1970 Colombia earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1970 Colombia earthquake is located in Colombia
1970 Colombia earthquake
Date July 31, 1970 (1970-07-31)
Origin time 17:08:05 UTC [1]
Magnitude 8.0 Mw [1]
Depth 645 km (401 mi) [1]
Epicenter 1°36′S 72°32′W / 1.6°S 72.53°W / -1.6; -72.53Coordinates: 1°36′S 72°32′W / 1.6°S 72.53°W / -1.6; -72.53 [1]
Areas affected Colombia
Casualties 1 dead, several injured [2]

The 1970 Colombia earthquake occurred in Colombia on July 31.

Details and aftermath[edit]

The shock killed one person and injured several others. Because it was a deep-focus earthquake, shaking occurred over an extensive area, including San Juan, Bogotá, Caracas, Buenos Aires, and São Paulo; it was felt as far north as Mexico City.[3] Its depth forestalled more serious casualties,[3] and there were no aftershocks.[4]

The depth of the earthquake prompted scientists in South America to install seismometer networks focused on long-period earthquakes.[3] Until the 1994 Bolivia earthquake, the 1970 Colombia earthquake was famous among seismologists as the largest deep earthquake.[5]


A study completed by Dziewonski and Gilbert (1974) determined that the earthquake had featured isotropic compression, or an increase in density near the rupture point similar to an implosion;[6] this was released to great controversy.[5] They also claimed that the compression had been initiated 80 seconds before the actual earthquake's short-period shaking. Many studies have reached differing conclusions including a dearth of isotropic movement, and many scientists feel that resolution created errors in Dziewonski and Gilbert's findings.[7] In 1997, Russakoff, Ekstrom, and Trump reassessed their findings utilizing more advanced equipment that factored in shear wave splitting and coupling (the measure of how tightly locked two sides of a fault or plate are) and confirmed that there was very little isotropic compression.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d ISC (2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre 
  2. ^ IISEE. "IISEE Catalogue Search parameters page". Catalog of Damaging Earthquakes in the World. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Historic Earthquakes: Colombia 1970". United States Geological Survey. November 1, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  4. ^ Karato, Shun'ichiro (2003). The Dynamic Structure of the Deep Earth: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Princeton University Press. p. 162. ISBN 978-0691095110. 
  5. ^ a b c Russakoff, Ekstrom, and Trump, pg. 20423.
  6. ^ Kennett, L.N.; Simons, R.S. (1976). "An Implosive Precursor to the Colombia Earthquake 1970 July 31". Geophysical Journal International. Oxford University Press. 44: 471. Bibcode:1976GeoJI..44..471K. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1976.tb03668.x. 
  7. ^ Russakoff, Ekstrom, and Trump, pg. 20424.