|Relegated||FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt BSG Chemie Leipzig|
|European Cup||Dynamo Dresden|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||Berliner FC Dynamo|
|UEFA Cup||Hallescher FC Chemie FC Carl Zeiss Jena|
|Goals scored||508 (2.79 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Hans-Jürgen Kreische (17)|
Hans-Jürgen Kreische of Dynamo Dresden was the league's top scorer with 17 goals, the first of a record four top scorer finishes for Kreische, while Peter Ducke of FC Carl Zeiss Jena won the seasons East German Footballer of the year award.
On the strength of the 1970–71 title Dresden qualified for the 1971–72 European Cup where the club was knocked out by Ajax in the first round. Ninth-placed club Berliner FC Dynamo qualified for the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup as the seasons FDGB-Pokal runners-up, Dresden having won the double, and was knocked out by Dynamo Moscow in the semi-finals. Second-placed FC Carl Zeiss Jena qualified for the 1971–72 UEFA Cup where it was knocked out in the third round by Wolverhampton Wanderers while third-placed Hallescher FC Chemie withdrew after losing a player in the Hotel 't Silveren Seepaerd fire before the second leg of their first round tie with PSV Eindhoven.
At the end of the season National People's Army club FC Vorwärts Berlin, based in East Berlin, was moved to Frankfurt/Oder to become FC Vorwärts Frankfurt/Oder for political reasons. Vorwärts had been quite a popular club with East Berlin football supporters but was seen as an obstacle to the ambitions of Berliner FC Dynamo, a club connected to and supported by the Ministry for State Security and its head Erich Mielke, forcing it to move.
|1||Dynamo Dresden (C)||26||18||3||5||56||29||+27||39|
|2||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||26||14||5||7||58||29||+29||33|
|3||Hallescher FC Chemie||26||10||10||6||35||29||+6||30|
|4||1. FC Magdeburg||26||10||7||9||37||38||-1||27|
|5||1. FC Union Berlin||26||8||11||7||27||33||-6||27|
|6||BSG Sachsenring Zwickau||26||11||4||11||40||42||-2||26|
|7||FC Vorwärts Berlin||26||10||6||10||38||44||-6||26|
|8||F.C. Hansa Rostock||26||10||5||11||31||25||+6||25|
|9||Berliner FC Dynamo||26||10||5||11||31||29||+2||25|
|10||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||26||9||6||11||42||46||-4||24|
|11||BSG Wismut Aue||26||8||5||13||30||36||-6||21|
|13||FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt||26||6||9||11||28||44||-16||21|
|14||BSG Chemie Leipzig||26||5||9||12||27||43||-16||19|
|(C)||1970–71 DDR-Oberliga champions|
|Qualified for the European Cup|
|Qualified for the UEFA Cup|
|Qualified for the European Cup Winners' Cup|
|Relegated to DDR-Liga|
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 92
- "European Competitions 1971-72". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 34 & 35
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1970–71" [DDR-Oberliga 1970–71]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (German) Historic German league tables