti-Communist forces:South Vietnam
Kingdom of Cambodia
Kingdom of Laos
Republic of China
Communist forces:North Vietnam
People's Republic of China
South Vietnam 897,000
|Casualties and losses|
US: 11,616 killed |
South Vietnam: 21,833 Killed
- January 31
- 18 March 1969 to 28 May 1970
Operation Menu was the codename of a covert United States Strategic Air Command (SAC) bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia from 18 March 1969 until 26 May 1970, during the Vietnam War. The supposed targets of these attacks were sanctuaries and Base Areas of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and forces of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF or Viet Cong), which utilized them for resupply, training, and resting between campaigns across the border in the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
The number of American military personnel in Vietnam peaked at 543,000. Tensions and casualties start escalating months after the Vietnam War begins both in Vietnam and back home in the United States. In the beginning of April a massive group of Harvard students took their angers to the school, trying to overthrow officials all while physically taking out multiple deans and eventually locked themselves in to revolt against the Vietnam War. Meanwhile, over in Vietnam the war starts to escalate and over 30,000 Americans are wounded or killed by North Vietnamese troops.
- May 10
The Battle of Hamburger Hill was a battle of the Vietnam War which was fought between the United States and South Vietnam against North Vietnamese forces from May 10–20, 1969. Although the heavily fortified Hill 937 was of little strategic value, U.S. command ordered its capture by direct assault. In the aftermath of the battle there were close to 600 recorded North Vietnamese deaths and over 70 American deaths as well as over 400 Americans being wounded.
- May 10
Operation Apache Snow was a military operation in the A Shau Valley from May 10 to June 7, 1969. The A Shau Valley was an important corridor for moving supplies into South Vietnam and used as staging area for attacks. Previous sweeps of the valley in Operation Delaware and Operation Dewey Canyon had not been able to keep the North Vietnamese Army from operating in the valley.
- June 6
The Battle of Binh Ba, also known as Operation Hammer, was a hard-fought, but one-sided, battle. The action occurred on 6–8 June 1969 when Australian Army troops from the 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (5RAR) fought a combined communist force of North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong in the village of Binh Ba, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north of Nui Dat in Phuoc Tuy Province.
- August 21
Operation Camden was an Australian Army military operation in support of the 501 Land Clearing Company, United States Army Corps of Engineers who were undertaking land clearing operations in the Hat Dich Area.
- September 2
Year in numbers
|Armed Force||Strength||KIA||Reference||Military costs - 1968||Military costs in 2019 US$||Reference|
|South Vietnam ARVN||897,000||21,833|||
|United States US Forces||549,500||11,616|||
- Clarke, Jeffrey J. (1988), United States Army in Vietnam: Advice and Support: The Final Years, 1965–1973, Washington, D.C: Center of Military History, United States Army, p. 275
- Lewy, Guenther (1978), America in Vietnam, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 146.
- "The History Place - Vietnam War 1969-1975". www.historyplace.com. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
- "Battlefield:Vietnam | Timeline". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
- "The Battle of Hamburger Hill - Veteran Legacy". Veteran Legacy. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
- Stanton 2003, p. 13
War Remnants Museum Data
Armed Force 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 South Vietnam ARVN 514,000 643,000 735,900 798,800 820,000 897,000 968,000 1,046,250 1,048,000 United States 23,310 180,000 385,300 485,600 549,500 549,500 335,790 158,120 24,000 South Korea 200 20,620 25,570 47,830 50,000 48,870 48,540 45,700 36,790 Australia 200 1560 4530 6820 7660 7670 6800 2000 130 Thailand 0 20 240 2220 6000 11,570 11,570 6000 40 Philippines 20 70 2060 2020 1580 190 70 50 50 New Zealand 30 120 160 530 520 550 440 100 50
- United States 2010
- Leepson & Hannaford 1999, p. 209
- Stanton, Shelby L. (2003). Vietnam order of battle (2003 ed.). Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-0071-2. - Total pages: 396
- United States, Government (2010). "Statistical information about casualties of the Vietnam War". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
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